Book of Kolo;
500 Years of Yiddish Kolo
(Koło, Poland)

52°11' / 18°37'

Translation of Sefer Kolo; Finfhundert Yor Yiddish Kolo

Edited by M. Halter

Published in Tel Aviv, 1958

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Judy Wolkovitch


This is a translation from: Sefer Kolo; Finfhundert Yor Yiddish Kolo (Book of Kolo; 500 Years of Yiddish Kolo),
ed. M. Halter, Tel Aviv, Former residents of Koło in Israel and the USA, 1958 (H,Y)

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Kolo

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The certificate – A word to the readerM.5
The people of the resistanceDr. Emanuel Ringelblum z”l6
From the near and far past
Some information about the history of the Jews of KołoDr. Rafael Mahler8
Koło between two world warsShlomo Ne'eman (Noyman)17
Dates in the history of KołoM. Belinsky28
Privileges and discriminationsMichael Vitnovsky-Ravitsch31
Pictures of Koło in my memoryElyahu Duvdevani35
The “Achdut” periodFiszl Rauff54
My townG. Wolkowicz59
The simple and warmhearted JewsEvel Jarmush71
Political and social life
The beginnings of the Zionist organizations in our townF. Rauff80
The “Bund” MovementHanoch Hirschbein83
The Bundist Youth movement “Zukunft”A. Hartshik88
Photographs of Harry Daniels 91
The beginnings of Poalei ZionMordechai Zalkind92
The Poalei Zion drama circleA. Haraf98
Poalei Zion in the 1930'sA. L. Koninsky100
The realization of “Hechalutz” [movement]Members102
A photograph of “Tzirei Zion” [“Youth of Zion”] 104
The youth movement “Freiheit-Dror”Members106
“Hanoar Hazioni” [The Zionist Youth]Ezriel Rajchert109
The National Movement Meir Brand-Urban 112
The Zionist womens' organization WIZORuth Reimer114
The Hassidim in KołoYosef Fogel115
How did the kehila [Jewish community] function?S. A. Tchorz118
The cultural and educational institutions
Documents for summing up of the year 1932Zvi Nadir122
The Yavne SchoolAaron Pashedetzki129
The “Bikurim” festival [Shavuot] in the Yavne schoolRabbi Yaakov Litman-Avtalion 133
The Public (Government) Elementary SchoolSara Butzker-Neumann134
My Teacher, Reb Meir ZaltzmanY. Manoch138
“Melamdim” and “Cheders”Hanoch Hirschbein142
Photographs from schools 144
Amateur theaterH. Hirschbein145
The economic situation of the Jews of Koło
The economic struggleSal Meyerson152
The clothing branchBenjamin Stern162
The transportation service between citiesG. Tsvikalsky171
The transport cooperativesH. A. Shultz174
The Jews of Koło from overseas
The Jews of Koło in the U.S.Sal Meyerson176
The organization of former residents of Koło in LondonS. D. Wolff180
The story of a “ma'apil” [clandestine Jewish immigrant]Michael Nelken183
WanderingsMendel Oven Himmel189
The war years in the Soviet UnionH. Weiman200
The Jews of Koło in the Warsaw GhettoEsther Nashelska-Bendler202
Great scholars and communal workers
Personalities from my townAvraham Avital206
The Rabbis from KołoDr. Aharon Brandt-Orban212
A decription of Reb Shlomo PoznerG. Wolkowicz222
The “Tzadik” [righteous] teacher Reb Menachem-Mendel Shubinsky z”lG. W.224
The Admor Reb Shlomo Rotfeld z”lB. Stern225
Harbingers of the Second AliyahB. C. Michali229
The tribulations of Reb Dov Berish Noyman 234
The Enthusiast (Shlomo Treiber) 238
Enthusaists of Hebrew Culture(Prof M. D. Goldman) A. Duvdevani240
Moshe David GoldmanA. Yarmush241
Communal acticvistsH. H.242
The Holocaust years
RecollectionsTolo Moskal Shultz248
The destruction of KołoAvraham Haraf249
The revolt in the Sobibor extermination campYehezkiel Mancha264
Kidnapping of girlsTolo Moskal Shultz269
In the corridor of the House of DeathShultz272
In the women's work campsGolda Danielovitch-Kaliski277
The death of Heitche Stal G. D. Kaliski    281
ChelmnoMichael Podchlewnik284
The Chelmno extermination campAndrzej Miszczak289
With the Jews of Koło in the death campsYaakov Shultz295
Small indications of human compassionChaim Eliezer Shultz302
Years of griefRegina Koninska310
In Izbica LubelskaFiszl Rauff313
Six years in the Nazi HellYitzchak Shultz319
“Pour out thy wrath” (poem)Katriel son of Zev Szaladowski z”l321
The “Koil” [Kolo] incidentRabbi Joshua Moshe Ahronson z”l322
Koło in the year 1945Esther Nashleska-Bendler326
The tragedy in ChelmnoYaakov Waldman330
My old home (poem)A. Brandt-Orban331
There once was a Jewish voiceH. H.333
Dates of griefA. D.335
Notice about the burial of bones in the Haifa cemetery 336
The cholera plague in KołoAvraham Gliksman338
Memories of the stormy years P. Friedland341
Shot by a CossackEvel Yarmush345
Communing with those who were incineratedDov Avishalom347
The last “gabbai” [beadle] in the “Beth Midrash”L. B. R.349
One of the humbleA. Porat and L. Abramowicz351
The activists Malka MotelG. W.352
In a suburb of WarsawM. Brandt353
“Days” and years in KołoAvraham Kempinsky357
The triangular thread 360
EpisodesPinchas Przedecki361
He loved the TorahM. Ben-Yitzchak363
Greetings from afarLeib Szpajzman367
The fallen of the War of Independence 368
From the Ringelblum archives 372
Announcements 377
Passages from the “Hatsfira” newspaperAvraham Brandt-Orban379
Pictures by the painter S. A. Schlezinger 380
Pictures by the painter Balbina Nashelska-Rauff 381
Donations for the Koło book 383
List of names of former residents of Koło living in Israel 390
The holy and innocent victims during the Holocaust years
List of the Koło martyrs 391
Bereavement notices 400
At the completion of the book 420

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