The Jewish Community of Merano and Bolzano in the Shoah.
A community rich in culture and contributions to development.
Introduction by: Antonella Tiburzi
This collection comprises a list of the Jewish community of Merano and Bolzano who united people from all over Europe, mostly Eastern Europe or from the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire. This aspect distinguished it from all the other communities present in Italy, which was rich in history, multiculturality, languages, competences, and innovation to Merano society at that time. In Merano and Bolzano, the Jewish doctors and physicians created tourism for health and relaxation. Due to their resourcefulness, tourism in Merano is still very important at the present. Very important personalities of that time like Franz Kafka, Stefan Zweig, and the Empress Sissi came to Merano to care for their health, giving the town particular prestige.
Unfortunately, all this notoriety, did not help Merano avoid persecution. Nazis and local Fascist in Merano organized the first deportation from Italy on 16 September 1943. The deportation first went to the transit camp of Reichenau (Innsbruck) in Austria and then to Auschwitz. The names have been sent to the “Book of Memory” which will hopefully add these names to the CDEC Digital Library digital archives https://digital-library.cdec.it/cdec-web/persone/search/result.html0 .
The list is limited to Jews who lived in South Tyrol during the Shoah but includes a wide group of original nationalities; Austrian, Czech Republic, Slovakian, Hungarian, Russian, Ukrainian and elsewhere.
This database includes 80 Jews born, resident or moved to Meran who were deported between September 16, 1943, to November 1944 to Auschwitz.
The fields in the database are:
- Given Name
- Place of Birth
- Date of Birth
- Residence During the War
- Place of Arrest
- Date of Arrest
- Place of Death
- Date of Death
The information contained in this database was indexed from
See https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ienwpPfOA2SgYv2yWYgD2KM4FQea8PUD/edit for a short analysis of the history and fate of the Jewish community of Merano and Bolzano.
Thank you to Nolan Altman, Director of Special Projects and Coordinator of the Holocaust Database, for his continued devotion and dedication to JewishGen’s important work.
SEARCHING THE DATABASE
This database can be searched via the JewishGen Holocaust Database or the JewishGen Unified Search