May Hashem remember the holy and beloved souls of our loved ones who were martyred in sanctification of G-d's name. May their souls be bound up with the thread of life and the souls of the matriarchs and patriarchs and the righteous people in the Garden of Eden. Thank G-d I got here.
The work on this volume was challenging because most of the former Satmar residents did not respond to my newspaper information requests. I lacked funding for this holy task, but continued. The materials collected by my predecessors of blessed memory were lost and I had to start the work anew. I never meant to be indifferent or negligent for this incomplete work, and I answer my critics as follows.
I acknowledge that this list of names is incomplete. Despite my cries I was left to struggle with this work on my own. The indifference of others left me with the feeling that I am not trusted.
Dear readers! Please realize how much love and feeling I invested in this holy task. I toiled day and night, sometimes in despair. During those moments I asked myself, why continue? I did not want to punish our holy martyrs, and resolved to give them the memorial they deserved.
Why was it that people from other cities were able to find lists of those who had been exiled from their cities? We didn't succeed. I don't know who to blame. But the fact is that the list of our holy martyrs is missing and was lost when we returned home from the camps. My wife and I pulled together what we could from our memories, and the names which were almost forgotten.
There is unprocessed material and if I receive more material I will release the second version.
Abraham, Yosef Tzvi. Produce dealer. A noble man, a good man, and regular worshiper at the Bais Medrash Shaare Torah. His devoted wife Rachel (née Farkash) was a true Yiddishe mameh. They raised their three sons to be ethical Jews and people. Their home on Bathany Street 16 became a training camp for those who were planning to join the future Israel defense forces. The family were active Zionists. Of the five members of the family only two merited to see the fulfillment of their labor.
R. Yosef Hersh and his wife Rachel were martyred in Auschwitz on the 10th of Sivan 1944. Their son Menashe (Nashi) lies in a mass grave in Ukraine. Their memory is preserved by their sons Ephraim (Peri) in Tel Aviv and Yaakov (Monish) in New York.
Adler, Avraham Hersh. Murdered in Auschwitz. The fate of his family is unknown.
Adler, Nahum. Tailor. After liberation from the concentration camp he returned to Satmar and acquired a passport in order to emigrate to Israel but he returned it and remained in Satmar until his death. Many of his relatives perished in Auschwitz. His son lives in Israel.
Adler, Geno. His fate and the fate of his family are unknown.
Adlerstein, Moshe. Leather merchant. His factory was located on the corner of Kolotshi and Keznazi streets. He was always ready to lend a helping hand. He lost his entire family. His oldest son Chaim was buried by the author (Naftali Stern) in a mass grave in Dorhau. His wife is buried in Satmar.
The family of the late Eli Eilash, a lumber dealer, who died in Satmar during the 1930s. An eminent personage and a good Jew. Extremely honest. He was a loyal member of the Orthodox kehilla. His wife, Yocheved, was a devoted mother and wonderful woman. Along with their daughter, Ilona Itzkovitz, she was murdered in Auschwitz. Yocheved was the founder of a soup kitchen called the Menza which provided meals to 400 yeshiva students. She devoted her life to Jewish children who studied the Torah and she helped many poor brides to marry. Helping her in these endeavors was the wife of Reb Dovid Kolav zl. They live on in the memory of their daughters, Bushke Hirsch, and Miriam Lemtal, and Ella Pozner, who continue in their mother's righteous path in Tel Aviv. Their son Yaakov was the secretary of the Jewish community in Via Mara.
Their son Avraham was killed in a traffic accident that took place shortly after the end of the war.
Altman, Edward. From Arni Yanosh Street. Good and kind Jew beloved by all. As far as I know no one in his family survived.
Altman, Moshe. Came to Satmar from Helmin. Worked at the construction supply warehouse owned by Reiter. He had a lovely singing voice and frequently led prayer services in the Bais Medrash Machzikei Hadas and Share Torah. Most of his family were murdered in Auschwitz. A son, Yehuda, survived and died in Bnai Brak.
Apter, Yehezkel. Ritual slaughterer. A cantor and a Torah reader in the Great Synagogue for Sabbath afternoon prayers. He was a Torah scholar and pious Jew. He was a loyal Hassid of the Vishnitzer Rebbe in Grosswardein. No members of his family survived.
Ordentlich family. One son, Gyula, lives in France.
Ashkenazi, Feibish. The Satmar Rebbe's first gabbai. Beloved in heaven and on earth, possessed of a good and pure Jewish heart, he was always ready to answer a request for help. He was a scholar, born in Safed, and descended from an illustrious lineage, the Ashkenazi family of Tiberias, Israel. I believe that he arrived at Auschwitz from the Klausenburg ghetto. His only son R. Yosef inherited his position with the rebbe. He lives in New York and is involved in many important communal endeavors.
Uncle Barna. I do not remember his first name. He was the father of Barna, the owner of the candy store underneath the electricity meter. For many years he served as the gabbai of the hashkama early minyan in the Great Synagogue.
Bardosh, Aladar. He owned a paint store located in Ostreicher's house in the central square. He was an honest businessman and a regular worshiper at the Status Quo Synagogue. As far as I know none of his family survived the war.
Braun, Armin. Upholsterer and owner of a furniture store, well-known for his activities on behalf of the community. In the years 1921-23 he served as the secretary of the industrialists' guild and was a member of its standards committee. After that he was among the organizers of a guild of Jewish craftsmen. He organized meals for the local old age home after the Joint ceased its funding.
His loyal wife (nee Kramer) was a good mother. Their daughter Edith (the first wife of Ephraim Abraham who managed a handicrafts store on Bathany street) and their younger daughter Ava, aged seven, perished in Auschwitz in the month of Sivan, 1944. Their memory is preserved by their sons Gyula and Ephraim Abraham in New York, and R. Shlomo Zamroni Nota (of Klausenburg), the chairman of the Bnai Brak religious council.
Bardelay, Laslo. Actor and journalist. He wrote for the Samosh newspaper and was the son-in-law of Sandor Dinesh. He and his wife Kato were murdered in Auschwitz.
Barta, Geno Owner of a seltzer factory. His fate and the fate of his family are unknown.
Baer, Mikosh. Wholesale merchant, who worked on the corner of Rakozy and Arpad streets. He was tortured in the ghetto. Good hearted and charitable. The fate of his family is not known.
