Nyíregyháza Deportations

Introduction by Peter Landé

· Background
· Database
· Acknowledgements
· Searching the Database


This database includes 4,753 residents of Nyíregyháza, Hungary that were deported in 1944, as listed in Ferenc Nagy's A Nyiregyhazi Zsidosag Pusztulasa, (The Destruction of Nyíregyháza's Jewry). 

Nyíregyháza is a medium sized town in north-East Hungary.  In 1944, when deportations of Jews from Hungary began, it had about 5,000 Jewish inhabitants.  In April 1944 Jewish residents were forced to register and be held in a ghetto.  Deportations to Auschwitz began in May and ran through the beginning of June.  Survivors are estimated at 600-800. 

From Masquerade: Dancing Around Death in Nazi Occupied Hungary by Tivadar Soros: "Nyíregyháza is situated some 150 miles east of Budapest on the northern edge of the Great Hungarian Plain, in rich agricultural country, known particularly for its fruit trees.  The rounding up of Jews in the villages around the city began on April 14, and on April 24 the Jews of the city were ordered into the ghetto.  By May 10 the ghetto population stood at 17,580.  Shortly thereafter the entire population was moved to three staging areas outside the city to prepare for deportation.  They were subjected to particularly vicious searches for valuables.  Deportation began on May 17 and was completed on June 6."

Ferenc Nagy's A Nyíregyházi Zsidosag Pusztulasa, (The Destruction of Nyíregyháza's Jewry) published in 2004 gives the history of this community and, based on local records, lists those persons who are believed to have been deported and perished. 


This database includes 4,753 residents of Nyíregyháza, Hungary that were deported in 1944. The fields for this database are as follows:

Note 1

Hungarian naming practices for married women--married women were generally listed with their husband's surname and the husband's given name with the name ending "né".  For example, if the husband's name was Albert ADLER, the wife was listed as Albertné ADLER.  Fortunately, most of these records also included the wife's maiden surname and given name which you will find in the Maiden Surname and Maiden Given Name columns.

Note 2

Other Notes include other persons that were listed in connection with the deported person.  Also included in this column are many notations "Meghalt: Auschwitz" and a date.  It's uncertain whether that is the deportation date or the actual date of death in Auschwitz. You may also see some entries marked "özv.", which indicates that the mother listed in the record was a widow (özvegy).


The information contained in this database was indexed from the files available at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.  The original source of the material is Ferenc Nagy's A Nyiregyhazi Zsidosag Pusztulasa, (The Destruction of Nyíregyháza's Jewry). Freija Lindholm and Kurt Friedlander, JewishGen volunteers, compiled the list. 

In addition, thanks to JewishGen Inc. for providing the website and database expertise to make this database accessible.  Special thanks to Warren Blatt and Michael Tobias for their continued contributions to Jewish genealogy.  Particular thanks to Nolan Altman, coordinator of Holocaust files.

Nolan Altman
Coordinator - Holocaust Database
January 2010

Searching the Database

This database is searchable via JewishGen's Holocaust Database.

This database is searchable via JewishGen's Holocaust Database and the JewishGen Romania Database.

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Last Update: 12 Jan 2010 by MFK