Wyszków Book
(Wyszków, Poland)

52°36' / 21°28'

Translation from Sefer Wyszków

Edited by: D. Shtokfish

Published in Tel Aviv, 1964




Project Coordinator

Howard B. Orenstein


Our sincere appreciation to Mr. Israel Pshetitsky, of the Wyszków Association in Israel,
for permission to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Sefer Wyszków (Wyszków Book), ed. D. Shtokfish,
Wyszków Association of Former Residents in Israel and abroad, Tel Aviv, 1964 (H / Y, 351 pages).

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Wyszkow

Purchase details for a printed copy of this translation can be found at http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ybip/YBIP_Wyszkow.html

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Introduction Menakhem Shtelung  
A. The History of the Town, General Memoirs, and Descriptions
The Ancestry of Wishkov/Wyszków D. Shtokfish 11
My Memories of Wyszkow Menachem Kaspi (Srebrenik) 14
The town in the years 1892-1913 Max Tchekhanov 22
30 years of community life Yitzkhok Baharov/Barab 26
The yeshiva, synagogues, study places, and prayer quorums   30
The last rabbis of Vishkov   33
Bloody Polish “Games” of 1920 Mordkhe V. Bernshteyn 33
Polish-Bolshevik Terror in 1920 Y. Mitlsbakh 39
A Memoir of “That Year” Liber Vigoda 40
Wishkov Remembrances Yisroel Granat 41
Wishkov (Wyszków) During Bad and Good Times M. Rabin 43
Pictures of the town Baranek 48
Romantically, Socially, Idealistically Yekhiel Bzhoza/Bzoza 50
A bundle of memories from days past Haim Levin 51
Memories of the old town Moyshe Stolik 52
A Wishkever Melody Aron Pakht 53
The Wishkover Band; Dalekes Itzkhok Marcuschamer 55
A day in town Moishe Farbshteyn 57
Memories of our Young Years Shmuel Niestenpover 59
Our train station, the Poremba settlement Yankev/Yakov Palukh 60
The Poremba Settlement Yankev/Yakov Palukh 61
From Wyszkow To Kibbutz Dafna Yehuda Ilan 63
B. Political Parties, Societies, Organizations, and Institutions
Establishment Of The Zionist Association In Wyszkow Mordechai Kronenberg 69
The First Pioneers in Town Yisroel Kaluski 69
The Left Poalei Zion [“Workers of Zion”] and Its Youth Yankev Shtelung 73
Along The Lines At The Shomer Hatzair In Wyszkow[1] Leah Goldstein 78
In the Youth Movement Hashomer Hatzair Bina Jakubowycz–Tabak 80
At The Religious “Ha'Shomer Ha'Dati” Youth Movement Menakhem Nagel 81
On the Eve of the Jewish Community Elections in the Year 1931   82
The Wyszkower Loan Fund in the Year 1935 Paul. A. Kramer 83
Interest–Free Loan Fund for the Socialist Handworkers' Union Y.M. Czembal 84
Sports Clubs and self-defense Borukh Yismakh/Ismaj 87
The Sport Club “Maccabi” Sh. Sh. 89
The Worker's Sports Club “Skala Mayer Leyb Holczman 91
C. Religious Life
Religious institutions and “Shtiblakh”[2] Motl Venger 95
Wyszkow - A religious town Velvl Olenberg 98
My Children Are Not Agnostics Freyda Kaplovitch 99
The First Kheyder Metukan [Proper School][3] F. M. R. 100
Student at “Darkhey Noam” Yeshiva Recalls[4] Khaim Umyal 101
The Yeshiva “Beis Yosef” Paul A. Kramer 101
Jewish Chains (A gratitude poem) Rabbi Shimon Arie Kheyfetz 102
My Memories of the Yeshive Shimon Zakharia Malowanczyk 102
The Keepers of the Sabbath in Town Arie Shtelung Sokol 104
The Excommunication (der kheyrem) Borukh Yismakh/Ismaj 105
Buried behind the Fence … Y. M. Tzembal/Cembal 106
Cantorial Singing and Choirs in Wyszkow Eliyahu Y. Brukhanski 108
The Guardians of the Sabbath Were Not Successful Yosel Popowski 110
D. Personalities, Businessmen, Figures, and Types
Mordekhai Anielewicz, Commander of the Ghetto Uprising in Warsaw – Born in Wyszkow (in Hebrew & Yiddish) Yisroel Gutman 117
Admo”r Rabbi Jacob Aryeh of Wyszkow–Radzymin Jeheskel Rotenberg,
Moshe Scheinfield
Reb Khaim Henekh (Shtelung), the Baal Tefilah [Prayer Leader] Menakhem Shtelung 121
Reb Khaim Malkhiel (Brukhanski), the Khazzan [Cantor] Y. Brukhanski 124
Yisroel Asman Yosef Zajdenstat 124
Yisroel Asman's Folk Legends and Folklore Sh. Ernst 124
Yisroel Asman in Los Angeles Yekhiel Bzhoza 127
Community Activists (Wyszkower Personalities) Yitzkhok Baharav 127
Henekh Kaluski Avigdor Mondry 128
Dr. Laykher Shimon Malovantczyk 128
Reb Motl Broder Shimon Malovantchik 129
