Smorgonie, District Vilna;
Memorial Book and Testimony
(Smarhon, Belarus)

54°29' / 26°24'

Translation of
Smorgon mehoz Vilno; sefer edut ve-zikaron

Editor: E. Tash (Tur-Shalom)

Published in Tel Aviv 1965

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Marc D. Hodies

This is a translation of: Smorgon mehoz Vilno; sefer edut ve-zikaron
(Smorgonie, District Vilna; memorial book and testimony),
Editor: E. Tash (Tur-Shalom), Assoc. of Former Residents of Smorgonie in Israel and USA, Published: Tel Aviv 1965 (H, Y 584 pages)

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Smorgon

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Translated by Sara Mages

Map of the city of Smorgon   3
Title Page   2
In memory of Abba Gordin Chanoch Levin 4
In memory of Abba Gordin Eli'ezer Shteinman 5
In memory of Abba Gordin Chaim Dan 5
Members of the editing committee   7-6
Yitgadal V'yitkadash Chanoch Levin 8
Historical introduction Abba Gordin 9-30
Ancient times talk (legends) Chanoch Levin 31-43
Smorgon - The story of the town and its destruction [Y] A. Y. Goldschmidt 44-52
Persons of Merit
(Rabbis, authors, artists and personalities)
Rabbi Menashe from Ilya (1767- 1831) Abba Gordin 54-70
Our Master Rabbi Avraham Yitzhak HaCohen Kook Ephraim Tzoreff 71-72
Two Lions Abba Gordin 73-77
The Rabbis of the community of Smorgon Moshe Tzinovitz 78-104
    1. Rabbi Chaim HaCohen, the first rabbi   78-79
    2. Rabbi Eliyahu, the second rabbi   80
    3. HaRav Y'hoshua Heishl, a righteous teacher   81
    4. Rabbis Michel son of R' Feibush and Eliyahu “always good”   82
    5. The genius Rabbi Menashe son of Yosef from Ilia   83-86
    6. The genius Rabbi Arye-Leib Shapira   86-89
    7. Rabbi Chaim Avraham Shapira   90-91
    8. The genius Rabbi Chaim Yehuda Litvin   91-95
        A religious group in Smorgon   95-97
    9. HaRav Yehudah-Leib Gordin   97-102
    10. Rabbi Menashe Yosef Ginzburg   103-104
    11. HaRav Shmuel Aharon HaCohen Plotkin   104
         Natives of Smorgon serving as Rabbis in other communities   105-112
Autobiography Tzvi Shimshi 113-119
Professor Nahum Slouschz David Tidhar 120-122
Abraham Kabak T. Z. Weinberg 123-125
Lines to the image of Aharon Avraham Kabak (1880-1944) David Tidhar 125-128
Drawings to the image of A. A. Kabak Lea A'mitan 129-131
Moshe Kolvak [Y] Meir Alef 132-134
Characters from Karke [Y] Moshe Kolvak 135-137
Avraham Sutzkewer [Y] Yakov Pat 138-141
Avraham Sutzkewer [Y] Aharon Rubin 142-143
With Grandfather in Smorgon [Y] Avraham Sutzkewer 144-145
The sculptor Itkind [Y] Daniel Techarni 146-149
My ruined holy town [Y] Eliahu Galob 150-159
Eliyahu Galob [Y]   160
Gershon Broide [Y]   161
G-d and ? [Y] Gershon Broide 162-163
Nissan Meckler David Yosefun 164-166
My brother Avraham Forsite [Y] Benjamin Forsite 167-170
Yitzhak Bar'eli (Ajzyk Brudni)   171-173
David Razi'el   174-181
The Town and its Residents
A. Till the First World War
Segments of memory Abba Gordin 185-220
Hebrew education Chanoch Levin 221-228
The Smorgon “Kibbutz” [Y] M. Ivenski 229-233
Whenever I speak about her….(a chapter of memories) Regina Helman 234-236
The Workers' Movement [Y] A. Forsite 237-249
The Kibbutz and A.Veiter [Y] A.Y. Goldschmidt 250-252
October 1905 [Y] Issac Nechma's 253-255
The last day of Smorgon [Y] A. Forsite 256-260
A testimony Pesach Taburiski 261-262
Memories [Y] Harry L. Hoffman 263-267
The Scattering of the people of Smorgon [Y] A. Raple's 268-270
The Kibbutz and Mordechai Raziel [Y] Mayer Esther's 271-272
The Town and its Residents
B. Between the Wars
My town Baruch Sutskover 275-277
My hometown Smorgon Rafael Weinstein 278-285
My Home in Smorgon Golda Shalem 286-293
My home in “Kreke” Leah Rotbart 294-297
The rebirth of Smorgon [Y] Perl Ginsburg-Teisner 298-302
“Tarbut” School – From start to end Chanoch Levin 303-313
Lag Ba'Omer in “Tarbut” school [Y] Mariashe Eentes 314-315
The Pioneering Movement in Smorgon Beni Marshak 316-320
The Beginning of the “Halutz” Movement in Smorgon Tzvi Horovitz 321-324
Zalman Alperovitz- a monument to a pioneer soul Y. Bankover 325-327
Political Parties and Youth Movements in the City Mordechai Taburiski 328-332
Our fields and woods (Poem) [Y] A. Ish-Ahuvi 333-334
The market in Smorgon (poem) [Y] A. Ish-Ahuvi 334-336
On my “stage” Smorgon Chanoch Levin 337-348
Few out of Many
Images from the town
R' Dov Bindman Benjamin Bindman 351-355
Betzalel Magidey – lines in his memory Refael Weinstein 356
Shloymale' [Shlomo] Magid - a pleasant musician [Y] Beile Magid-Bear 357-358
The Fiddle Song [Y] Hirshle'-Tzvi Levin 359-360
R' Ze'ev Wolf the Shamash Shoshana Pelavski 361-364
The Tehilim Jews of Smorgon [Y] Yakov Denishevski 365-366
Chatzkel the Blacksmith [Y]   369
R' Meir Sofer Setam Moshe Mekler 370-372
Berta Shein z"l Baruch Sutzkover 373-374
The Holocaust and the Destruction
Chapters of Testimony
“The city of slaughter”[1] (a segment) H. N. Bialik 377
Two poems [Y] Libe Elgin 378
The destruction of Smorgon [Y] Mariashe Yentes 379-399
In the Ghetto and in the camps [Y] Rivka Marcus 400-418
The hospital in the Ghetto [Y] Mariashe Yentes 419-421
Fonar - (a poem) S. Katchreginsky 422
How I survived [Y] Elka Baranovsky 423-432
In the War Shalom Sneidman 433-435
A Page from the Holocaust… [Y] Ida Levin 436-437
The experiences of a Partisan [Y] Eliezer Karpel 438-439
Smorgon was destroyed twice [Y] Margola Hurwitch 440-442
Surviving the Second World War [Y] Lea Bobis 443-448
Words of Testament Tova Donski 449-452
Testimony S. Greiss 453-454
To our Children
A Yizkor Prayer   457
First to be annihilated (lamentation) Yitzhak Katzenelson[2] 458-460
One Childhood Chanoch Al-Domi 461-498
Memorial Pages (necrology) 499-542
Activities of the Smorgon Landsmanshaft organization board Rafael Weinstein 543-544
The Smorgon Help Committee [Y] A. Tchipkin 545-546
The society of Smorgon natives in America [Y] Y. Miler 547-548
Photos' stories (album)   549-610
The activities of the board   611-614
In memory of our beloved    
“How are the mighty fallen”…. Baruch Sutzker  
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