Baer, Shamu. Miklosh's brother. He lived in his home on Kazincy street. Most of his family perished in Auschwitz.
Berel, Adolph, Pharmacist. His pharmacy was located on Koltzai street. The sole survivor of his family was his daughter Edith.
Berger, Yaakov Tzvi HaKohen. Textile merchant. His store was located in the central square. He ran his home in the authentic Hassidic style and he provided his ten children with a strong Jewish education. He died in Satmar. His entire family was deported to Auschwitz. His wife Sarah and his children Malka, Yenta, Yehoshua, Mordechai, Rifka, Rochel, Miriam, Abraham and Chava were murdered in Auschwitz on the tenth of Sivan 1944. Their memory is preserved by the family's sole survivor, Esther, the widow of Eliyahu Hager of Tel Aviv.
Berger, Yaakov Tzvi. Owner of a passport office, partners with Haim Itzik Katz zl. He was murdered in Auschwitz along with his wife and son, Dr. Joseph Berger.
Berger, Yekusiel Yehuda HaKohen. Owner of a factory for men's robes. His factory was located at the corner of Zarinyi and Karoly Streets in the home of his father-in-law R. Yaakov Katz zl. R. Zalman Leib managed his house and educated his nine children to be pious G-d fearing Jews. He was known for his charitable endeavors. He and five of his children, Avraham Tzvi, Shmuel Asher, Hinda, Golda Rochel, and Leah, were murdered in Auschwitz on the second day of Sivan 1944.
Their sacred memory is preserved by his wife Esther, his daughter Chana Fried, his sons Yosef and Yissachar Dov, and his daughter Faiga.
Bergfeld, Mordechai-Marcus. Businessman. He and his family were murdered in Auschwitz.
Berkowitz, Chaim HaKohen. Owner of the White House restaurant on Farkash Antal street. Was deported to Auschwitz along with his family. I believe that one of his sons lives in Israel.
Berkowitz , Gedaliah HaKohen. Businessman. He, his wife Rachel, and six of his children, Mizel, Rifka, Isaac Dov, Akiva, Miriam, Avraham were murdered in Auschwitz. Two of R. Gedaliah's brothers, Dov and Akiva, survived and his son Yitzhak Zeev, who lights a memorial candle for them in Bnai Brak.
Dr. Berkovits. Physician.
Barnett, Samuel. Textile merchant.
Barnett, Hermann. Leather merchant.
Biro, Albert. Physician.
Bleier, Antal. Leather merchant.
Bloom, Aladar. Physician.
Burgida, Andre. Attorney.
All of these people perished together in Auschwitz:
Burgida, Borishka nee Markovitz (wife of Dr. Joseph Burgida) was murdered in Auschwitz. Their beloved son Tibor is buried in a mass grave in Avanazeh.
Burgida, Dr Layosh (Hamberger) Attorney. His home and office were located on Otvosh Street. Pleasant, always ready to offer his help. Buried in the Satmar cemetery alongside his parents. His wife Selma, nee Reiter, and his daughters Karla and Anna and his son-in-law Bela Kaufman were deported to Auschwitz. They live in the memory of Dr. Joseph Burgida, a physician in Paris, and Gabor Burgida, a bookkeeper in Toronto.
Dr. Burgida Layosh. Attorney.
Burgida, Samuel Gabbai at the Great Synagogue. He died in Satmar. The rest of his family were murdered in Auschwitz.
Borosh, Abraham. Book and stationery seller. Owner of a printing press on Ham Yanosh Street. Orthodox Jew, charitable, polite, known for his honesty. He was a member of the governing board of the kehilla. Deported to Auschwitz along with his family. His only son, Pishta, lives in the US and remembers him with great love.
Borosh. Engineer, son-in-law of Dr. Shamu Fekete. Both he and his wife were murdered in Auschwitz.
Brach, Shlomo Yehuda. Son of Rabbi Shmuel Brach of Nirmada zl. Pleasant person, a G-d fearing Jew and a pious Torah scholar. He wore traditional Jewish garb
and smoked a long pipe. He and his wife and most of his family were deported to Auschwitz. His son Yehezkel in Jerusalem preserves his memory.
Braun, Ignacz (also known as Naczi ben Vilmosh) was deported to Auschwitz along with his family. His sons live in Israel.
Braun, Manhert. Tailor.
Braun-Mor, Moshe. Secretary of the Status Quo kehilla.
Braun, Vilmosh. Butcher. Murdered in Auschwitz along with his family.
Brody, Israel. Seller of hats. Deported to Auschwitz along with most of his family. One son returned to Satmar and continued in his father's trade. Eventually he emigrated to the United States.
Brody, Hatter. Hat maker. Murdered in Auschwitz along with his family.
Dr. Berger, Deszo. Attorney. His family was murdered in Auschwitz.
Gal, Jeno. Chief engineer and the martyrs of his family
Gashpar, Edward (Eliyahu Shmayahu). Bank manager. He died in Tishrei tashad in Debrecen and was buried in Satmar on Chol HaMoed Sukkot. The fate of his family is not known.
Gelb, Israel. Janitor and loyal employee of the Great Synagogue. He and his family were victims of the Holocaust.
Garo, Sandor. Owner of a soap factory. A good person (see the article on ghetto suicides) he passed away a half year after his wife. He sat in the first row in the Status Quo Synagogue. I believe his daughter survived and erected his monument.
Dr. Gergely, Janosh and the martyrs of his family. He served as an officer in the First World War.
The late Yosef Yeshaya Glick. Owner of a moving business. Lived at the end of Haherzog, Yosef street. Died at an advanced age in Satmar during the 1930s. He filled many roles in the community and was among the builders of the Bais Medrash Chevra Mishnayos and was its president for many years. R. Yosef Yeshaya Nice and pleasant, his warm heart was drawn to all good endeavors. He raised his children together with his wife Golda, who was deported to Auschwitz.
His children Tzvi (known as Herschel) Glick, produce dealer who inherited the presidency of the Chevra Mishnayos Bais Medrash from his father. He was married but never had children. He adopted a relative of his wife Sara, a sweet and charming little girl, Naomi Rosenfeld from Czenger. She was married to R. Moshe Hochstadt of Daj (see their photograph). This was the accomplishment of the Glicks.
