by Rabbi I. I. Weissblum
Translated by Yocheved Klausner
It has been several years that the former residents of Brody in our beautiful city, headed by my friend and relative R'Moshe Rosenblum, were pleading with me to write an article about the sages of the great Kloiz[large house of worship and study] of Brody. I kept postponing this endeavor, because I feared to approach this holy work, and more so after the book about Brody by Prof. N. M. Gelber appeared in print (chapter five, pp. 4781: The Community and its rabbis maggids sages of the Kloiz holy people). However, when I understood that there was still a great deal to say on the subject, and that, moreover, my opinion differs from his in many places, and there are some places that need correction and places where I thought there is room for more details I feared that in time the material that I have will be lost and I shall forget many of the details. Therefore I decided to begin this work, albeit with fear and awe.
I must stress that I was able to write only about some of the Sages of the Kloiz, because in Haifa I did not have all the books and sources that I needed to consult. Therefore, my condition was that I shall bring only the details that I found their sources in my own private library or that I obtained from reliable people.
As is wellknown, the founder of the Brody Kloizwas the great scholar, our teacher Rabbi Chaim son of R'Avraham Segal [SEGAL] Landa, cousin of the [author of the book] Noda Biyhuda. Earlier he served Av Beit Din[head of the religious court] in the Podkamin community and then in Brody, the place of residence of his fatherinlaw, our teacher Rabbi Yakov BABAD, who was great and kindhearted, an honored leader of his people and esteemed head of a respected lineage. He lived under the shield of wisdom as well as money, and founded a Beit Midrash[house of learning, synagogue] that was named after him; he supported it with his own money and money that he collected from the welltodo and charitable people of Brody.
Great scholars of the Torah would sit days and nights in this Beit Midrashand study the Torah. They were trusted by all, simple folk and scholars alike: even the Noda Biyhudawould not pronounce a verdict or present the solution to a serious problem unless he had the approbation of the scholars who sit in the Bet Hamidrashof the late R' Yakov BABAD zl [of blessed memory] and the leaders of the Kloiz.(Noda Biyhuda141, 43). The sages of the Kloizwere wise men and great scholars, righteous and holy like angels in Heaven,among them famous Kabbalists. We shall mention some of them:
* R'Eliezer Slipman of Brody, who authored the book Beit Shlomo, a commentary on the Book of Proverbs, with a long introduction on the teachings of the Kabbala (Zholkova, 5540 [ 1779/80]).
* R'Avraham son of R'Israel of Brody, a famous Kabbalist, author of the book Likutei Amarim, a commentary on poetry according to Kabbala (Zolkov, 5500 [1739/40]), and the book Divrei Hamelech, on
the 613 mitzvot(commandments) of the Torah by way of PARDES[esoteric philosophy], as well as pilpul[sharp debate] on the teachings of the RAMBAM [Maimonides], 2 parts (Livorno 5565, [1804/5]).
* The great scholar and Kabbalist, our teacher Rabbi MenachemMendel Zolkover, ABD [head of the religious court] of Stcheritz, son of the rabbi, the Hassid our teacher Efraim Zalman who was the maggid meisharim[righteous preacher] of Zolkov. He was mentioned in the Responsa of R' A. Z. Margaliot: The member of my family, the famous rabbi, Hassid and Kabbalist, the holy man our teacher Menachem Mendel Zolkover of Brody. He wrote approbations to the books Margaliot HaTora[Pearls of the Torah] and Toldot Yosef[The history of Yosef] on the book of Shir Hashirim[Song of Songs]. In 5537 [1776/7] his signature was mentioned signed with other great Kabbalist rabbis, the sages of the great Kloizof the Brody Community. He was among the first ten signatories of ‘The Kliva Get[divorce]’, together with the great scholar R'Chaim Tzanser. He lived an ascetic life until the age of 70. He devoted all his time to study; he would leave the Beit Hamidrashonly to prepare himself for the Holy Sabbath. He served as Dayan[religious judge] and rabbi in Brody, after the great scholar our teacher R'Moshe of Ostraha. The Noda Biyhudamentions him in his Responsa as a great and famous rabbi, an excellent Dayanof the holy community of Brody. He was the grandson of the scholar Efraim Zalman Schorr.
