Book of Lida
(Lida, Belarus)

53°53' / 25°18'

Translation of Sefer Lida

Edited by: Alexander Manor, Itzchak Ganusovitch, Aba Lando
Member of the Editorial Board: Eliyahu Damesek

Published in Tel Aviv, 1970


Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Irene Newhouse

Our sincere appreciation to Chaim Basist, of the Lida Society of Israel,
for permission to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Sefer Lida (Book of Lida),
editors: Alexander Manor, Itzchak Ganusovitch, Aba Lando, Tel-Aviv,
Former residents of Lida in Israel and the Committee of Lida Jews in USA, 1970.
(438 pages, Hebrew, Yiddish, English)


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Sefer Lida

Table of Contents

Note: Letters in parenthesis indicate language each chapter was written in, as follows:
(E) - English     (H) - Hebrew     (Y) - Yiddish

Introduction (E) IV
My Lida Heritage (E) - Sol Feinstone V
The German Occupation (E) - E. Damesek VIII
Lida and its environs  
    Map of the District 3
    Map of the City 4-5
Lida through generations (H) - History of the city and its Jewish Community - A. Lando 15
The sentence of seven Jewish community leaders in Lida 20
To the history of Jewish Lida during the period of restored Poland (H) - J. Ganazowitch 56
Lida and its environs (H) - Z. Vinogradov 73
Jewish Family Names of Residents of Lida and Its Neighborhood (H) - Itchak Ganuz (Ganuzowitsch) 75
Economic life of Jewish Lida before World War I (Y) - A. Gelman 83
In the days of World War I (H) - Mrs. Y. Guinzburg (Boyarsky) 86
Memories of the First World War (Y) - Moshe Ganuzowitsch 86
Remembrances from the First World War (Y) - Moshe Ganuzowitsch 86
   

CENTER OF LEARNING

 
Rabbis and Religious Teachers (H) - A. Lando 89
R. Yitzhak Yakov Reines (H) - A. Lando 94
Rabbi Aaron Rabinovitz of Blessed Memory (H) - R. Avigdor Tzipershtine 98
R. Aron Rabinovitch - Rabbi of Lida (Y) - Mrs. Henia Rabinovitch 100
To the History of the Yeshibah (H) - M. Tsinvitch 104
The Yeshibah of Lida (H) - S. Zack 106
One of the Nation's Leaders (H) - Dr. H. L. Gordon 111
The “Yiloui" R. Shlomo Poltcheck (H) - Dr. H. L. Gordon 113
Innovator and Activist (H) - R. Meir Berlin 115
“The little Horodishtchian" (H) - R. A. Rabinovitch 116
R. Yithak Takov Reines -- founder of the “Mizrahi” Organization (H) - R. Y. L. Hakohen 117
The Great Yeshivah (H) - P. Shifman 117
The restless man - M. Kahan 118
Sayings of R. Yitshak Takov Raines (H) - M.Hinitch 119
Biography of the “Yiloui” of Meitchut (H) - M. Goldberg 122
“Tish'a Be'Av” at the house of Rabbi Yitshak Yakov Raines (H) - D. Vinogradov 125
Close to R. Yitzhak Yakov Reines (H) - D. Aloni  126
Influence of the Yeshibah on the life of the city (H) - J. Ben-Sira 128
Reminiscences of former students of the Yeshibah (H) - L.-G. 130
The Lida Yeshiva (Y) - Nakhum Khinutz 131
R. Mordechai Shmukler (H) - Avram Hakoben Eliav 134
   