Yehoshua Glick. Leather merchant. A warm hearted Jew enthusiastic about performing mitzvot. He was deported to Auschwitz along with his wife Etosh and their daughter Lilly. His son Yehuda lives in New York and remembers them fondly.
Moshe Glick. Leather dealer. A pleasant and well liked man. Deported to Auschwitz along with his wife. Their daughter Roszi and her husband Kalman Zafir were murdered in the Holocaust (see the listing for Zafir, Kalman).
The martyrs of the Glicklich family.
Gold, Henrich, owner of a soda water factory. Deported along with his family to Auschwitz.
Gonda, Lajos and the martyrs of his family.
Goldberger, Samuel. Wine seller. His store was located on Bathany Street.
His home was run in a traditional manner and he was known for his charitable spirit. He raised his nine children to be loyal and G-d fearing Jews. His wife Esther is buried in Satmar. He and four of his children, were martyred in the Holocaust on 25 Addar 1944. His memory is preserved by his sons Shomo in Tel Aviv, David in the US, Yehuda in Rishon LeZion, Yisrael in Nir Galim, and his daughter Leah Baumel in Bnai Brak.
Dr. Gorob, Mishke. Dentist. Deported to Auschwitz along with his family. His daughter Klary recently died in Ashkelon.
Gross, Franz. Businessman, along with the martyrs of his family.
Gross, Ignacz-Yitchak. Butcher (son of the beadle R. Shlomo Gad) A good Jew, kind and beloved by all. He his wife Bushke and their small son were victims of the Holocaust.
Gross, Samuel (Shmilku). Sold carts for the slaughterhouse. Deported to Auschwitz along with his family.
Gross, Sando and Silrad (brothers), cattle dealers. Deported to Auschwitz together with their families.
Grossinger, Yosef. His restaurant was located under the electric clock (he was the son-in-law of the beadle R. Shlomo Gad). deported to Auschwitz along with his family.
The martyrs of the Green family.
Greenbaum, Mor-Moshe. Manufacturer of men's robes. Deported to Auschwitz along with his family.
Greenberger, Shmuel Dovid, textile merchant. Son-in-law of R. Yaakov Tzvi Shenberger z' (he came to Satmar from Selish). He assumed many communal roles including head of the Chevra Mishnayos, the gabbai of the Chevra Kadisha, and its last chairman. He wrote the administrative protocols and drew an artistic map of the cemetery. He was childless and he and his wife were victims of the Holocaust.
Greenfeld, Aaron. Seller of wines and spirit. His store was on Atalya street. He was a good Ashkenazi Jew. His wife was a very righteous woman. They were deported to Auschwitz. Their daughter Lilly was the widow of R. Yehiel (Elmer) Klein and she preserves their memory.
Greenfeld, Baruch. Died in Satmar. He raised his children well. They were deported to Auschwitz together with their mother. One of his daughters lives in New York and she is married to R. Dovid Tirnauaer
Greenfeld, Kalman Kalonymus. Produce dealer. He lived on Bathory Street opposite the well with the wheel. He was an orthodox Ashkenazi Jew. He was deported along with his wife to Auschwitz. One of his sons lives in Satmar.
Greenfeld Mor-Moshe. Shoe Store owner on Kasnatzi Street. Was deported to Auschwitz together with his family. Their fate is unknown. He and his wife were murdered.
Greenfeld, Moritz. Shoemaker. His workshop was in the central square. He was a good and orderly Jew. The fate of his family is unknown. Neither he or his family returned.
Gut, Shevach. Owner of a cork factory. Served as the leader of the community for many years. Because he was Polish born, he and his family were exiled to Kamenetz Podolsk, but on the way he was able to escape and returned to Satmar. Two of his daughers were murdered in the Holocaust. Bartosh Goldstein (from the Marosvasarhely ghetto) and Lilly Dr. Mandel (from Budapest). R. Shevach died in Satmar in the year taf shin tet (1949). His wife Rachel (née Lucia Hollander) was the assistant chairperson of the Jewish women's organization and was involved in many charitable deeds. She died in Tel Aviv in the year taf shin lamed alef (1971). They are remembered fondly by their son Avraham (Fritzi) in Tel Aviv, and their daughter Roszi, the widow of Dr. Friedler in Bnai Brak.
Gut Yehuda Lajos. Partner in the cork factory on Atalya Street. Gut, which means good in German, was good. Layosh Gut and his wife Dolosh
were exceptionally good people. They were very involved in the community and were forthcoming with help to all who needed it.
G-d saved Layosh Gut and his family from the suffering of theHolocaust. During the hard years they were in Bucharest. Their final destination was Toronto, Canada where they died within several years of each other. Their son Anti-Abraham, the son-in-law of Dr. Joseph Burgida, is also buried in Toronto. Shortly after his death, his wife, Tzilla Burgida, passed away tragically.
They are remembered with great love by their daughter Stephania, the widow of Latzi Weiss, and their son Victor in Toronto. Their extended family live in Israel and in the diaspora.
Gutman, Dr. Bela. Pharmacist. He was murdered in Budapest and is buried there. His wife returned to Satmar and for a while ran his pharmacy before leaving for Israel.
David, Sandor and the holy martyrs of his family.
Davidowitz, Aaron the chief secretary of the orthodox community. A multi-faceted person with both Torah and secular knowledge. Under his leadership the community flourished. His five children were outstanding. He and his wife Tehela were incinerated in Auschwitz but his children survived. However, later on his oldest son Abraham (Bumi) died an accidental death in Venezuela. His son Mendi, an attorney, died in Tel Aviv. His surviving children, Isaiah, Yehuda and his daughter Lily, in Safed, preserve loving memories of their parents.
Secretary of the Kehilla
Davidowitz, Dov-Bela. A businessman who sold building supplies. Known for his good heart. A precious Jew with pleasant habits. For a period he served as the gabbai of the Great Synagogue. Together with his wife and their son Martzi they were victims of the Holocaust. Their daughter, Ica, returned from the camps, but several months later she died in Hungary.
Daskal, Meir. Caretaker (shamash) of the Machzikei HaDas Bais Medrash. Nice person, always ready to help. He was taken to Auschwitz along with his family. His memory is preserved by his daughters Rivka and Chana, in New York.
Danash, Bela. Businessman. He and his family were deported to Auschwitz
Danash, Sando. Editor-in-chief of the Samosh newspaper. Deported together with his wife. His second daughter Anna committed suicide (see the article on ghetto suicides).
