JCR-UK

Newcastle Jewish Community

Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear

 

 

 

JCR-UK is a genealogical and historical website covering all Jewish communities and
congregations throughout the British Isles and Gibraltar, both past and present.
NOTE: We are not the official website for this community.

City of Newcastle upon Tyne

Newcastle upon Tyne, with a population of about 260,000 is the principal city of North East of England, lying on north bank of the river Tyne a few miles inland from the North Sea coast.  The present boundaries date from 1974, when the metropolitan borough of Newcastle upon Tyne was formed, within the then new metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear.  Newcastle became a unitary authority in 1986 when Tyne and Wear lost its administrative status, becoming purely a ceremonial county.  Until 1974, Newcastle was a county borough and part of the county of Northumberland.

The Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Community

There was a small medieval Jewish community in Newcastle. The modern community is believed to date from 1775.

Jewish Congregations

The following are the Jewish congregations that exist or existed in Newcastle upon Tyne, the first of which was established in Temple Street in about 1837:

* An active congregation.

The following are former or alternative names of the above congregations:

 

Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Cemeteries Information

JCR-UK HOSTED DATABASE

Search the Newcastle Heaton Jewish Cemetery Database,
contaiing 404 burial records and 293 photographs of the headstones,
from 1915 to 2013, as well as plans of the cemeteries

Listed below are the cemeteries used by the Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Community (as well as the Jewish Community in Gateshead):


Thornton Street Cemetery (picture courtesy Peter Gatoff)

  • Thornton Street Cemetery, Waterloo Chambers, off Westgate Street. The first cemetery of the Newcastle Jewish community and was located near the Temple Street Synagogue. In use from about 1831 (or 1835) to 1851. Only a small part (a tiny enclosed courtyard) of the original plot remains and only about five weathered headstones survive.

  • Elswick Jewish Cemetery (Orthodox), Elswick Road. The Jewish Section of the St. John's Cemetery. In use from 1857 (extended in 1887 and 1889) until 1963 (now full). Contains some 1,000 graves.

  • Hazelrigg Jewish Cemetery (Orthodox), Coach Lane, Gosforth. Opened 1906, having initially been acquired by Corporation Street Synagogue. Still in use. (The cemetery is situated in the part of Hazelrigg to the east of the AI and is thus actually within North Tyneside and not Newcastle upon Tyne.).

  • Heaton Cemetery (Orthodox), Benton Road. The Jewish Section of the Byker and Heaton Municipal Cemetery. Opened 1915 by the Jesmond Hebrew Congregation

  • Ravensworth Cemetery (Orthodox). Opened 1905.

  • Newcastle Reform Jewish Cemetery, North Shields. This is the cemetery of the Newcastle Reform Synagogue and is actually situated in a dedicated section of the Preston Road Cemetery, Preston Road North, North Shields.

Records of the Elswick, Hazelrigg, Heaton and Ravensworth cemeteries are on the JOWBR and/or All-UK Database (see above).

(For additional information, see IAJGS Cemetery Project - Newcastle)

 

Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with Newcastle upon Tyne include:

  • Burials (including images of grave stones)

    • JCR-UK Submissions to JOWBR (JewishGen Online Worldwide Burial Register)

      • Elswick Cemetery, 1859-c.1963 (743 records)

      • Heaton Cemetery, 1916 -2013 (404 records)

    • All-UK Database*

      • Hazelrigg Cemetery, 1924-1990 (1,199 records)

      • Ravensworth Cemetery, 1905 -1990 (408 records)
        *A search in the database may also reveal duplicates of these records on the JOWBR.

  • Communal Leaders

    • Jewish Directory for 1874 (60 Newcastle records);
      Jewish Year Book 1896/97  (24 Newcastle records)

  • 1851 Anglo Jewry Database (updated 2016)

    • Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Newcastle upon Tyne during the 1780s (1 record), 1800s (4 records), 1820s (1  record), 1830s (2 records), 1840s (41 records), 1850s (104 records), 1860s (36 records), 1870s (30 records), 1880s (17 records), 1890s (4 records), 1900s (4 records) and 1910s (2 records).

 

On-line Articles and Other Material
relating to the Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Community

on JCR-UK

 

Other Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Institutions & Organisations
(that had been formed by 1900*)

Educational & Theological

  • Congregational Schools (from at least 1874)

Other Institutions & Organisations

  • Hebrew Philanthropic Friendly Society (established 1853) for relief of members during sickness and week of mourning.

  • Jewish Board of Guardians (founded 1872). For the relief of the deserving Jewish poor.

  • Jewish Ladies' Benevolent Society (founded 1872). For relief of poor women and their families. and indigent lying-in women.

  • Hebrew "Friend in Need" Society (founded 1873). For relievfe of Jewish poor, grant loans, etc.

  • New Hebrew Friendly Society (from at least 1874).

  • Chevra Kadisha. An amalgamation (in about 1898) of the Ancient Hebrew Sacred Society (founded by at least 1874) and the Hebrew Burial Society.

  • Aid Society to the Jews' Hospital and Orphan Asylum (from at least 1896).

  • Jewish Ladies' Benevolent Society (from at least 1896). To provide medical attendance and a weekly allowance to poor Jewish women during confinement, and for the relief of the Jewish sick.

  • The Sabbath Meal Society. Object, to provide meals for poor Jewish strangers during the Sabbath.

  • Jewish Ladies' Dorcas. Met at the Synagogue fortnightly to make clothing for the poor (from at least 1896).

  • Chovevi Zion Association branch (from at least 1896).

  • Anglo-Jewish Association, branch (from at least 1896.

  • Jewish Working Men's Club (from at least 1896).

* As listed in the Jewish Directory of 1874 and the Jewish Year Books 1896 & 1900

 

Community Records

 

Newcastle Jewish Population Data

1775

First Jewish settlement

1832

Founding of community (8 October)

1845

33

(The Jewish Communities of North East England 1755-1980 - L. Olsover)

1880

750

(ibid.)

1895

400 families

(The Jewish Year Book 1895/6)

1934

4,000

(The Jewish Year Book 1935)

1946

2,500

(The Jewish Year Book 1947)

1955

2,300

(The Jewish Year Book 1956)

1965

3,000

(The Jewish Year Book 1966)

1990

1,500

(The Jewish Year Book 1991)

1999

1,110

(The Jewish Year Book 2000)

2004

960

(The Jewish Year Book 2005)


Jewish Congregations in Tyne and Wear

Jewish Communities of England home page


Page created: 21 August 2005
Latest revision or update: 18 May 2020


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