« Previous Page Table of Contents Next Page »

[Pages 451-458]

Those Who Died During the Illegal Immigration,
in the Haganah, & in The War of Independence

Edited by Alisa Klaus

Roitelman, Pinchas   Son of Joseph & Rivka, attempted illegal immigration in 1924 and was captured by the Mandate authorities and returned to Poland. In the aftermath of the unsuccessful attempt to enter, he fell sick and he passed away in 1930. He was 26 years old when he died.
Zuliar, Joash   Son of Joel & Dina, made aliyah in 1933, fell at the age of 22 while standing guard at Bikenem on 14 Av 5696 – 1936.
Gurewicz, Hananiah   Son of Noah & Zippora, made aliyah in 1935, fell at the age of 18 in the defense of Yekhiam on 9 Shevat 5708 – 1948.
Feldman, Mordechai   Son of Yehuda & Bilhah, made aliyah in 1947, fell at the age of 22 in the convoy of Yekhiam on 16 Adar II 5708 – 1948.
Aharoni, Aharon   Son of Levi & Chana Grobar, made aliyah in 1934, fell at the age of 20 in the defense of Tefilot on 19 Nissan 5708 – 1948.
Attstein, David (Duntzia)   Son of Moshe & Esther, made aliyah in 1932, fell at the age of 38 in the defense of Ramat-Rachel on 13 Iyyar 5708 – 1948
Gittelman, Shlomo   Son of Reuben & Chaya, made aliyah in 1948, fell at the age of 25 in the defense of Ramat-Rachel on 13 Iyyar 5708 – 1948.
Kostromecky, Rabbi R' Chaim-Mendl   Son of Aharon-Joseph and Szifra, made aliyah in 1935, was wounded in the Old City during the siege of Jerusalem, and died of his wounds on 15 Iyyar 5708. He was 87 years old when he died.
Barman, Fradl   Daughter of Baruch & Taiba, made aliyah in 1936, burned alive by an Arab detachment on the Zikhron Yaakov – Haifa Road on 29 Sivan 5708 – 1948, aged 64 at the time of her death.


Aharon Aharoni (Gir)

 

Sar452a.jpg

 

Son of Levi & Chana. Born in Sarny in March 1928, Aharon Aharoni made aliyah to the land of Israel in 1934. There, he received his religious education in a village yeshiva and in the Moriah gymnasium. He worked as a printer. He was an active member of the B'nai Akiva group and a member of the Haganah. He trained with the Haganah in 1946 and was in active service from the outset of the War of Independence. On the night of battle in the vicinity of Hatikvah, he was responsible for a mortar unit; at the critical turning point, he tilted the momentum of the conflict toward a victory for the Haganah troops.

He was sent with a reinforcement unit from Tel-Aviv to Jerusalem to participate in the many defensive battles of the city that was so dear to him. He was beloved by those who served under him and by his superiors. A brave soldier and one of the pillars of the religious unit, he was not easily discouraged. He was wounded in the leg by an Arab sniper during his tour of the battle situation in Talpiot and died on 29 April 1948. He was brought to his final rest in Sanhedria in Jerusalem.

(From “Excerpts of the Lives and Deaths of those who fell in the War of Independence of Israel,” published by the Defense Department, 5715)


David Attstein (Duntzia)

by Y. Roznick

 

Sar452b.jpg

 

Son of Moshe, born on 29 October 1910 in Sarny, to a traditionally observant family. He completed the Tarbut Hebrew Elementary School and then, after passing the required examinations, he was accepted to the government high school. During the course of one semester, he studied and was able to excuse himself from the practical lessons. He opened a heder and taught the Shulkhan Arukhh to support his family. He completed high school with distinction. His wish was to attend the Hebrew Teachers' Seminary in Warsaw but he also worked as an accountant. He was a member of the HeHalutz movement. After graduating from high school, he worked at training himself to be a Halutz at the Shakharia Kibbutz in Poland. After this, he worked at the HeHalutz central office in Warsaw. When the time came for him to serve in the Polish Army, to avoid that service he left for Germany, where he worked in a suburb of Berlin. He was also active in HeHalutz in Germany.

He made aliyah in 1932 and joined the Kibbutz at Ramat-Rachel. He was active in the HaNoar HaOveyd and Socialist Youth. He was among the first to leave the Kibbutz and go to Sodom, where he performed all the most difficult types of work with distinction. He was the focal point for a group of porters at the other end of the Dead Sea and at its south, and represented the workers to the potash mining group. In 1936, he was appointed as a secretary to the labor office in Jerusalem. In 1938, he returned to the Dead Sea, this time as secretary to the workers' council. At the end of 1939, at the invitation of Ber'l Katznelson k”z, he participated in a seminar for the activists of the Histadrut in Rehovot. From 1940 to 1944, he worked as the secretary and accountant in a cooperative for the Takhanah (Railway Station, Jerusalem). In 1945, he was elected as the secretary of Ramat-Rachel, and served in this capacity for about a year and a half. In 1946, he was sent by the Sokhnut (Jewish Agency) to the displaced persons camps in Germany, where he worked intensively in the Landsberg and Bergen-Belsen camps and earned a much recognition for his endeavors.

