Kutno and Surroundings Book
(Kutno, Poland)

52°14' / 19°22'

Translation of
Kutno ve-ha-seviva

Editor: D. Shtokfish

Published in Tel Aviv, 1968, Former Residents of Kutno
and Surroundings in Israel and the Diaspora

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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Jewish Kutno Group

 

Our sincere appreciation to Mr. Chaim Menachem Elberg, of the Former Residents of Kutno
and Surroundings in Israel and the Diaspora for permission to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Kutno ve-ha-seviva (Kutno and surroundings book),
Editor: D. Shtokfish, Tel Aviv, 1968, Former Residents of Kutno and Surroundings in Israel and the Diaspora (H,Y, 591 pages)

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Kutno


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Translated by the Jewish Kutno Group

Note: the original version (Hebrew/Yiddish), French and Spanish versions
are available at the Jewish Kutno Group site http://jewish.kutno.free.fr/

 

Foreword (H) Yehoshua ELBAUM, Givataym 5
Foreword (Y) Yehoshua ELBAUM, Givataym 7
 
I - From the early and near past
 
The story of the Jewish community in Kutno (H) Yeshayahu TRUNK, New York 11
The story of the Jewish community in Kutno (Y) Yeshayahu TRUNK, New York 29
The Kutno Chevra Kadisha at the beginning of the 19th century (Y) Lipman TZOMBER 54
 
II - Daily life, memories, and events
 
Kutno (H) Sh. BABE, Tel Aviv 59
Kutno (Y) Sh. BABE, Tel Aviv 61
I came to Kutno (H) R' Jonah Baruch KAC z”l 65
Lottery in 1915, to benefit “Talmud Torah” in Kutno (H) Aharon Shlomo ELBERG 67
Kutno during the First World War (Y) Mirel ERDBERG-SHOTAN, Montreal 72
Sixty years ago (Y) Moshe VEINGART, Herzlya 78
Culture and philanthropy (Y) Jakob FERNBACH, Naharya 79
1905 and later (Y) Azriel SHIMONOWITZ, Givataym 80
Greetings From Shalom ASZ's Town (Y) Y. S. NAYMAN 82
Kutno's poor people (Y) Henoch SHLEIFER, Paris 84
Kutno Fire-Fighters (Y) Abraham LUSTIGMAN, Holon 85
Years of seeking, wrangling and dreams (Y) Ruben MROZ, Kibbutz Lochamei Ha'Getaot 86
The old market (Y) Y. ELBAUM, A. VEIKSELFISH, Z. LASMAN 88
The old market (H) Y. ELBAUM, A. VEIKSELFISH, Z. LASMAN 92
Our Town Before Its Destruction (Y) Dwora KRAUT-KOHN, México 97
 
