JCR-UK

the former

Blackburn Jewish Community

and Hebrew Congregation

Blackburn, Lancashire

 
 

 


JCR-UK is a genealogical and historical website covering all Jewish communities and
congregations throughout the British Isles and Gibraltar, both past and present.

Town of Blackburn

The Lancashire town of Blackburn, in North West England, with a population of about 140,000, forms the greater part of the borough of Blackburn with Darwen. It was a county borough until 1974, when it merged with adjoining areas to become a local government district of the county of Lancashire. In 1986, it became a unitary authority, having assumed the name Blackburn with Darwen the previous year. It remains within the ceremonial county of Lancashire.

The Blackburn Jewish Community

The Blackburn Jewish community dates back to the 1880s, although there were isolated Jews in the town prior to that date. A book on the community by Hilary Thomas, entitled From Poland to Paradise Lane and other journeys - A History of the Blackburn Jewish Community, was published in 2018 (and generally referred to on this page simply as "From Poland to Paradise Lane"). The synagogue of the Blackburn Hebrew Congregation was established in 1893 and the Jewish cemetery dates from 1900. There were also two short-lived secessionist congregations (see below). The community declined following World War II and the synagogue closed in the 1970s.

Congregation Data

Name:

Blackburn Hebrew Congregation

Address:

19 Clayton Street, Blackburn.

This two-story house was the congregation's synagogue from late 1929 until the early/mid 1970s. By 1975, it was no longer in use, had been vandalised and declared unfit. It was demolished by the local council in 1976 as part of a redevelopment scheme.(ii)

Former Address:

Paradise Lane, Blackburn

The building, formerly part of the Technical College, was acquired on lease in about May 1893 and was consecrated in September 1893. While being reconstructed and made ready for use as a synagogue, the congregation held services at 16 St Paul Street, the home of Jacob Bennett.(iii)

Date Formed:

The first services were held in May 1893, the congregation being founded largely as a result of assistance given by William Aronsberg, JP of Manchester, in answer to an appeal by 17 Jewish residents of Blackburn.(v)

Current Status:

The synagogue closed in the early/mid 1970s. However, the community, which in 1976 was said to number only 15 individuals, intended to continue to hold services in members' homes and the compensation received, when the synagogue was demolished, was to be put towards communal purposes(vi)

Ritual:

Ashkenazi Orthodox

Affiliataion:

The congregation was unaffiliated but under the aegis of the Chief Rabbi.

Ministers:

(To view a short profile of a minister whose name appears in blue- hold the cursor over his name.)

See article by Hilary Thomas, Blackburn Hebrew Congregation and its Ministers, for a brief history of the congregation's ministers. The article, together with Hilary Thomas's 2018 book, From Poland to Paradise Lane and Other Journeys, a History of the Blackburn Jewish Community, forms the basis for the following list, with additional sources mentioned in the footnotes below.

Rev. Philip Gallant. - from 1893 until 1894(x)

Rev. Moses Eker - from November 1894 until 1895(xi)

Rev. Lazarus Jacob Muscat - from May 1895 until 1896(xii)

Rev. Harris Cohen - from 1896 until about 1897(xiii)

Rev. Simon Chassim - from April 1897 until 1898(xiv)

Rev. Abraham Newman - from May 1898 until November 1904(xvii)

Rev. Eliezer Hillel Matthews - from 1905 until 1909(xviii)

Rev. David Isaac Devons - from 1909 until 1911(xix)

Rev. M. D. Hershman - from 1911 until early 1912(xx)

(Rev. Morris Myerson - served the congregation about 1914(xxi))

Rev. Abraham Kraut - from July 1912 until 1919(xxiii)

Rev. Solomon Freedberg - from 1920 until 1921(xxiv)

Rev. Abraham Opolion - from January 1922 until late 1932(xxv)

From 1933 to 1941 (and later, post-1946), there was no resident minister, the community being served from time to time by visiting ministers (see below).