In 1948, after two years of work in the camps, he returned to the Land of Israel. After receiving news about the events there, including the attacks on Ramat-Rachel, he wrote from afar, “The earth is burning under my feet.” A man of action and focus, cognizant of life, with a practical intelligence and a vision, he burned with the zeal of a Halutz. He was a man of will and a stout heart, simple and straightforward. When asked why he named his daughter, born in 1936 in Sodom, Ayelet, he answered: “Is it not a daring dream?!...”

He reached Ramat-Rachel fully armed and did much to fortify it. He stood up to all attacks and to the siege, and encouraged his comrades. He organized rescue groups when the fires broke out in Ramah. When the strength of the last of the defenders of Ramat-Rachel gave out they were compelled to retreat, which he initially opposed. The defenders retreated with the support of the available armor. When they passed the gate, the leader stopped, notwithstanding the great danger, in order to retrieve a wounded comrade. When he hauled her up, a shell hit the vehicle and D. Attstein fell along with six of his companions, on 13 Iyyar 5708 (22 May 1948). He was buried in Sheikh on 1 Adar. On 8 September 1950, he was moved to his final resting place in Ramat-Rachel. He left behind a wife and two daughters.

* * *

David Attstein was indefatigable and had an understanding of life, a talent for getting things done, an ardor for being a Halutz, and a gift of insight into the realistic factors that work in day-to-day life. He had the force of will and a stout heart, simplicity in his relationships and demeanor, and a readiness to carry out all manner of work and the responsibilities of a Halutz. In his last days, especially on his final day, it was as if his whole personality shone through, revealing all of these attributes. The zeal that burst through on that terrible bitter day in all corners of Ramat-Rachel illuminated David's personality as he ran between the fires, trying to put them out under a hail of bullets and shells. He fought, he organized, he consoled, exerting himself, rescuing others; he sacrificed himself completely.

David was not a man to sit at home in his tent, as it were. Quite the opposite, he stood on the earth on his two legs. He knew the ways of people and the group and yet he was at peace with his God and with his Zionist faith as a Halutz. He was dedicated to this faith as it was revealed to him in Klesóv, especially in its early days, before the schisms broke out in the movement. He was faithful to the path and he followed it in life as in death. He understood that being a Halutz is measured first and foremost in personal transformation and fulfillment.

Accordingly, his life was one continuous chain of personal fulfillment. Everywhere he worked, his characteristics as a Halutz were manifest: in the organization of community life; in public service in the Histadrut; in the party and in the Kibbutz; in the Halutz conquests in Sodom and other places; in his role as an emissary to the DP camps in Germany; and in his meetings with survivors to organize them for aliyah to the Land of Israel. Everyone admired him and recognized his virtues, his insight, his modesty, the goodness of his heart, and his inclination to help the larger public.

He only lived with us for very few weeks after he returned from his mission to Germany. This happened to be right in the midst of our preparations for the fateful battle for our survival in the War of Independence. As the only defender of South Jerusalem, at Kibbutz Ramat-Rachel, he dedicated himself with the full ardor of his heart to organizing its defense.

In his Kibbutz, he saw the fruition of all his aspirations as a Halutz. When he came to the Land of Israel and joined Ramat-Rachel, his desire to plan a large metropolitan Kibbutz was fulfilled. He saw the efforts that had been put in by the small group of local veteran comrades to realize the desire of their souls without extraneous talk or lofty phrases. He knew how to thread the way through with minimal effort and day-to-day work, and to lay bare the essence – to propagate the life of the Kibbutz to the large masses even in the city.

And then came the war, and all the achievements of two decades of hard work were in danger. We saw and heard the explosion of the shells over Kfar Etzion, and we knew that with the fall of Gush Etzion our turn had arrived. But we did not accept this bitter reality.

So we stood, several tens of young men, for a period of eight days, against an enemy that outnumbered us by several fold. And among us – David, the officer and leader.

On the day of the final battle, on the Sabbath, he remained opposed to retreat with all his might, and demanded that we take a stand to the end.

In the retreat that could not be avoided, he fell.


Fradl Barman

by Adel Barman-Shapiro

 

Sar454.jpg

 

On the 6th of June1948, while riding on the road from Zikhron-Yaakov to Haifa, my husband Zalman Shapiro and my mother Fradl Barman, whose origins were in Sarny, were killed by an Arab detachment.

My husband was a member of the Haganah and fell on his post. My mother, a Woman of Valor, modest and respected in her home town of Sarny, educated three orphan girls and raised them under conditions of dire suffering. The cruel murderer took her life at the age of 64, while she was still hale, healthy and full of life. Her body vanished and she was not privileged to receive a proper Jewish burial.


Hananiah Gurewicz

 

Sar455a.jpg

 

The son of Noah and Zippora, he was born in Sarny on 16 April 1930. In 1935, when he was five, his parents made aliyah to the land of Israel. Hananiah grew up in Kiryat-Motzkin, in Emek Zevulun. After finishing elementary school, he went out to work as a mechanic and joined the Haganah, and completed his studies in the evening. He was a member of HaNoar HaOved and yearned to settle down. He also completed his military training. He treated nights like days when it came to standing guard. When his father explained to him that he was too young for the military, he replied: “If I do not go, who will go?” Therefore, he was already a soldier when conditions began to deteriorate, though the situation was not yet explicitly called a war. He participated in the attacks on Balad a-Sheikh and Kfar Tamra, revealing a courageous heart and skill in action.

