the former

Jesmond Hebrew Congregation

Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear



JCR-UK is a genealogical and historical website covering all Jewish communities and
congregations throughout the British Isles and Gibraltar, both past and present.

Jesmond Synagogue, Newcastle
The former Jesmond Synagogue, Newcastle upon Tyne,
(Courtesy Peter Gatoff)

Congregation Data


Jesmond Hebrew Congregation

also known as Jesmond Synagogue (ii)


Eskdale Terrace, Jesmond, Newcastle upon Tyne.

Following the purchase of the plot of land, Marcus T. Glass was engaged as architect and the first foundation stone was laid on 17 June 1914 by Chief Rabbi Dr. J.H. Hertz. On 17 March 1915, the synagogue was opened by Sir Stewart Samuel, MP and consecrated by Rabbi Dr. Herman Gollancz.(iii)


As members of the Newcastle Jewish community became more prosperous, a number of families moved from the city centre to the more affluent outer areas, such as Jesmond. This movement gained momentum at the beginning of the twentieth century and in October 1913, a public meeting was held by Jewish residents, who resolved to establish a synagogue in Jesmond, primarily in light of Jesmond's distance from the main Newcastle synagogue (Leazes Park Road), which made it difficult for the elderly to attend Sabbath services or for children to attend the Hebrew classes.(iv)

Initially it was intended that the congregation would be a branch of the Leazes Park Road congregation, but the negotiations failed to produce an agreement satisfactory to both sides and it was decided to form an independent congregation. The congregation was formally established in 1914.(v)

Final Status:

In 1973, the congregation became one of the three constituent synagogues of the newly established Newcastle United Hebrew Congregation ("UHC").(vi) The Jesmond synagogue continued to serve as one of the synagogues of UHC (and from 1984 to 1986 its only synagogue), until its closure in 1986 upon the opening of the new synagogue in Culzean Park.


Ashkenazi Orthodox


Until 1973, when the synagogue became a UHC constituent synagogue, it was an unaffiliated congregation under the aegis of the Chief Rabbi.


(To view a short profile of a minister or reader in blue - hold the cursor over his name.)

Rev. Emmanuel Drukker - minister from 1915 until 1958(x)

Rabbi Dr. Isaac Lerner, MA, PhD - minister from 1958 until about 1967(xi)

Rabbi Sidney Silberg - minister from 1967 until 1973(xii)

Readers (Chazanim):

Rev. Bernard M. Bindman - reader, shochet and teacher from 1916 until 1945(xv)

Rev. Michael Kahan - reader from about 1967 until 1962(xvi)

Rev. L. Finklestein - reader from about 1966 until about 1968(xvii)

Founder Members:(xx)

Cllr. Gabriel Woolf

Joseph Cohen

Joseph Jackson

Leon Jackson

Moses Jacobson

Simon L. Jockelson

Bernard Leventhall

Morris Marks

Morris Price

Morris Rubenstein

David L. Sandleson

B. Segal

Henry Welford

Sam Wilkes

Lay Officers:(xxi)


1915-1919 - Cllr. Gabriel Woolf

1919-1921 - Morris Marks

1921-1922 - Cllr. Gabriel Woolf

1922-1926 - M.J. Fisher(xxv)

1926-1929 - A.N. Birk

1929-1932 - I. Collins

1932-1936 - Z. Jackson

1936-1937 - A.B. Caller

1937-1940 - M.J. Fisher

1940-1942 - M. Cohen

1942-1945 - S. Phillips

1945-1948 - J. Levine

1948-1950 - Isaac Kossick

1950-1953 - S. Tavroges

1953-1957 - A. Summerfield

1957-1961 - Dr. S. Osborne

1961-1963 - D.D. Cohen

1963-1966 - Dr. Lionel Kopelowitz

1966-1969 - D. Carr

1969-1972 - D. Drukker

1972-1973 - Sam Tavroges



1925-1926 - A.N. Birk

1926-1929 - S.R. Cohen

1929-1932 - A.N. Birk

1932-1936 - A.B. Caller

1936-1938 - no data

1938-1940 - C. Garfield

1940-1945 - no data

1945-1946 - W.D. Abrahams

1946-1949 - S. Best

1949-1954 - J. Mayer

1954-1956 - A.N. Birk


Beadle & Collector

c.1915-1944 - A. Franks(xxvi)