Rabbi Dr. Theodor Weisz - from 1941 until 1943(xxvi)

Rev. Armin Wachsmann from 1944 until early 1946(xxvii)

Two Secessionist Congregations (and their Ministers):

Blackburn New Hebrew Congregation (1899-1900)

This breakaway congregation was formed in about May 1899 and lasted only a year. It was initially, very briefly, known as the Blackburn Hebrew Society, and held services temporarily at 7 Feilden Street, Blackburn and later at Simmons Street. In July 1900, the two congregations were reconciled and unity was restored.(xxxi)

The minister was Rev. G. Saks, who served the congregation on a one-year contract.(xxxii)

Freckleton Street Hebrew Congregation (1904-1907)

There was a second schism in the community which took place in 1904. The breakaway congregation held services at Freckleton Street, Blackburn. In 1907, unity was again restored.(xxxiii) The congregation's ministers were:

Rev. A. Light - about 1904(xxxiv)

Rev. M. Glaser, - 1905 until about 1907(xxxv)

Principal Visiting Ministers (1930s to 1960s):

Rev. Jacob Kahan, of Bolton - mid 1930s(xxxviii)

Rev. E. Slotki, of Barrow-in-Furness - early 1940s(xxxix)

Rev. Vilenski, of the Holy Law Congregation, Manchester - early 1940s(xl)

Rev. Ezekiel Freilich, of Bolton - late 1940s(xli)

Rev. Eli Susman, of Preston - early 1950s(xlii)

Rev. Nathan Herzl Rockman, of Blackpool - 1950s and early 1960s(xliii)

Rev. Alex Brown, of Blackpool - 1950s and 1960s(xliv)

Rev. Daniel Caplan, of Blackpool - mid 1960s(xlv)

Lay Officers:

Unless otherwise stated, the data on lay officers of the congregation has been extracted from Jewish Year Book listings, first published 1896/7.(xlix) In many instances, where a first name is given, this has been obtained from Hilary Thomas's From Poland to Paradise Lane.

Life President

From 1893 - William Aronsberg, JP(l)

 

Presidents

1900-1901 - Levi Rosenberg

1901-1902 - Charles David Rozenson

1902-1905 - Jacob Cohen

1905-1910 - Maurice Jacobson(li)

1910-1911 - Wolfe Richmond

1911-1915 - Maurice Jacobson

1915-1917 - Simon Gordon

1917-1919 - T.S. Jacobowitz

1919-1923 - Simon Fine

1923-1927 - S. Jacobs

1927-1929 - Louis Gordon

1929-1936 - Bernard Gordon(lii)

1936-1963 - Joseph Rosenberg(liii)

 

Vice Presidents(lv)

1893-1894 - Aaron Pinkus(lvi)

1894-1898 - Israel Aaron(lvii)

1898-1899 - Aaron Pinkus(lviii)

1899-1901 - Samuel Saks

1901-1902 - Marks Markus(lix)

1902-1903 - W. Blain

1903-1905 - David Blain

Wardens(lxii)

1893-1894 - Charles David Rozenson(lxiii)

1894-1895 - Samuel Saks(lxiv)

1895-1896 - Charles David Rozenson(lxiii)

1897-1898 - David Blain(lxv)

1898-1901 - Barnet Fraser

1901-1902 - Maurice Jacobson

1902-1904 - David Blain(lxv)

 

Treasurers

1893-1894 - Israel Aaron(lxviii)

1895-1896 - Samuel Saks(lxix)

1896-1897 - David Blain

1897-1898 - Jacob Livingston

1898-1901 - Barnet Fraser

1901-1902 - Maurice Jacobson

1902-1905 - Israel Aaron

1905-1908 - Morris Rosenbloom(lxx)

1908-1910 - Samuel Goldstein

1910-1911 - A. Brooklyn

1911-1912 - Wolfe Richmond

1912-1915 - Israel Aaron

1915-1919 - Simon Fine

1919-1921 - S. Jacobs

1921-1923 - Percy Perry

1923-1929 - Simon Fine

1929-1936 - Henry Newman(lii)