Reb Yakov Dovid Pszetitski Shimon Malovantchik 129
Mordkhe Tchekhanov Tch. (Khane) Appleboim 129
R. Simon son of Yehezkel Serbernik Yerakhmiel Wilenski 130
Motl and Sore Baharov Yitszkhok Baharav/Barab 131
A Very Ramified (Well–Branched) Family Yitszkhok Baharav/Barab 132
R. Hanok (Heinoch) Kornet Moshe Kornet 132
Grandpa, R. Israel-Isaac and Grandma, Freida-Perla Isaac Weisman 132
To the Memory of my Father, Simkha Mushkat H. Mushkat 133
Zvika Musberg Penina Musberg 134
Zeev Holland   136
Abraham Tenenbaum Hana and Borukh-David Tenenbaum 136
Isaac Zamir   137
Their Memories Must be Forever   137
Their memories must be forever: Henda the lady-butcher[Katzfke] Yitzkhok Markuschamer 139
Noyke (Noakh'ke) Yitzkhak Markuschamer 139
Hershele the Water Carrier Yisroel Osman 141
Hershele Kurlap Yisroel Asman 143
My Teachers Motl Wenger 145
The Blind Rabbi H.Mushkat 147
Ayzikl, the Teacher M. Rabin 148
Itche–Metch der Klezmer (the Musician) Yankl Mitlsbakh 149
Reyzele – Di Zogerin Yakov Mitlsbakh 150
Hershl Melamed Yankl (Yakov) Mitlsbakh 151
Mates–Faivl der Kremer (the Storekeeper) Yankl Mitlsbakh 152
Hersh–Leyb, Shingle–Maker Yankl Mitlsbakh 152
The Fishermen Yankl Mitlsbakh 153
“Der Sfas–Emes” M. Rabin 153
The Two Mutes Yekhiel Bzhoza (Brzoza) 155
The rural doctor Malowanczyk Yosl Popowski 156
Reb Sholom Refoelkes (Mikhalkes) M. Federgreen 157
The Second Part – The Destruction of Wishkov
In the Wyszkow Forest (a poem) Binem Heler 161
To Remember and Commemorate Menachem Kaspi (Serbernik) 162
The first air-raid of Wishkov Yoysef Gurni 163
In the first days of the destruction Moyshe Venger 164
Opening of Fire, September 1939 Naphtali Kretsmer 166
The “Black Friday” Leibel Popowski 167
The Nazi Murderers in Town Kh. A. (YIVO-Wyszkow#1140) 169
Wyszkow in Flames Tzvi Yakov Gemora 169
Struggling with Death Lemel Rubin 170
In the Years of Misfortune and Anguish Khane Srebro (nee Vengel) 177
Hitler's Murder of Children Leah Direktor (Lerman) 185
My Experiences during the Occupation Fanya Hertz 188
In the Forest with the Partisans Fayvl Fular 191
The last request of a martyr Abraham, Ben Soreh-Rifkeh 193
The Polacks Helped Kill the Jews of Wyszkow Hebrew Newspaper 193
We Succeeded to Escape Velvel Elenberg 194
Partisans and Ghetto–Fighters in the Forest of Wyszkow   194
With My Wandering Stick in Hand Yitzchok Baharav/Barab 196
Dead Shadows Walk in the Marketplace … Dr. Khaim Shoshkes 200
Rabbi (Tzvi) Borenstajn Visits Wyszkow in 1961   201
Part Three – Wishkevers in Israel and in the World
The Beginnings in Israel Moishe Farbsztejn 205
Fifteen Years of the Irgun Yotzei Wyszkow b'Yisroel Rabbi Yerakhmiel Wilenski – Grapa 206
The Wyszkower society in New York      Yekhiel Burstyn 221
Wyszkower in New York[5]   226
The Los Angeles Wyszkower Society Avrohom–Dovid Taff 227
Wyszkower in Los Angeles H. Muszkat 228
Various Activities Beltche Taff (Yelin) 229
The Union of Wyszkow and the Surrounding Areas, in Argentina Aryeh Shtelung 229
About Two Activists in the Wyszkower Society in Argentina Y. Leiles 236
Yakov Shtelung (50 years of a social activist) Y. M. Czembal 236
Wyszkower in Uruguay Sh. Grapa & Kh. Wenger, Montevideo 237
Wyszkower in Cuba Cz. Apelboim 238
The Wyszkower in Germany Ask for Help Y.M. Kurt Kepel 238
Part Four – Yizkor
Remember Dr. M. Dvorszki, S. Shalom 243
Kaddish Yerakhmiel Wilenski 244
List of Wishkever Jews who died   245
The Rabbis of Wyszkow Zev Radziminsky 257
Founders and management of Bank Lodovi and Righteous Among the Nations Stanislaw Wolski 265
Obituaries   268
Part Five – Additions
[The First Wyszkower Ladies Auxiliary & United Wyszkower Committee in New York]   336
Index of geographical names and pictures   337
Index of names   341


  1. A youth organization; lit. “The Young Guardians” Return
  2. A “shtibl” is a place of worship in someones house or storefront; a small adhoc synagogue Return
  3. A kheyder is a one-room schoolhouse or a school in the rabbi's house Return
  4. Literally: Paths of Pleasantness Return
  5. Please note that the article on p. 226 “Wyszkower in New York” is reprinted from the “Morgen Zhurnal” as indicated in the first paragraph of the translation. Return


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