III - Institutes, political parties, organizations, and companies
 
Memories and articles of a community leader (H) Aharon Shlomo ELBERG 101
Interview with president of the Community of Kutno, H. Sh. FALTZ (Y) S. R. 110
The last meeting of the Kutno Jewish community council (H) Natan MOSHKOWITZ, Herzlya 111
The last meeting of the Kutno Jewish community council (Y) Natan MOSHKOWITZ, Herzlya 112
Yiddish-Polish relationships in Kutno 40 years ago (Y) David SHTOKFISH, Ramat Gan 115
Associative life, Jewish community, municipality (Y) Aharon MENDLEWITZ z”l, Tel Aviv 131
The heavenly Kutno (Y) R' Mordechai Yehuda LOBART, New York 136
Religious life in our town (H) Meir HOREIN (BECHLER), Haifa 140
The Cheder Yesudei-Torah (Y) Gershon FOGEL, New York 143
The small Gerrer Shtibl (Y) Abraham LUSTIGMAN, Tel Aviv 146
Agudat Israel in Kutno (H) Arieh ORNER, Haifa 148
The Zionism in Kutno; activities and personalities (H) Yehuda GRINBAUM 149
The Beginning of Zionist Youth' activity (Y) Azriel SHIMONOWITZ, Givataym 154
Zionist activity in Kutno (H) Azriel SHIMONOWITZ, Givataym 156
The Young Mizrachi Movement (H) Icchak MAJRANC, Rehovot 158
Zionist Activity in Our Town (H) Jakob KLINGBAJL, Holon 159
The beginning of Beitar (Y) A. GOLDSHTEIN, Tel Aviv 160
From “Ha'Shakhar” branch in Kutno, to “Beitar” (H) A. VEIKSELFISH, Tel Aviv 161
On Beitar activity in Kutno (Y) Moshe VIGDOROWITZ, Tel Aviv 166
Organisation “Brith Trumpeldor” in Kutno (Y) Yaakov ZEIDENWAR, Tel Aviv 169
The “Ha'Shomer Ha'tzair” party cell in our town (H) Jehudit RIFTIN, Ein Shemer 171
Our eyes are lifted towards Israel (H) Ita AYLON, Kibbutz Ilon 172
A glorious page in the history of Kutno's Jewish youth (H) Naftali KRUL, Beit Alfa 173
Memories of the Ha'Shomer Ha'tzair's cell (H) Simcha FRUMER 175
The General Zionist Pioneer and the Zionist Youth Movements (H)   177
The foundation of the “Young Zionists” and other memories (Y) David MENSHES, Tel Aviv 178
The youth movement of “Poalei Zion” party (H) Eliahu KLINGBEIL, Beer Sheva 183
Yiddish Workers' Party “Poalei Zion” and Youth Party (Y) Henoch SHLEIFER, Paris 185
Youth memories from Youth Party (Y) Yehoshua ELBAUM, Givataym 190
Memoirs of a Bundist (Y) H. CHABUS, Paris 195
The Bund and its Institutions (Y) Natan MOSHKOWITZ, Herzlya 196
My childhood in “Skif” (youth movement) Pola MANTSHUK-GOLBERG, Montreal 198
The Dramatic Circle “Yab” (Y) Chaim BEN-MENSHE, Holon 199
The Communist Party and Its Members (Y) Chaim GRINBAUM, Holon 201
Events and characters of the Communist Party (Y) Yoseph KAM, Lyon 206
Ten years in the Society of Friends of YIVO (Y) Yeshayahu TAUB, Melbourne 207
Our school “Am Ha'Sefer” (H) Nysen VELTZMAN, Haifa 209
The school, charity hostel and merchants' union (H) Efraim VEIKSELFISH, Tel Aviv 211
The sport and gymnastics organization in Kutno (H) Abraham KOLSKI, Haifa 215
The first Jewish Sports Club in Kutno (Y) Menachem KOHN, Besançon (France) 216
Jewish Sports Club in Kutno (Y) Wolf MANTZIK, Karkur 217
The Morning Star and its printers (Y) Chaim GRINBAUM, Holon 223
Jewish Socialist Sports Organisation “Morning Star” (Y) Yosel GOLDBERG, Montreal (Canada) 226
Documents, photos and newspapers - Jewish organisations' life (Y)   227
 