Deitsch,Ephraim. Painter. He and his wife Rivka and their daughter Ilonka were murdered in Auschwitz. Their memory is preserved lovingly by their sons, Aaron,
Tzvi, Moshe, and Chaim, by their daughters Mindu Klein zl in Los Angeles and Sara Roth in Netanya.
Diamondstein, Deszo. He and his family were deported to Auschwitz.
Deblinger, Shlomo. Businessman who sold building materials. He and most of his family were murdered by the Nazis. His surviving daughter is the widow of Ben Zion Weinberger zl, and she preserves the memory of her family.
Drumer, Samuel. A good and kind hearted Jew. A prominent scholar and a pious person. He instilled these qualities in his children. The sole family survivor, Saul (Shauli) lives in Bnai Brak and preserves their memory.
The family of the Rav HaTzadik R. Haim Halberstam zl. Dayan and Moreh Tzedek are buried in Satmar. The grandson of the Admor of Sanz zl. His home and Bais Medrash were located on Bathory Street. His family was deported to Auschwitz
Halberstam, The Rav HaTzadik. R. Tzvi Hershele descended from the Sanz dynasty. His home and Bais Medrash were located on the corner of Bathory and Koto Streets. Together with his family he was deported to Auschwitz. It's not known whether any of them survived.
Halpert family. Lived on Vagohid Street. To the best of my knowledge none of them survived Auschwitz.
Hagdosh, Zoltan. Manager of a building supply company. Good person. This author was together with him in the Dornhau camp. We were liberated together and we returned home. He became ill near the city of Olmitz and he died in the hospital there. His wife and his son (Janci?) returned to Satmar. His wife wrote and published a book about the Holocaust called Why? Later on they left Satmar. Their whereabouts are unknown.
Heimlich family. The head of the family was a partner in the printing press of Kleinman and Heimlich. He and his family were deported to Auschwitz
Haimowitz, Mor. Manager of a produce dealership. He passed away in the ghetto. His family was deported to Auschwitz
Haimfeld, Yehoshua. One of Satmar's warm Hassidim. He had a good heart and radiant face. He was loved by all. He was deported to Auschwitz with his family.
Hegy, Sandor. He and his family were deported to Auschwitz. One of his sons returned to Satmar and died there in the late 1940s.
Hermann, Binyamin. Grain dealer A talmid chacham and a G-d fearing Jew. He was deported to Auschwitz with his family.
Herman, Geno. He sold furniture on Bathory Street. A dear and good person. Honest in his business dealings and a devoted father. He was deported to Auschwitz with his wife and daughter, Kato.
Herman, Shmuel Eliezer. Grocer. His store was on Haherzog Yosef Street. He practiced strict Orthodox Judaism. He and his wife and daughter Sara, the wife of Lipa Schwartz z'l, were murdered in Auschwitz. His eldest daughter emigrated to Australia many years before the war (perhaps she is still alive?) and their only son Yehuda lives in Israel.
Dr. Herman. A physician and the martyrs of his family.
The children of the late Samuel Hershkowitz. A leather merchant based on Vardomb Street. Layosh and Bela were deported along with the rest of the family to Auschwitz.
Hertz, Sandor. Grain dealer (son of Simon Hertz) was taken to Auschwitz along with his loved ones.
Hirsch, Meir Leib. Owner of a book publishing establishment on Otvosh Street where he published many holy books. He was taken to Auschwitz together with his family. The fate of his family is unknown.
Hirsch, Menachem Mendel. Owner of a vinegar factory. Lived on Pazshit street. Good heart and an elevated soul. A talmid chacham, a scholar, and an exceptionally G-d fearing Jew. He and his wife Sara (née Sender) raised their children (three of whom passed away in Satmar as children) to follow the path of Torah and tradition. R. Mendel, his wife and their daughter Leah Irene and her husband R. Tzvi (Hirsch) Elimelech Heimlich, and their daughter Shaindel, as well as two of the sons of Hirsch Tzvi and Yehuda died in sanctification of G-d's name on the 28 of Iyar 1944. Their son Yaacov Nechemiah died in Ukraine. Their two sons Mordechai-Martzi and Yisrael Dovid-Dudi died in Nahariya. Their memory is preserved by their son Shimon Hillel-Shimi in Haifa, their daughters Rachel-Roszi Zoldan and Beila Rublinsky, in New York, and Leiba Zicherman, in Bnai Brak.
Waldman, R. Abraham. A ritual slaughterer. The son-in-law of R. Nissan Friedman zl. A very pious and dear Jew. Was deported to Auschwitz together with his family. A few of his children live in the US.
Waldman, Menachem. Partner in a soda water factory located on Bathory Street. He was known as a Torah scholar and a person of many talents. He was on the board of several Jewish organizations but his main endeavor was as the Gabbai of the Bais Medrash of Chevra Mishnayos. He was among the founders of the community elementary school and he was very respected in many different circles. He and his wife Chava, and daughter Leah, and two sons Yaakov and Haim, were deported to the crematorium. Their memory is preserved by their son Moshe Yehuda Yaari Mishi in Ramat Gan, and their daughter Pessia Weiss in Herzliya.
Wald, Ephraim. A religious Jew and talmid chacham. He published a halachic monthly known as Shevet Ephraim which received the approval of the greatest rabbis of the period from Satmar Sighet and Kerestor. To earn a living he sold housewares and he was known for his scrupulous honesty. Along with his wonderful wife Rachel, a true woman of valor, he imbued his daughters with a great love of Torah and a desire to do the right thing in the eyes of G-d and man. His eldest daughter Chana and her husband Avraham Yehuda Naeh and their three children Esther, Perel, and Yitzchok were murdered together in sanctification of G-d's name in Auschwitz on the first day of Shavuot. Their memory is preserved with great love by Sara Shary Pearlstein and their granddaughter Rivka (Irene, Chana's daughter) and her husband Shraga Feivel Berger and the great-grandchildren, Leib Ephraim, Yochanan, and Yerucham Dovid, in New York and in Pennsylvania.
The family of the cantor Mendel Wald zl. His wife Doda Wald sold duck meat and eked out a living for her family of ten children. She raised them as good Jews and worthy people. Her son Yosef, the main cantor in the Status Quo Synagogue, died in the fields of the Ukraine. His wife and only son were murdered in Auschwitz. Her son, Israel, died in Haifa a few years ago. The only survivor is her daughter, Gitel, who lives in Haifa and lovingly holds on to her memories.
