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[Page 460]

Photographs of Our Martyrs (cont.)

Translated by Howard I. Schwartz, PhD

©

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The group, HaTikvah (“The Hope”) [a group of] “Hashomer Hatzair” in Mlynov[1]

 

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Members of [Zionist Youth Group] HeHalutz [“The Pioneer”], Mlynov

[Page 461]

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[original caption is confused][2] Shlomo Schechman [first from left],[3] Yidel Liberman, z”l [third from left],[4] Avraham Goldseker [standing second from right],[5] Avraham Goldseker [=Chuna Goldsker,[6] seated front], and to be distinguished for a long life, Pinchas Klaper[7] [first from right] and Pesach Mandelkern [second from left][8]
Original courtesy of Irene Fishman and Audrey Goldseker Polt

 

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Graduation of Grade 7 in the government school (1938). May he be distinguished for a long life the teacher Barshtchovko Alexander (in the middle above)

[Page 462]

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Hannah [Schuchman] Golisuk, Gershon's [daughter],[9] her son Shmuel and daughter Tzvia, z”l
 
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Rivitz Pesia z”l[10]
(daughter of Aizik Wolf from Shalbia)
  Sherman Moshe,
his wife Etel [Golisuk] z”l
[11]

[Page 463]

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Pesich Golisuk z”l   Yosel Golisuk z”l   Motia Golisuk z”l

 

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Bunia [Steinberg] Upstein and her
mother [Hanah (Lerner) Steinberg]
  Mendel and Faiga Upstein [Steinberg][12]   Moshe and Zalman Zider and their families, z”l[13]

 

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Mly463h.jpg
Fania Grinberg[14] [right] and Batia Holzeker[15]   Goldreich family (from the refugees of Turka)[16]

 

Editor's footnotes:
  1. Four persons have been identified in this photo: Rachel (Shapovnik) Givol, standing left, also appears in the photo on page 8 from 1933. Her son's photo appears among those who fell defending Israel with (p. 455) notes about the family. Rosa Berger appears first row right. Two of the boys in this photo appear again in the photo of the six young men (on the next page 461). Chuna Goldseker (son of Shimon Goldseker) stands 3rd from the right. Pesach Mandelkern stands in the back center. Some of the same individuals appear in the 1927 photo of the Youth Group on page 71. See subsequent notes for more detail. Return
  2. The caption on this photo is confusing and misleading. The names are listed here in English in the order they appear in the Hebrew suggesting the order is right to left. However, the names don't match the names of the same boys who appear older in the photo on page 227. A comparison of the two photos and captions is reproduced below for convenience. Confirmation from several descendants helped to clarify identities, thanks for Morris Schechman, Orit Nahmias (Mandelkern descendant) and Audrey Goldseker Polt.

