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Encycolpedia Shel Galuyot: Lwów
Edited by Dr. N.M. Gelber
Published in Tel Aviv: 1956
Published in Tel Aviv: 1956
Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Lviv
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When I undertook the translation of this volume of Yizkor Book, I did so both in order to find out about the history of the Jews of Lwów and in memory of Lwóws Jews who found their end at the hands of the barbaric German Nazis and their indigenous sympathisers during WWII. In memory of the Jews whose past existence in the place was wiped out by destroying historical records and flattening historic Jewish cemeteries. In memory of those members of my paternal family who remained in Lwów and in particular in memory of my grandmother, Antonina Ecker née Reiss.
Ever since the Molotov-Ribbentrop, German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact of the 23rd August 1939, Lwów, or Lemberg, the capital of Galicia which had been part of Poland, became part of the Soviet Union, but today, as part of western Ukraine, it is known as Lviv. Nevertheless, throughout this translation I tried to keep the name of towns, districts and individuals as they were known and spelt during the period when Polish was the spoken language, a language in which the major historical research into the history of the Jews in the area was published.
During my translation of this work I received assistance in clarifying some names and expressions, and I should like to extend my thanks to:
Janek Wojczek, librarian at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, London.
Throughout this translation the comments in square brackets were added by myself.
|Myra Yael Ecker PhD.
Translated by Yocheved Klausner
|I. History of the Jews of Lwów||Dr. N. M. Gelber|
|1.||The Jewish Settlement its Beginnings||21|
|3.||The Trial against the Jesuits||53|
|4.||Misgivings over Jewish Trade and Craft||69|
|5.||The Community Outside the Town||85|
|7.||The Massacres of 1648 and 1649||101|
|8.||The Transition Period||119|
|9.||The Situation in the 18th century||137|
|10.||The Autonomous Jewish Institutions of Lwów||155|
|11.||The Austrian Occupation||167|
|12.||Education and Culture||185|
|13.||The Reign of Kaiser Franz I||197|
|14.||The Haskalah Movement||215|
|15.||On the Eve of Revolution||225|
|17.||The Period of Transition to Constitutional Rule||269|
|19.||Notes [Are included at the end of the above chapters]||343|
|II. The Religious Life|
|Rabbis and Heads of Yeshivahs||Rabbi Reuven Margulies||391|
|The Religious Life of the Jews of Lwów||Tzvi [Cwi] Karl||421|
|Synagogues and Kloyzen||Ze'ev [Zew] Zohar||451|
|Architecture and Art of the Synagogues||Jacob Pinkerfeld||477|
|Chassidism and Lwów's Community||M. S. Geshuri [Bruckner]||481|
|Lwów's Chazanim [Cantors]||M. S. Geshuri||491|
|The Jewish neighbourhoods (Topography)||Dr. N. M. Gelber||509|
|III. The Cultural Life|
|Characters and Personalities||Dr. Zeev Pinot-Finkelstein||525|
|The Hebrew Printing Presses at Lwów||Chaim Dov Friedberg||539|
|The Historians of Lwów's Jews||Dr. N. M. Gelber||553|
|Lwów's Old Jewish Cemetery||Rabbi Dr. David Kahana||569|
|IV. The Destruction and the Holocaust|
|Annihilation of the Jews of Lwów||Dr. P. Friedman||593|
|References and Bibliography||731|
|First Day in a Death-camp||Engineer O. Porat (Ochs)||749|
|The Final Days of the Leaders of Lwów's Jewry||Yehoshua Shiloni (Shleyen)||753|
|Extermination of the Lvov Jews - summary||Dr. P. Friedman|
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