the former

Crawcour Synagogue

London E1






Congregation Data


Crawcour Synagogue(i)


18 Fieldgate Street, London E1.(ii) The congregation's premises were in an annexe at the back of a shophouse at what became 18 Fieldgate Street and is today incorporated as part of 101 Greenfield Street.(iii)

Date Formed:

By 1887(iv)

Final Status:

Closed about 1890 - premises acquired by Litvish Chevra Bnai Wilna.(vi)


Ashkenazi Orthodox


One of the 21 original members of the Federation of Synagogues (initially the Federation of Minor Synagogues), formed on 6 November 1887(vii), although it does not appear to have been one of 16 congregations that attended the meeting of 16 October 1887 at which it was agreed to form the Federation.(viii)

Local Government Districts:

Fieldgate Street and Greenfield Street are in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets,(ix) created on 1 April 1965.

Previously, Fieldgate Street, Charlotte Street and Greenfield Street were in the former Metropolitan Borough of Stepney (established 1900) in the former County of London (established 1889).

The streets was also within the former civil parish of Whitechapel (which was in the former County of Middlesex until 1889) and which, from 1856 to 1900, was a constituent of the Whitechapel District.

The civil parish of Whitechapel was abolished in 1927, being absorbed into Stepney Borough parish, which itself was abolished in 1965.

Registration District (BMD):

Tower Hamlets(x) - Register Office website


The only Federation of Synagogues cemetery at the time was the cemetery at Montague Road, Edmonton, consecrated 1889. See Cemeteries of the Federation of Synagogues.

Notes & Sources ( returns to text above)

  • (i) The congregation was a 'landsmanshaft' for Jews from the city of Kraków, Galicia, which was in the Austro-Hungarian Empire until 1918, and thereafter in Poland.

  • (ii) In the listings of the congregation by V. D. Lipman in his Social History of the Jews in England 1850-1950 (see "Affiliation" below), the congregation appeared without a street number. Fieldgate Street (about one-fifth of a mile long), in London's East End, lies to the south of Whitechapel Road and forks off east from Whitechapel Road to New Road. The eastern half of the street was previously known as Charlotte Street

  • (iii) Survey of London website - History of 101 Greenfield Road. Greenfield Road (formerly Greenfield Street) (some 700 feet long) runs south from Fieldgate Street to Commercial Road (about half-way between Aldgate East Underground Station and New Road) and is parallel to Settles Street (to the east) and Plumber's Row (to the west).

  • (iv) Based upon listing by V. D. Lipman as one of 21 congregations who together formed the Federation of Minor Synagogues in November 1887.

  • (v) Reserved.

  • (vi) Survey of London website - History of 101 Greenfield Road.

  • (vii) Listed by V. D. Lipman in his Social History of the Jews in England 1850-1950, pp 120-121, published 1954.

  • (viii) Listed in G. Alderman's The Federation of Synagogues, 1887-1987, p.20, published 1987.

  • (ix) The London Borough of Tower Hamlets, an Inner London Borough within the Greater London administrative area, was created on 1 April 1965 upon the merger of the Metropolitan Boroughs of Stepney, Bethnal Green and Poplar (all of which had been in the former County of London, established 1889).

  • (x) The former Registration Districts were Stepney, from 1 January 1926 until 1 January 1983, and Whitechapel, from the 1 July 1837 until 1 January 1926. Any registers would now be held by current register office.


Bibliography, On-line Articles and Other Material
relating to this Congregation


on Third Party websites

List of Congregations in the Federation of Synagogues

Street Directory of Synagogues in London East End and City of London

Jewish Congregations of the London East End

Greater London home page

Page created: 7 August 2007
Latest revision or update: 2 December 201

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