Part two Exodus and Leviticus
Published by Meir Leib Hirsch Satu Mare
Rabbinical Approbations by these great rabbis.
With Hashem's help, Rabbi Ephraim Wald of Satmar whose work, The Shevet Ephraim, is based on pure and honest Torah. Please help to allow him with his holy work and you will be blessed for it. Rabbi Eliezer Dovid son of our holy teacher Rabbi Amram.
The sweetness of my lips utters praises to Rabbi Ephraim Wald of Satmar. I know him as one of the important householders who set aside time for Torah study. It is a great mitzvah to purchase his books. Rabbi Yoel Teitelbaum, rabbinical court judge of Arshva and the Galilee.
He wants to publish his volume on aggada. I have known him since childhood and I am certain that it is worthwhile, and I encourage you to support him. Rabbi Shaul Brach of Natra ABD Kehilas Kodesh Nitra.
G-d blessed me to explain making use of my limited intelligence for my peers, with Hashem's help, in the merit of my holy ancestors. This work is divided into three sections and three subsections. The first is on the book of Genesis, the second on Exodus and Leviticus, and the third and longest is Deuteronomy and Numbers including the haftorahs, megillas, psalms, and Ethics of the Fathers. It is a volume that is all-inclusive from my young self.
Vormsoh, Aaron. The late paint merchant. His store was on Ham Yanosh street. He died in Satmar at the end of the 1930s. Throughout his short life he distinguished himself particularly when he served as the chief gabbai for the Status Quo community. His good-hearted wife Hermine, nee Springer, and their son, who had looked forward to a sparkling future, both perished in the Holocaust. Their son Dr. Latzi Vormosh was a doctor with admitting privileges in the Satmar hospital. After he moved to Israel he practiced medicine in Haifa where he died in 1978. Their memory is preserved by their relative, Hadar Zoltan Weisbrun, attorney at law Tel Aviv.
Weisz, Ben Zion. A teacher (melamed) in a cheder. Father of my first wife Bluma zl. A well-known talmid chacham. Patriarch of a fine family who raised his children to love G-d, the Torah and the Holy Land. He and his wife and their sons Yisrael Dov, Yitchak Yaakov, Tzvi and Avraham were victims of the Holocaust. On Shabbat the 12 of Sivan 1944 they perished in Auschwitz. Their memory was preserved by their son Alter Binyamin Zev zl in Jerusalem and their daughter, the widow Sara Ben Dov, in Holon.
Weiss, David Meir and the martyrs of his family. David Meir Weiss, Secretary to the Chevra Kadisha burial society and the martyrs of his family.
Weiss, Eli. Co-owner of the Victoria hotel. Reb Eli was known as someone who always prioritized communal matters. He played a large role in the founding of the Shaare Torah society, the building of the Talmud Torah, and the building of the elegant Beit Midrash. For many years he was a member of the community's governing board and he served as its bookkeeper. He was very orderly and he looked after the community's property with great care. He expected the same from the other functionaries. His life partner, the woman of valor, allowed her husband to participate in these important activities sharing his merits. R. Eli and his wife perished in Auschwitz. We believe that one surviving son lives in Montreal.
Weiss, Elias. Partner in a factory called Spiegel and Weiss that manufactured eye coverings used by gentiles. A religious person, pleasant and known for his generosity. He was deported together with his family. His daughter, the widow of Yakov Mendel in Netanya, preserves the memory of the family.
Weiss, Jonah (Geno). Partner in a rug and sack store called Spitzer and Weiss in the central square. Jonah Weiss was active in the community and was a member of the governing board as well as a member of the Share Torah Society. He was deported along with his family. His daughter was Margo Chaya Burgida.
Weiss, Yaacov (Gyula). Textile merchant. His store was in the central square. He was one of the most successful and honest merchants in Satmar.
An Orthodox Jew in all respects. He was one of the supporting pillars of the Bais Medrash Machzikei HaDas and a student of the Rav HaGaon Rabbi Avraham Henoch Friedman zl. He was deported to Auschwitz along with his wife from the ghetto of Satmar. He and his wife had six children (three girls and three boys) who resembled the cedars of Lebanon. His son Kalman and his wife Magda Friedman and their son Sandor and his wife Esther Haya Benedek. Their son Layosh and his wife and their children. His daughter Lily and her husband Zoltan Leitner and their children, Chava and Adam. His daughter Margit and her husband Phillip Freund and their son. His daughter Eila and her husband Wilmosh Stein and their children. All were deported to Auschwitz from the ghetto of Grosswardein. They are remembered by Rifka and Naftali Benedek, of Tel Aviv.
Weiss, Yitchak. Ice cream manufacturer. He sold ice cream on the main square at the corner of Bathory and Vardomb streets. R. Yitchak was well liked and respected by all. His wife Chana (nee Horowitz) raised their seven children to be fine people. The parents and three of the children Tuvia, Eliezer, and Esther died in sanctification of G-d's name in Auschwitz. Their memories are preserved by their children Rifka Margit Toran in Ramat Gan, Israel in Tzur Shalom, Devorah Pollak in Ramat Gan, and Leah Kreiner in Bat Yam.
Weiss, Kalman Kalonymus. Banker, partner with Samuel Drummer. One of the most prominent among the Hassidim in Satmar. A good person. His pleasant face reflected his warm heart. For many years he was a member of the community's governing body. He was deported along with his wife and children to Auschwitz. Three of his sons continue preserving his memory; they are Simon in Montevideo, and Mordechai and Dovid Meir, in New York.
Weiss, Shlomo Salomon. Painter. Lived on Koltshai Street. Passed away in the Satmar ghetto. His widow was deported to Auschwitz.
The family of the late Samuel Weiss (he was known as Garber Weiss). Lived on Bathory Street. A good Jew. His family was deported to Auschwitz. A few of his grandchildren survived.
