Yad l'Yedinitz; memorial book
for the Jewish community of Yedintzi, Bessarabia

(Edineţ, Moldova)

48°10' / 27°19'

Translation of
Yad le-Yedinits; sefer zikaron le-yehudei Yedinits-Bessarabia

Edited by: Mordehkai Reicher and Yosel Magen-Shitz

Published by: Yedinitz Society in Tel Aviv, 1973


 

Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Allan Ira Bass

 

Emeritus Coordinator: Eric Schwartzman

 

Our deepest gratitude to Yvette Merzbacher and Ed Berkowitz
for their amazing contributions to this project.

Our sincere appreciation to Sondra Ettlinger and Stefanie Holzman for extracting
the pictures from the original book, enabling their addition to the project.

 

This is a translation from: Yad le-Yedinits; sefer zikaron le-yehudei Yedinits-Bessarabia:
Yad l'Yedinitz; memorial book for the Jewish community of Yedintzi, Bessarabia,
ed. Mordehkai Reicher and Yosel Magen-Shitz, Yedinitz Society, Tel Aviv, 1973 (H, Y)


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Cover Page (Y) Bet
[Yiddish]

Editors:

Mordechai Reicher Yosef Magen-Shitz
Who started the project Who completed the book
[Stamp:]
University of Tel Aviv
Surasky Library

Tel Aviv 5733 – 1973
Published

the Association of Yedinitz Emigrés

 


(H) = Hebrew; (Y) = Yiddish

[Cover Page] (H)   Aleph
[Cover Page] (Y)   Bet
[Dedication] (Y) (H)   Gimel
[Memorial Book Commitee] (Y) (H)   Dalet
[Map Page]   Vav
 
Introductory section
 
Introductions - Blessings Upon Completion of Yizkor Book (H) Yosef Magen-Shitz 1
“My Hometown of Yedinitz” (H) Yisrael Zemura 9
Introductions - Blessings Upon Completion of Yizkor Book (Y) Yosef Magen-Shitz 19
Discussion Regarding Formation of Yizkor Book Committee (Y)   25
 
Section One: Yedinitz - A Cut Off Shtetl (H, Y)
  • Founding and History
  • Between the Two World Wars
  • The Shimshon Bronstein Affair
 
Yedinitz – A destroyed Community   35
 
The Joy of Our Town and of its Jewish Community (H) Yosef Magen-Shitz 35
Landscape and People in Town (H) Pinchas Mann-Meidelmann 45
Jews and Christians: The Relationship Between Neighbors (H) Mordechai Reicher 49
The History of Yedinitz until World War II (H) Chaim Horowitz 53
Jewish Community Leaders (H, Y) Chaim Horowitz 62
World War I, Revolution and Pogroms (H) Eliyahu Naor-Bitchutsky 67
Riots and More Riots (H) David Vinitsky 73
Where Are You, Jews of Yedinitz? How Were We Bereave? (H) Aryeh Barad 81
Yedinitz in the Encyclopedia Judaica, Jerusalem 1972 (H,Y, English)   85
Yedinitz in Yizkor Books (Y)   87
The Joy of Our Town and of its Jewish Community (Y) Yosef Magen-Shitz 89
Landscape and People in Town (Y) Pinchas Mann-Meidelmann 97
Jews and Christians: The Relationship Between Neighbors (Y) Mordechai Reicher 105
On the Brink of Events (Y) Yosy Lande 109
World War I, Revolution and Pogroms (Y) Eliyahu Naor-Bitchutsky 115
Three Coffins - The Bloody Events of the Seventh day of Passover 1918 (Y) Moshe Kofit 121
The Execution of the Forty (Y) Golda Gutman-Krimmer 125
Martyrdom (Sanctification of G-d's Name) at the River (Y) Golda Gutman-Krimmer 127
Memoirs and Episodes (Y) Yosef Helfgott-Azariah 129
A word from a Yedinitz Émigré in Brazil (Y)   131
Once Upon a Time in Yedintz…(Y) Gedaliah Grozman 133
A Life That Will Never Return… (Y) Moshe Shuster 139
I Knew No Other Town (Y) Sender Harari-Hochberg 143
Once Upon A Time There Was a Town…(Y) Yosef Magan-Shitz 145
The Shimshon Bronstein Affair (H)   165
Shimshon: The Man and the Activist (H) Yosef Magen-Shitz 165
Shimshon Bronstein -Biographical Details (H)   167
Inquisitorial Oppression (H) David Vinitsky 175
Who Shimshon Was (H) Ephraim Shvartzman-Sharon 177
The Shimshon Bronstein Affair (Y)   181
Terror Against the Poalei Zion [Workers of Zion] Movement in Romania (Y)   183
 
Section Two: Economic, Intellectual, and Spiritual Life in Yedinitz (H,Y)
  • Domestic Economics, Society and Social Services
  • Health Care Institutions
  • Education, Culture and Theater
  • Teachers, Schools and the Gymnazia High School
  • Intellectuals / Spiritual Persons Religion
 