    Mly461c.jpg Return

  3. Shlomo Schechman (1910–1969) son of Noach Moshe Schechman/Schuchman and Faiga Beshe (“Batya”) Wolk. Noach Moshe was the brother of Joseph Schuchman from Mlynov who migrated to Baltimore. Noach Moshe and Faiga Beshe had five children, who had families themselves, including Shlomo's siblings: Aharon Shmuel, Yitzhak, Shimon and Bentzion. Shiman Schechman is recalled briefly in Aaron Harari's recollections from his visit back to Mlynov in 1937–1938. Shlomo Schechman, pictured here, on the left of the photo, was the only offspring of the family to survive the Shoah. He fought with the partisans, was shot several times in the back and side and lost a toe and finger.
    After the war, he met and married Liza Zabirowicz (1920-2007) in Lutzk and they had two sons, Morris, who was born in 1945 in a train on the way to the displaced persons camp of Fφhrenwald and Rueben who was born in 1952. The family eventually connected with family of Shlomo's mother in Waterbury, Connecticut. After moving there and feeling isolated, the family later moved to Baltimore where Shlomo's paternal uncle Joseph Schuchman and family had settled before the war. Return
  4. It seems likely that the Yidel Liberman in these photos may be the one known from the martyr list as son of Mordechai Lieberman and his wife Bracha. Yad Vashem records submitted by Yosef (Teitelman) Tomer, son of Rachel (Gruber) and Nachum Teitelman, refer to him as Aidel (Idl /Yehuda) and identifies Yidel's mother Bracha as born to the Gruber family and a sister of Yosef's mother, Rachel (Gruber) Teitelman. This entire Liberman family perished including Yidel's siblings: Asher, Rivka, Miriam and Chaya. The fate of Yidel Liberman is mentioned in the essay by Yehudit (Mandelkern) Rudolf, p. 88, indicating Yidel was accidentally included in a German sweep of 10-15 individuals suspected of being active in Polish political parties, which took place, a month to six weeks after the occupation in June 1942. There is another photo of an “Aidel Liberman,” first name spelled with an aleph, who appears on page 280, who may be the same boy here grown to a young man in 1938. Return
  5. There were quite a few Avraham Goldsekers (Holtzekers), great-grandsons named after the patriarch of the family. The patriarch Avraham had five sons (Hirsch, Moishe, Yankel, Shimon, Yoel) and four of them had at least one grandson (and sometimes two) named after the patriarch. It is unknown which Avraham this is, though it might be a good guess that it is the Avraham in the martyr list who is listed as still alive in Israel, explaining why he has no z”l following his name in this caption. That Avraham was grandson of Yankev (Yankev-->Moishe, his son--> Avraham, his son). This Avraham was the brother of the contributor to this volume, Yankev/Yaakov Goldseker. Yankev had a second grandson named Avraham as well (Yankev-->Yehoshua, his son-->Avraham, his son).
    The other Avraham Goldsekers included a grandson of Hirsch Goldseker (Hirsch-->Yitzhak, his son-->Avraham his son), a grandson of Yoel Goldseker (Yoel-->Pinchas, his son-->Avraham, his son), a grandson of Moishe (Moishe--> Yaakov/Yankel, his son -->Avraham, his son). Return
  6. Seated first on the right is Chuna Goldseker, not Avraham Goldseker, according to a handwritten note on this original photo that came from Irene Siegel, daughter of Eta (Goldseker) Fishman in Baltimore. Chuna followed other Mlynov boys to Buenos Aires in 1929 where he married, settled and had children. Return
  7. Pinhas Klaper was presumably from the Klaper (or Klapir) family listed among the Mlynov martyrs (p. 438) and in Yad Vashem records. The father, Bentzion Klaper, married a woman named Tsherna or Charna [surname unknown] (1880–1942), daughter of Shmuel and Liba. They and their following children and their families perished: Avraham (1900–1942) a merchant, Reuven (1908–1942) a blacksmith, Mendel (1904–1942) a blacksmith, Chaia (1907–1942), Hana (1911–1942) a seamstress and Zwi (1912–1942). Avraham, Reuven and Mendel were married. Return
  8. Pesach Mandelkern (1911–1987) was one of seven children of Avraham Mandelkern and Rivkah (Nudler) (see the list of martyrs on p. 436). Two of his sisters, Faiga / Fania (Mandelkern) Burnstein (1917-?), and Yehudit (Mandelkern) Rudolf (later Rom) (1930–2005) contributed their collective memories of the German occupation and survival in an essay in this volume (pages 287–299). Pesach, Eliyahu (1921–2009) and Gedaliah (1915–2005) made it to Israel at some point. The parents and two of the siblings, Moishe (1913–1943) and Rosa (also called Shoshana) (1927–1943) perished. Return
  9. Hannah Golisuk was daughter of Gershon and Shaindel Bluma Schuchman. She was widowed. She had seven children, five of whom appear in photos to follow. In addition to those whose photos appear here, there was also a child named Buka in the list of martyrs. Hannah's daughter, Etel, pictured below, married Moshe Sherman. Their son Yechiel survived in the Russian army and is a contributor to this volume. Their son, Ezra Sherman, was visiting his grandmother, Hannah, in Mlynov in 1942 when the ghetto was erected. You can listen to Ezra describe his escape from the ghetto and survival wandering alone as a young boy in the countryside. Return
  10. What we know of this family comes from Yad Vashem records submitted by Bat Sheva (Ribitz) Ben Eliyahu, who is author of the dirge that appears on pages 263–265 of this volume and who was a cousin of the family. Pesia Rivitz (alternative spellings: Riwic and Ribitz) (~1928–1942) was born in Luck, the daughter of Aisik (also Yitzhak) Wolf and Sarah Rivitz. Before the War, the family was involved in agriculture and living in a village outside of Luck, perhaps the unidentified “Shelbia” mentioned in the caption. During the War, they were in Mlynov where they perished. Pesia had a brother Mordechai. It seems very plausible this family was related to Ida and David Rivitz from Mlynov who were children of Mordechai Rivitz. Both David and Ida married and migrated to Baltimore. Ida married Getzel Fax, both becoming the pioneers to the US and David married Pesia Demb and they became David and Bessie Hurwitz in Baltimore. Return
  11. Etel Golisuk is the daughter of Hannah (Schuchman) Golisuk who appears in the above photo. Etel married Moshe Sherman and they are the parents of survivors Ezra Sherman and Yechiel Sherman, the latter a contributor to this volume. Etel died prematurely from an injury sustained in a fall she had taken before the Russian occupation. Return
  12. The caption on this photo is incorrect. The surname of Mendel and Faiga was Steinberg, not Upstein. Mendel Steinberg is a contributor to this volume, p. 358. They were siblings of survivor Bunia (Steinberg), who appears in the adjoining photo and who later married Yitzhak Upstein from Mervits. Faiga Steinberg married Falek Shtival and moved to Varkovychi where she, her husband and two children were murdered. Bunia, Mendel and their brother Getzel survived the Shoah. Getzel and Mendel also appear in later family photos below on page 505. The other Steinberg siblings, Chanan, Tsvi Herschel, and Eliaykim (Yukal) perished. Return
  13. According to the martyr list, Moshe Zider was living in Mervits and was married to Frida. Zalman Zider (see also photo p. 475) was from Mlynov and married to Zelda. One of the sons, Zelig, was part of the Jewish police set up after the German occupation and was involved with other young people in trying to organize a resistance, as told in the account by Yehudit (Mandelkern) Rudolf, “Life Under the Occupying German Government,” pp. 288-290. Return
  14. Perhaps the woman in Yad Vashem records called Faiga Rakhel Grinberg (nee Ingerman) (1878–1942) who was born in Mlynov and who married David Moshe Grinberg and lived in Demydivka during the War. Return
  15. It is not known which of the several Batia Holtzekers is in the photo: Batia, daughter of Yaakov (and Ratzia), Batia daughter of Yaakov Holtzeker, son of Hersch, 3) Batia, daughter of Moshe son of Yoel. Return
  16. On the refugees from Turka, see the essay in this volume by Frida Kuperberg “Murder of the Sokoliki Refugees,” pp. 384-386. Return

 

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