Weiss, Sandor-Israel. Owner of a printing press on the main square. A master printer. Honest person and a faithful Jew. His wife Faiga (née Hershkowitz) and his children were deported to Auschwitz. The grandfather, Moshe Weiss, and the grandfather's brothers Meir Weiss the wife of Sandor Farkash, Zsa Zsa Farkash, Irena Farkash, the wife of Paul Kis and the child Evan Kis, the wife of Franz Poltzik, Joseph Hershkowitz and his wife, Agi Hershkowitz Sandor Hershkowitz and the widow of Karoly Hershkowitz, the children Peter and Pauli Hershkowitz, Sandor Lazer Rosa and Elisabeth, Karoly Hershkowitz who died in Ukraine. Their memory is preserved by Imre Weiss (the son of Sandor), in Or Yehuda.
Weiss, Wolf Wilmosh. Lumber merchant. A good religious Ashkenazi Jew. Together with his wife and their children was deported to Auschwitz. His son the talented singer, Yosef Yoshka, lives in London and his second son Sanji, and his daughter, Mrs. Lazer, live in Ashdod and fondly recall their loved ones.
Weissman, Elmer. Clerk. Deported to Auschwitz along with his family. The writer of this volume worked together with him at the Yank company. He is buried in a mass grave in Ukraine.
Vider, Moshe. Had a fabric store on the central square and a large family. They were all deported to Auschwitz. His son Berel is alive somewhere in the world.
Villinger, Abraham Agent. A person of many endeavors, gabbai in the Great Synagogue and a devoted member of the Shaare Torah Society. Deported to Auschwitz with his family
Villinger, Ephraim. Owner of a roofing and brick factory. His factory was located on Batiz Road. He was good hearted and raised a wonderful family. He was also a good friend and exceptionally honest. He brought his children up in the traditional Jewish way and one could identify them as R. Ephraim's children. Most of them perished in Auschwitz. His wife Lana, and his 17-year-old daughter Esther, died in Satmar. His son Yaakov Yoel reinterred them in Har Hamenuchot in Jerusalem. R. Ephraim and his second wife and their children, Frieda, her husband and children, Leah, her husband and children and Ratz and her husband and children all perished in the Holocaust.
The Villinger factory was the site where 12 young pioneers trained to relocate to the land of Israel. The members of the Villiger family who survived are Shlomo Yosef in Australia, Tzvi, Yakov Yoel and Samuel in Tel Aviv, and they remember their lost relatives.
Villinger, Moshe. Son of Ephraim. Like his father, he was a kosher Jew, a scholar, and an alumnus of the Pressburg Yeshiva. He loved the holy land and trained the 12 young chalutzim to prepare them to move to the land of Israel. He died in the DP camp of Feldafing. His brother Yaakov Yoel decided to bury him in Jerusalem as he did with his mother and sister. He sent this author to Germany to take charge of the exhumation and reburial. It was difficult to identify the grave and so Moshe remains in the Jewish cemetery in Feldafing until the Messiah will arrive.
Zelmer family and its holy martyrs
Zieff family and its holy martyrs
Zelig family and its holy martyrs
Bila Singer and the martyrs of her family
Franz Singer and the martyrs of his family
Mihaly Singer and the martyrs of his family
Tager, Yosef Mordechai. Head of a Hassidic family. Their home was opposite the well on Bathory Street. The entire family was deported to Auschwitz.
Teitelbaum, Haim-Henrich. Tailor. A fine man and a good Jew. Much loved. This author helped to bury him in a mass grave at Dornau on the sixth of Nissan, 1945. His wife Leiba-Leonka, died in Tel Aviv due to a car accident. Their daughter Rachel-Rella, and her daughter Aniku, were murdered in Auschwitz on the holy Shabbos the 12th of Sivan 1944. Their memory lives on in the hearts of their loving daughter and sister, Breindel-Bertha Lichtman of Tel Aviv.
Torok, Gabor. Train station manager. Lived on Bathory Street. Deported to Auschwitz along with his family. His son in law is Shamu Hershkowitz zl of Jerusalem.
Tirnauaer, Yitzchak. Hassid and a scholar, and a righteous charitable person, was loved by all. He died in Satmar in taf reish pay. His righteous wife and several of his children perished in the sanctification of G-d's name in Auschwitz. Their memory is preserved by his sons who live in New York: Mordechai-Yehuda, Yaakov Yehoshua, Avraham Zeev and Eli-Dovid. These sons follow in the path of their holy parents and are involved in charity and good deeds on behalf of the community.
Travitz, Tzvi-Herman. Woodcutter. Lived on Koltzi street. He was deported to Auschwitz along with his family.
Travitz, Aaron. Holy martyr of his family.
Treiser, Fischel-Phillip. Lived on Vahey Street. He was deported to Auschwitz with his family. His daughter Klary (Fritzi) passed away recently in Haifa. It is said that Fritzi risked her own life to rescue children from certain death.
Jakab, Asher Anscel. Wine dealer. Lived on Vardomb street. A prominent scholar and a board member of several institutions. He was a gabbai in the Great Synagogue and chairman of the Chevra Shaare Torah. His family attempted to escape to Rumania but only his son Moshe Shalom and his wife succeeded.
Fortune played with R. Antshel and his daughter Mrs. Yones who were caught on the border near Klausenburg and returned to the Satmar ghetto. From there they were deported to Auschwitz. His wife passed away in Tel Aviv and his son in Jerusalem. Their memory is preserved by their daughter Helen, the Widow of Zimmerman, in Ramat Gan
Yanowitz, Sandor. Sold radio transmitters. Deported along with his family
Yastrov. Milk distributor and his brother sold seltzer. They lived on Totlish Street and both were deported together with their families.
Yanosh, Deszo. Lumber dealer from the Santover neighborhood. He passed away here in Israel. His wife, the daughter of R. Antshel Yakov, was apprehended together with her father on the border and returned to the Satmar ghetto. She was sent to Auschwitz. I believe she has children who live in Israel.
Jonas, Isidore. Lumber merchant. His warehouse was located across from the bridge on the Samosh River. Together with his family he was deported to Auschwitz. This author was involved with his funeral. He was incinerated in Gross-rosen
Jonas, Geno. Sold construction materials. His warehouse was on Vardomb street. He and his family were deported to Auschwitz. All three Jonas brothers were fine people and good Jews of prominence in society.
The Josef family lived on Petofi Street. They had a good Jewish home and they were a fine family. All were deported to Auschwitz.
Yunger, Mendel Ber. A teacher in the religious school. He was an authentic hassid and a wonderful teacher. Most of his family were murdered in Auschwitz.
