Parschnitz Forced Labor Transport
Introduction by Vivian Kahn
Parschnitz, located NE of Prague, was part of a complex of forced-labor camps established in the Sudetenland to supply workers for textile plants in Trautenau (Trutnov) near the Czech-Polish border. Parschnitz became a Gross-Rosen subcamp in March 1944 and ultimately became the largest camp in the complex at Trautenau. The women prisoners worked at the Hasse and Welzel textile plants manufacturing uniforms and gas mask parts for the Wehrmacht.
A total of about 2,500 women prisoners were held at Parschnitz, 60 percent from Poland and the rest Hungarian. According to a book about the Gross-Rosen camp system published by Yad Vashem, the 586 Hungarian prisoners who arrived in this transport received “recycled” numbers that had presumably been assigned to prisoners who had been murdered or died from disease or being overworked.
About 80 percent of the women prisoners in the Gross-Rosen complex were aged 14 to 29 because the SS considered this age group to be the most productive. Prisoners were transferred among camps in the complex and, when they became too sick to work, were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau. (For a more complete description of this camp, consult the USHMM’s Encyclopedia of the Holocaust).
While the ultimate fate of these women is not given, and labor conditions in Parschnitz were very poor, given the women’s young age and the short time until the end of the war, many of the women survived and went to displaced person camps. Records on their postwar fate can often be found in other International Tracing Service collections.
The list, which was created in October 1944, identifies close to 600 women, most of whom were from Hungary, and includes their dates and places of birth.
This database includes 910 records of women who arrived in Parschnitz in October 1944. The fields for this database are as follows:
The information contained in this database was indexed from the files available from the International Tracing Service collection, 188.8.131.52/0067/0052. Ruth Diamond and Fred Frenkel compiled and reviewed the Polish entries. Judy Backsai, Judy Peterson, David Jacobowitz, Todd Edelman, Erika Wiesel and Dora Pataricza compiled and Vivian Kahn compiled and reviewed the Hungarian entries
In addition, thanks to JewishGen Inc. for providing the website and database expertise to make this database accessible. Special thanks to Avraham Groll and Warren Blatt for their continued contributions to Jewish genealogy. Particular thanks to Nolan Altman, Vice President of Data Acquisition and Coordinator of JewishGen’s Holocaust Database files.
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Last Update: April 24, 2019 by AG
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