IV - Personalities and characters, fighters, communal and party workers
 
In Kutno and outside
The Gaon R' Y. Trunk of Kutno (H) R' A. Y. BROMBERG 236
The visit of the Genius rabbi from Kutno in Jerusalem (H) Pinchas BEN-ZVI GREIBSKI 239
65 years of the passing of R' Joshele, “Gaon of Kutno” (H) Aharon Shlomo ELBERG 240
A collection of memories about R' Joshele KUTNER (Y) M. J. SZATAN 241
R' Icchak Jehuda TRUNK (Y) Yeshayahu TRUNK, New York 243
ASCH Shalom (H) Shmuel NEIGER 247
Shalom ASCH (Y) I K.-SH. 249
Literary eternity and Shalom ASCH (Y) Melech RAWITZ 252
Shalom ASCH in his twilight years (H) Mordechai CHALMISH, Tel Aviv 253
At the funeral of Shalom ASCH' mother in Kutno (Y) Y. Sh. GOLDSHTEIN 255
Shalom ASCH and Motke (H) Zvi ASCH 257
The shtetl of Shalom ASCH and its heroes (H) Abraham LUSTIGMAN, Tel Aviv 257
Shalom ASCH' heroes (Y) Abraham LUSTIGMAN, Tel Aviv 258
House of Szalom ASZ in Bat Yam (Y) Ytzchak TURKOW 259
Kutno Rabbis, sages and writers (H) Aharon Shlomo ELBERG, son of Zev Zvi z”l 259
R' Yonathan MAYRANTZ (H) Ytzchak MAYRANTZ 265
Yehuda RIFTIN z”l (H,Y) Moshe MAYZELS, A. MENDLEWITZ 266
In memory of Abraham RIFTIN (H) Yaakov RIFTIN, Ein Shemer 266
The FALTZ Family (H) Y. ELBAUM 267
R' Abraham BORNSHTEIN (H) Aleksander ANKER 268
Yechiel Yeshayahu TRUNK (Y) Chaim Lajb FUKS 268
Israel Yehoshua TRUNK (Y) Chaim Lajb FUKS 270
Yeshayahu TRUNK (Y) Chaim Lajb FUKS 271
Israel TRUNK (Y) Israel GOLDKORN, Tel Aviv 271
Lipman COMBER (Y) Prof. Rafael MAHLER 273
Baynish ZYLBERSHTEIN (Y) Marek RAKOVSKI 273
Jakob OSOWSKI and his family (H) Ruth HOLANDER-OSOWSKI 273
Thea ARTZISHEWSKA, the actress and writer (Y) Henoch SHLEIFER, Paris 274
About our spiritual figures (Y) Natan MOSHKOWITZ, Herzlya 275
Some (talmudic) learners and activists (Y) Arieh ORNER, Haifa 277
Our Chazanim (Y) Moshe VIGDOROWITZ, Tel Aviv 278
Chaim TIBER (Y) Yosef SANDLER 279
From Kutno to Moscow (Y) Chaim GRINBAUM, Holon 281
The painter Shimon AVNI (Y)   281
Kutner figures (Y) Yaakov FERNBACH, Naharyah 282
R' Yitzhak (Itshe) Meir SHPIRO (the ritual slaughterer) (H) Daniel Leib SHPIRO 283
Chaim VALTER hy”d and Mindel z”l (H) Abraham and Israel VALTER, Ramat Gan 285
The “Litvak of Kutno” (Y) Rivka GWIRCMAN 286
Our House (H, Y) A. VEIKSELFISH, Tel Aviv 287
David KALMAN, z”l (Y) Abraham MENDLEWITZ 290
Meir and Anna BOZHIKOVSKI (Y)   290
Yehuda (Juliusz) LIPSKI (Y)   290
My father, of blessed memory, Avigdor GROMAN (Y) Ester VOLFSKAL-GROMAN 291
Laybel PANKER (Y)   291
Noah GURKER (Y) Abraham LUSTIGMAN, Holon 292
The Public Health Sanitary Worker Mosze Lajb ZAK (Y) Abraham LUSTIGMAN, Holon 292
The Righteous Villager (Y) Abraham LUSTIGMAN, Holon 293
Mendel RACK (Y) Abraham LUSTIGMAN, Holon 293
In the KUTSHINSKIs' home (Y) Bracha Tzipora LAMSKI BILD 293
In memory of a Jewish Family (Y) Jadzia GRABINSKY, México 294
R' Aharon LAMSKI (H)   295
Our Parents Yaakov Israel and Roza YAVETZ (H) Riwka FISHER (YAVETZ), Leah YAVETZ 295
David KLETSHEVSKI z”l (H) Ytzchak KLETSHEVSKI 295
Abraham Menashe KATZ (Y) Henoch H. HOFMAN, Paris 295
R' David LUSTMAN and his family (H) Kalman LUSTMAN 296
My Grandfather David KOLSKI (H) His grandsons Yehoshua, Menachem & Abraham 296
Hirsh-Meir and Chana RAK (H) Their sons 297
Chaim Noach BAGNO z”l (H) Sara BAGNO-FEINER 297
Josele the GOLDSMITH and his family (Y) Ester KORN-NATAN 298
Icchak Majer and Zyse Frajde SZPIRO (Y) Masze SZPIRO-ZHURAWSKI 299
The GORSHKOWITZ family (Y) Azriel SHIMONOWITZ 299
My family (H) Moshe MAYZELS, Tibaon 299
 