Afterwards, he fell sick. When he recovered, he was entitled to enjoy a furlough, but he deferred this and volunteered to go out with his unit to Yekhiam. On 20 January1948, when he was at a post with other members of his unit, a shell hit them. Three were killed and a young woman survived. He was brought to his final rest in the cemetery at Kiryat-Motzkin.

(From “Excerpts of the Lives and Deaths of those who fell in the War of Independence of Israel,” published by the Defense Department, 5715)


Shlomo Gittelman (Sioma)

by Meir Walkin & Yerakhmiel Roznick

 

Sar455b.jpg

 

Son of Reuben. He was born in Sarny in the year 1923. He had good common sense. Before he entered the land of Israel, he was a member of the Zionist Youth Movement and he spoke Hebrew well. With the entry of the Germans into Poland, he fled to Russia. There, he joined the Red Army and participated in the battle of Kursk-Oriel, where he was wounded, and as a result, he had a limp.

In December 1947, he made aliyah in the ship HaPortzim and settled in Ramat-Rachel. He went straight to the front line and did not manage to taste of a life of peace in the Kibbutz. During the retreat from Ramat-Rachel, on the way to Arnona, he was hit by a shell that penetrated the auto he was traveling in. He fell on the Sabbath, 22 May1948. He was buried at Sheikh-Badr. On 8 September 1950, his remains were transferred to the cemetery at Ramat-Rachel.

(From “Excerpts of the Lives and Deaths of those who fell in the War of Independence of Israel,” published by the Defense Department, 5715)

* * *

While still a youngster, he was an active and vibrant member of the Dror movement. He was a happy person and alert to everything that took place around him. With the arrival of the Nazis, he left his home city of Sarny and wandered, as did many others, into the wide spaces of Russia. After a while, he enlisted in the Red Army and was wounded in battle. We met in 1944 and began to plan our aliyah to the land of Israel. We met again in a displaced persons camp in Germany, on our way to the land of Israel. At the time, he was one of the more active members in the camp of Kibbutz Dror, where he participated in many seminars.

He made illegal aliyah to the Land of Israel in a small boat, and went out to build his new house on Kibbutz Ramat-Rachel. He met his death in the defense of that very house.

by Meir Walkin

* * *

Shlomo reached the land of Israel at the beginning of December 1947 as part of a group of illegal olim on the boat HaPortzim. Immediately upon his arrival, he was sent to the active front. He was stationed first at Gush Etzion and later was transferred to the south of Jerusalem, to Ramat-Rachel.

In the Kibbutz, I recognized the tall, robust Shlomo, with his smiling brown eyes and tiny, sad smile. He limped on one foot, a result of a severe wound in his leg sustained at the Kursk-Oriel front (in Russia), while fighting in the Red Army.

He was at his post only a short time. He did not have time to get familiar with the land of Israel or the Kibbutz, but found himself almost immediately at the front, on both standing and guard duty. In all places, he could be counted among the first to volunteer. To each new setting, he brought his personality, exuding good will, a fraternal attitude and friendship. He surveyed his surroundings with an analytical eye and learned to adapt to the exigencies of his short but rich life, beginning with the Zionist Youth Movement in Sarny, continuing through the Kolkhoz system in Central Asia and in the ranks of the Red Army, and, with the end of the war and the fear of the Nazis, along the illegal byways through Poland, the camps in Germany, and France, to the gates of the land of Israel.

As someone who came from Sarny, he had command of the Hebrew language. There were times when it seemed that this handsome young man was a seasoned veteran of the land of Israel. When he arrived there, he adapted himself to the realities of the moment.

He was tired of his long wanderings and in need of rest, a corner for creativity and a tranquil life. But fortune did not smile upon him. Before he could even taste something of life in the homeland, he fell as a victim on its altar. The thread of his life was cut short by the enemy shell that struck his auto during the retreat from Ramat-Rachel.

by Yerakhmiel Roznick


 

Joash Zuliar

by D. Dikhter

 

Sar457a.jpg

 

He was 23 years of age, a plasterer and a watchman. He was born in Klesóv. He made aliyah to the land of Israel in 1931 where he became a member of Herut. He was drafted into the Neter group as a guard in the vicinity of Yakneam. He was murdered in broad daylight on Sunday, 14 Av 5696 (2 August 1936), by a large contingent while standing guard along with his comrade Yitzhak Klicwesky, in a remote spot in the hills of Ephraim.

I first met him in 1932 at the Kibbutz in Klesóv. He was raised in this Halutz-oriented town. From his earliest youth, he fell under the influence of the Kibbutz, where, along with other youths, he would while away his spare time. Emissaries from Israel labor would visit the Kibbutz, and Halutz-related meetings were held there frequently. All of this frustrated Joash the watchman, dedicated and loyal to the movement and its purpose. In the winter of 1935, he was called, together with other of his comrades, to assume the post of a watchman in the Neter group and he responded at once.


Mordechai Feldman

 

Sar457b.jpg

 

He was the son of Yehuda and Bilhah and was born in Sarny on 5 May 1926. At the beginning of the Second World War, while he was still a child, he entered a period of extensive wandering. In1941 he fled to Russia with his brothers and sisters and lived for four years in Orel. There, he completed a trade school and worked for two years as an assistant to the manager of the railroads. He liked his work but at his first opportunity to leave Russia, he went to Germany to a training Kibbutz. After working there for a while, in 1947 he made aliyah with members of the Kibbutz to the land of Israel, on the illegal ship the Torun. He was extradited to the island of Cyprus. When he returned from Cyprus, he settled in Kiryat-Chaim and worked as a locksmith.

