Wallenberg Passport List
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Raoul Wallenberg was a Swedish diplomat whose efforts helped to prevent the deportation and murder of thousands of Hungarian Jews. With authorization from the Swedish government, Wallenberg issued "protective passports" (German: Schutz-Pass) that identified the bearers as Swedish subjects awaiting repatriation. These documents looked official and were generally accepted by German and Hungarian authorities. With funds raised by the US War Refugee Board, Wallenberg rented 32 buildings in Budapest and declared them to be extraterritorial, protected by diplomatic immunity. He put up signs such as "The Swedish Library" and "The Swedish Research Institute" on their doors and hung oversize Swedish flags on the front of the buildings to bolster the deception. The buildings eventually housed almost 10,000 people.
Please see http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005211 for additional information about Wallenberg’s effort with links to related information and photographs. For an example of a Swedish "protective pass", please see http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10005211&MediaId=848.
The database lists names and other vital information recorded in a typed German-language document. A copy of the list is in the possession of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, which acquired microfilmed copies of the collection from the Magyar Zsidó Múzeum és Levéltár (Jewish Museum and Archives of Hungary) in Budapest. The Jewish Museum and Archives of Hungary continues to hold the original archival records. The USHMM provided the images to JewishGen and describes the list as follows:
List I: Name list of Hungarian Jews who received a protective document from the Swedish embassy in an unidentified time period (name, registration number, number of the Schutzpass, name of the mother, date and place of birth, place of residence) (German)
This database currently includes 5,642 individuals who received "protective passports". (When completed, the database may include approximately 6,200 records.). The fields for this database are as follows:
The information contained in this database was indexed from the files provided to JewishGen’s Hungarian SIG by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and will also be available on the USHMM website. The database is accessible to you today due to the efforts of an outstanding group of JewishGen volunteers. Special thanks are due to David Jacobowitz, Judy Peterson, Judy Backsai, and Dora Pataricza, who did the lion's share of the indexing, and to Peter Lande and Elliott Wrenn of the USHMM, who provided the records to us. Hungarian SIG Coordinator Vivian Kahn (email@example.com) was the project coordinator.
In addition, thanks to JewishGen Inc. for providing the website and database expertise to make this database accessible. Special thanks to Avraham Groll, Warren Blatt and Michael Tobias for their continued contributions to Jewish genealogy. Particular thanks to Nolan Altman, coordinator of Holocaust files.
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