The people of Kutno in the building and the wars of Eretz Israel
The original ones and those that followed them (H)   300
A benefactor of true kindness (H) VELTZMAN family 302
Issachar Dov BAR-DRORA (FRAYER) (H) David TIDHAR 303
Dr Abraham GLIKSMAN (Y)   304
Dr Jehuda M. BROMBERG-BABLI (H)   304
Eliahu Eliezer Mordechai ELBERG (H) David TIDHAR 305
Azriel Josef ELBERG (H) David TIDHAR 305
N. TIGER, his ways and life (H) N. MOSHKOWITZ, A. BERDITSHEVSKI, Y. RIFTIN 305
The RAUER family (Y)   307
Shmuel Ha'Levi LAZNOVSKI (H) David TIDHAR 307
Yaakov SHWARTZ (H) Efraim DEKEL 309
 
Independence War
Chaim FUKS (H)   311
Chaim FISH (H)   311
Zvi SHPIRA (H)   311
David METAL (PELED) (H) Zvi NAJMAN, M. CHOVEV 312
Moshe PLOTZER (H)   313
Eliahu (Alex) SZARECKI (H)   313
Abraham SHIMONOWITZ z”l (H)   314
Arieh GRINBAUM (H) Yechezkel, Ch., M. TABENKIN 314
Sagan PNUEL (Nachman FALTZ) (H) Yechiel KADISHAY 315
Efraim FIRSTENBERG z”l (H) Y. K. 316
Eli ELIAV z”l (H) Y. K. and Mother 316
 
Six-Day War
Captain Yoram (ZANDBERG) HARPEZ z”l (H) Chaya LAZER 317
 
V - The Shoah and the Struggle
 
Kutno, my hometown (Y) Mirel ERDBERG-SHOTAN 321
Yitgadal v'Yitkadash (H) Shalom ASCH 322
Kutno in E. RINGELBLUM's “News from Warsaw Ghetto” (Y)   326
Kutno and surroundings during the Years of Occupation (Y)   327
Poles tell about the Kutno Ghetto (Y)   328
The decline of Jewish Kutno (H) Yeshayahu TRUNK, New York 331
The decline of Jewish Kutno (Y) Yeshayahu TRUNK, New York 340
On the beginning of Second World War (Y) Zvi LASMAN, Givataym 354
Kutno in the days of war (Y) Wolf MANTZIK, Karkur 355
A terrible day (Y) Natan KLAR, Tel Aviv 357
Six Days in Leczyca camp (Y) Yosef GOLDBERG, Montreal 358
The escape before death (H) Arieh WEISBROT, Haifa 360
Five years of life in hell (Y) Lozer JAKUBOWITZ, USA 362
In Ghettos and in camps (Y) Abraham LIFSHITZ, Ohio, USA 364
My experience in the camps (Y) Berel BALZAMOWITZ, Montreal, Canada 365
In Konstancja, Gabin, Plock, Szczegow (Y) Lutzia STUTZINSKA 366
In Kutno Ghetto (Y) Pinchas OSOWSKI 370
Two letters from Kutno ghetto (Y) Bela WALTZER 373
Two songs from ghetto Konstancja (Y) Tamar KOWALSKA, Tel Aviv 375
The Shoah era in France (Y) Bernard HOFMAN, Paris 376
The Chelmno death camp (H)   381
 
