by Nolan Altman, Holocaust Database Coordinator
JewishGen is pleased to announce that a new dataset has been added to the Holocaust Database: https://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Holocaust/
In April 1945, just before the end of the war, about 1,000 Jewish men and women, mostly Polish forced laborers, were brought to Gardalegen, Germany, an obscure town in central Germany. The laborers were in transit from various camps, primarily Dora-Mittelbau and Salzwedel, intended to be sent to other camps. When transportation broke down it was decided to murder the prisoners and they were forced into a large barn, which was set on fire. An attempt was made to bury the bodies and hide the massacre, but when American troops arrived the extent of this crime was discovered. Most of the dead have never been identified and even the records for the about 200 survivors are incomplete.
Using a variety of sources, Peter Landé from the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, managed to identify about 200 survivors, and a few of the dead where information was found. In many cases, there is contradictory information on the spelling of names and Peter included variants. In the case of women survivors who subsequently married, he included their maiden names. Using other sources of information, it is often possible to determine what happened to these individuals, e.g., emigrated to Israel, etc.
The information contained in this database came from holdings at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (www.ushmm.org). The title of the collection is “Jüdische Häftlinge in Gardelegen” (ID:33113) which came from a photocopy from the collections of the City Museum of Gardelegen (Address: Stadtmuseum Gardelegen, Rathausplatz 10, 39638 Gardelegen, Germany). The transcription was done by Peter Landé.
To learn more about this dataset, please see https://www.jewishgen.org/databases/holocaust/GardalegenMassacre.html
You can search these records, along with all of JewishGen’s records from the Unified Search page, at https://www.jewishgen.org/databases/all/.
Alternatively, to search the Holocaust Database specifically, please start at: https://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Holocaust/
You will also find a listing of all the component databases below the search grid. By entering search terms in the grid, you will search all component databases at once.
Editor’s Note: For more information on the massacre, go to: https://www.scrapbookpages.com/Gardelegen/Massacre.html