1936-1939 - no data

1939-1940 - Louis Gordon

1940-1945 - no data

1945-1959 - Bernard Gordon

Secretaries or Hon. Secretaries

1893 - Harris Rosenthal(lxxii)

1893-1894 - Harry Goldman(lxxiii)

1894-1895 - Charles Barnett(lxxiv)

1896-1897 - Aaron Pinkus

1897-1898 - Hermann Aaron

1898-1899 - Isaac Ellenbogen

1899-1900 - Isaac Niman(lxxv)

1900-1901 - Maurice Jacobson(lxxvi)

1901-1902 - Elias Aaron

1902-1904 - Isaac Niman(lxxv)

1904-1905 - Maurice Jacobson(lxxvii)

1905-1908 - Joseph Rosenberg

1908-1910 - H. Bliss

1910-1911 - H. Jacobson

1911-1913 - A. Blain

1913-1917 - H. Jacobson

1917-1919 - John Field

1919-1921 - Henry Newman

1921-1923 - Joseph Rosenberg

1923-1927 - Joseph Cobb

1927-1929 - M. Cohen

1929-1938 - Simeon Cohen(lii)

1938-1960 - Jacob Goldberg

1960-1985 - Ernest H. David(lxxviii)

 

Assistant Secretary

1893-1894 - Charles Barnett(lxxxi)

1894-1895 - Harris Schonberg(lxxxii)

1896-1897 - Aaron Morris

Lay Officers of Secessionist Congregations:

Blackburn New Hebrew Congregation

President:

Louis Gordon (from 1899)(lxxxv)

Charles Rozenson (1900)(lxxxvi)

Israel Aaron (1900)(lxxxvii)

Vice President: Morris Shapeero(lxxxviii)

Warden: Marks Marcus (from 1899)(lxxxix)

Treasurer:

Maurice Jacobson (from 1899)(xc)

Harris Finerman (1900)(xci)

Hon. Secretary:

Lewis Livingstone (from 1899)(xcii)

Maurice Rosenberg (1900)(xciii)

Freckleton Street Hebrew Congregation(xcvi)

President:

Morris Cohen (1904-1906)

Wolfe Richmond (1906-1907)

Warden: Harris Finerman (from 1904)(xcvii)

Treasurer:

Morris Fraser (1904-1906)

H. Hyman (1906-1907)

Hon. Secretary:

Joseph Jacobs (1904-1907

Benjamin Finerman (1907)

Membership Data:

Number of Seatholders(c)

1893

1896

1897

1898

1899

1905

1906

1910

1967

16

27

32

25

40

30

35

25

32

National Reports & Surveys(ci)

1977 - 8 male (or household) members and 7 female members

Registration District (BMD):

Blackburn & Darwen (since 1 April 1998)(cii)- Register Office Website

 


Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with Blackburn include:

1851 Anglo Jewry Database (updated 2016)

Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Blackburn during the 1810s (1 record); 1830s (1 record) and 1840s (8 records).
 

 

On-line Articles and Bibliography relating to the Blackburn Jewish Community

on JCR-UK

On Third Party websites

Notable Jewish Connections with Blackburn

  • Walter Hubert (c.1930-2020) was born in Germany and escaped with his family to England in 1939, settling in Blackburn. He was the joint managing director of Tom Martin and Co Ltd, the Blackburn-based scrap metal business set-up by his father in 1948 and which he helped turn into the largest scrap metal dealers in the north of England. He was an avid Blackburn Rovers FC supporter, being elected to the clubs board of directors in the 1960s and 1970s and serving briefly as its vice chairman. The family were major benefactors of Dvar Yerushalayim yeshiva in Jerusalem.