In December 1947, he enlisted in the Carmeli Brigade of Tzaha'l. He completed a course for medics and participated in blowing up bridges and escorting reserves to the western Galilee. Taciturn and confident, good-humored and joking, he planted the feeling of confidence and strength in the hearts of his fellow soldiers. His artistic talent was revealed on his return from the camp in Cyprus, and from then on, he drew a lot. His last drawing was “The Fort at Yekhiam.” He fell at Yekhiam on 27 March 1948.

(From “Excerpts of the Lives and Deaths of those who fell in the War of Independence of Israel,” published by the Defense Department, 5715)


 

Pinchas Roitelman

by Rachel Roitelman

 

Sar458.jpg

 

Pinchas Roitelman was born in Sarny, where he received a traditional Hebrew education.

In 1922, he was an active member of the HeHalutz movement in Sarny and for a short time, he was a member of the Klesóv Kibbutz. In 1924, he made aliyah to the Land of Israel with a group of friends. When they reached the port of Haifa, the English turned them around and returned them to Italy. There, my brother fell sick with a lung inflammation and he remained in a hospital for several years. In 1929, he was returned to Poland, where he died in 1930.

He was a victim of the illegal immigration to then British Mandate Palestine. We honor his memory.


[Page 459]

The Fallen in the Second World War, in the Ranks of the
Partisans, or Having Died in Their Wanderings

Edited by Alisa Klaus

[Translator's Note: This list has been re-alphabetized following the English transliteration of the last name, for purposes of facilitating lookup in English]

 

Blohusky  Fought in the ranks of the partisans headed by Kovpak, fell at the age of approximately 19.
David Chazan   Son of Mendl and Gittl, fell in the battle for Berlin in 1945 at the age of 23.
Shaul Cimmerman   Son of Noah and Fradl, fell at the battle of Stalingrad in 1942 at the age of 23.
Yaakov (Bebl) Ciporen   Son of Benjamin, fell in battle at Westerplatte in 1939 at the age of 24.
Noah Cudik   Son of Reuben and Leah, born in 1908, fell into German captivity at the Polish-German front in 1939 and never returned from there.
Dov (Ber'czik) Feigelstein   Son of Moshe and Hodl, died in Bazar-Korgon, Kirghizia, USSR in 1943 at the age of 45.
Miriam Feigelstein   Daughter of Moshe-Meir and Chava Pearlstein, died in Bazar-Korgon, Kirghizia, USSR at the age of 44.
Meir Feigelstein   Son of Dov (Ber'czik) and Miriam, died in Bazar-Korgon, Kirghizia, USSR in 1943 at the age of 19.
Yehuda'l Fykov   Son of Abba and Feiga, fell in the battle for Lower Silesia (Germany) in 1945, at the age of 20.
Yekhiel Gampel   Son of Asher-Aharon, fell at the age of approximately 20.
Joseph Gildenhorn   Son of Ber'l and Ethel, died in Kokand, Uzbekistan, USSR in 1941 at the age of 41.
Itka Golcman   Daughter of Fishl and Chaya, died in Sverdlovsk, USSR in 1941 at the age of 6.
Israel-Ber Goldman   Son of Aharon-Hirsch and Hasia, died in the Soviet Union in 1943 at the age of 46.
Pinchas Goldman   Son of Aharon-Hirsch and Hasia, died in the Soviet Union in 1943 at the age of 40.
Yaakov Golomba   Son of Alter and Chaya-Leah, died in Bukhara, USSR, in the month of Shevat 5703-1943 at the age of 35.
Gershon Kharpak   Son of Leib'l and Fraydl, fell in the forests of Kamin-Kuszirsk at the age of 36.
Joseph (Yonya) Korowoczka   Son of Abram-Moshe and Chava, served in the Red Army in 1942 at the age of 20, and from that time on, no trace of him survived.
Sioma Korowoczka   Son of Nachman and Faygl, died in the Caucasus, USSR in 1942 at the age of 25.
Velfl Kotz   Fell in the ranks of the Red Army.
Frieda Kremmer   Daughter of Aryeh and Rivka, died in Samarkand, USSR in 1941 at the age of 54.
Reuben Kunik   Son of Shabtai and Faygl, born in 1914. Eluded the talons of the Nazis in 1939 in Poland and reached Kovno with the intent to smuggle himself into the land of Israel, and from that time on, no trace of him survived.
Yeshaya Lopata   Fell at the Polish-German front in 1939.
Levi Muszyn   Son of Nahum and Tova, died in Central Asia, USSR in 1942 at the age of 32.
Ephraim Melamed   Son of Eliyahu and Zlata
Ber'l Nabozhny   Son of Israel and Pessia, died in the USSR at the age of 49.
Leib'l Nagel   Son of Joseph and Faygl, fell in the battle of Berlin, in 1945.
Joseph Olshansky   Fell in partisan battles in the forests of Karasyn at the age of 34.
Fyvel Passman   Son of Alter and Chana, born in 1910. Fell into German captivity at the Polish-German front in 1939 and never returned from there.
Pinchas Pearlstein   Son of Yehuda and Manya, fell at the Polish-German front in 1939 at the age of 27.
Esther Rosenkrein-Klass   Daughter of Joseph and Shayndl Rosenkrein. fled the killing field in Sarny to the surrounding forests. In 1944, she returned to Sarny and was killed while the city was being bombed by the retreating Germans at the age of 17.
Shmuel (Sioma) Schwartz   Son of Joseph and Bella, died in Central Asia, USSR in 1943 at the age of 28.
Yaakov Spiel   Son of Gavriel and Taiba, died in the vicinity of Pragan, Central Asia, USSR in 1943.
Moshe Tartakowsky   Died in Samarkand, USSR in 1942 or 1943.
Liova Tendler   Son of Abraham and Henya, fell in the battle for Berlin in 1945 at the age of 23.
Pesach Trilsky   Son of Fishl, died in Bukhara, USSR in1942 at the age of 64.
Elimelekh Trilsky   Son of Pesach and Hodl.
Aharon Vorona   Son of Yeshaya and Ethel, fell in the Wolhyn forests at the age of 18.
Sarah (Buba) Voszcina   Daughter of Nachman and Esther, died in 1942 in Central Asia, USSR at the age of 19.
Wolk   Son of Yitzhak and Dvorah, fled the killing place in Sarny, and after a time, enlisted in the Red Army, and fell in battle against the Germans in 1944, at the age of 19.
David Zandweiss   Son of Shlomo and Miriam, died on 28 March 1943 at the age of 16.
Nahum Zandweiss   Son of Yaakov and Michlah, fell in the battle for Odessa in 1941 or 1942 at the age of approximately 20.
Shlomo Zandweiss   Son of Yaakov and Michlah, fell in partisan battle in the forests of Luniniec– Lakhva at the age of more than 30.
Abraham Zolotow   Son of Moshe-Leib and Szifra, fell in the Lublin area at the age of 33.
Isaac Zuliar   Son of Asher and Batya, served in the Red Army, fell at the front against the Germans at the age of 20.
Batya Zuliar   Daughter of Isaac and Aydl Szwediuk, died in the Soviet Union in 1944 at the age of 49.
Rehaviah Zweiman   Son of Shimon and Bluma, fell at the battle of Stalingrad in 1942 at the age of 19.


