A Memorial to the
Jewish Community of Zhetel
(Dzyatlava, Belarus)

53°28' / 25°24'

Translation of
Pinkus Zhetel

Edited by Baruch Kaplinski

Published by the Zhetel Association in Israel


 

Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Sam Bayer

 

Emerita Project Coordinator: Becky Diamond

 

Our sincere appreciation to Stefanie Holzman for extracting the pictures
from the original book, enabling their addition to the project.

 

This is a translation from Pinkus Zhetel,
(A memorial to the Jewish community of Zhetel),
Editors: Baruch Kaplinski, Published by the Zhetel Association in Israel,
Tel Aviv 1957 (H,Y 482 pages).

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Dziatlava


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Pinkas Zhetel

 

A memorial to the Jewish community of Zhetel

 

Published by the Zhetel Association in Israel
in Participation with the Zhetel Attociations
*
in the United States of America, Argentina and Canada

 

Tel-Aviv 1957
(in alphabetical order)

 

Introduction   9
Pictures tell the story Baruch Kaplinski 12
Ell, Molei Rachamim   18
Zhetel Martyrs   19
 
The old Zhetel  
The History of the Jews of Zhetl Borukh Kaplinsky 33
Zhetl in the Budget of the Jewish Council of Lithuania Mordkhai V. Bernshteyn 40
Zhetl From the Past Avrom Ivenitsky of blessed memory 47
Zhetl's Rabbis Avrom Shepetnitsky 49
The Great Miracle of the Author of “Machane Yehuda” Mordkhai V. Bernshteyn 53
Books by authors of Zhetel   54
Articles about Zhetel in encyclopedias   55
Zhetel in the Hebrew press M.Tzinurit, B. Kaplinski 58
 
Chapters from the history of Zhetel   65
Geography and climatic conditions in Zhetel Dr A.I. Braver 67
Population and occupations Baruch Kaplinski 69
 
On the threshold of the 20th century  
Zhetel 50 years ago Moshe Bitn 73
I left Zhetel in the year 1900 Izchok Gebury 76
My Memories of Zhetl Avrom Shepetnitsky 78
The Excellent City Rabbi Yitzkhak Veynshteyn 80
The Navaredok community in Zhetel I.L. Nakric 82
My Home Town Nekhemiah Aminoach 83
Zhetl Until 1905 Zalmen Mirsky 85
From Everything to Very Little Avrom Yitzkhak Medvedsky 87
Jews Living in Rural Villages and Conscripts Avrom Leyzerovitch 93
 
The First World War  
Zhetl During My Rabbinate Rabbi Zalmen Saratzkin 99
During the German Occupation Yosef Vinyetzky of Blessed Memory 109
An Appeal to Zhetl Jews in America Menachem Vernikovsky OBM 111
Only Memorial Books Have Remained Avrom Zak 112
During the First World War Moishe Mirsky 113
The Jewish republic in Zhetel Efraim Hamuni OBM 116
The Transition from Ruler to Ruler Nekhemiye Aminoakh 118
The Transition Period Yitzkhal Epshteyn 122
This is How I Remember You, Zhetl Soreh Medvetzky 124
 
Between the two world wars  
Cultural and Economic Life Avrom Ivenitsky of blessed memory 127
Zhetl and the Zhetl Craftsman Moishe Mendl Leyzerovitch 132
The excommunication in Zhetel Rabbi Alchanon Maracki 136
The Great Fires Soreh Epshteyn – Shoer 138
The National Democrats (Endecja) Rage** Moishe Mirski 140
 
Political Parties  
Hovevei Zion (Lovers of Zion) and the Zionist Movement Borukh Kaplinsky 143
Revolutionaries of Zhetel Moshe Mirski 148
Memories of the “Bund” Yekhiel Kuznietzky 150
Memories of the Zhetl S.R. (Socialist Revolutionaries) H. Lubchansky – Khabibi 151
The Zhetl Worker After the First World War Dov Arzhekhovsky 152
The HeChalutz (The Pioneer) Yosef Berman 155
Poalei Zion (Labour Zionists) – Z.S (Zionist Socialists) Eliezer Namiyat 159
Hashomer Hatzair Yakov Indershteyn 163
Revisionists and Betar in Zhetl Avrom Alpert 165
Agudas Yisroel Yisroel Karpl 166
The Bund Sholem Lisogursky 167
The First Jewish National Fund Bazaar Lize Kaplinsky 169
The Last Jewish National Fund Bazaar Sarah Gal – Begin 170
Communal Life in Zhetl Collected by Soreh Gal– Begin 171
 
