Sachsenhausen Deaths

Introduction by Peter Landé

· Background
· Database
· Acknowledgements
· Searching the Database


This database consists of 2,454 persons who perished in Sachsenhausen between July 1944 and liberation.

Sachsenhausen was established in 1936 as one of the first concentration camps.  Located in Oranienburg, north of Berlin, it began as a very small camp.  1,800 Jews were sent there in 1938 after Kristallnacht.  In subsequent years the camp grew in size, with many sub-camps, primarily for forced laborers to be used at various factories.  Relatively few Jews were sent there until 1944-1945 when transports arrived from camps in Eastern Europe.  It is estimated that until its liberation on April 27, 1945 about 200,000 prisoners were held there, and that 40-50,000 persons died there.  For the most complete description of Sachsenhausen and its sub-camps see Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos 1933-1945, prepared by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) in 2009. 

When the Russians liberated Sachsenhausen they took all the records they could find to an archive in Moscow.  A few years ago the USHMM and the Sachsenhausen Gedenkstätte were permitted to copy this material and it is available at the USHMM as RG 006.025.  The material was not given to the International Tracing Service who has very limited information on Sachsenhausen. The Gedenkstätte plans to issue a memorial book but this has not been done as of this date. 


This database consists of 2,454 persons who perished in Sachsenhausen between July 1944 and liberation.

The fields for this database are as follows:

CodeUnabbreviated Translation
ASOAsozial Asocial, general term for persons considered uncooperative for various reasons
Belg.Belgier Belgian
Bifo.Bibelforscher Jehovah's Witness
BVBerufsverbrecher Professional criminal, person with several convictions. Also, though more rarely, Beschränkte Verhaftung, limited imprisonment
DäneDänisch Danish
DRDeutsches Reich German or Austrian
Franz.Franzose French
Griech.Grieche Greek
Holl.Holländer Dutch
IBVInternationale Bibelforschervereingung Jehovah's Witness
Ital.Italiener Italian
JJude Jew
Jug. / Yugo.Jugoslawe Yugoslavian
KroatKroate Croatian
Lett.Lettländer Latvian
Litt.Litauer Lithuanian
Nor.Norweger Norwegian
Pol.Polen Polish
Prot.Protestantisch Protestant
RusRusse Russian
S.V.Sicherheitsverwahrung Security detention
SchSchutzhäftling Literally, protected prisoner, but really simply prisoner. Sch is often followed by one or two letters, e.g. Sch. P. (Polish prisoner) or Sch. P.J. (Polish Jewish prisoner).
Sch Para 175Schutzhaft-Paragraph 175 Homosexual, same as Para 175-DR
Serb.Serben Serbian
Slov. / Slow.Slowake Slovakian
Span.Spanier Spaniard
Stl.Staatenlose Stateless
Tsch.Tscheche Czechoslovakian
Tun.tunesischen Tunisian
Turk.Türkisch Turkish
Ung. / Hung.Ungar Hungarian
VDVolksdeutsch Ethnic German, used for Poles and others considered of German race


The information contained in this database was indexed from the files available at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (RG 006.025).  The original source of the material was the Sachsenhausen Gedenkstätte.  The Gedenkstätte plans to issue a memorial book, but this has not appeared as yet.

In addition, thanks to JewishGen Inc. for providing the website and database expertise to make this database accessible.  Special thanks to Warren Blatt and Michael Tobias for their continued contributions to Jewish genealogy.  Particular thanks to Nolan Altman, coordinator of Holocaust files.

Nolan Altman
Coordinator - Holocaust Database
January 2010

Searching the Database

This database is searchable via JewishGen's Holocaust Database.

This database is searchable via JewishGen's Holocaust Database and the JewishGen Romania Database.

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Last Update: 12 Jan 2010 by MFK