JCR-UK

Sheffield Jewish Community

Sheffield, South Yorkshire

 

 

 

JCR-UK is a genealogical and historical website covering all Jewish communities and
congregations throughout the British Isles and Gibraltar, both past and present.
NOTE: We are not the official website for this community.

City of Sheffield

The city of Sheffield, which has a population of over  half a million, forms the core of the Metropolitan Borough of Sheffield,  in Northern England. The present boundaries date from 1974, when the metropolitan district of Sheffield was formed within the then new metropolitan county of South Yorkshire.  Sheffield became a unitary authority in 1986 when South Yorkshire lost its administrative status, becoming purely a ceremonial county.  Until 1974, Sheffield was a county borough and part of the West Riding of Yorkshire.

The Sheffield Jewish Community

Jews are known to have settled in Sheffield from at least the 1790s. Although the date generally given for the establishment of a congregation is 1838, it is clear that organised religious services were held from at least the 1820s and a plot for the use of a burial grand was acquired in 1831. (For a discussion on the date of establishment of the Community see Article by K. Lunn).

Jewish Congregations


The following are the Jewish congregations that exist or existed in and around Sheffield:

* An active congregation.

The following are former or alternative names of the above congregations:

    • Brunswick Street Synagogue - see Sheffield Central Hebrew Congregation

    • Campo Lane Synagogue - see Sheffield Central Hebrew Congregation

    • Central Synagogue - see Sheffield Central Hebrew Congregation

    • The Chevra - see Sheffield Central Hebrew Congregation

    • Figtree Lane Synagogue - see Sheffield Hebrew Congregation

    • Great Synagogue - see Sheffield Hebrew Congregation

    • Holly Street Synagogue - see Sheffield Hebrew Congregation

    • Kingfield Synagogue - see United Synagogue - Sheffield

    • North Church Street Synagogue - see Sheffield Hebrew Congregation

    • Sheffield Jewish Congregation and Centre - see United Synagogue - Sheffield

    • Sheffield New Hebrew Congregation - see Sheffield Central Hebrew Congregation

    • United Sheffield Hebrew Congregation - see United Synagogue - Sheffield

    • West Bar Green Synagogue - see Sheffield Central Hebrew Congregation

    • Wilson Road Synagogue (until 1953) - see Sheffield Hebrew Congregation

    • Wilson Road Synagogue (from 1953) - see United Synagogue - Sheffield

 

Search the All-UK Database


The records in the database associated with Sheffield include:

  • Marriage Records 1842 - 1952 (379 records), including:

  • Burials

    • Bowden Street Jewish Cemetery (closed),  1833 - 1874 (8 records);

    • Central Hebrew Congregation Cemetery, Colley Road, Ecclesfield, 1932 - 1953 (170 records);

    • Jewish Community Cemetery (formerly Sheffield UHC), Colley Road, Ecclesfield, 1874 - 1997 (1,390 records);

    • Walkley Jewish Cemetery, 1880 - 1945 (125 records).

  • 1851 Anglo Jewry Database (updated 2016)

    • Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Sheffield during the 1790s (2 records); 1800s (2 records), 1810s (7 records); 1820s (17 records), 1830s (41 records), 1840s (70 records), 1850s (131 records), 1860s (45 records), 1870s (25 records), 1880s (26 records), 1890s (9 records), 1900s (5 records) and 1910s (1 record).

 

On-line Articles and Other Material
relating to the Sheffield Jewish Community

on JCR-UK

 

Other Sheffield Jewish Institutions & Organisations
(that had been formed by 1900*)

Educational & Theological

  • School, adjoining Synagogue (founded by 1874)

  • Sheffield Jews' School (founded 1892)

  • Sheffield Hebrew Education Board (founded 1902)

Other Institutions & Organisations
Formed by 1900*

  • Sheffield Hebrew Benevolent Society (in operation from 1873 until 1887)

  • Sheffied Jewish Board of Guardians (founded 1887) to relieve resident and casual poor.

  • Jewish Sisters Benevolent Association (founded by 1874, but not mentioned in JRBs).

  • Chevra Sholem (founded 1892, appears in JYB 1896 but not JYB 1900) for aid to members, loans, etc.

  • Sheffield Jewish Literary and Phiharmonic Society (founded 1887).

  • Jewish Tailors' Sabbath Observance and Benefit Society (founded by 1900)

  • Sheffield Zionist Association (founded 1899)

  • Jewish Ladies Benevolent Society (founded 1900)

  • Sheffield Dorcas, or Sewing Guild (founded 1900)

  • Jewish Working Men's Club (founded 1901).

* As listed in the Jewish Directory of 1874 and the Jewish Year Books 1896/97 & 1900/01 or mentined in Article by K. Lunn.

 


Community Records

 


Sheffield Jewish Cemeteries Information
(for records on the ALL-UK Database, see above)


Sheffield had several Jewish burial grounds (one Reform and the remainder Orthodox), as listed below:

  • The Bright Family Burial Plot, Rodmoor. Acquired by the Bright Family in 1831 for use as a family cemetery.

  • Bowden Street Jewish Burial Ground. In use 1831 to 1874. The burial ground was the subject of a compulsory purchase order in 1975 and the remaining 35 graves from this cemetery were re-interred in the Ecclesfield Jewish Cemetery. The site is now a car park.

  • Ecclesfield Jewish Cemetery, 85 Colley Rd. Acquired by Sheffield Hebrew Congregation in 1872 and still in use by the United Synagogue - Sheffield.

  • Walkley Street Cemetery, Waller Road. Acquired in about in 1880 for members of the then Sheffield New Hebrew Congregation, but no longer in use.

  • Sheffield City Cemetery, Reform Jewish Section. Sheffield & District Reform Jewish Congregation administers its own Cemetery in a Section of a City Council cemetery.

(For additional information, see IAJGS Cemetery Project - Sheffield)

 

Sheffield Jewish Population Data

1896

400

(The Jewish Year Book 1896/97)

1900

500

(The Jewish Year Book 1900/01)

1934

2,462

(The Jewish Year Book 1935

1945

2,175

(The Jewish Year Book 1945/46)

1946

1,855

(The Jewish Year Book 1947)

1955

1,850

(The Jewish Year Book 1956)

1965

1,600

(The Jewish Year Book 1966)

1990

920

(The Jewish Year Book 1991)

1999

650

(The Jewish Year Book 2000)

2004

763

(The Jewish Year Book 2005)


Jewish Congregations in South Yorkshire

Jewish Communities of England home page


Page created: 21 August 2005
Latest revision or update: 1 September 2019


Explanation of Terms   |   About JCR-UK  |   JCR-UK home page

Contact JCR-UK Webmaster:
jcr-ukwebmaster@jgsgb.org.uk
(Note: This is to contact JCR-UK, not the above Community)

JGSGB  JewishGen


Terms and Conditions, Licenses and Restrictions for the use of this website:

This website is owned by JewishGen and the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain. All material found herein is owned by or licensed to us. You may view, download, and print material from this site only for your own personal use. You may not post material from this site on another website without our consent. You may not transmit or distribute material from this website to others. You may not use this website or information found at this site for any commercial purpose.


Copyright © 2002 - 2020 JCR-UK. All Rights Reserved