Other famous scholars among the Sages of the Kloiz:
* The scholar and Kabbalist Efraim son of the great scholar Chacham[wise] Zvi zl. He was a great Tzadik, as can be seen in his approbation for the book Yesod Ha'emuna Veshoresh Ha'avodaby R'Baruch Kossover, written in 5525 [1764/5] while he was living in Brody.
* His brother, the scholar and Kabbalist Nathan, grandfather of the scholar and Kabbalist R'Yakov of Lissa, died in Brody at an old age on 14 of the month of Shevat 5538 .
* His brotherinlaw, the scholar and Kabbalist Moshe Rokach, son of the scholar the rabbi of all those living in Exile [Raban shel kol benei hagola= Exilarch] Elazar, ABD of the communities Brody and Amsterdam.
* The scholar and Kabbalist Yeshayahu Halevi Ish Horowitz, the younger brother of the scholars R'Pinchas son of Zvi Halevi Horowitz, author of Ha'hafla'aand R'Shmuel (Shmelke) ABD of the holy community of Nikolsburg in Moravia, who was born to his father by his second wife at an old age; yet his father had the merit to take him to his Huppa[wedding]. He lived a long life and was the student of the great scholar R'Chaim Tzanser.
* The great scholar and Kabbalist our teacher Naftali Hirtz, ABD in the communities of Kovla and Dubno, son of the scholar our teacher Rabbi Zvi Hirsch ABD in Halberstadt.According to the scholar the tzaddik our teacher Rabbi Israel Segal Landa, RABD [head of the religious court] in the community of Zlotchov, in his book Nefesh Chaya, R'Naftali Hirtz left the rabbinic position in Dubno and relocated to Brody. On the ratification of the Kliva Divorce his signature appears as well.
* The scholar and Kabbalist our teacher Zvi Horowitz, author of the book Machane Levi, son of the author of Ha'hafla'awas also one of the sages of the Kloiz. In 5537 [1776/7] he wrote approbation for the book Toldot Yosef, mentioned above, with the other Sages of the Brody Kloiz. His final rest is in Stanislav. My friend, the late Rabbi Fishel Horowitz HYD [may God avenge his blood] son of the scholar Rabbi David HaLevi Ish Horowitz, ABD Stanislav, showed me his gravestone.
Some of the Sages of the Kloizalso spread the BESHT Hassidism. Apart from those that I shall describe in detail later, I shall mention here:
* The scholar, the holy man our teacher Moshe Leib of Sassov, son of the scholar our teacher Yakov ABD Etinga and the region, was born in Brody, studied in his youth with the KloizSages and later studied seven years with the scholar, the holy man
R'Shmelke ABD of Nikolsburg. After his teacher died he went to holy Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhansk. He became famous as one of the Tzadikimof his generation.
* The holy man R'Zelig of Brody, student of the Maggidof Miedzyrzec and the Maggidof Zlotchov and the holy Rabbi of Zalowi. He was called the Hassid of Brody.
* Our teacher Moshe Aharon of Brody, Hassid and holy man of the lineage of Zvi zl, a student of our teacher Rabbi Yakov Yitzhak ztzl [righteous of blessed memory] of Lublin. Toward the end of his life he went to the Holy Land.
* I had written an article about the scholar Rabbi Efraim Zalman Margaliot zl of Brody, but as I was informed that my friend the scholar Moshe Steinberg, rabbi of GavYam, is preparing an article for the book, I gave up the idea, and I shall convey here a little of the history of the scholar our teacher Shlomo Kluger, the MAHARSHAK, the Maggidof Brody. Although he was not born in Brody and was not one of the Sages of the Kloiz, his scholarshipand his righteousness gave him an honored place among them and his name was strongly connected with the name of the town Brody of his time was remembered by many thanks to him.