Abraham Zolotow

By Moshe Kaganovich

Edited by Karen Leon

 

Sar461a.jpg

 

Abraham Zolotow of the 'Szczoress' Brigade (Ludovipoler Raion), together with a group of Russian partisans from his brigade, fell upon an ambuscade set by Ukrainian Banderovtsy. In the battle, the  representative of the 'Vuzod Kommandir'[1] was severely wounded. Zolotow carried out the Kommandir out of the battle site on his back, and brought him back to [sic: headquarters of] the brigade, where gratitude was expressed to the Jewish partisan. He was held out as a model of partisan heroism, and fraternal allegiance in battle.

The Russian Kommandir of the 'Szczoress' Brigade (Szitavs of the Partisan Union) permitted the heroic Jewish partisan Abraham Zolotow, to carry out the death sentence against two captured Germans, near the shtetl of Berezne, as vengeance for his murdered wife and child.

(From the book, 'The Jewish Participation in the Partisan Movement of Soviet Russia,' Published 1948)


Translator's Footnote

  1. Rear-echelon commander Return

 

Shlomo Ben Yaakov Zandweiss

Edited by Alisa Klaus

 

Sar461b.jpg

 

The Szweikov Group from Lakhva attached itself to the Kirov unit of the Komarov division, whose base at that time was in the southern swamps of Georgia. This group was independent and therefore not subject to the same rules as those governing detachments that were part of the division. However, it did not have the right to receive Jews at its own discretion. After a time, with the permission of its leadership, five Jews from Sarny were accepted, among them Shlomo Zandweiss. The group was composed of three sections; its leaders were Yitzhak Lichtenberg, Shlomo Zandweiss and Turkentiz. The group obtained its food provisions on an independent basis.

With the arrival of autumn, a partisan group called Za Rodino (For the Motherland) settled next to the Jewish unit of the Komarov division. The Russian partisans from this brigade complained to Komarov that the Jews were engaged only in blowing things up, and did not make an effort to undertake other missions. By ignoring the meager arms and the small amount of ammunition that was in the possession of the Jews, the Russian partisans arrived at the conclusion that the leader of the unit was not carrying out his duties correctly.

Following orders from Komarov, Bobrov was transferred to a scouting position. Shlomo Zandweiss was appointed to the unit of L. M. Kaganovich, who served in a scouting capacity in one of the Komarov units, and Folkov was appointed the head of the detachment. Zandweiss increased the pressure of his firm hand on the unit and aroused bitterness among the fighters.

In October 1942, an airplane arriving from Moscow came down on sunken land as the result of a mishap, and it was not possible to remove it. It was unloaded, the arms and various parts were removed, and it was put to the torch. It was then necessary for the brigade to leave that location. Because of pressure from the enemy, it was necessary to change the place of camp frequently. In the villages, rumors were spread that the brigade consisted of two thousand fighters, whose ranks appeared in the midst of all the settlements in the area. With the burning of the airplane, continuous contact with Moscow came to a halt. In time, a family camp was also established, which was allocated a military mission of active gardening. This camp numbered one hundred and fifty Jews, including the elderly, women and children. The head of this camp was Shlomo Zandweiss; eighteen horses and rifles were placed at his disposal.

