JCR-UK

Newport Jewish Community

and Hebrew Congregation

Newport, South Wales

 

 

   
 
 
Page created: 2 March 2004
Latest revision or update: 23 February 2016

City of Newport

Newport (in Welsh: Casnewydd) is the third largest city in Wales, with population of nearly 140,000, and was only granted city status in 2001. It lies on the northern shore of the Bristol Channel at the mouth of the river Usk in South East Wales, about 23 miles north-east of Cardiff.

Until 1974, Newport formed the county borough of Newport in the county of Monmouthshire (which in many instances was considered part of England and not Wales). From 1974 until 1996, it was part of the district of Newport in the new county of Gwent. In 1996, Gwent was abolished as an administrative county, and the whole district became the county borough of Newport - a unitary authority (within the ceremonial, or preserved, county of Gwent).

Newport Jewish Community

The Newport Jewish community dates back to at least the 1850s, when a Jewish congregation (not necessarily the first) was established and a burial plot acquired. The Jewish community reached its zenith between the two World Wars, after which numbers began to decline, until the closure of the synagogue in about 2006.

Congregation Data

Name:

Newport Synagogue

Address:

45 St. Marks Crescent, Risca Road, Newport NP20 4HY, which was the ohel at the Jewish cemetery, in use from about 1999 until 2006

Former Addresses:

3 Queens Hill Crescent, Newport NP9 5HH until about 1999.

Francis Street, Newport, (with minister's house), from 22 March 1871.

Llanarth Street, 1 January 1865 to 1871.

Current Status:

Closed about 2006

Date Founded:

A united congregation was formed in January 1865, following the ending of a split in the community. The first purpose-built synagogue (Francis Street) opened in 1871.

Predecessor Congregation(s):

A predecessor congregations had been formed in 1859 and referred to itself as the New Synagogue. It also acquired land for the purposes of a Jewish burial ground. It is uncertain whether the split in the community (healed in 1865) actually resulted in rival congregations.

Ritual:

Ashkenazi Orthodox

Marriage Certification:

Worship Number: 55345;
Registration District: Newport.

Membership:

1869  -  15 seatholders (Board of Deputies Returns)

1880  -  33 seatholders (Board of Deputies Returns)

1890  -  29 seatholders (Board of Deputies Returns)

1900  -  15 seatholders (Board of Deputies Returns)

 

On-line Articles relating to the Newport Jewish Community

on JCR-UK

 

Other Newport Jewish Institutions

Other Jewish institutions that exist in the Newport include the following:

  • Hebrew & Religious Classes

  • Jewish Board of Guardians

  • Branch of Orphan Aid Society

  • Jewish Literary and Social Institute

 

Newport Jewish Cemetery Information

Newport had its own Jewish cemetery, which is still in use:

  • Newport Jewish Burial Ground, Risca Road, Sowe Hill, Newport, NP20.  Acquire 1859, first burial 1861, cemetery extended 1946.

(For additional information, see also IAJGS International Jewish Cemeteries Project - Newport)

 

Newport Jewish Population Data

1934

250

(The Jewish Year Book 1935)

1945

180

(The Jewish Year Book 1946)

1990

110

(The Jewish Year Book 1991)

2003

39

(The Jewish Year Book 2004)

 

Jewish Congregations in the former county of Monmouthshire

Jewish Congregations in Wales, listed according to current unitary authorities

Jewish Communities & Congregations in Wales home page

 

 

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