* The scholar and Kabbalist our teacher Shlomo son of the Rabbi Aharon Yehuda RABD and Maggid Meisharimin Brody, gained fame in the world by his many books on all subjects of the Torah. It is said that he authored three hundred and seventy five books equal to the gimatriaof his name Shlomo. He was born in 5543 [1782/3] in the town Kamerov in RussiaPoland. From the age of 12 years he was educated by the great scholar our teacher Yosef Hochgelehrenter,ABD of the community of Zamosc, author of Mishnat Hachamim. He was ABD in the communities of Kolikov and Yosepov, and Maggid Meisharimin Brody, by the recommendation of the scholar our teacher Rabbi E. Z. Margaliot. Later he was accepted as ABD of Brezhan and was welcomed there splendidly with music and dance. My friend the late Torah scholar our teacher Israel Ilan zl, born in Brezhan, related that he heard from the elders of the town that the day the MAHARSHAK arrived in Brezhan he became ill and for 12 months he was confined to bed. The townspeople made every effort to restore his health: they spent a great deal of money, the women sold their jewelry, they brought the best doctors from Lvov and Vienna all to no avail. Until one day, the holy R'Meir of Przemyslany zl, who was one of the admirers of MAHARSHAK, sent a special envoy with the order that the MAHARSHAK immediately leave Brezhan and he will soon be fully healed. And so it happened. He was indeed healed, returned to Brody and served there over fifty years, taught Torah and issued many Takanot[regulations] in spite of the Maskilim[enlightened] of Brody. The regulations were accepted in other towns in Galicia as well. From the Brody elders I heard about his special abstinence and holiness. The people went to him when in need or in trouble and related about the miracles that he performed, although he was not officially part of the Hassidic movement. By the way, I shall mention here something that is not known, but it should be remembered: he wrote a book which he named Regulations for the Ritual Slaughterers [SHUV regulations] which was added to the book Torat Hazevachby the scholar our teacher Rabbi Genzfried zl (Lwow 5608 [1847/8]) and begins Thus said Shlomo: I was called to the great city, the holy community of Berdichev to correct the matter of the slaughterers; God helped me and I managed to introduce good regulations and good conduct, and some other communities in Russia adopted those regulations as well. The problem was: in Berdichev there were rumors that one of the slaughterers was not performing the ritual as prescribed in the Halacha and it was decided to invite the scholar MAHARSHAK to hear the testimonies and the arguments of all sides, and so it was.
He came, investigated and listened to the arguments of the sides and his decision was against the slaughterer: he was fired from his work. Naturally, the slaughterer and his friends did not accept this verdict quietly. They wrote to the great scholars of the generation and they wrote to our teacher rabbi Yekutiel Asher Enzil Tzuzmir zl (he served, in his old age, as ABD of the community of Stryj, without compensation, since he was very rich), the best student of the author of Ketzot Hachoshen, and he caused a stir in the entire rabbinic world about the verdict of the MAHARSHAK, stating that it was wrong, etc. etc. In his book of Responsa, which I have in my library, there are many queries on this matter, every reply written at great length, as was his custom. He writes bitterly about the MAHARSHAK and the latter replies, as usual, very modestly and explains the reasons tor firing the slaughterer. In 1935, when I made Aliya with God's help, I heard from a great rabbi the end of the story: After several years, the slaughterer decided to leave Berdichev and make Aliya to Eretz Israel. Here he repented and printed a booklet (which the aforementioned rabbi saw with his own eyes) in which he admits that the MAHARSHAK was right and that he had brought false witnesses. Everybody realized then the greatness of the scholar the MAHARSHAK zl. He died in Tamuz 5629 [August 1869] in Brody. The scholar our teacher I.S. Nathansohn, rabbi of Lwow, said in his eulogy that the MAHARSHAK had forty thousand pages of Torah commentaries; the MAHARSHAK wrote in 5614 [1853/4] that he had written 136 articles on the Talmud and the Poskim[a scholar who decides on Halacha issues], and every article has some 200 pages, and some eight thousand Responsa. Some 30 books appeared in print and hundreds remained as manuscripts. The first book that was published was Sefer Hachaiym, commentaries on Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaiym(Zolkov, 5588 [1827/8]). This book had a great impact on the rabbinic world, although the author was quite young. In his approbation to the book, the scholar E. Z. Margaliot of Brody wrote about him: The rabbi, the sharp scholar his book is useful to every rabbi and teacher, a good and sensible book of Responsa. The book includes about 6,000 responsa on the four volumes of the codex of law Shulchan Aruch. His son, the scholar our teacher Avraham Binyamin Kluger zl served after him as Dayanand MorehTzedek[a Posek a scholar rabbi who decides on Halcha Issues] in Brody.