(Excerpts from 'The Book of Jewish Partisans')


Gershon Kharpak

by Gissia Kharpak-Guszkes

Edited by Alisa Klaus

 

Sar462.jpg

He was born in Sarny in 1907 to Leib'l and Freydl Kharpak. He received his education at the Tarbut School and was active afterwards in HaOved.

After he married, he moved to live in Kamin-Kashyrs'kyi, and there he raised a family.

After the German invasion of Kamin-Kashyrs'kyi, Gershon went to the forests and became one of the leaders of the partisans. He wreaked havoc with the Germans, and his name and reputation went before him as an avenger of strong soul and stout heart.

He met his death in the forests of Kamin-Kashyrs'kyi, where the Ukrainian murderers ambushed him on his return from a daring partisan sortie, and killed him. s”hv


Levi Muszyn

by Chaya Hershman

Edited by Alisa Klaus

He was born in 1911 in the city of Ostraha (Wolhyn), then in Poland, to Nahum and Tova Muszyn.

Nahum's childhood was difficult and sorrowful because he and his brother Chaim were orphaned at an early age by the loss of their father. Relying on their own resources, both of them grew up, overcoming various obstacles, settled down and raised families.

I still remember the family's store, which sold manufactured goods. His parents were respected and quiet people. They attempted to educate their children. Of their three children, two daughters and a son, it was Levi who was most successful, and he excelled at his studies. His name went out before him.

An incident involving my teacher, who had been Levi's teacher is etched in my mind. While auditing my studies at school on a Sunday he heard the family name, and asked eagerly: “Your family name is Muszyn? Are you the sister of the wondrous and talented Levi Muszyn?” “No, I replied, I am the daughter of his aunt.” It was pleasant for me to be his cousin, and I his relative... all of us loved and adored him. He was a quiet, modest youth, dedicated to his parents and his entire family. He completed his studies at the Teachers' Seminary in Ostraha and obtained a position to serve as a teacher in Sarny.

I made aliyah to the land of Israel. When the war broke out, I lost contact with my family, and I did not hear about him either. My family was among the six million Jews that Hitler exterminated. All succumbed and not one person survived, and he as well – Levi Muszyn – was eradicated, and is no more.


Szifra Murawinsky
(Die Pohosterin)

by Moshe Yuz

Edited by Alisa Klaus

She was one of the prominent women of our city. She was a widow burdened with children (her husband was murdered in 1919), who, through her diligence, became savvy in being able to support herself and her many children.

She had an innate skill with her hands. She knew how to bake, cook, and prepare all that was required for family parties and other celebrations. It was hard to imagine a wedding or party in the city without her.

She had “golden hands.” Many found themselves in need of her talented hands, which she was able to hire out in exchange for pay, and that provided the bread for her children.

Similarly, she was also known in her capacity as a “whisperer.” If a child fell sick and an “evil eye,” was suspected, they would come to her, whether by day or by night, for her to “whisper a good eye.”

Families who feared for their sons were in the habit of “selling” these sons in the hope that is would bring a good omen for a long life.

Her children, who knew suffering and want from their childhood on, were not drawn to the Zionist movement. Some wanted to further the “correction the ills of the world” through radical parties, and paid for their actions with years of imprisonment and suffering in the prisons of Poland. But Mrs. Murawinsky stood by them, even when they were in jail. She had the heartwarming appearance of a “Woman of Valor,” who knew how to sustain herself and her children, and she was etched into the hearts of all those who knew her.


[Page 465]

Émigrés From Sarny Who Died in The Land

Edited by Karen Leon

[Translator's Note: This list has been re-alphabetized following the English transliteration of the last name, for purposes of facilitating lookup in English]