  • Max Samuel (1883-1942), Jewish communal leader in Rostock, on Germany's Baltic coast, and proprietor of a large shoe exporting business, died in Blackburn. His son Herbert had come to Britain in 1934 as a refugee and established the EMSA Works & Herbert Foot Appliance Ltd in Blackburn. Max Samuel is remembered today for the financial and other assistance he gave to Jews in Germany under Nazi oppression and rescuing the synagogue artefacts of many congregations in and near Rostock. (Blackburn's Schindler)

 

Other Blackburn Jewish Institutions & Organisations

Educational & Theological

  • Hebrew Classes

Other Institutions & Organisations

  • Chevra Kadisha & Bikur Cholim (founded 1907)

  • Grand Order of Israel, Sir Moses Montefiore Lodge No 38 (founded 1906)

  • Hebrew Friendly Society (founded by 1902)

  • Jewish Benevolent Society (founded 1905)

  • Jewish Ladies Benevolent Society (founded by 1910)

  • Jewish Workings Men's Club (founded by 1902)

  • Zionist Society (founded 1899)

 

Blackburn Jewish Cemetery Information

There is a Jewish cemetery in Blackburn.

  • Blackburn Cemetery, Jewish Section, Whalley New Road, Blackburn BB1. Opened 1900. Earliest marked grave is dated August 1906. Cemetery was restored in 1997, following years of neglect. It remains in occasional use.

(For additional details, see also IAJGS Cemeteries Project - Blackburn).

 

 

Blackburn Jewish Population Data

Year

Number

 Source

  

1896

120

  (The Jewish Year Book 1896/7)

1897

127

  (The Jewish Year Book 1897/8)

1899

150

  (The Jewish Year Book 1899/1900)

1905

240

  (The Jewish Year Book 1905/6)

1906

250

  (The Jewish Year Book 1906/7)

1908

280

  (The Jewish Year Book 1909)

1913

300

  (The Jewish Year Book 1914)

1921

200

  (The Jewish Year Book 1922)

1945

81

  (The Jewish Year Book 1945/6)

1949

25 families

  (The Jewish Year Book 1950)

1951

81

  (The Jewish Year Book 1952)

1954

70

  (The Jewish Year Book 1955)

1958

50

  (The Jewish Year Book 1959)

1959

45

  (The Jewish Year Book 1960)

1960

35

  (The Jewish Year Book 1961)

1962

30

  (The Jewish Year Book 1963)

1976

15

  (The Jewish Year Book 1977)

1978

  6

  (The Jewish Year Book 1979)

1980

12

  (The Jewish Year Book 1981)

1984

  7

  (The Jewish Year Book 1985)

 

Notes & Sources

( returns to text above)

  • (i) Reserved.

  • (ii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p. 85 and Jewish Chronicle report of 27 February 1976. It was the address listed for the congregation in Jewish Year Books from 1923, although the house number was first mentioned in 1945/6. .

  • (iii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.7. Paradise Lane was the address listed for the congregation in Jewish Year Books to 1922.

  • (iv) Reserved.

  • (v) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.7.

  • (vi) Jewish Chronicle report of 27 February 1976. The Jewish Year Books 1977 first stated that "the synagogue is now closed". However, the community continued to be listed in Jewish Year Books until 1985.

  • (vii) to (ix) Reserved.

  • (x) The Blackburn Standard 1 July 1893, p.5, and From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.9, 12.

  • (xi) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.132.

  • (xii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.171. The Jewish Chronicle of 7 June 1895 reported that "Rev. L. Muscat, who conducted the Festival Services and delivered a sermon has been permanently appointed Reader to the Blackburn congregation". As regards his leaving the congregation, on 3 April 1896 the Jewish Chronicle reported that "at a meeting held on March 20th at the New Synagogue and Beth Hamedrash [Manchester]... the Rev. L. Muscat, of the Blackburn Congregation was unanimously elected Secretary to the synagogue..."

  • (xiii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.16. Rev. Cohen was also listed as minister of the congregation in the Jewish Year Book 1896/7 (its first edition).

  • (xiv) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.18. Rev. Chassim (also spelled Chassen) was also listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1897/8 and 1998/9.

  • (xv) and (xvi) Reserved.

  • (xvii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.18, 74. The Jewish Chronicle of 30 December 1898 stated that the services in Blackburn were conducted by Rev. A. Newman. Rev. Newman was also listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1899/1900 through 1904/5.

