These are gravestones and inscriptions that predate the old cemetery of Mantova/Mantua. Donated by Angelica Bertinelli of the "Mantova Ebraica" Associazione Culturale and the Jewish Community of Mantova, Italy. The information was published in the book "Il 'giardino degli ebrei. Cimiteri ebraici del Mantovano,' written by Annamaria Mortari and Claudia Bonora Previdi and published by Editrice La Giuntina in Firenze in 2008. The information was donated with the consent of the authors. Additional data was donated by Mauro Perani in his article Addenda ai cimiteri ebraici di Mantova e di Rivarolo Mantovano e l'epitaffio incompiuto del Museo Ebraico di Bologna, in «Materia giudaica» XIII/1-2 (2008), pp. 281-299.