JCR-UK

the former

Charlotte Square Synagogue

(Newcastle New Hebrew Congregation)

Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear

 

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congregations throughout the British Isles and Gibraltar, both past and present.

Charlotte Street Synagogue, Newcastle
The former Synagogue in Charlotte Square
(Courtesy Peter Gatoff)

Congregation Data

Name:

Charlotte Square Synagogue
also known as the Newcastle New Hebrew Congregation(iii)

Address:

4 Charlotte Square, Newcastle upon Tyne

The synagogue was opened on 14 April 1867, with the service conducted by Rev. David Shapiro of Edinburgh.(iv)

(Press reports on the formation of the congregation described it as "the Polish Hebrew Congregation situated in Pilgrim Street," which is some distance from Charlotte Square. It is possible that the congregation was temporarily located in a room in Pilgrim Street (which is where the Temple Street congregation started life in the 1830s), before Charlotte Square became available. The congregation was comprised primarily of Polish Jews, with a Polish chazan.)(v)

Formation:

Formed in 1867, as a breakaway from the Temple Street Synagogue, largely by congregants who were disgruntled at the lack of certain rights denied to them by their fellow worshippers and also as a result of the lack of space at Temple Street.(vi) 

Final Status:

Closed in 1878, reunited with the Temple Street Synagogue to form the Newcastle United Hebrew Congregation at its new Leazes Park Road synagogue.(vii)

Ritual:

Ashkanazi Orthodox

Affiliation:

Congregation was unaffiliated but was under the aegis of the Chief Rabbi.

Minister:

(To view a short profile of a minister, hold the cursor over his name.)

Rev. Israel Greenberg - 1870 until 1872(x)

Rev. Elias Pearlson - from 1872(xi)

Lay Officers:

President

Simon Ephraim from 1867(xiv)

I. de Hart from 1872(xv)

Treasurer

L. Goldfinger from 1867(xvi)

Hon. Secretary

Arnold Neuenberg from 1867(xvii)

Cemetery
Information:

The Congregation would have used the Elswick Jewish Cemetery (for details, see Newcastle Cemetery Information).

 

Congregational Records

General:

  • Numerous records of the Jewish Communities in Northeast England (only a sample of which are listed below) are deposited with the Tyne and Wear Archives Service (http://www.legacyarchives.org.uk).

  • CLICK HERE to view a full list of these records (correct to December 2005).

Births/Circumcisions:

  • Brit milah (circumcisions) 1877-1881 - Tyne and Wear Archives Service (see above)

  • Genealogy of Rabbi Elias Pearlson

Registration District (BMD):

 

Notes & Sources
( returns to text above)

  • (i) and (ii) Reserved.

  • (iii) To distinguish it from the Old Hebrew Congregation from which it had split.

  • (iv) The Jewish Communities of North-East England by Lewis Olsover (1980) ("Olsover's Book") p.23.

  • (v) Olsover's Book, p.24. 

  • (vi) Olsover's Book, pp.22/3.

  • (vii) Olsover's Book, p.26.

  • (viii) and (ix) Reserved.

  • (x) Olsover's Book, pp. 24, 203 (Appendix !).

  • (xi) Appendix 1 to Olsover's Book lists (p. 203) him (as Rev. E. Perlson) as minister of the congregation from 1872 but gives no year of termination.

  • (xii) and (xiii) Reserved.

  • (xiv) Named as the initial president of the congregation in Olsover's Book, p.26.

  • (xv) Appendix 1 to Olsover's Book (p. 203) lists I. de Hart as president of the congregation from 1872.

  • (xiv) Named as the initial treasurer of the congregation in Olsover's Book, p.26.

  • (xvii) Named as the initial hon. secretary of the congregation in Olsover's Book, p.26.

Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Community home page

Jewish Congregations in Tyne and Wear

Jewish Communities of England home page


Page created: 9 October 2005
Data significantly expanded and notes first added: 20 February 2024
Page most recently amended: 21 February 2024

Research and formatting by David Shulman


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