Concluding this Introduction, I consider it my duty to mention my brotherinlaw (my wife's brother) the scholar and tzaddikMoshe Pinchas zl, the rabbi of Ruhatin,son of the scholar, the tzaddikour teacher Chaim Halevi Eisen ztzl ABD of the community of Swiez. He was a great scholar, very erudite, served his Maker with great devotion, his followers and students admired him greatly.
The following Hassidim were famous in Brody as well: the old Hassid R'Moshe Gliener, R'Yehoshua, R'Leibush, R'Meneli the SHUV [slaughterer] and his son R'Shlomo, R'Mendel Parnas. My late friend, his teacher the slaughterer Herman of Swirz, told me that when the rabbi of Ruhatin was nine years old he knew by heart several Tractates. When the rabbis wanted to test him he hid under the bench, so they promised him sweets and asked him references from the Talmud, and he replied: this is on page…. on page…. and gave the first words of the text, etc. etc. They were astounded. He perished in the Holocaust as a young man, with his wife the RabbanitMrs. Pearl, her sister Mrs. Sara, their son Israel and their daughters Hadassa and MiriamRivka.
Rabbi Moshe of Ostraha (Ostrov)
He was unique, one of the greatest of the early Sages of the Kloiz, a famous scholar, a Kabbalist and holy man, of strong opinions.He was called by all R'Moshe of Ostraha, son of the rabbinic scholar our teacher Hillel of Zamozs and grandson of the scholar the Kabbalist our teacher Yakov Temirles (according to R'Moshe of Ostraha in his Introduction to the book Arugat Habosem). He wrote the very good book Arugat Habosem [The Fragrant Flowerbed] on Shir Hashirim[The Song of Songs] commentaries by way of Kabbala. The book was first printed in 5585 [1824/5] in Zolkov and the holy Rabbi SarShalom of Belz asked his son to buy it for him. When the book was brought to him he was very happy and joyous. The son asked his father What brought on this joy? When you want to study and attain the real truth you choose only the books of the old scholars what made you ask for this book? The father replied: Know, my son, that when the fragrance of the book spread over the world, the holy BESHT [Rabbi Israel Ba'al Shem Tov], may his merits protect us, said that when the author wrote the book he was united with the soul of King Shlomo [Salomon] may he rest in peace. And he concluded by saying Even without this knowledge, which I received from my holy teachers, I knew that Moshe is a very great man, comparable to the old sages.Later, in 5626 [1865/6] his commentaries on the Pentateuch Heichal Habrachaand Otzar Chaiymwere printed, as was his book Darash Moshe, a precious commentary, by the way of Kabbalah on the Book of Psalms (Lwow 5639 [1878/9]), which was bought by our teacher E. Z. Margaliot of Brody.R'Moshe was a Maggid Meisharim[righteous preacher] in Brody and was one of the loyal friends of the BESHT. Every time the BESHT came to Brody, they would spend several hours together. The holy rabbi, the MaggidBinyamin of Zlozhitz quotes many of his commentaries on the Torah.He died on 11 Tevet 5545 [24 December 1784] in Brody and there he was put to eternal rest.
