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German "Mischlingen" in Nazi Germany: Sitzensdorf
Introduction by Peter Landé
One of the most complicated issues that Nazi officials faced in Germany was how to treat Mischlingen – persons with a mixture of Jewish and other religious origins. Many Germans were even unaware of the religious origin of their grandparents, while others sought to conceal their Jewish heritage. Nazi treatment of Mischlingen depended on how many parents/grandparents were Jewish, and the severity with which they were treated varied by locality and time.
Persecution of Mischlingen was probably most severe in 1944 and 1945, and those who were identified, and were fortunate enough not to be sent to concentration camps, were frequently sent to work camps in various parts of Germany. One of these camps was located in Sitzendorf, Thuringia, with over 200 male forced laborers. Fortunately, at this camp most survived, and this database, taken from an ITS collection, lists them.
The list itself does not include places of birth, but, using other sources of information such as the 1939 census, I have managed to determine this in many cases. Not surprisingly, many of them had not registered in the census or had neglected to indicate that one or more of their grandparents had been Jewish.
There is no indication whether the Dutch, French and Belgian prisoners were also Mischlingen, or whether they were held in Sitzendorf for other reasons.
For a more complete discussion of the fate of Mischlingen see Beate Meyer’s book Jüdische Mischlinge.
The database currently includes 203 persons classified as Mischlingen. The fields for this database are as follows:
These collections are held by the International Tracing Service (ITS) at Bad Arolsen, Germany. The collection numbers are 184.108.40.206.folder 151/0038 for Germans, 220.127.116.11.folder 151/0039 for Dutch, 18.104.22.168folder 151/0040 for French and 22.214.171.124folder 151/0040 for Belgian. Peter Landé compiled the list.
In addition, thanks to JewishGen Inc. for providing the website and database expertise to make this database accessible. Special thanks to Avraham Groll and Warren Blatt for their continued contributions to Jewish genealogy. Particular thanks to Nolan Altman, Vice President of Data Acquisition and Coordinator of JewishGen’s Holocaust Database files.
Searching the Database
This database is searchable via JewishGen's Holocaust Database.
Last Update: April 24, 2019 by AG