1915-1919 - Joseph Cohen

1919-1920 - Joseph Jackson

1920-1923 - Moses Jacobson

1923-1925 - M.S. Freedman

1925-1929 - A.S. Woolf(xxvii)

1929-1932 - J. Faith

1932-1936 - J. Taylor

1936-1938 - C. Garfield

1938-1940 - M. Cohen

1940-1945 - no data

1945-1946 - J. Levine

1946-1947 - M. Kossick

1947-1954 - A. Summerfield

1954-1955 - Dr. M.L. Slotover

1955-1956 - Dr. S. Osborne


Secretaries or Hon. Secretaries

1915-1917 - Leon Jackson

1917-1919 - I. Marks

1919-1923 - Henry Welford

1923-1925 - M. Cohen

1925-1926 - H.M. Cohen

1926-1930 - J. Adler

1930-1932 - J.N. Adler

1932-1936 - H. Hewitt

1936-1938 - A. Woolf

1938-1939 - J.A. Phillips

1939-1940 - J. Levine

1940-1945 - no data

1945-1946 - J. Levine

1946-1949 - B. Niman

1949-1950 - H.J. Tavroges

1950-1951 - L. Gatoff

1951-1957 - H.J. Tavroges

1957-1961 - Dr. Lionel Kopelowitz

1961-1963 - M. Black

1963-1965 - D. Carr

1965-1966 - M. Baum

1966-1968 - D.A. Drukker

1968-1970 - D.S. Slesengar

1970-1973 - Dr. E. Silver

Lay Officers (Constituent Synagogue):


1973-1976 - Sam Tavroges

1976-1977 - D. Drukker

1977-1978 - Sam Tavroges

1978-1985 - D. Linskill

1985-1986 - D.A. Drukker


1973-1976 - M. Summerfield

1976-1977 - Sam Tavroges


Financial Representatives

1973-1976 - A. Summerfield

1976-1977 - I. Joseph

Membership Data:

June 1915 - 40 members(xxx)

end 1915 - 80 members(xxx)

1918 - 111 members(xxxi)


The congregation had its own Chevra Kadisha until at least the mid 1950s.(xxxii)

The congregation's Ladies Guild had been formed by at least 1951.(xxxiii)

Cemeterybr> Information:

IIn 1915, the Congregation acquired its own cemetery, being the Jewish Section of the Byker and Heaton Municipal Cemetery.(xxxiv) (For details, see Newcastle Cemetery Information)


Online Articles, Photographs and Other Material
relating to this Congregation



Congregational Records


  • Numerous records of the Jewish Communities in Northeast England (only a sample of which are listed below) are deposited with the Tyne and Wear Archives Service (http://www.legacyarchives.org.uk)

  • CLICK HERE to view a list of these records (correct to December 2005).

Synagogue Records:

  • Minutes 1924-1973 - Tyne and Wear Archives Service (see above)

  • Annual Reports 1941-1973 - Tyne and Wear Archives Service (see above)

  • Membership 1926-1931 - Tyne and Wear Archives Service (see above)

  • Accounts 1922-1943 - Tyne and Wear Archives Service (see above)

  • Orders of Service 1915-1986 - Tyne and Wear Archives Service (see above)

Registration District (BMD):


Notes & Sources
( returns to text above)

  • (i) Reserved.

  • (ii) The congregation was listed as Jesmond Synagogue in Jewish Year Books to 1953, and thereafter as Jesmond Hebrew Congregation.

  • (iii) The Jewish Communities of North-East England by Lewis Olsover (1980) ("Olsover's Book"), p. 46. To view a description of the Jewish architectural works by M.T. Glass, hold your cursor over his name.

  • (iv) Olsover's Book, pp. 45/6.

  • (v) Olsover's Book, p.45.

  • (vi) Olsover's Book, p.72.

  • (vii) to (ix) Reserved.

  • (x) Rev. Drukker's appointment - Olsover's Book, p.46: his retirement - Olsover's Book p.54. He was listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1916 through 1958, and thereafter as minister emeritus.