  • (xviii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.77, 79, 80. The Jewish Chronicle of 8 December 1905 reported that Rev. E. Matthews officiated at the congregation. Rev. Matthews was also listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1905/6 through 1909.

  • (xix) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.131. Jewish Chronicle report of 5 November 1909 stated that Rev. D.I. Devons, of York, has been elected minister to the congregation, in succession to the Rev. E. H. Matthews, who leaves Blackburn next month for South Africa. Rev. Devons was also listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1910 and 1911.

  • (xx) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.81. The Jewish Chronicle of 11 August 1911 reported Rev. Hershman's election as chazan, shochet and teacher for the congregation and on 22 March 1912 reported his resignation as minister and that the congregation was in need of a chazan, shochet, teacher and mohel combined. Rev. Hershman was also listed as minister of the congregation in the Jewish Year Book 1912.

  • (xxi) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.172. Although not formally appointed as a minister of the congregation, Rev, Myerson's obituaries mention that he had at one time served the Blackburn congregation.

  • (xxii) Reserved.

  • (xxiii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.161/2. The Jewish Chronicle of 26 July 1912 reported on the election of Rev. A. Kraut of Burnley as minister in Blackburn and on 19 December 1919 it reported that Rev. A. Kraut, formerly minister at Blackburn, was now of Newcastle. Rev. Kraut was also listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1913 through 1921. 

  • (xxiv) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.138. The Jewish Chronicle of 2 September 1921 reported Manchester United Synagogue's appointment of Solomon Freedberg, of Blackburn, as second reader and secretary. Rev. Freedberg was not listed as minister of the congregation in any Jewish Year Book.

  • (xxv) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.177. Rev. Opolion was listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1922 through 1936 (the last few years erroneously).

  • (xxvi) From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.99/100. The Jewish Chronicle of 31 October 1941 reported that Rabbi Weisz had been appointed minister of the congregation.

  • (xxvii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.101. Rev. Wachsmann was not listed in the Jewish Year Book.

  • (xxviii) to (xxx) Reserved.

  • (xxxi) From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.20/21. The New Hebrew Congregation was also listed in the Jewish Year Book 1900/01.

  • (xxxii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.20 and Jewish Chronicle report of 19 May 1899.

  • (xxxiii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.74, 79. The Freckleton Street congregation was listed in Jewish Year Books 1905/06 to 1907/08.

  • (xxxiv) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.74 and Jewish Chronicle report of 19 May 1899.

  • (xxxv) Blackburn Hebrew Congregation and its Ministers and Jewish Chronicle report of 6 October 1905 stated that the services at the Freckleton Street Synagogue were conducted by the Rev. M. Glasser (which is also spelled Glaser).

  • (xxxvi) and (xxxvii) Reserved.

  • (xxxviii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.94 and Rev. Kahan's listing as visiting minister in Jewish Year Books.

  • (xxxix) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.98 and Rev. Slotki's listing as visiting minister in Jewish Year Books from 1940.

  • (xl) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.98.

  • (xli) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.103.

  • (xlii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.103/4 and Rev. Susman's listing in Jewish Year Books 1951 through 1953.

  • (xliii) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.105 and Rev. Rockman's listing as visiting minister in Jewish Year Books 1954 through 1965.

  • (xliv) A Vanished Community - The Jews of Blackburn (see online articles) and From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.105.

  • (xlv) From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.105.

  • (xlvi) to (xlviii) Reserved.

  • (xlix) Where a person is first listed in a year book as holding a particular office, it has been assumed that his term of office commenced in the year of publication of the relevant year book and that he continued in office until the commencement of office of his successor, unless the office was vacant. Initially year books corresponded to the Hebrew year, and thus ran roughly from autumn of one year - the year of publication - until autumn of the next year. From 1909, year books were published according to the Gregorian year, being published generally towards the end of the year prior to the year appearing the title of the year book. For example, if an officer is listed in Jewish Year Books 1935 through 1938, it is assumed that he commenced office in 1934 and continued in office until 1938. However, it should be noted that this is only an assumption and, accordingly, his actual years of office may differ somewhat from those shown here. There were no Jewish Year Book listings of presidents after 1963 and treasurers after 1959.