On the Battlefront and in Anti-Nazi Underground
Kutners in the Second World War (H) Efraim VEIKSELFISH, Tel Aviv 384
The last battle of the Kutno Jewish soldiers (Y) Zyskind BIBERGAL, New York 386
Soldiers on the front, partisans, underground fighters (Y) Yehuda SZTAJN, Ch. H. HOFFMAN, Paris 388
Bernard PONS helps capture a German Division (Y) H. BAUM 389
The big wandering (Y) Moshe Pinchas SHAPIRA, London 390
Monte Casino (Y) Anshel FRAYND, London 393
The revenge (H) Shmuel LARON (FALTZ), Tel Aviv 394
The revenge (Y) Shmuel LARON (FALTZ), Tel Aviv 395
The Ghetto Members Israel and Sala KANAL (Y)   396
List of permanent members of the Jewish Kutner Committee (1945) (Y)   398
 
VI - After the liberation
 
Kutno after liberation (H) Zvi LASMAN, Givataym 401
Kutno in 1945 (Y) Efraim VEIKSELFISH, Tel Aviv 402
In liberated Kutno (H) Efraim VEIKSELFISH, Tel Aviv 405
Kutno without Jews (Y) A. SHEDLETZKI 407
In my Kutno, after the destruction (Y) Moshe PIETRKOWSKI, Brazil 408
In my hometown (Y) Yeshayahu TRUNK, New York 419
 
VII - Surrounding towns: Leczyca, Krosniewice, Dabrowice
 
History of the city (Y)   425
To the history of Leczyca (Y) Rabbi Ytzchak Yedidya FRENKEL, Tel Aviv 426
Memories of the old life (Y) Shimshon LUSNER 432
Our Shtetl Leczyca (Y) Sh. ROGERS, Melbourne 436
The sports-club “Ha'Koach” in Leczyca (Y) Zalman BORNSHTEIN, Melbourne, Australia 438
How the Jews of Leczyca perished (Y) Moshe SHERPINSKI, David WACHTEL z”l 439
The death of the Jews of Leczyca (Y) Abraham WISHEGRODSKI, Australia 440
The ten Jews who were hanged (Y) Zalman BORNSHTEIN, Melbourne, Australia 441
Leczycers in France (Y) Dawid WACHTEL z”l, Paris 443
Leczycers in Australia (Y) Shlomo ROGOZYNSKI (ROGERS), Melbourne 443
My shtetl Krosniewice (Y) Chananael HOFMAN, Toulouse (France) 445
Childhood memories from Krosniewice (Y) Rafael Hersz PATZANOWSKI, Manchester 450
Dabrowice near Kutno (Y) Chenoch Henech HOFMAN, Paris 452
The bestial assassination of the Rabbi of Dabrowice zts”l (Y) Bernard HOFMAN, Paris 460
 
VIII - People of Kutno and around in Israel and in Diaspora
 
Report on the organization's activities in Israel (H) Secretariat 465
Report on the activities of the Association of Former Residents of Kutno in Israel (Y) Secretariat 467
Szalom ASZ near his compatriots in Israel (Y) Abraham LUSTIGMAN, Tel Aviv 472
Kutners in the USA (Y)   474
Kutners in France (Y) Chenoch SHLAYFER, Paris 475
Kutners in Canada (Y)   482
Kutners in México (Y)   483
Kutners' greetings from Soviet Russia (Y) Jakob OSOWSKI 487
A letter from Moscow (Y) Lifshe Chana OSOWSKI, Moscow 492
Kutner survivors in Germany (1945-1947) (Y)   493
 
IX - Eternal Pages
 
List of martyrs   496
Mourning notices in Israel   522
In France and Belgium   562
In England   576
In Australia   577
In the USA   578
Canada   584
México   585
 
Photographs from book
Name Index


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