Yunger, Shlomo Yoel. A scribe. He was among the most prominent scholars in Satmar and he had rabbinical ordination. R. Shlomo Yoel went to London during the 1930s and supported his family from there. His oldest son Yitzchak (Itzik) joined his father in London. R. Shlomo Yoel died in London. Using his British passport, Yitzchak traveled to Satmar to visit his family when the Hungarians were in power. The Hungarians refused to recognize his British citizenship and barred his return to the UK. Instead they drafted him into a labor camp and sent him to the Ukraine where he was murdered by the Germans during a march.
Deborah, the mother and woman of valor, and her two children Shalom and Yehoshua were murdered in Auschwitz. Their memory lives on in the heart of their grieving daughter Rivka Miriam (Iby) Fisher, in New York.
Yudkovitz, Moshe. Watchmaker. Lived on Vaghid street. A good Jew, honest in his dealings. Was deported to Auschwitz along with his family.
Dr. Izsho Katz. Attorney. A wonderful person born in the city of Bandy-Bania near the gold excavations. Deported to Auschwitz along with his family. He lasted for five weeks in the camp. He was the first from Satmar to die in the Wolfsberg camp. This author parted from him on Shabbat the 17th of Tamuz in the afternoon. Our hearts were full of pain when we accompanied the garbage truck which transported him to the crematorium in Gross-rosen. My eyes filled with tears and pain as I wrote this.
R. Yosef Katz. Owner of an underwear factory. He was the son-in-law of R. Elia Mandelbaum and the grandfather of R. Ari Katz. For many years he served as a gabbai in the Great Synagogue. He died with a good name and was buried in the section for kohanim in the Satmar cemetery.
His son Chaim Yaakov Katz, the father of Ari, was a clerk in the cork factory owned by the Gut brothers. He died while still young and buried near his father. His wife was the prominent woman, Chaya, the daughter of R. Elia Mandelbaum zl, and his son Nathan was a victim of the Holocaust. Only their son Aharon Ari survived and returned to Satmar, where he opened a law practice. He moved to Israel in 1963 during the great wave of Rumanian immigration and he opened an office in Tel Aviv. He wanted to make a yizkor book for Satmar but he died suddenly while still young without accomplishing this. He is buried in the cemetery in Holon. He is remembered by his wife, Esther Levinson in Tel Aviv, and his daughter Ahuva Vera, in Vienna. The editors of this memorial volume express their gratitude to Mrs. Ahuva Vera Kollman for her generous donation which helped to publish this volume.
the father of Ari
Katz, Samuel David. Broker, Lived on Vaghid street. A good Jew and a Spinka Hassid. He was deported to Auschwitz along with his sons, Tzvi and Fisher, their wives, and his grandchildren.
Katz, Samuel. Restaurateur. His restaurant was near the train station. He and his wife and sons were victims of the Holocaust. His surviving daughter lives somewhere in the world.
Lang, Joseph. Tailor who lived on Zarinyi Street. A good, honest Jew. The fate of his family is unknown.
Lazer, David. His daughters are alive somewhere in the world.
Lazer, Isaiah. Owned a candy store. Was very well liked. He helped to prepare others to immigrate to Israel. He grew his beard to resemble that of Herzl. Hebrew was the language spoken in his home. He only spoke other languages when he absolutely had to. He and his wife, Malka, and their children Jonah, Haim, Zlaty and Rifka Rachel were victims of the Holocaust. These details were provided by their son, Eliezer, who lives in Tel Aviv and preserves their memory.
Levendal, Tzvi Yaakov. Manager of a winery and a wine seller. He and his wife, Rachel, née Glick, raised their fine children, two daughters and two sons. Tragically he did not experience nachas from his children. The parents, and two children, Pessel-Irene and Menachem-Erno, were murdered in sanctification of G-d's name in Auschwitz along with their parents on the 10th of Sivan 1944. Their memory is preserved by their son, the singer Shaul Pinchas (Pintu), who sang in the synagogue during the 1930s, and lives in Frankfurt. Their daughter is married to Pollak in Nahariya.
Lebowitz, Aryeh Lipot. Textile merchant. Partner in Schwartz and Lebowitz. A very good hearted man who helped others. Served as the deputy director of the kehilla and did a great deal to advance the community during his period of service. He, and his wife and only daughter, Illy (the first wife of Bandy Kaufman), and her toddler son, all were victims of the Holocaust.
Rabbi HaGaon Eli Leichtag. Rabbinical court judge (dayan) and a great scholar, respected by all. He lived on Bathory Street. He and his family were murdered in Auschwitz. I don't know if there are survivors.
Lefkovitz, Leibish. One of the city's well known businessmen. His shop was on Kazintzi Street. An excellent person and a Hassid. His home was full of good deeds and raised his
children to do good deeds. He served in community administration and in the administration of local institutions. He was deported along with his family to Auschwitz. His surviving sons remember him fondly. His sons are Lipa and Baruch in New York, and Moshe Yehezkel in a Southern country. All of them are Hassidim and fine Jews.
Lefkovitz, Mordechai. A businessman. Physically short, but huge in his good deeds. He was among the founders of the synagogue on Farber Nemety and he was its administrator until the Holocaust. R. Mordechai played an active role in all Jewish institutions in Satmar. R. Mordechai and his wife Raizy, nee Kramer, and their six daughters Tziporush (married to Markovitz) Gizi, Matosh, Rosy, Irene and Illon (Tzulika), and eight grandchildren, were all killed together, in Auschwitz in the month of Sivan 1944. They are remembered fondly by Julius Braun and Ephraim Abraham, in New York.
The family of Lefkowitz, who was a coppersmith, was murdered in Auschwitz.
Lavie, Mihaeli. Owner of a coffin factory, and his family deported to Auschwitz.
Linder, Abraham. Owner of a shoe store. He was deported to Auschwitz along with his family. His son Sanji returned to Satmar and from there he emigrated to Australia, where he died. Linder was a member of the community governing board and a founder of the society of small-scale industrialists.
Levinson, Meir. A true lover of the Great Synagogue. He was a member of the community governing board. A good and honest man. Fate of his family is unknown
Levi, Joseph. Partner in the tannery of Levi and Vitenstein. Deported to Auschwitz along with his family.
Levi, Menachem. R. Menachem Levi worked for the Chevra Kadisha. A good Jew, raised fine children. Deported to Auschwitz with his family. One son, Elimelech, lives in Australia.
