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Vsya Rossiya Business Directory for Bessarabia

Background

This database currently contains more than 2,600 entries of apparently Jewish names from the 1897 and 1912 editions of the Russian business directory, Vsya Rossiya, for Bessarabia.

Vsya Rossiya (“All Russia”) was a series of directories of the Russian Empire published on a yearly basis by Aleksei Sergeevich Suvorin from 1895 through 1923. Each directory includes detailed lists of government offices, public services, and medium and large businesses present in major cities across the Russian Empire.

With the exception of the 1897 Vsya Rossiya directory, this database includes entries for Bessarabia gubernia and the portions of Kherson and Podolia gubernias that are now part of Transnistria. This database includes entries for only Bessarabia gubernia for the 1897 Vsya Rossiya directory because we have not received a copy of the portions of the 1897 directory for Kherson and Podolia gubernias.

Each directory is arranged by gubernia (province), followed by uezd (district) within each gubernia. Each directory includes the following uezds, with the following number of Jewish entries appearing in the directory for each year for each uezd:

Gubernia

Uezd

1897

1912

Bessarabia

Kishinev

332

450

Bessarabia

Akkerman

62

114

Bessarabia

Bendery

260

99

Bessarabia

Beltsy

160

131

Bessarabia

Izmail

56

95

Bessarabia

Orgeev

310

97

Bessarabia

Soroki

85

92

Bessarabia

Khotin

147

106

Podolia

Balta

N/A

12

Podolia

Olgopol

N/A

26

Kherson

Tiraspol

N/A

93

Within each listing, government officials appear first, followed by manufacturing trades (identified as Factories and plants) in alphabetical order, and then followed by retail trades (identified as Commercial and industrial enterprises) in alphabetical order. Most of the Jews identified in the directory were involved in retail trades. Among the most common businesses were bakeries, books, bread-grain, drug stores, firewood, flour, groceries, groceries and tobacco, haberdashery, ironware, kitchenware, leather, ready-to-wear clothing, textile merchandise, timber, and tobacco.

The portions of the 1897 directory included in this database are not available on line. The 1895, 1899, 1900, 1902, and 1912 Vsya Rossiya directories are available for download here. The 1895 directory has already been extracted and is searchable through the JewishGen Romania Database and the JewishGen Ukraine Database, where results will be displayed under the name “Vsia Rossiia 1895 Business Directory.” The 1897 and 1912 directories have been fully extracted; we are in the process of extracting the directories for 1899, 1900, and 1902, which will be added to this database upon completion.

Surnames that did not appear to be Jewish were omitted, erring on the side of including people who might not be Jewish. 

About This Database

Each record in this database contains the following information:                      

  • Last Name — Surname from entry                                                  
  • Given Name – Given name from entry
  • Patronymic – Father’s name in patronymic form (if given)
  • Business – Type of business, in Russian followed by English
  • Section – Class of business (Factories and plants, or Commercial and industrial enterprises), in Russian followed by English
  • Year – Year of director
  • Town – Name of town (as of 1900)                                                  
  • Uezd/District – Name of district
  • Gubernia – Name of province
  • Today’s Location – Current country
  • Pages – Column number of entry
  • Comments – Additional information (typically the address)        

    Acknowledgements

    The project manager was Jeff Wexler. Volunteer researchers for this project were Genny Imas, Alan Levine, Yuliana Murray, Jane Rollins, Fanny Rozenblat, Tsvika Rozenblat, and Bena Shklyanoy. Alexey Perminov provided the directory for extraction.

    Searching the Database

    This database is searchable via the JewishGen Unified Search, the JewishGen Romania Collection, and the JewishGen Ukraine Collection


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