Chart: Status of Jewish Loan and Savings Fund in Yedinitz - as of 1/1/1929   192
Jewish Occupations Shalom Caspi-Serebrenick 193
The Tobacco Crop in Our City Aharon Chachmovitch 197
Agricultural Workers, Field and Forest Contractors Shmuel Kormansky 211
Social Assistance Institutions Mordechai Reicher 213
The House for the Poor Menashe Halpern 215
 
Health Institutions in Yedinitz   219
Early Health Institutions Shmuel Kafri 219
The Yaakov Shimon Kaufman (Koifman) Hospital Mordechai Reicher 221
The Shmuel and Chava Loibman Jewish Hospital Sheindel Sadovnik-Berezin 223
The Sheindel Baum Organization Mordechai Reicher 229
Popular Medicine and Faith in Prayer Mordechai Reicher 231
The Death of R. Shmuel Loibman (11 Sivan 5689)   233
Chassidim Against the Enlightened at the End of the 19th Century   235
 
Education and Culture   237
Documents re The Establishment of the Talmud Torah Public School   237
The Establishment of the Talmud Torah Public School for Children   241
The Cheder School in Yedinitz at the End of the 19th Century Yosef Diamant 243
Elementary Education Teachers and Talmud Teachers Shmuel Kafri 249
This is How they Taught Ephraim Schwartzman-Sharon 251
My Religious and Secular Teachers Dov Duri (Berl Dondushansky) 253
The Teacher and Writer Aryeh-Leib Yagolnitzer Achinoam Yagolnitzer 255
The Teacher Yaakov Kizhner   259
The Public High School of R. Baruch Kutcher Leah Fuchs-Kutcher 261
My Father and Teacher, R. Moshe Leiderman (from Zamkhov) and his Family Yitzchak Bar-Samcha 263
The Teacher Noach Leiderman Ephraim Sharon 267
Hillel Dubrow - Highlights of his Life Shimshon Nachmani 269
A Devoted and Friendly Person Shimshon Bronstein 271
An Article about the Death of the Kindergarten Teacher, Zippora Dubrow   272
The Teacher Mordechai Reicher 273
Outstanding Personality Eliyahu Naor-Bitchutsky 275
The Teacher Baruch Yashchikman Yosef Magen-Shitz 277
Echoes from the Past   279
The Researcher and Linguist Yisrael Toporovsky Yisrael Zamora 281
The Gymnasia High School – Its Beginning And End   285
The Beginning of the Gymnasia Chaim Horvitz 287
Studies, Discipline and General Spirit Attorney Meir Weissman 289
Gymnasia Teachers Yosef Magen and Mordechai Reicher 291
Jewish Teachers   295
The End of the Gymnasia Frieda Meital-Kuzminer 297
Kindergarten in Yedinitiz   299
Public Libraries Mordechai Reicher 301
Maccabi and Sports Activities Meir Weissman 303
Newspapers appearing in Yedinitz   305
Student Organizations Concerned with Social and Cultural Affairs Levi Leon Trachtenbroit 307
Theater performances on behalf of the poor in 1901   311
Theater 1901-1940: An article about the performance the Vilna Troupe in Yedinitz 311
 
Theater Enthusiasts in Yedinitz   313
Theater Activities in Yedinitz Pinchas Mann (H) 313
Theater Activity in Yedinitz: A summary of the Hebrew article Pinchas Mann-Meidelman (Y) 315
Amateur Theater: The Evening is Shot Mendel Shitz 323
The “Troublemaker” Drama Club Avraham Gold 329
 
Writers and Intellectuals   331
People Who Make Us Proud* Alexander Meilechson 331
Yehuda Steinberg in Yedinitz Mordechai Reicher 337
Yehuda Steinberg, Menashe Halpern and Ezriel Adelman   339
My Years in Yedinitz Menashe Halpern 341
Biographical Notes on Menashe Halpern   344
Eliezer Steinberg in Yedinitz Asher Goldberg 345
Yehuda-Leib Grozman Alexander Meilechson 347
Biographical Notes on Y. L. Grozman   349
After the Performance (Memories of my Leibele with sadness and pain) Gedaliah Grozman 352
 
Religion, Synagogues and Teachers   353
The Great Synagogue (H) Mordechai Reicher 353
The Great Synagogue (Y) Mordechai Reicher 357
Correspondence in the Warsaw Hatsefira of November 14/26, 1878 about the establishment of the Yedinitz synagogue.   359
The Kinska Synagogue Mordechai Reicher 363
The Old Kloiz Synagogue Moshe Furman 365
A Unique Document About the Jews of Yedinitz (1913) Baruch Blank at the school of Yaakov Lerner 367
Report on Contributions From Yom Kippur Eve 1913   369
Cantors in and from Yedinitz   371
Synagogues in Yedinitz   373
Rabbi Yechiel Michel Burstein Mordechai Reicher 375
R. Shmuel the Rabbinal Judge Ephraim Schwartzman 380
The Community Yosef Magen-Shitz and Mordechai Reicher 381
Boxed Newspaper Reprint: Claims and strife regarding the “Korovka” (1929)   383
 