Levinger family victims of the Holocaust.
Levi, Samuel. Head of the orphanage of the Joint. No one from his family survived.
The widow of Dr. Josef Meiri Csengeri, a prominent woman in Satmar. Very devoted. For over fifty years she wore her widow's garb and dedicated her life to the memory of her husband who died when she was 19. Dr. Joseph Meir Csengeri is buried near the grave of Rabbi Mandelbaum zl, and near his young daughter. The wife of the cemetery guard, Yozsha Neni, told me that Mrs. Meiri came to pray there every day for fifty years at the graves of her husband and daughter. Her grave next to her husband waited for her for fifty years but she was not buried there. She died at age 73 on the final day of the ghetto. The ghetto leadership did not allow us to bury her according to her wishes. They buried her near the fence in the Status Quo cemetery and the body of a young girl called Lavie was put into her coffin. At least Mrs. Meiri was buried in a Jewish cemetery and not burned in Auschwitz, but who knows if she ever found her eternal rest.
Meir, Yosef Haim. Dealt in construction materials, concrete and plaster. He was the first chairman of the Chevra Shaare Torah and among its founding members. His son, Avraham Butzi immigrated to Israel many years before the Holocaust and died there. I don't have accurate information about the rest of the family.
Meir, Mihaely Csengeri. Realtor. Deported to Auschwitz along with his family.
Meir, Sandor Csengeri. A major property owner in the region. His fields were located in the village of Karshau and its surrounding areas. During the winter months he lived in Satmar on Bratshani Street, and in the summer he lived in Karshau on his estate. He had his own synagogue and ritual slaughterer. He generously gave charity and played important roles in the life of the community. At one time he was the head of the community. He was involved in building the Satmar Jewish hospital and was its first chairman of the board. He inherited the title Csengeri from his father Shlomo Meir zl who got it from the Emperor Franz Joseph. I don't know if anyone from his family survived.
Dr. Mendel, Franz. Surgeon in the hospital of the Catholic Brothers of Mercy on Istvan Street. Dr. Mendel was a religious Jew to the extent that his position allowed and prayed in the synagogue every day. He always kept his tallis and tefillin with him in his doctor's bag. He didn't return from Auschwitz.
Markowitz, Eliyahu and Sons. That was the name of his business, the largest manufacturer of spirits and liquors in all of Hungary, and afterwards in Rumania. His house was devoted to kindness and helping others. R. Eliyahu Markowitz was among the founders of the Satmar community (he is buried there) and his sons Yehiel, Meir, Yitzchak and Shlomo played important communal roles. Yosef Yanko, Shlomo's son, lived in Rishon LeZion and died several years ago.
The widow of the late Erno Hertz daughter of Meir Markowitz lives in Haifa and Eilu the daughter of Yehiel Markowitz and the widow of R. Yaakov Weiss zl lives in Tel Aviv (it is possible that this isn't fully accurate).
Kramer, Eilush. Her married name is Markowitz. Her parents were Yaakov Kramer and his wife who passed away several years before the Holocaust. Their daughter, Eilush, inherited their handicrafts store. The store was located in the central square. She didn't return from the camps.
Markowitz, Sigmun. Upholsterer and seller of furniture. His store was located on Rakotzi street. Most of his family died in Auschwitz. He returned to Satmar and reopened his store. A few years ago he died in Satmar.
Markowitz, Moshe. Seller of yeast. Lived on Petofi street. He was an intelligent Jew with a deep knowledge and respect for tradition. He distributed charity and served as a gabbai for the chevra kadisha. Was deported to Auschwitz along with his family.
Matrai, Yehuda Tzvi. Owner of a meat smokehouse. A multi-talented religious Jew. His main concern apart from his business, was with the education of his children (three boys and three girls). Tragically he didn't see much nachas because he became sick with cancer and died at a young age on the 11th of Iyar 1944, just several days before the expulsion. He was buried in the Jewish cemetery in Satmar
His widow, the woman of valor Sara (nee Frieder) and four of his children were victims of the Holocaust.
The family's great hope, their son Yitzchak Shlomo or Icu, was prepared to sacrifice himself for the good of his family. He and his brother Moshe were killed in Mauthausen. Zeev-Velvy was killed three days before the liberation. Their daughter Irene was ordered to the left by Mengele along with her mother. May their memory be blessed. They are remembered fondly by the two surviving daughters, Etel and Elisabeta, in Montevideo.
Malchner, Joseph. Sold steel goods. Deported along with his family to Auschwitz.
The family of Yehuda Yonah Mozesh. Shoemaker. Deported with his large family to Auschwitz. He returned to Satmar alone. After several years he immigrated to Israel together with his second wife. For several years they lived in Jerusalem and from there they moved to Bnai Brak, where his wife passed away. After a while he became ill and died also. He is buried in the Bnai Brak section of the Petach Tikva cemetery.
Mozesh, Karoly. Businessman. Martyred with his family.
Mozesh, Nando. Landowner. I was with him and his son, Pauli in the camp. They didn't return. His wife was the daughter of Israel Weiss of Mikola. She also didn't return.
Moskowitz, Ephraim. Sold cigarettes. His store was in the main square. He was a chassid and an honest Jew, who raised his children well. His wife died in Satmar. R. Ephraim was deported to Auschwitz along with his children and grandchildren. His son R. Dovid (the son in law of R. Anschel Fleischman) was very active in communal affairs and a member of the governing board of the community. R. Ephraim's daughter Yocheved, lived in Yaffo. She is no longer alive.
Moskowitz, R. Michel. Shochet (ritual slaughterer) and mohel. He was loved by all, and worked hard to educate his large brood. R. Michal also found time to author Torah commentaries but was never able to publish his writings. His wife was the righteous woman, Rachel. His son, R. Yosef Haim was slaughtered in Mogendorf together with his wife and children. His daughter Golda, the wife of R. Benzion Markowitz and their six children, his sons Meir Zeev, Kalman, Yisacchar Dov and his youngest daughter, Chaya Sara, were all murdered in sanctification of G-d's name in Auschwitz. The yahrzeit of the Markowitz family was the tenth of Sivan, 1944. Two survived. Moshe died in Beer Sheva in Taf shin mem aleph (1981). The sole survivor is Avraham, in Tel Aviv who lovingly remembers his family.
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