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[Pages 388-403]

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Glossary

Ahnenerbe - Literally, “Ancestral Heritage”. Institution for the study of the cultural history and archeology of the Aryan race.

Aktion Erntefest - Operation Harvest Festival. Mass shooting of Jews at Majdanek and other camps in November 1943.

Aktion Reinhard - code name for the extermination of the Jews of Poland and other countries and the theft of their belongings.

Aktion R - code name for the activities of former Aktion Reinhard personnel in Northern Italy following the closure of the Polish extermination camps they had been operating.

Anschluss - the enforced annexation of Austria by Germany in March 1938.

Einsatzgruppe (Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD) - Death squads, responsible for the murder of millions of Jews and others in Eastern Europe. Divided into smaller units, Einsatzkommandos or Sonderkommandos.

Freikorps - Extremist right-wing paramilitary groups active at the time of the Weimar Republic.

14f13 - Extension of the “euthanasia” programme to concentration camp prisoners.

Gekrat (Gemeinnützige Krankentransport GmbH) - Organisation responsible for transporting “euthanasia” victims to the killing centres.

Generalgouvernement - that portion of German occupied Poland not incorporated into the Reich.

Gestapo - (Geheime Staatspolizei) - Secret State Police.

Gutachter - Supposed medical experts who determined the fate of individuals based upon a completed Meldebogen.

Judenrat - Jewish Council.

KdF (Kanzlei des Führers der NSDAP) - Chancellery of the Führer of the Nazi party. Agency principally dedicated to handling Adolf Hitler's personal affairs. T4 operated under the umbrella of the KdF.

Kripo (Kriminalpolizei) - Criminal Police.

KTI (Kriminaltechnisches Institut der Sicherheitspolizei) - Technical Institute for the Detection of Crime.

KZ (Konzentrationslager) - Concentration Camp.

Lebensborn - Literally “Fount of Life”. Organisation established with the goal of producing racially approved children.

Luminal - phenobarbitone, a barbiturate drug.

Machtergreifung - the 1933 Nazi seizure of power.

Meldebogen - Questionnaires to be completed in respect of all hospital patients potentially targeted for “euthanasia”.

NSDAP (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) - The National Socialist German Workers Party, usually abbreviated to “Nazi”.

Organisation Todt - Entity primarily responsible for civil and military engineering projects,

RAG (Reichsarbeitsgemeinschaft Heil- und Pflegeanstalten”) - Organisation for registering inmates of mental homes.

RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt) - Reich Security Main Office. Organisation created in 1939 by Heinrich Himmler for overall responsibility in connection with all policing and security matters.

SA (Sturmabteilung) - Storm Troop. The paramilitary wing of the Nazi party.

SD (Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS) - Security Service of the SS.

SiPo (Sicherheitspolizei) - Security Police. A combination of the Gestapo and the Kripo.

Sonderbehandlung - Special treatment. A Nazi euphemism for murder.

SS (Schutzstaffel) - Protection Detachment. Initially a small guard unit, later to grow under Heinrich Himmler to one of the largest Nazi organisations, responsible for countless continent-wide atrocities.

Stiftung (Gemeinnützige Stiftung für Anstaltspflege) - the organizational arm of T4, responsible for choosing sites, installing extermination facilities therein, selecting personnel, and dealing with economic affairs.

T4 - Tiergartenstrasse 4. Abbreviation of the Berlin address of the organisations responsible for administering the “euthanasia” programme and certain extermination centres.

Volk,Völkisch - literally “folk, folksy”, but in Nazi terminology meaning members of a race or tribe, specifically people whose bloodline was German.

Warthegau - Former Polish territory annexed to Germany in 1939.

WVHA (Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt) - SS Main Economic and Administrative Department, responsible for the business and economic affairs of the SS, including the staffing and organization of concentration camps.

ZVST (Zentralverrechnungsstelle Heil- und Pflegeanstalten) - Central Clearing Office for major financial matters, including the financing of T4.

Veronal - phenobarbitone, a barbiturate drug.

 

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