the former

"Kovno" Chevra

London E1





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Congregation Data


"Kovno" Chevra(i)


Catherine Wheel Alley, Middlesex Street, London E1.(ii) The congregation's premises consisted of a room above stables.(iii)

Date Formed:


Final Status:

Closed in 1892, when the premises were condemned as non-habitable.(iii)


Ashkenazi Orthodox


One of the 21 original members of the Federation of Synagogues (initially the Federation of Minor Synagogues), formed on 6 November 1887(vi), although it does not appear to have been one of 16 congregations that attended the meeting of 16 October 1887 at which it was agreed to form the Federation.(vii)

Local Government Districts:

Catherine Wheel Alley is in the ward of Bishopsgate Ward Without of the City of London, within the administrative area of Greater London since 1965. Until the abolition in 1908 of civil parishes in the City, it was within the parish of St. Botolph Without Bishopsgate.

Registration District (BMD):

Since 1 July 1837 - City of London - Link to Register Office website


The only Federation of Synagogues cemetery at the time was the cemetery at Montague Road, Edmonton, consecrated 1889. See Cemeteries of the Federation of Synagogues.

Notes & Sources ( returns to text above)

  • (i) The congregation was a 'landsmanshaft' for Jews from the city of Kovno, Lithuania, which was within the Russian Empire (until 1918) and the Soviet Union (1940-1990).

  • (ii) Catherine Wheel Alley is a short narrow street in the City of London, running west from what is now the northern section of Middlesex Street (which forms the border with the London Borough of Tower Hamlets) in the direction of Bishopsgate. Previously, Catherine Wheel Alley ran along the back of, and parallel with, Windsor Street (now a short section of Middlesex Street).

  • (iii) Survey of London website - History of Vine Court Synagogue.

  • (iv) and (v) Reserved.

  • (vi) Listed by V. D. Lipman in his Social History of the Jews in England 1850-1950, pp 120-121, published 1954.

  • (vii) Listed in G. Alderman's The Federation of Synagogues, 1887-1987, p.20, published 1987.


Bibliography, On-line Articles and Other Material
relating to this Congregation


on Third Party websites

List of Congregations in the Federation of Synagogues

Street Directory of Synagogues in London East End and City of London

Jewish Congregations of the City of London

Greater London home page

Page created: 7 August 2007
Page most recently amended: 3 December 2018

Research and formatting by David Shulman

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