FOLKLORE, MODE OF LIVING

 
Memories (Y) - Yakov Ilutovitch 137
Lida at the beginning of the 20th century (H) - J. Youdelvitch 145
Common people (H) - M. Evensky 149
Everday life and holidays in Lida (H) - H. J. Argov 153
In an atmosphere of learning and enlightenment (H) - H. Amitay 156
Hebrew in Lida (H) - A. Lando 157
The Hebrew school (H) - workshop of the nation's soul - L. Ettinger 165
My Teachers, Rabbis and Schoolmates in the Tarbut school (H) - Itzhak Genozovitch (Ganoz) 166
Singing, theatrical performances etc. (Y) - A. Lando 170
Sights of the town (H) - I. Ganuzovitch 179
Charitable institutions (H) - A. Lando 182
“Beth Lehem: (Y) - J. Levine 185
T.O.Z. (O.Z.E.) Institutions (Y) - J. Ganuzovitch 186
TOZ in Lida (Y) - H. Jijemsky 187
Fires and firemen (Y) - A. Lando 189
The fire brigade (Y) - A. Guelman 192
The butchers' synagogue (Y) - T. Tsigelnitsky 193
Reb Eliyoe the carpenter (“Tsheshler”) (H) - J. Ganuzovitch 194
“Tyf'ereth Bahourim” association and synagogue (H) - I. Ganuzovitch 195
Common folk (H) - M. Amitay 197
Moshke the orphan (H) - I. Iloutovitch 199
Melameds and Kheders (Y) - Yehudit Ganuzovitsch 200
Tuvia the Teacher - Tuvia Tzigelnitsky 200
Moshke - the “Pourim Player” (H) - I. Ganuzovitch 201
Lida Drunkards (Y) - A. L. 202
   
FOLKLORE AND LANGUAGE  
Games of Jewish children in Lida (H) - I. Ganuzovitch 203
Regional Expressions from Lida and the Surrounding Vicinity (H) - Yitzkhak Ganuzovitch (Ganuz) 211
Odd bits of Lida folklore and humour (Y) - A. Lando 216
Means and ways of “expelling fright” and an evil eye (H) - I. Ganuzovitch 219
   

ON THE WAY TO ZION AND ZION AS WAY

 
“Aliyah” to Eretz-Israel from Lida (H) - A. Lando 221
To the history of youth movements in Lida (H) - A. Polatchek 229
The cell of “Hashomer Hatzair” (H) - L. S. Vinogradov 234
Jewish Youth in Lida (H) - B.Z. Volah 239
League for the “Working Eretz-Israel” (H) - A. Guelman 240
The “Betar” movement (H) - M. Aronovitch 242
The cell of “Betar” in Lida (H) - S. Mikoulitzki 242
Mr. father (H) - Z. Shiff 245
“Hehalutz” in Lida (H) - J. Bankover 246
“Hakhshara” Kibbutz in Lida (H) - A. Gelman 247
“Hehalutz” movement in Lida (H) - M. Orzechovski 249
“Hehalutz Hatzair” (H) - A. Bassist 252
In the ranks of “Hehalutz Hatzair” - Z. Berezovsky 252
   

DYING OF A CITY

 
The Soviet occupation (H) - E. Damessek 255
First underground (H) - Z. Evienski 256
At the time of Soviet occupation (H) - M. Youngman (Slonimtchek) 258
We did not give up (H) - J. Pupko 259
The spoiled hymn (H) - I. Ganutzovitch 261
Lida, there was such a town (song) (Y) - Th. Pupko 263
In the Birkha (Flight) Routes - I. Solovietchik 264
The Russian occupation (Y) - S. Shiff (Rubinsvitch) 265
Pages of an exile (H) - I. Ganuzovitch 270
From Lida to Vilna (Y) - Z. Bielig 276
First Flames (H) - A. Movshovitch  279
The German occupation (H) - E. Damesek 281
Life in the Lida ghetto (H) - D. S. Amarant 288
In the Lida Ghetto (Y) - I. Rubinsvitch 301
How We Saved Ourselves and Remained Alive (Y) - H. Movshovitch (Zafran) 302
Between life and death (H) - F. Bialobroda 303
In the flames of destruction (H) - N. Kamienietzky 304
To the events of March 1, 1942 (H) - M. Youngman (Slonimtchik) 306
The murderer of Jews, Leopold Windisch (H) - Dr. S. Remigulsky 306
Reminiscences from the Lida Ghetto (Y) - N. Mudrick 307
Destinies of a Jewish boy (H) - E. M. Pupko 309
The story told by Sioma and Mrs. Pupko 311
In the Face of Death (H) - A. Bassist 313
The last way (Y) - R. Ozzechovsky (Orcher) 314
   