Sholom Ackerman Son of Meir and Hinde. Made aliyah in 1948. Died, 3 Tishri 5720, 1959, at age 57.
Esther Attstein Daughter of Yehoshua and Chaya Berz. Made aliyah in 1934. Died, 7 Heshvan 5700, 1939, at age 61.
Moshe Attstein Son of Shmuel and Zipporah. Made aliyah in 1934. Died, 5 Sivan5700, 1939, at age 59.
Zlata Bidny Daughter of Israel and Pessia Kulakowsky. Made aliyah in 1935. Died, 11 Elul 5696, 1937, at age 39.
Ephraim Bikowsky Son of Yehuda-Leib, made aliyah in 1935, died on Rosh Hodesh Nissan 5718, 1958, at age 76.
Chana Bikowsky Daughter of Shlomo-Mendl and Miriam Sukhar-Roseman. Made aliyah in 1935, died on the Festival of Shavuot 5714, 1954, at age 68.
Moshe Binder Son of David-Shimon and Chaya Faygl. Made aliyah in 1935. Died, 8 Tevet 5713, 1952, at age 75.
Zippora Binder Daughter of Leib and Shayndl Teich. Made aliyah in 1935. Died, 8 Tevet 5710, 1949, at age 72.
Eliyahu Burstein Son of Moshe and Leah. Made aliyah in 1921. Died, 23 Tishri 5712, - 1951, at age 61.
Chaya Cimmerman Daughter of Aharon-Shmuel and Pessia Bebczuk. Made aliyah in 1933. Died, 4 Tevet 5706, 1945, at age 37.
Yekhezkiel Danenberg Son of Zerakh and Zippora. Made aliyah in 1937. Died in 1948 at age 28.
Schraga (Fyvusz) Drori Son of Abraham-Shmuel and Golda Vorona. Made aliyah in 1925. Was killed on 19 Tevet 5721, 1960, at age 67.
Esther Dworetzky Daughter of Reuben and Itta Danenberg. Made aliyah in 1932. Died, 21 Heshvan 5720, 1959, at age 83.
Aryeh-Leib Dworetzky Son of Benjamin and Hinde. Made aliyah in 1932. Died, 11 Tevet 5717, 1956, at age 88.
Abraham-Aharon Dworetzky Son of Aryeh-Leib and Esther. Made aliyah in 1933. Died, 1 Nissan 5710, 1950, at age 50.
Chaya Dworetzky Daughter of Issachar Tendler. Made aliyah in 1933. Died, 21 Tammuz 5707, 1947, at age 49.
Sarah Edelstein Daughter of Yehoshua and Etta Greenstein. Made aliyah in 1949. Died, 7 Tammuz 5718, 1958, at age 84.
Zehava (Zlat'keh) Fleiszun Daughter of Aharon and Sarah. Made aliyah in 1938. Died, 23 Iyar 5713, 1953, at age 43.
Aharon Freed Son of Asher and Bracha. Made aliyah in 1934. Died, 3 Adar 5713, 1953, at age 72.
Rivka Freed Daughter of Kalman and Chaya Cicyk. Made aliyah in 1934. Died, 13 Tevet 5719, 1958, at age 70.
Yaakov Friszkulnik Son of Israel and Esther. Made aliyah in 1952. Died, 10 Elul 5714, 1954, at age 66.
Yitzhak Geller Son of Yaakov and Pessia. Made aliyah in 1948. Died, 16 Shevat 5718, 1958, at the age 58.
Rachel Goldman Daughter of Ben-Zion and Shayndl Koziol. Made aliyah in 1935. Died on Lag B'Omer 5709, 1949, at age 75.
Simcha Goldman Son of Chaim and Sarah. Made aliyah in 1935. Died on Yom Kippur 5696, 1936, at age 64.
Moshe-Ber'l Golcman Son of Gabriel and Batya. Made aliyah in 1950. Died, 19 Elul 5716, 1956, at age 51.
Mendl Gorenstein Son of Ber'l. Died, 11 Heshvan 5718, 1957, at age 80.
Herschel Greenberg Son of Abraham and Reizl. Made aliyah in 1936. Died, 25 Kislev 5704, 1944, at age 60.
Moshe Gurfinkel Son of Yehuda and Leah. Made aliyah in 1939. Died, 7 Iyyar 5705, 1945, at age 56.
Yitzhak Harmoni Son of Yaakov and Chava Ginsburg. Made aliyah in 1942. Died on Rosh Hashana 5707, 1946, at age 40.
Shoshana (Bluma) Heimowitz Daughter of Yekhezkiel and Kars'l Wachs. Made aliyah in 1929. Died, 7 Heshvan 5719, 1958, at age 47.
Alta Hurwicz Daughter of Rabbi R' Shmuel and Malka-Gittl Tiktinsky. Made aliyah in 1936. Died, 16 Nissan 5719, 1959, at age 75.
Zelda Kagan Died, 27 Av 5693, 1933.
Pinchas Kaufman Son of Pinchas and Shayndl. Made aliyah in 1934. Died, 1 Iyyar 5716, 1956, at age 70.
Taiba Kaufman Daughter of Shimon and Rivka Bordowicz. Made aliyah in 1934. Died, 13 Adar 5721, 1961, at age 74.
Pearl Kaufman Daughter of Shmuel and Esther Smoliar. Made aliyah in 1949. Died, 13 Av 5713, 1953, at age 68.
Joseph Kharpak Son of Yaakov and Sarah. Made aliyah in 1934. Died, 8 Av 5718, 1948, at age 69.
Pessia Kharpak Daughter of Joseph-Ber and Chaya Reizl Shechtman. Made aliyah in 1934. Died, 4 Tevet 5704, 1944, at age 65.
Leib-Ber Kharpak Son of Alexander and Shayndl. Made aliyah in 1921. Died 8 Tevet 5715, 1955, at age 79.
Yentl Kharpak Daughter of Yochanan and Chava Meise. Made aliyah in 1921. Died, 20 Nissan 5718, 1958, at age 79.
Alexander Kharpak Son of Leib-Ber and Yentl. Made aliyah in 1921. Died, 20 Nissan 5705, 1945, at age 42.
David Klass Son of Yaakov and Yentl. Made aliyah in 1933. Died, 6 Tishri 5706, 1945, at age 31.
Esther-Rachel Kleiman Daughter of Abraham Pickman, made aliyah in 1935. Died 11 Nissan 5709, 1949, at age 71.