  • (xi) Rabbi Lerner was inducted into office on 11 December 1958 - Olsover's Book, p.54. He was listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1959 through 1967.

  • (xii) Rabbi Silberg appointed minister - Olsover's Book, p.54; move to Bournemouth after 7 years - Olsover's Book, p.73. He was listed as minister of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1968 through 1974.

  • (xiii) and (xiv) Reserved.

  • (xv) Rev. Bindman appointed reader Jewish Chronicle obituary 28 September 1945; died 1945 - Olsover's Book, p.53. He was only listed as reader of the congregation in Jewish Year Books from 1922 through 1945/6.

  • (xvi) Olsover's Book, p.55 - Rev. Kahan departed in 1962 after 15 Years service. He was listed as reader of the congregation in Jewish Year Books from 1949 through 1963.

  • (xvii) Based upon Rev. Finklestein's listing as reader of the congregation in Jewish Year Books 1967 qnd 1968. He is not mentioned in Olsover's Book.

  • (xviii) and (xix) Reserved.

  • (xx) Adapted from p. 45 and Appendix 1 (p.205) of Olsover's Book. The executive members of the building committee were: Chairman - Cllr. G. Woolf; Vice-Chairman - M. Rubenstein; Treasurer - J. Cohen; and Secretary - J. Jackson.

  • (xxi) Unless otherwise stated the data on lay officers (other than the data on the congregation's presidents) has been extracted from Jewish Year Books 1916 through 1986 (the years in which the congregation was listed). Where a person was first listed in a year book as holding a particular office, it has been assumed that his term of office commenced in the year of publication of the relevant year book, which was generally towards the end of the year prior to year appearing in the title of the year book and that he continued in office until the commencement of office of his successor, unless the office was vacant (e.g. if he was listed in Jewish Year Books 1925 through 1930, it is assumed that he commenced office in 1924 and continued in office until 1930). However, it should be noted that this is only an assumption and accordingly his actual years of office may differ from those shown here. The year books suspended publication during the war years 1941 through 1945 and generally ceased listing lay officers (other than the secretary) from 1956 through 1973, and thereafter only certain lay officers were listed. In most instances, the officer's given name has been extracted from other sources.

  • (xxii) Extracted from Appendix 1 to Olsover's Book, p.205.

  • (xxiii) and (xxiv) Reserved

  • (xxv) Although Olsover listed him as M.I Fisher, it appears that this should read M.J. Fisher, which is consitant with Jewish Year Book listings and his later appearance as president (1937-1940).

  • (xxvi) Based upon text in Olsover's Book, p.49. It is not totally clear that the commencement year was 1915. Mr. Franks died in 1944

  • (xxvii) Olsover's Book p.50 refers to Mr. A.B Caller being elected treasurer in 1926, which, if correct, means that A.S. Woolf did not serve the whole period from 1925 to 1929 as indicated in the Jewish Year Book listings.

  • (xxviii) and (xxix) Reserved

  • (xxx) Olsover's Book p.46.

  • (xxxi) Olsover's Book p.49.

  • (xxxii) Listed in Jewish Year Books from 1939 through 1956.

  • (xxxiii) Listed in Jewish Year Books from 1952

  • (xxxiv) Olsover's Book p.46.

Newcastle upon Tyne Jewish Community home page

Jewish Congregations in Tyne and Wear

Jewish Communities of England home page

Page created: 3 September 2003
Data significantly expanded and notes first added: 27 February 2024
Page most recently amended: 22 May 2024

Research and formatting by David Shulman

Explanation of Terms   |   About JCR-UK  |   JCR-UK home page

Contact JCR-UK Webmaster:

JGSGB  JewishGen

Terms and Conditions, Licenses and Restrictions for the use of this website:

This website is owned by JewishGen and the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain. All material found herein is owned by or licensed to us. You may view, download, and print material from this site only for your own personal use. You may not post material from this site on another website without our consent. You may not transmit or distribute material from this website to others. You may not use this website or information found at this site for any commercial purpose.

Copyright © 2002 - 2024 JCR-UK. All Rights Reserved