Page created: 2002
Congregations researched and page reformatted by David Shulman: August 2005
Page redesigned by Louise Messik: November 2011
Latest revision or update: 30 November 2016

Jewish Community of Liverpool and District

City of Liverpool

Liverpool, with a population of about 440,000 is major city and port lying on northeast bank of the river Mersey estuary in Northwest England.  Historically in the county of Lancashire, it was a county borough from 1888 until 1974, when it became metropolitan district within the then newly formed metropolitan county of Merseyside.  Liverpool became a unitary authority in 1986 when Merseyside lost its administrative status, becoming purely a ceremonial county.

Adjoining Liverpool are a number of other metropolitan boroughs within Merseyside, including Knowsley, formed in 1974 by the merger of the Huyton-with-Roby Urban District Council and several local authorities. Details of any Knowsley congregations are included in the list below.  For other communities in, or closely connected with, Merseyside, see under Sefton (for Bootle, Crosby and Southport), Wirral (for Birkenhead, Hoylake and Wallasey) and Widnes (for Widnes in Halton).

The Liverpool Jewish Community

The earliest organized Jewish community in Liverpool was in about 1740, of Sephardi Jews, probably connected to the small Sephardi community that had been established in Dublin. This community did not survive and a new Ashkenazi was founded in about 1780, although little is known of its early history. 
 

Jewish Congregations of Liverpool

The following are the Jewish congregations that exist, or existed, in or around Liverpool. (If you cannot trace the congregation in the list below, try searching in the list of alternative names.): 

*   Denotes active congregation
(3)  Pages with press reports on the congregation.
(4)  Pages with photographs.
 

Alternative Names for Liverpool Synagogues

The following are former or alternative names of the above congregations:

 


Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with Liverpool include:

Burials

WWII Civilian Casualties (28 records).

1851 Anglo Jewry Database

Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Liverpool during the 1770s (2 records), 1780s (6 records), 1790s (13 records), 1800s (35 records), 1810s (74 records), 1820s (117 records), 1830s (263 records), 1840s (532 records), 1850s (861 records), 1860s (199 records), 1870s (144 records), 1880s (107 records), 1890s (24 records), 1900s (8 records) and 1910s (9 records).

Miscellaneous

Subscribers to Rabbi Rabinowitz Memorial Fund (199 records, primarily in Liverpool).
 

 

On-line Articles and other Material relating to the Liverpool Jewish Community

on JCR-UK

 

Other Liverpool Jewish Institutions & Organisations
(that had been formed by 1900*)

Educational & Theological

  • Liverpool Hebrews Education Institution and Endowed Schools, Hope Place. (Founded 1840, building erected 1852).

  • Chevra Torah (founded by 1900).

Other Institutions & Organisations

  • Liverpool Hebrew Philanthropic Society (founded 1811) for: (1874) visiting and aiding the sick; (1896) giving weekly relief during the winter to the respectable Jewish poor..

  • Jewish Ladies' Benevolent Institution (founded 1849) for the relief of poor married women during sickness, confinement, and week of mourning.

  • Hebrew Provident Society (founded 1850) to provide old people with a pension of 5/- weekly for life.

  • Liverpool Hebrews' Free Loan Society (founded 1861).

  • Society for Clothing the Necessitous Boys of the Hebrews' Educational Institution (founded 1866).

  • Liverpool Hebrew School Children's Soup Fund (founded 1870) for providing the children of the schools with hot dinners during the winter. 

  • The Liverpool Jewish Choral Society (founded 1871) for providing an efficient honorary choir for the Liverpool New Hebrew Congregation; and for giving amateur entertainments and reunions to which subscribers and their friends are admitted

  • Liverpool Soup Kitchen for the Jewish Poor (founded by 1874)

  • Liverpool Board of Guardians for the Relief of the Jewish Poor (founded 1875).

  • Liverpool Hebrew Tontine Society (founded 1883).

  • Children's Clothing Society (founded 1884) for making and distributing clothes to poor Jewish children.

  • Children's Jewish Charities Aid Society (founded 1895).

  • Orphan Aid Society (founded by 1896) to aid the Jews Hospital and Orphan Asylum.

  • Society for Temporarily Sheltering Poor Strangers of the Jewish Faith (founded by 1896 but not mention inJewish Year Book 1900)

  • North End Young Men's Jewish Association (founded 1897).

  • New Hebrew Burial Society and Chevra Kadisha (founded by 1900)

  • Liverpool Jewish Young Men's Social Club (founded by 1900) .

  • Liverpool Hebrew Workmen's Benefit Society (founded by 1900)

* As listed in the Jewish Directory of 1874 and the Jewish Year Books 1896 & 1900.  

 

Liverpool Jewish Cemeteries Information

Listed below are the cemeteries used by the Liverpool Jewish Community:

  • Upper Frederick Street Jewish Burial Ground, back garden of 133 Upper Frederick Street: No longer extant. 1789 to 1907. Cemetery of the Liverpool Old Hebrew Congregation. Remains reinterred in Broad Green Cemetery in 1913.

  • Oakes Street Jewish Cemetery, London Road L3: No longer extant. 1802 to 1837. Second cemetery of the Liverpool Old Hebrew Congregation. Remains reinterred in the Broad Green Cemetery.

  • Liverpool Old Jews' Burial Ground, Dean Road, Fairfields L7: 1838 to 1905. Third cemetery of the Liverpool Old Hebrew Congregation

  • Broad Green Jewish Cemetery, Thomas Drive, L14: Opened 1904 and still in use. Fourth cemetery of the Liverpool Old Hebrew Congregation. Includes remains of the Upper Frederick Street and Oakes Street burial grounds.

  • Green Lane Jewish Cemetery, Green Lane, Tue Brook L13: 1839 to 1921 First cemetery of the Liverpool New Hebrew Congregation.

  • Long Lane Jewish Cemetery, Fazakerley L9. 1921 to 2008: Second cemetery of the Liverpool New Hebrew Congregation (later Hope Place Hebrew Congregation).

  • Rice Lane Jewish Cemetery, Hazeldale Road, Walton L9: 1896 to 1983. Independent cemetery independent, not affiliated to any individual congregation.

  • West Derby Cemetery, Jewish Section, Lower House Lane, L11: Opened 1927 and now closed except for reserve plots. Administered by the Liverpool Federated Jewish Burial Society and not affiliated to any individual congregation.

  • Springwood Jewish Cemetery, Springwood Avenue, Woolton L25: Currently in use. Cemetery of the Childwall and Allerton Hebrew Congregations

(For additional information, see IAJGS Cemetery Project - Liverpool)

 

Liverpool Jewish Population Data

1750

 Earliest organised Jewish Community in Liverpool

1851

2,500

The largest provincial Jewish Community (Provincial Jewry in Victorian Britain)

1896

5,000

(The Jewish Year Book 1896/97)

1900

5,000

(The Jewish Year Book 1900/01)

1934

7,000

(The Jewish Year Book 1935)

1945

7,500

(The Jewish Year Book 1945/46)

1965

7,500

(The Jewish Year Book 1966)

1976

6,500

(The Jewish Year Book 1977)

1980

5,950

(The Jewish Year Book 1981)

1990

5,000

(The Jewish Year Book 1991)

1992

4,000

(The Jewish Year Book 1993)

1998

3,000

(The Jewish Year Book 1991)

2004

2,698

(The Jewish Year Book 2004)

 
   


 

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