Rabbi Chaim Tzanser
A true scholar, the crown of holiness, most famous in his generation, the Kabbalist our teacher Rabbi Chaim of Tzansson of the scholar, the tzaddikour teacher Rabbi Menachem Nachum (died 10 Elul 5560 [31 August 1800]). He was one of the most outstanding of the Sages of the Brody Kloiz, studied with the famous Noda Biyhudaand other great scholars of his time. He was one of the signatories on 10 Tevet 5528  of the ratification of the Get of Kliva[the Kliva Divorce]. Day and night R'Chaim studied the Torah and had special hours dedicated to charity and FreeofInterest loans. He would say: Why do the Tractates of the Talmud begin with Page 2 and not Page 1? To teach you, that even if you turn nights into days and study the Torah day and night, do not be conceited, since it shows that you have not studied Page 1 yet, and you should start from the beginning. The scholar R'Chaim Tzanser was the head of the speakers on every holy issue, not only in Brody and surroundings but also in the entire Jewish and rabbinic world.It is written on the cover of his book Ne'dar Bakodeshon Pirkei Avot[Wisdom of the Fathers], published in Lwow in 5622 [1861/2], which was in the private library of R'E. Z. Margaliot of Brody One of the great Elder Scholars, Hassidim of the Old School, who are sitting before God in the
Great Kloizof Brody, among the scholars known as the Sages of the Kloiz.Our teacher R'Azriel Levin wrote in the Introduction that the BESHT praised him greatly, saying that his holy soul possessed a spark of the soul of Rabbi Yochanan Ben Zakay. He died on 6 Shevat 5543 . He left a son who was a genius and a tzaddik, our teacher Rabbi Shmuel Aharon, ABD in Matchov. Of his students we shall mention the scholar R'Elazar Rokach, father of the holy scholar Rabbi SarShalom of Belz and son of the scholar our teacher Shmelke, son of the scholar Rabbi Elazar Rokach ABD Amsterdam and soninlaw of the Kabbalist the scholar Yehuda Zundel Remrezh, who was also one of the students of R'Chaim Tzanser and was a kabbalist and a tzaddik.
Rabbi Yitzhak Halevi Horowitz
The scholar Kabbalist Yitzhak Halevi, son of the scholar Kabbalist Yakov Yukel Horowitz ABD Kharkhov, Gluga, Brody and AHW (Altona, Hamburg, Wandsbek), was one of the greatest of the Sages of the Brody Kloiz. He was born in 5475 [1714/5] in the town Bolechov when his father the scholar Yakov Yukel was ABD there. In his later years he was ABD of Kharkhov and the Ludmir district.
After the death of his father, he was appointed ABD of greater Glugau. He served there as ABD six years and in the seventh year he left the position of rabbi and returned to his town, Brody. In 5524 [1763/4], after the death of the scholar Kabbalist Nathan Neta, ABD Brody, he was appointed ABD of Brody, and in 5525 [1764/5] he was again accepted as ABD of AHW, after the death of the scholar Kabbalist Rabbi Yehonatan Eyebeschutz zl, author of Kreiti Ufleiti, Urim Vetumim, Ye'arot Devashand more. While he lived in Brody, before he was appointed ABD, he wrote in 5511 [1750/1] approbation to the Amsterdam Talmud. In 5514 [1753/4] he wrote approbation to the books Tosefet Shabatand Ateret Rosh. His writings can be found in the book Hafla'aand Hamikne, in the Responsa of Rabbi Chaim Cohen, in the Ya'vetz Chaimqueries item 66, in Noda Biyhuda, in Pitchei Teshuva Even Ha'ezeritem 46, etc. etc. Yitzhak died on the 6thof the month of Iyar 5527 [1766/7], in Altona, at the age of 52. He was the soninlaw of R'Yakov BABED of Brody, one of the founders of the Brody Bet Hamidrash. The other data and events about our Rabbi Yitzhak Halevi are recorded in the book of the History of the Horowitz Family.