  • (l) William (previously Wolfe) Aronsberg JP of Manchester was appointed life president as a result of the assistance (particularly financial) he gave towards the establishment of the congregation and its synagogue in 1893. He was also life president of the South Manchester Hebrew Congregation, the Manchester New Synagogue and Stockport Hebrew Congregation and generally assisted emergent Jewish communities in towns near Manchester to establish synagogues and to organise themselves. Mr Aronsberg moved to Corfu in the early 1890s. Up until 1899/1900 Jewish Year Book entries for Blackburn list William Aronsberg as Life President, there is no president and the resident lay leader was the vice president. From the 1900 edition there is no reference to a life president and for the first time a president is listed. Mr. Aronsberg died in Southport in 1908 - From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.9, 30/34 and Jewish Chronicle obituary of 21 August 1908.

  • (li) Erroneously initially listed in Jewish Year Books as Marcus Jacobson. From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.52 confirmed that Maurice Jacobson (who had served as an officer of the breakaway 1899 congregation) was president of the Hebrew Congregation "for some thirteen years apart from a break in 1910".

  • (lii) Elected at the annual meeting in November 1929.

  • (liii) The Jewish Year Book was not published in the war years 1941-1945. However, as J. Rosenberg was listed as president both prior to the war (until 1940) and after the war (from 1945/6), it is presumed that he also served as such throughout World War II.

  • (liv) Reserved.

  • (lv) For those years during which Wm. Aronsberg served as life president, the vice president functioned effectively as the resident acting president .

  • (lvi) A. Pinkus was elected as the congregation's first vice president at a meeting held on 12 May 1893 - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.9.

  • (lvii) I. Aaron was elected as vice president at the 1894 annual meeting and re-elected at the 1895 annual meeting - From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.13/14, and still in such office in the first two Jewish Year Books, 1896/6 and 1897/8.

  • (lviii) Erroneously initially listed as Aaron Princess in Jewish Year Book 1898/9.

  • (lix) Also known as Mordechai Marcus - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.56.

  • (lx) and (lxi) Reserved.

  • (lxii) The congregation's wardens were not listed in Jewish Year Books apart from B. Fraser and M. Jacobson, both of whom served concurrently as Treasurer.

  • (lxiii) C.D. Rozenson was elected as the congregation's first warden at a meeting held on 12 May 1893 and two years later, at the 1895 annual meeting, he was again elected as warden (although it is uncertain whether or not he was reelected in 1895) - From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.9, 14, 63.

  • (lxiv) S. Saks was elected as warden at the 1894 annual meeting - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.13.

  • (lxv) D. Blain (formerly Chwoinik) was elected as warden at the 1897 annual meeting  and was again elected as warden in early 1902, holding the post for two years- From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.36/37.

  • (lxvi) and (lxvii) Reserved

  • (lxviii) I. Aaron was elected as the congregation's first treasurer at a meeting held on 12 May 1893 - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.9. There is no reference as to who was elected treasurer at the next (1894) annual meeting.

  • (lxix) S. Saks was elected as warden at the 1895 annual meeting - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.14.

  • (lxx) The details presented here for M. Rosenbloom are consistent with the Jewish Year Book listings. However, From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.189, states that in 1904, "when the breakaway congregation was formed at Freckleton Street, Morris [Rosenbloom] was elected onto its committee" and "became secretary of the synagogue when the two congregations amalgamated in 1907". This is at variance with him serving as treasurer of the Paradise Lane congregation throughout that period.

  • (lxxi) Reserved.

  • (lxxii) H. Rosenthal was elected as the congregation's first hon. secretary at a meeting held on 12 May 1893 and resigned in December 1893 - From Poland to Paradise Lane, pp.9, 12.

