Resurrection and Destruction in Ghetto Czestochowa
(Częstochowa, Poland)

5048' / 1907'

Translation of
Viderstand un Umkum in Czenstochower Ghetto


Edited by: L. Brener

Published: Poland before 1952



Project Coordinator and Translator

Gloria Berkenstat Freund


This is a translation from: Viderstand un Umkum in Czenstochower Ghetto (Resurrection and Destruction in Ghetto Czestochowa),
edited by L. Brener, published in Poland before 1952 by The Jewish Historical Institute of Poland, 177 pages (Y)

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The First Tortures 5
The Judenrat and Its Authority 11
The Ghetto 20
Forced Labor25
Jews Would Escape from the Collection Point 32
The Jewish Police 35
The Economic Situation of the Jews in the Ghetto 39
Special Help 43
Cultural Activity 51
The Underground Movement in the Ghetto 58
Demographic Relationships 65
On the Eve of Liquidation 70
The Large Liquidation 76
The Small Ghetto 89
The Resistance Movement in the Small Ghetto 113
In the HASAG Camp 138
Underground Work in HASAG and in the Koniecpoler Forests 157
The Last Days of the Czenstochower HASAG Camps 166
List of Jewish Doctors in Czenstochow Who Perished During the German Occupation 174
Map of Czestochowa  
Names Index  


This work by Liber Brener, Viderstand un Umkum in Czenstochower Ghetto [Resurrection and Destruction in Ghetto Czestochowa], is an expansion and reworking of a diary which the author continued for a long time in the ghetto and in the camp. After the liberation, L. Brener restored his memories and verified and completed them with a series of German, Polish and Yiddish documents as well as testimony from other Jewish survivors of the Czenstochower ghetto. The subjective element, those who themselves lived through it and, as matter of fact, the specific nature of the events places a seal on the book and is the reason that the author does not pretend to have exhaustively [covered everything] and answered every problem that emerged in connection with the events in the large and small Czenstochower ghettos and in the H.A.S.A.G. camp.* As a matter of fact, this book does not pretend to be a thoroughly rigorous scientific study. Therefore, Brener's book presents itself as an important and worthwhile material collection, which will serve as a basis for research and scientific synthesis by the future historian of the ghettos and resistance movement and as a source for creating materials for illuminating those basic problems for which this book does not give a completely clear answer.

*[Translator's note: H.A.S.A.G. is the acronym for a German metal goods manufacturer, Hugo Schneider Metallwarenfabrik Aktiengesellschaft. A H.A.S.A.G. factory was established in the Czenstochower ghetto and “employed” forced labor or prisoners from concentration camps.]

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