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Imperial Russian Family Terms

Source: http://www.doukhobor.org

Index -- Kinship Terms - Family Events - Gender Terms

 

Kinship Terms

 

Babka; Babushka

grandmother

Bliznets

twin

Brat

brother

Bratan; Bratanik,

cousin (male)

Bratanikha

(archaic) wife of the cousin (male)

Bratanich; Bratych

(archaic) brother's son; nephew

Bratets; Bratushka

little brother

Brat Po Materi

half-brother (same mother, different father)

Brat Po Otsu

half-brother (same father, different mother)

Ded; Dedushka

grandfather

Dever'

brother-in-law (husband's brother)

Doch'

daughter

Dvoyurodnii Brat

first cousin (male)

Dvoyurodnii Ded

granduncle; great-uncle

Dvoyurodnii Dyadya

(archaic) first cousin (male) once removed; first cousin (male) of the mother or father

Dvoyurodnaya Babka

grandaunt; great-aunt

Dvoyurodnaya Sestra

first cousin (female)

Dvoyurodnaya Tetka

(archaic) first cousin (female) once removed; first cousin (female) of the mother or father

Dyadya; Dyadushka

uncle

Edinokrovnaya Sestra

half-sister (same father, different mother)

Edinokrovnii Brat

half-brother (same father, different mother)

Edinoutrobnii Brat

half-brother (same mother, different father)

Edinoutrobnaya Sestra

half-sister (same mother, different father)

Kholostyachka

bachelorette

Kholostyak

bachelor

Krestnaya Mat'

godmother

Krestnii Otets

godfather

Krestnik

godson

Krestnitsa

goddaughter

Kum

godfather

Kuma

godmother

Machekha

step-mother

Mat'; Matushka

mother

Muzh

husband

Nevesta

fiancee

Nevestka

daughter-in-law; sister-in-law (brother's wife)

Nezakonnaya Doch'

illegitimate daughter

Nezakonnii Syn'

illegitimate son

Opekun

guardian (male)

Opekunsha

guardian (female)

Otchim

step-father

Otets

father

Padcheritsa

step-daughter

Pasynok

step-son

Plemyannik

nephew

Plemyannitsa

niece

Pobochnaya Doch'

illegitimate daughter

Pobochnyi Syn

illegitimate son

Potomok

descendant

Potomstvo

progeny

Prababka

great-grandmother

Praded

great-grandfather

Praroditel'

progenitor

Pravnuchka

great-granddaughter

Pravnuk

great-grandson

Predok

ancestor; forefather

Primak

son-in-law living with his wife's family

Priyomnaya Mat'

foster-mother

Priyomnii Otets

foster-father

Priyomysh

adopted child; foster child

Roditel'

parent

Rodnoy Brat

sibling

Rodnya

kindred; kin

Rodstvennik

relative (male); kinsman

Rodstvennik So Storony Supruga

in-law; relative (male) of the spouse

Rodstvennitsa

relative (female); kinswoman

Rodstvennitsa So Storony Supruga

in-law; relative (female) of the spouse

Sestra

sister

Sestra Krestnaya

god-sister (daughter of godmother/godfather)

Sestra Po Materi

half-sister (same mother, different father)

Sestra Po Otsu

half-sister (same father, different mother)

Sestrenitsa

(archaic) daughter of a sister

Sestrenka

little sister

Sestrichna

(archaic) daughter of the sister

Shurin

brother-in-law (wife's brother)

Sirota

orphan

Snokha

daughter-in-law

Srodnik

(archaic) relative (male); kinsman

Srodnitsa

(archaic) relative (female); kinswoman

Staraya Deva

spinster

Strui

(archaic) uncle; brother of the father

Supruga

wife; spouse

Suprug

husband; spouse

Svat

father of a son/daughter-in-law

Svat'ya

mother of a son/daughter-in-law

Svedenyi Brat

step-brother

Svekor

father-in-law (husband's father)

Svekrov'

mother-in-law (husband's mother)

Svodnaya Sestra

step-sister; half-sister

Svodnii Brat

step-brother; half-brother

Svoyachenitsa

sister-in-law (wife's sister)

Svoyachina

sister-in-law (wife's sister)

Svoyak

brother-in-law (wife's sister's husband)

Syn

son

Syn Ot Pervoi Zheny

son from first wife

Syn Ot Vtoroi Zheny

son from second wife

Synovets

(archaic) nephew; brother's son

Synovitsa

(archaic) niece; brother's daughter

Tetya; Tetka

aunt

Teshcha

mother-in-law (wife's mother)

Test'

father-in-law (wife's father)

Troyurodnii Brat

second cousin (male)

Troyurodnii Ded

first cousin (male) three times removed

Troyurodnaya Babka

first cousin (female) three times removed

Troyurodnaya Sestra

second cousin (female)

Ui

(archaic) uncle; mother's brother

Uiets

(archaic) cousin; son of the uncle

Uika

(archaic) aunt; wife of uncle

Vdova; Vdovitsa

widow (female)

Vdovets

widow (male)

Vnuchatnaya Babka

(archaic) first cousin (female) three times removed

Vnuchataya Plemyannitsa

grand niece

Vnuchatnaya Sestra

(archaic) second cousin (female)

Vnuchatnii Brat

(archaic) second cousin (male)

Vnuchatnii Ded

(archaic) first cousin (male) three times removed

Vnuchatnii Plemyannik

grand nephew

Vnuchka; Vnuka

granddaughter

Vnuk; vnuchek

grandson

Vospriemnik

godfather

Vospriemnitsa

godmother

Vtoraya Zhena

second wife

Vui

(archaic) uncle; mother's brother

Vuiets

(archaic) cousin; son of the uncle

Vuika

(archaic) aunt; wife of uncle

Yatrov'

(archaic) wife of the brother; wife of the brother-in-law

Zhena; Zhenka

wife

Zhena Syna

daughter-in-law

Zhenikh

bride-groom; fiance

Zolovka

sister-in-law (husband's sister)

Zyat'

son-in-law; brother-in-law (sister's husband)

 


 

Family Events

 

Brak

marriage

Devichnik

feast celebrated by bride and girlfriends on eve of wedding; stagette party

Konfirmatsiya

confirmation

Kreshchenie

christening; baptism

Krestiny

christening; baptism

Mal'chishnik

feast celebrated by bridegroom and friends on eve of wedding; stag party

Panikhida

requiem; mass for the dead

Pogrebenie

burial; interment

Pokhorony

burial; funeral

Pominanie

prayer for the dead

Pominki

memorial service for someone who has recently died; wake

Pomolvka

betrothal; engagement

Posidelka

evening party attended by unmarried girls and young men; part of the courtship pattern

Razvod

separation; divorce

Rozhdenie

birth

Smert'

death

Svad'ba

wedding party

Ukhazhivanie

courtship; wooing

Vecherinka

evening party attended by unmarried girls and young men; part of the courtship pattern

Venchanie

nuptials; (church) wedding

 


 

Gender Terms

 

Baba; Babushka

old woman

Chado

(archaic) child

Chelovek

man; person

Deti; Detki

children

Devstvennitsa

virgin

Devochka

young girl

Devushka

maiden; grown up girl

Deva

virgin (female)

Mal'chik

boy

Mladenets

infant; child

Mladshii

minor

Muzhchina

man; male

Otrok

(archaic) boy; lad; teenager

Rebenok

baby; child

Starik; Starichok

old man; elder

Starukha; Starushka

old woman; elder

Vzroslyi

adult; grown-up

Zhenshina

woman; female

  • Last Modified: 04-01-2017
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