Institutions  
Societies and Institutions Baruch Kaplinski 177
Volunteer Firefighters Dov Arzhekhovsky 179
Our Fire Brigade Orchestra Philip Zabitz 180
The Drama Club Hindke Mirsky 184
Medical and Social Institutions Dr. Avrom Alpert 187
The Society to Spend the Night with the Sick and the Medical Aid Society Henie Piekelny – Rozenblum 192
The Orphans Committee Shifra Medvedsky 194
Social Women's Aid Soreh Gal – Begin 194
The Popular Bank Arye Zelikovitch 195
Balances of the Zhetl Cooperative Popular Bank   196
The Interest Free Loan Society Sore Gal-Bigin 197
TOZ (Society for Preservation of Health) in Zhetel   197
Remember! Moishe Man 198
 
Schools  
The Talmid Tora (student of the Tora) A.Z. Silverman 201
The story of the Jewish peoples school Beniomen Kaplinski OBM 203
How can I conceive it? Avrom Sawicki 212
We built the Jewish public school Moishe Minski 213
The Tarbut school Dvoire Szkolnik 215
Memories of a pupil Sora Epstein - Shuer 219
 
Rabbis  
The Rabbi Reb Yakov Krantz – The Dubner Preacher I. Mandelbaum & I. Trunk 223
Rabbi Yisroel Meir Hakohen – The Khafetz Khaim Rabbi Moishe Meir Yashar 225
My Meetings with the Khafetz Khaim Shabbtai Mayevsky 227
The wise men of Zhetel Moishe Tzinuvitz 228
H'rov Reb Baruch Avrom Mirski OBM H'rov I.L. Mimun 230
Rabbi Borukh Avrom Mirsky the Lover of Zion Moishe Tzinovitch 231
The Rabbi Reb Shmuel Rabinovitch Moishe Tzinuvitz 232
The Life Journey of Rabbi Zalmen Saratzkin Rabbi Elkhanan Saratzkin 233
Rabbi Zvi Hirsh Khurgin of Blessed Memory Yosef Eliyahu Piekelny – Pniel 236
 
Communal Leaders and Men of the People  
Reb Avrom Patzovsky – The Elder (Starosta) of Zhetl Moishe Man 239
Reb Hertz – Leyb Kaplinsky of blessed memory Yudis Ostrovsky (Tel Aviv) 240
Reb Shmuel Kustin of blessed memory Dvoire Shkolnik 240
Reb Menakhem Vernikovsky of blessed memory   240
Reb Shlomo Zalmen Dunetz, of blessed memory Mordecai Dunetz 241
Reb Yisroel Ozer Barishansky of blessed memory Avrom Ivenitzky of blessed memory 245
Two Brothers Moishe Mirsky (Man) 246
My Grandfather Reb Yisroel Elkhanan Piekelni of blessed memory Leah Rozenblum 247
Characters and Facts Moishe Man 248
Reb Avrom the Recluse Efraim Pasaf 249
Reb Moishe Ruven Markovsky of blessed memory Avrom Iveniecki OBM 250
Reb Yosef Mutchnik of blessed memory Shloime Mutchnik 250
Reb Yosef Vinetzky Avrom Ivenitsky 250
Reb Shaul Kaplinsky of blessed memory Borukh Kaplinsky 250
Reb Mendl Mirsky of blessed memory Ruven Mirsky 251
Reb Avrom Langbart of blessed memory Yitzkhak Rabinovitch 251
Reb Avrom Gal of blessed memory Sarah Gal 252
Noyekh Mikulitzky of blessed memory Khaim Lusky 252
Yehuda Lusky of blessed memory Khaim Lusky 252
Yehoshua Ovseyevitch of blessed memory Moishe Man 253
Alter Gertzovsky of blessed memory Shmuel Mnuskin 253
Motl Man of blessed memory Moishe Man 253
Reb Yakov Obershteyn of blessed memory Moishe Man 254
In My Father's House Binyomin Kaplinsky of blessed memory 254
Niameh Kaplinsky the Bundist and Cultural Activist Rishe Kaplinsky – Kovensky 257
Neighbours, Friends, Teachers and Acquaintances Yitzkhak Epshteyn (Kfar Neter) 259
Communal Activists and Public Figures Yitzkhak Epshteyn (Kfar Neter) 265
Lost Talents Soreh Epshteyn – Shoar 268
Public Figures Shabsai Mayevsky 269
The Tailor from Zhetl Yakov Indershteyn 271
Zaydke Yakov Indershteyn 275
The Last Badkhn Yankef Indershteyn 276
The Shiluvsky Family from Haleli Moishe Mirsky 278
My Mother Leah Hinde Merim's of Blessed Memory Miriam Izraelit – Davidovsky 278
Efraim Belagolovsky – Kharmoni of blessed memory Nekhemia Aminoakh 279
Zhetl Writers M. Dunetz 280
 