Section Three: Life in Yedinitz (H,Y)
  • Personalities and Families
  • Tales and Folklore
  • Jews in the Surrounding Villages
 
Way of Life / Personalities and Families   389
People, Facts and Events Yosef Magen-Shitz 389
Three Families - Three Great Arbitrators Asher Goldberg 411
Two In-Laws and All Their Families Under One Roof Asher Goldberg 419
Announcers (“Carozim”) Pinchas Mann (H) 421
The Palm Reader of Yedinitz Yosef Diamand 423
A True Story … Moshe Furman 425
There Were Also These Types Pinchas Mann (H) 431
Proclamations Pinchas Mann (Y) 435
There Were Also These Types Pinchas Mann (Y) 437
Wagon Drivers, Electricity and Water Carriers Natanel Shachar 441
Stories of Life (Excerpted from the book, Yedinitz, My Home, Buenos Aires, 1946) Golda Gutman-Krimmer 447
A Wedding in the Shtetl Golda Gutman-Krimmer 447
The Beilis Trial in Yedinitz   451
There Was a Jew in Town (Stories From The Past) Moshe Furman 453
Nicknames in Yedinitz   455
 
The Jews of the Nearby Villages   459
Zobrichan and its Jews Eliezer Ro'i-Reich 459
The Home of the Ritual Slaughter Lerner in Zobrichan Tsadkanit Horowitz (formerly Fradya Lerner) 463
The Jews from the Villages of Golian and Russen   465
The Admor of Shtefanesht — A Guest in the Village of Galian Yosef Diamant 467
 
Section Four: Ideological Currents (H,Y)
  • Zionism Political Parties and the Youth
  • The Left and the Communists
  • In the Eyes of Visitors
 
Zionism
Illustrative Numbers David Vinitsky 471
Zionism in Yedinitz   473
The Zionist Movement in Yedinitz (Organizations, Events and Activists) Mordechai Reicher 477
Yedinitz in the Newspapers   491
Zionist Women's Movement in Yedinitz   493
The 1931 Dunam Project   495
Ze'irei Zion in Yedinitz Yitzchak Bar-Zion –Borochin 499
Poalei Zion in Yedinitz Moshe Magen-Shitz 501
Before World War I   504
Arrivals from Yedinitz in Argentina   507
Reorganization of the Poalei Zion Shimshon Bronstein 508
The Halutz Movement and the First Pioneers from Yedinitz Mordechai Reicher 509
Meetings With Pioneers Mordechai Reicher 517
 
Zionist Youth Groups
Early Youth Organizations Eliyahu Naor-Bitchutsky 523
Fifteen Year-Old Delegates at the Kishinev Conference (Episodes of the Hagibor [The Hero] Youth Organization) Mordechai Reicher 525
The Hatechiya Youth Organization Ephraim Schwartzman-Sharon 529
Attempts to Establish a Branch of Hashomer Hatsa'ir Eliezer Ro'i-Reich 533
Hachaver - Beginnings of Gordonia Dov Dori-Dondushansky 539
Gordonia – Activities, Activits and Trifles Reuven Gertzman 543
Ten Years of Gordonia Pinchas Mann 549
 
An Obligation Fulfilled
Poalei Zion and Dror Youth Yosef Magen-Shitz 553
 
The Left and the Communists in Yedinitz
The Illegal Progressive Workers' Groups Moshe Shuster 561
Revolutionary Poems in Old Yedinitz   569
Emigres from Yedinitz in Paris Moshe Shuster 571
 
As Seen by Visitors    
A Visit to Yedinitz – An Unforgettable Experience Rabbi Dov Burstein 575
Yedinitz – An Unforgettable Town Dr. Michael Landau 577
Reports of the 1929 riots in Palestine.   579
A Town Permeated with Judaism and Zionism Meir Zeit 581
 
Section Five: In Memory of the Fallen (H,Y)
  • Israel's War Dead
  • The Fortunate Who Got to the Land of Israel
  • Personalities, Images, and Stories
 
Section Six: The Shoah or Holocaust (H,Y)
  • The Martyrology of the Yedintz Jews
  • Death, Forced Marches, and Survival
  • Yedinitz after the Shoah
The Martyrology of the Yedinitz Jews: A General Overview According to Witnesses
- Compiled
Mordecai Reicher 749
The Outbreak of War   755
Robbery, Murder & Atrocities   761
The Expulsion   771
The Road of Tribulation   777
Crossing the Dniester   790
In The Ghettos of Transnistria   803
Mohilov (Mogilov)   809
How Did The Remnants Survive   819
Editorial Comment   825
 
The Years Following the Shoah:
Discussions with New Arrivals in Israel - What is Life Like in Yedintz Now?   827
Yiddishkeit in Yedinitz under the Soviets   835
Yedinitz Community Workers and Personalities in South America   847
 
Section Seven: Memorial Pages
Relatives Memorialize their Dead    
 
Picture Index

 


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