Nechama Kolodny Daughter of Dov and Baylah Fish. Made aliyah in 1933. Died, 18 Sivan 5720, 1960, at age 78.
Moshe Kolodny Son of Yerakhmiel and Nechama. Made aliyah in 1936. Died, 29 Sivan 5702, 1942, at age 32.
Dov Kolodny Son of Yerakhmiel and Nechama. Made aliyah in 1932. Died, 13 Iyyar 5711, 1951, at age 36.
Moshe Kolodny Son of Yitzhak-Isaac and Baylah. Made aliyah in 1949. Died, 7 Tammuz 5710, 1950, at age 54.
Shimon Kramer Son of Levi and Nechama. Made aliyah in 1950. Died, 27 Adar 5720, 1960, at age 80.
Shabtai Kunik Son of Isaac and Asna. Made aliyah in 1936. Died, 5 Sivan 5717, 1957, at age 78
Sarah (Son'keh) Leber Daughter of Moshe and Bat-Sheva Geifman. Made aliyah in 1938. Died 8 Tishri 5718, 1957, at age 44.
Yitzhak Levin Son of Aharon. Made aliyah in 1935. Died, 1 Tevet 5710, 1949, at age 73.
Reikhl Levin Daughter of Meir and Rivka Marliss. Made aliyah in 1935. Died, 23 Nissan 5715, 1955, at age 78.
David Levin Son of Yitzhak and Reikhl. Made aliyah in 1921. Died, 18 Kislev 5717, 1956, at age 57.
Meir Levin Died in 1947.
Yaakov Murawinsky Son of Shimon and Chaya. Made aliyah in 1948. Died, Erev Sukkot 5716, 1955, at age 59.
Avigdor Murik Son of Gedalia and Manya. Made aliyah in 1948. Died 12 Iyyar 5712, 1952, at age 42.
Asher Rabin Son of Yaakov and Sarah. Made aliyah in 1934. Died on 1 Elul 5702, 1942, at age 30.
Sarah-Malka Rabin Daughter of Pinchas and Chava Zandweiss. Died, 25 Heshvan 5721, 1960, at age 72.
Zlata Ravital (Tarbilow) Daughter of Joseph and Pessia Kharpak. Made aliyah in 1934. Died, 27 Sivan 5720, 1960, at age 58.
Rachel Roitenberg Daughter of Moshe and Kayla Gurfinke. Made aliyah in 1929. Died, 8 Av 5715, 1955, at age 40.
David Rizhi Son of Eliyahu and Baylah. Made aliyah in 1926. Died, 22 Tevet 5712, 1952, at age 70.
Zelda Rizhi Daughter of Joseph-Ber and Dvorah Barasz. Made aliyah in 1926. Died, 22 Sivan 5720, 1960, at age 76.
Shmuel-Zvi Sadah Son of Yitzhak and Chaya. Made aliyah in 1921. Died, 16 Heshvan 5709, 1948, at age 53.
Meir Stein Son of Ber'l and Manya. Made aliyah in 1933. Died, 8 Adar II 5711, 1951, at age 67.
Lieba Stein Daughter of Abba and Rivka Kandel. Made aliyah in 1935. Died, 23 Iyyar 5701, 1941, at age 55.
Zelig Stein Son of Aharon and Batya.
Asher Szeintukh Son of Menachem-Mendl and Hasia. Made aliyah in 1932. Died, 23 Tammuz 5703, 1943, at age 26.
Aharon Szmukler Son of Chaim and Chava. Made aliyah in 1929. Died, 5 Iyyar 5719, 1959, at age 49.
Issachar Schulner Son of Shmuel. Died in 1958 at age 43.
Baruch Tress Son of Shmuel and Taiba. Made aliyah in 1937. Died, 19 Iyyar 5705, 1945, at age 67.
Yehoshua Trilsky Son of Pesach and Hodl. Made aliyah in 1928. Died in 1931 at age 19.
Chana Weinblatt Daughter of Herschel and Sarah Prager. Made aliyah in 1933. Died, 18 Av 5713, 1953, at age 72.
Rachel (Utel) Weinrib Daughter of Azriel-Zelig and Batya Berlinsky. Made aliyah in 1933. Died, 18 Nissan 5694, 1934, at age 29.
Malka (Manya) Yaroslavsky Daughter of Azriel-Zelig and Batya Berlinsky. Made aliyah in 1936. Died, 25 Adar 5721, 1961, at age 47.
Yaakov Yuz Son of Meir and Riva. Made aliyah in 1936. Died, 1 Sivan 5707, 1947, at age 65.
Mindl Yuz Daughter of Abraham and Tzipa Guz. Made aliyah in 1936. Died, Erev Sukkot 5717, 1956, at age 74.
David Yuz Son of Yaakov and Mindl. Made aliyah in 1930. Died, 1 Sivan 5691, 1931, at age 21.
Isaac Zalman Son of Benjamin-Ze'ev and Pessia. Made aliyah in 1934. Died, 28 Iyyar 5700, 1940, at age 80.
Shmuel Zingerman Son of Shlomo and Gissia. Made aliyah in 1930. Died, 30 Tishri 5708, 1947, at age 66.
Asher Zuliar Son of Yehuda and Bracha. Made aliyah in 1949. Died, 2 Nissan 5719, 1959, at age 74.
Ze'ev Zuliar Son of Joel and Miriam. Made aliyah in 1933. Died, 18 Adar 5716, 1955, at age 39.

 

« Previous Page Table of Contents Next Page »


This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
This material may not be copied, sold or bartered without JewishGen, Inc.'s permission. Rights may be reserved by the copyright holder.


JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
JewishGen is not responsible for inaccuracies or omissions in the original work and cannot rewrite or edit the text to correct inaccuracies and/or omissions.
Our mission is to produce a translation of the original work and we cannot verify the accuracy of statements or alter facts cited.

  Sarny, Ukraine     Yizkor Book Project     JewishGen Home Page


Yizkor Book Director, Lance Ackerfeld
This web page created by Max G. Heffler

Copyright © 1999-2022 by JewishGen, Inc.
Updated 2 Mar 2022 by LA