  • (lxxiii) H. Goldman of Manchester was appointed as hon. secretary at a meeting held in December 1893 - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.12.

  • (lxxiv) C. Barnett was elected as hon. secretary at the 1894 annual meeting held, having previously served as assistant secretary - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.12. There is no reference as to whom was elected hon. secretary at the next (1894) annual meeting.

  • (lxxv) Erroneously listed in Jewish Year Books as T. Niman.

  • (lxxvi) M. Jacobson had joined the breakaway congregation in 1899 and when the two congregations reunited in 1900, he became hon. secretary. - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.52 (which also stated that he replaced Lewis Livingstone, which appears to be an error, as Livingstone had also joined the breakaway congregation)..

  • (lxxvii) Erroneously listed in Jewish Year Book 1904/5 as Marcus Jacobson.

  • (lxxviii) The Jewish Year Book was not published in the war years 1940-1945. However, as E.H. David was listed as hon. secretary both prior to the war (1939) and after the war (from 1945/6), it is presumed that he also served as such throughout World War II. From Jewish Year Book 1978, his position was described as hon. secretary of the community.

  • (lxxix) and (lxxx) Reserved.

  • (lxxxi) C. Barnett, formerly Burton-on-Trent, was appointed as assistant secretary at a meeting held in December 1893 - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.12.

  • (lxxxii) H. Schonberg was elected as assistant secretary at the 1894 annual meeting held, having previously served as assistent secretary - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.12. There is no reference as to whom was elected assistant secretary at the next (1894) annual meeting.

  • (lxxxiii) and (lxxxiv) Reserved.

  • (lxxxv) L. Gordon was appointed as the initial president of the breakaway congregation in 1899 - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.20.

  • (lxxxvi) Although C. Rozenson was listed as president of the breakaway congregation in the Jewish Year Book 1900/01, he had already been superceded by April 1900.

  • (lxxxvii) I. Aaron was elected president of the breakaway congregation at its first annual meeting in April 1900, just three months prior to the reuniting of the congregation with the Hebrew Congregation.

  • (lxxxviii) M. Shapeero was listed as vice president of the breakaway congregation in the Jewish Year Book 1900/01.

  • (lxxxix) M. Marcus was elected as warden of the brakaway congregation - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.57.

  • (xc) M. Jacobson was appointed as the initial treasurer of the breakaway congregation in May 1899 - From Poland to Paradise Lane, p.52.

  • (xci) H. Finerman was listed as treasurer of the breakaway congregation in the Jewish Year Book 1900/01.

  • (xcii) L. Livingstone was elected as the initial hon. secretary of the brakaway congregation - From Poland to Paradis e Lane, p.57.

  • (xciii) M. Rosenberg was listed as hon. secretary of the breakaway congregation in the Jewish Year Book 1900/01.

  • (xciv) and (xcv) Reserved.

  • (xcvi) The Freckleton Street congregation was listed in Jewish Year Books 1905/6, 1906/7 and 1907/8. Unless otherwise stated, the data presented here on its lay officers has been extracted from such listings, using the methodology as set out in note (xlix).

  • (xcvii) H. Finerman was elected as warden of the Freckleton Street congregation on the initial election of officers  - From Poland to Paradis e Lane, pp.40, 74. there is no other reference to the appointment election wardens of this congregation.

  • (xcviii) and (xcix) Reserved.

  • (c) Extracted from the Jewish Year Book for the relevant year.

  • (ci) Report on synagogue membership in the United Kingdom, published by the Board of Deputies of British Jews and which can be viewed on the website of the Institute of Jewish Policy Research. Click HERE for the link to the report.

  • (cii) Previous registration district: Blackburn - 1 July 1837 to 1 April 1998. Any registers would now be held by the current register office.

 
Jewish Congregations in Lancashire

Jewish Communities of England home page

Page created: 21 August 2005
Consolidation of Blackburn community and Hebrew Congregation pages: 6 August 2017
Data significantly expanded and notes added: 20 July 2021
Latest revision or update: 27 July 2021


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