THE LAST FIGHT

 
The struggle for life (Y) - I. Kaplan 317
My Sad Journey [My Tragic Journey?] (Y) - M. Reznik 320
From the Ghetto to the partisans in the woods (Y) - L. Engelstern 325
The Battle of the Partisan Reuben Rubenstein (Y) - Yakov Druck 343
My way to the woods - M. Youngman (Slonimtchik) 345
The wanderings of a Jewish partisan (H) - D. L. Berkovitch 347
In the ranks of the partisans (Y) - B. Baran 348
“He will render vengeance to his adversaries” (H) - F. Bialobroda 351
A printery in the wood (H) - E. Damesek 354
David Boyarsky (H) - I. Ganuzovitch 357
From the war of the partisans to the War of Independence (H) - D. Boyarsky 357
The partisan Leib Orzechovsky (H) - M. A. Guer 362
My way to the partisans (Y) - Y. Reznik 363
My way to the partisans (Y) - M. Reznik 367
On the front (Y) - I. Rubinovitch 373
Lida in the literary works of J. Goldo (B. Gorin) (H) - J. Ganuzowitch 142
   

ON THE RUINS OF THE CITY

 
A visit to Lida after the destruction (Y) - M. Youngman (Slonimtchik) 374
My arrival after the destruction (Y) - E. Damessek 375
Back in my birth town (Y) - K. Sopotnicky (Kreyer) 377
After the destruction (Y) - S. Shiff (Rubinovitch) 379
Liquidation of the Jewish cemetery (H) - I. Rubinovitch 381
The monument on the grave of the victims of Lida (H) - I. Rubinovitch 382
   

THE TRIAL

 
The murderers before the tribunal (H) - A. Lando 383
The trial of the German murderers (Y) - Z. Arlouk 384
   

Organizations of Former Residents of Lida

 
The Organization of Former Residents of Lida in the United States (H) - Kalman Orzechovsky 386
On the emigration of Jews from Lida to the United States (H) - Abba Lando 387
Michael Evensky (H) - Z. Evensky 389
Jacob Dvoretzky (H) - A. Lando 389
Days of anxiety and grief (H) - A. Lando 391
Organization of Lida emigrants in Israel (H) - A. Lando 392
   

MEN OF MARK

 
S.L. Gordon (Sh. L. G.) (H) - I. Ganuzovitch 398
Pinhas Shifman (Ben Sira) (H) - A. Lando 398
Kopelovitch (H) - A. Lando 399
M. Guelman 399
R. Itshak Yeroukhmanov (H) - A. Lando 399
My teacher, R. Joseph Epstein (“Trikeler”) (H) - A. Bassist 401
Lichtman the teacher (Y) - Paves 401
R. Israel Aron Shelubsky (H) - A. Lando 402
R. Shlomo Podolsky (H) - A. Lando 404
Joseph Darshon (H) - A. Lando 405
Mordecai Dov Yudlevitz of blessed memory (H) - A. Lando 406
Avraham (Abrasha) Steinberg of blessed memory (Y) - A. Guelman 406
   

IN MEMORY OF FALLEN SOLDIERS

 
Reuven Kopelowicz (Y) 407
“Help the People” (poem) (Y) - R. Kopelovtich 407
Officer Ariye Tchertok (H) 407
Ithak Spokolny (H) 407
Ariye Dobkovsky (H) 407
With Shaul Furman (“Hagaglili”, “Arnon”) (H) - Z. Evensky 408
Shaoul Furman (“Hagalili”) (H) - S. Mikulitzky 409
Omri Arlav (H) - A. Lando 410
Shaul Zehavi (H) - S. Snovsky 411
Dr. Moshe-Yerahmiel Ben-Sira (H) 412
Moshe Rosenhaus (H) - Eli 413
Dov Eilath - Lea Eilath 413
List of the perished 414
List of former residents who died in Israel 434
List of former residents who died overseas 434
List of Lida residents in Israel 435
   
List of Photographs  


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