Abaúj-Torna Records Project
The objective of this umbrella project is to photograph, digitize and
transcribe records from old Hungarian megye (county) of
Abaúj-Torna which have not been filmed by FamilySearch.
These will include records from the Hungarian State Archives, the Slovak
State Archives branch in Košice (formerly Kassa, Hungary), and census and
vital records found in the Košice Municipal Archive, and other municipal
archives in Slovakia.
The project began more than a year ago with the acquisition and indexing
of images from the 1848 Abaúj-Torna Census, which was filmed by the
Hungarian State Archives, and vital records from Abaúj-Torna villages
and towns held in the State archives branch in Košice.
Both of these efforts were funded by earmarked donations to the
Hungarian SIG General Fund,
and most of the records have already been indexed and incorporated in the
JewishGen Hungary Database.
Abaúj-Torna megye historically covered an area that now includes part of
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County in northeastern Hungary, and the Kosicky region
(kraj) of Slovakia. Košice is the second largest city in Slovakia
after Bratislava and the largest city in eastern Slovakia, with a current
population of about 240,000, including a small Jewish community.
Jews first settled in Kassa after the Diet of 1839-1840 passed legislation
permitting them to live in royal free towns. Until that time, Jews lived
in nearby Rozgony (now Rozhanovce, Slovakia) and would only come to the Kassa
fairs. Town officials tried to impede Jewish settlement even after 1840,
in an attempt to protect Christian trade guilds. The Jewish community
grew significantly after the 1850s with 2,178 Jews in 1869 and 6,723 in 1910
(10% and 15.2% of the total population respectively), making it one of the
larger Jewish communities in Hungary. In addition to attracting many
Jews from the more developed parts of western Hungary, Kassa experienced
significant immigration from Galicia. Following World War I, Košice
became part of the new country of Czechoslovakia.
The next component project will be the acquisition and indexing of
images from the 1857 Hungarian Census of Abaúj-Torna County, held by
the Slovak State Archive in Košice.
The 1857 Census is a “people” census, enumerating the individuals of
all religions, regardless of property ownership.
The census was mainly recorded in German language.
The 1857 Census is distinguished from several others because it was
conducted for the purpose of counting men for military service.
For this reason, it includes an exact birthdate for men between 14 and 20,
while others in the household were asked only for their year of birth.
FamilySearch has filmed portions of the 1857 Census for nine counties,
but none of these have been indexed to date.
The first phase will be to create digital images of the voluminous census
data sheets. The archive fund contains data from 177 villages and
towns from Abaúj-Torna County including Kassa, which is not covered in the
1848 Census, and many smaller places. A partial list includes:
|Old Hungarian Name ||Modern Name|
|(Abaúj-)Nádasd ||Trstené pri Hornáde, SK|
|(Abaúj-)Szina ||Seňa, SK|
|(Hernád-)Csány ||Čaňa, SK|
|Almás ||Jablonov nad Turňou, SK|
|Alsónovaj ||Novajidrány, HU|
|Bárcza ||Barca, SK|
|Búzafalva ||Valaliky (Buzice), SK|
|Csécs ||Čečejovce, SK|
|Felsoméra ||Méra, HU|
|Jászó ||Jasov, SK|
|Kassa ||Košice, SK|
|Kassa-Újfalu ||Košická Nová Ves, SK|
|Nagy Ida ||Veľká Ida, SK|
|Rozgony ||Rozhanovce, SK|
|Somodi ||Drienovec, SK|
|Szepsi ||Moldava nad Bodvou, SK|
|Szkáros ||Skaros, SK|
|Torna ||Turňa nad Bodvou, SK|
|(Hernád)-Zsadány ||Ždaňa, SK|
The second part of the project will be transcription of the records, which
are mainly in German and written in Kurrent script (Kurrentschrift).
Information in the records includes name, birth date, religion, occupation,
marital status, house number, householder name, etc.
We propose to enter into a Work for Hire Agreement with Peter Absolon,
a researcher in Košice, to undertake filming and digitization of the
1857 Census records. The estimated cost for this component project is
$5,000, which includes archive fees and the researcher’s time and expenses.
Peter estimates that the total cost per day will be 51.27 euros, and that
it will take about three months to photograph all of the records.
Peter has also agreed to coordinate the project, and Eric Bloch, who
coordinates H-SIG’s Other Census Records project, has volunteered
to help with validating records.
Hungary SIG JewishGen-erosity Projects
Last Update: 10-Aug-2017 WSB