JCR-UK

York Jewish Community

and Synagogues

York, North Yorkshire

 

 

 

JCR-UK is a genealogical and historical website. It is not the official website of this community or the congregations named below.

City of York

York, a historic city in Northern England located at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss, has a tragic place in Jewish history, remembered for the massacre of the Jewish community which occurred in 1190.  Its present boundaries date to 1996,  when it became a unitary authority, within the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, and it currently has a population of about 180,000. From 1974 to 1996, the somewhat smaller city of York was a district within the county of North Yorkshire. It is in the traditional county town of Yorkshire and was a county borough not forming part of any of the three Ridings into which Yorkshire was divided until 1974.

York Jewish Community

There was an important Jewish community in York in the medieval period. In modern times, there have been two organised Jewish congregations, the York Hebrew Congregation, whose synagogue closed in 1975 and is now effectively defunct, and the York Liberal Synagogue, formed in 2014.

Data on First Congregation

Name:

York Hebrew Congregation

Address of Former Synagogue:

Aldwark, York

Date Founded:

Religious services were first held in 1892(i), the synagogue being founded in 1893.(ii)

Current Status:

The synagogue closed in about 1975 and the Jewish community ceased to have a formal place of worship. Certain Jewish communal events (communal seder, chanukah party, Friday night suppers, etc.) continued to take place for some years after closure of the synagogue.

Ritual:

The congregation was Ashkenazi Orthodox, although, after closure of the synagogue, it became non-denominational.

Affiliation:

Became affiliated to Leeds United Hebrew Congregation (UHC) solely for the purposes of burial rights.

Membership Data:

1896 - 14 seatholders (Jewish Year Book 1896)
1900 - 23 seatholders (Jewish Year Book 1900-01)

Cemetery Information:

For details of the Leeds UHC Cemetery (including database), see Cemetery Information on Leeds Jewish Community home page.

Notes & Sources ( returns to text above)

 

Data on Second Congregation

Name:

York Liberal Synagogue

Address:

No permanent address, although services usually held at Friergate Quaker House.

Current Status:

Active.

Date Founded:

May 2014

Ritual:

Liberal / Progressive

Affiliation:

A full constituent member of Liberal Judaism since 28 April 2015.

Website:

http://jewsinyork.org.uk

Cemetery Information:

The congregation now has a designated burial section at Fulford Cemetery, Fordlands Road, Fulford, York YO19 4QG, which was consecrated in December 2017.(i)

Notes & Sources ( returns to text above)

  • (i) Jewish Chronicle press report 15 December 2017 - "Liberal gains in York as young congregation starts to develop".

 


Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with York include:

1851 Anglo Jewry Database (updated 2016)

Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in York during the 1800s (1 record), 1820s (1 record), 1830s (1 record), 1840s (7 records), 1850s (11 records) and 1860s (2 records).
 

 

On-line Articles, Bibliography and Other Material
relating to the York Jewish Community

on JCR-UK

 

York Jewish Cemetery Information

There was no modern Jewish cemetery in York until December 2017, when a Liberal Jewish section of the municipal cemetery was consecrated, see above..

There was a medieval Jewish cemetery in York, in the vacinity of Baile Hill, close to Clifford Tower, which is now a car park.

For further information on York's Jewish cemeteries, see IAJGS Cemetery Project - York

 

York Jewish Population/b>

1895

60

(The Jewish Year Book 1896)

1900

60

(The Jewish Year Book 1901)

1934

60

(The Jewish Year Book 1935)

1946

40

(The Jewish Year Book 1947)

1955

20

(The Jewish Year Book 1956)

1965

45

(The Jewish Year Book 1966)

1990

25

(The Jewish Year Book 1991)

2004

191

(T(The Jewish Year Book 2005)

 

List of Liberal Judaism Congregations

Jewish Congregations in North Yorkshire

Jewish Communities of England home page


Page created: 18 April 2003
Latest revision or update: 25 August 2017


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