Memories  
Why Does our Heart Cry so Much? Borukh Kaplinsky 283
Once There Was a Town… Mordechai Dunetz 286
The Seder Night Mashe Rozovsky – Shvartzman 287
A Week in Zhetl Sarah Gal – Begin 288
My Home Rivka Valdman 293
Friday at the Marketplace Khaya Alpert 295
Slonimer Street Sarah Gal – Begin 296
Memoirs Yehudit Ostrovsky 297
The Famous Zhetl Shmuel Rabinovitch (Herzliya) 298
Impressions Lize Rozvosky of blessed memory 299
The Hasidic Rebbe in our Home Rachel Rabinovitch 300
Customs Mordechai Dunetz 301
My Small Jewish Town Pesieh Mayevsky 304
 
The folklore of Zhetel  
The Dzyatlava Folklore Baruch Kaplinski 305
The Dzyatlava Nicknames Baruch Kaplinski 306
Dzyatlava folklore Avraham Iventzki, may his memory be for a blessing 308
 
Under the Soviet Regime  
Under the Soviet Regime Efraim Shepshelevitch 311
The Tailor's Cooperative Lize Rozvosky 313
 
The extermination of Zhetel  
Under the Yoke of the Germans Azriel Shilovitsky 317
Hunger Pesie Mayevsky 320
The First Murderous Act Miriam Shepshelevitch 325
The First 120 Victims Pesie Mayevsky 327
Zhetl at the end of 1941 Sarah Nashmit 329
The First Slaughter Basieh Rabinovitch – Yashir 332
Kaddish – The Memorial Prayer Kahim Veynshteyn 333
Returning from the Graves Yitzkhak Rubinshteyn 334
How Was I Saved? Lize Kaplinsky (Tel Aviv) 335
The Tragedy of My Brother's Family Mashe Rozvosky – Shvartzman 336
A Sad Summary Khane Mayevsky – Klar 337
Two Children Fight for Their Lives Kalmen Mnuskin 342
He Escaped From the Grave Shifra Medvedsky 347
Zhetl Cleansed of Jews Tzile Zernitsky – Yoselevsky 349
How Did I Save My Children? Shaynke Mnuskin 353
I Lost My Entire Family Yitzkhak Goldshteyn 356
From the House of Study to the Forest Bashe Mnuskin 358
In the Workshops of the Novogrudek Ghetto Pesieh Mayevsky 359
The Zhetl Glaziers in Novoredok Zavl Mordkovsky 361
I Escaped from the Novogrudek Camp Moishe Mendl Leyzerovitch 363
My Sad Childhood Avrom Leybovitch 366
The Path of my Suffering Kalmen Shalkovitch 367
The Extermination of Zhetl's Gypsies Yitzkhak Epshteyn 368
The Underground Movement in Ghetto Sh. Gerling 369
The way we lived in the Zhetel Ghetto Pessya Mayevsky 373
Remember! Pesie Mayevsky 375
Kaddish – The Mourner's Prayer Mordkhai Epshteyn 376
 
In the forests  
The Participation of People from Zhetl in the Liptchanska Partisans A group of partisans 379
Revenge for the blood of our people Eliahu Kovenski 391
We Fight! Azriel Shilovitsky 395
The years in the forest Chana Majewski-Klar 397
Between life and death Cila Joselevski 401
Ravage for the Maichek murder Yechiel Joselevich 404
Revenge for the Maltuch murder Zavl Mordkovski 405
The fight in Dubrovka Sholem Gerling 406
Four victims Leia Kalbshtein-Yacham 407
The family camps Shmuel Minuskin 408
The partisan hospital Sholim Gerling 412
Partisan heroes Sholim Gerling 414
Brief biographies of heroic partisans Group of partisans 420
“Krokes un shachmanies” a song of the partisans Cilia Joselevski 428
Before the liberation Lizi Kaplinski 430
The last months in the forest Sora Ovseievich 431
My last day in the forest Hinda Mirski 433
Partisans of Zhetel in the Soviet army Chaim Savicki 434
A man from Zhetel in the red army Shloime Sharlat 439
In a German prisoner of war camp Berl Goldberg 439
Zhetel heroic partisans   440
 
People of Zhetel in the world  
People of Zhetel in USA Efraim Pasaf 443
Citizens of Zhetel in Argentina Moishe Man 445
From Zhetel to Israel Baruch Kaplinski 447
Financial assistance for Zheteler in Israel Shaftai Majewski 451
The Zhetel forest Yehuda Ostrovski 452
At a memorial service in Tel Aviv Shimon Berliker 453
From Zhetel to Petach Tikva Pese Majevski 454
Remember! Mordecai Dunetz 458
Zhetel in April 1957 Mira Goncharovski 459
Bricks have collapsed, we will build in stone Baruch Kaplinski 461
List of former Dzyatlava residents living in Israel Addresses 464
List of former Dzyatlava residents living in the USA Addresses 467
List of former Dzyatlava residents living in South America Addresses 469
List of former Dzyatlava residents living in Canada and elsewhere Addresses 470
Families from Zhetel Pictures 471

 


* Note from the Coordinator: This is an error in the original. return
** ND Narodowa Demokracja. return


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