R'Naftali son of R'Levi 
The scholar, Kabbalist, our teacher Naftali son of Levi of Brody, author of the books Ateret Shlema, Bet Beit Levi, commentaries on the Talmud and RASHI (Zolkov, 5492 ), was one of the Sages of the Kloiz. In 5537 [1776/7] he wrote approbation for the book Toldot Yosef(A commentary on Shir Hashirimby the way of Kabbala by R'Yosef Dov ABD Liskow) with other Sages.The scholar, our teacher Efraim Z. Margaliot, in his Responsa Beit Efraim, Tractate Gittin [Divorces], wrote, in the middle of the response I heard the same commentary on RASHI on the Torah Portion Vayeshev[concerning Yosef brothers' conspiracy to kill him] in the name of the late rabbi, our teacher Naftali ben Levi.
Rabbi Avraham Gershon Kitover
The great scholar, the Kabbalist, the famous Hassid, our teacher Avraham Gershon Kitover, son of the scholar our teacher Efraim, who was judge and moreh tzedek in Kitov, was one of the Sages of the Kloizat the time of the Noda Biyhuda. The Noda Biyhudadescribed him as the darling of my eye and beloved of my heart, a wise man who is superior to a prophet, beloved on earth and desirable in Heaven, the wondrous rabbi, erudite in Torah and Hassidism, wise and perfect, a holy Hassid, a luminary of the children of Israel, a supporting pillar and a strong hammer, our honored teacher Avraham Gershon, may his light shine. The author of Pri Megadim[R' Yosef son of Meir Teomim] writes that he has heard from his father zl that the Hassid R'Gershon Kitover said that he came to Jerusalemand when he saw several nations living there in peace he wept, saying Now I understand the verse I see every city (Jerusalem on earth) built and living peacefully, while God's city (Jerusalem in Heaven) is humiliated and ruined. In the book Hibat Yerushalaiymit is written about him I heard people tell that when the Rabbi R'Gershon Kitover recited Lamentations in the place where the Temple once stood, he fainted several times, and people could barely revive him. The scholar rabbi Yehonathan Eyebeshutz zl, when he sent amulets to the Kabbalist our honored teacher Chaim Vilna, quoted the sages of Konstantina, who said about our teacher Rabbi Gershon: How great is his wisdom in the Science of Kabbala. The holy scholar, author of Toldot Yaakov Yosef quotes his commentaries on the Ha'azinuTorah Portion. By the request of the BESHT he met with the holy Rabbi R'Chaim Atar. It is known that the BESHT wanted to meet him, and he reached Istanbul (on his way to Eretz Israel) but, against his will, he had to return. R'Avraham Gershon wrote to the BESHT greetings from the author of Or Chaiym[Chayim Atar] and informed him that the letter was received. At the same time he ordered him not to try to set out on the journey again, since we do it only once [from the Passover Haggadah].He set up his residence in Hebron, and used to say that living one day in Eretz Israel is valued by the Master of the Universe more than sixty years in the Diaspora. Later he relocated to Jerusalem and died after a few years. He was buried in Jerusalem and next to him his sons R'Chaim Aharon and R'Yakar, who came to Eretz Israel ten years later, and his grandson.
Rabbi Meir Margaliot
The scholar Kabbalist Rabbi Meir Margaliot, son of the scholar Rabbi ZviHirsh Margaliot (ABD of the community of Yazlowitz and the province of Podolia), was ABD of Lwow and later ABD of Ostraha [Ostrov]. He wrote the book Meir Netivim, Part 1 Responsa and Part 2 commentaries on the Talmud and nice interpretations of the Torah Portions (Polnoy, 5551 [1790/1]). He studied with his uncle (his mother's brother), the scholar Arie Leibish Auerbach, ABD Stanislav. The BESHT used to say about him
that he had in him a spark of Abayey [a great Amora a Talmudic sage of the Babilonian Talmud], and the great scholar author of Noda Biyhudarefused to sign the release of a aguna [grant a divorce to a woman of a missing husband without his approval. He was the son of the scholar Mordechai Mordush, ABD of Bamberg and the region, son of the scholar our teacher David, nephew (son of the sister) of the author of Turei Zahav. At the end of his book there are new interpretations on the Tractate Berachotfrom the great book Beer Yitzhak, written by his elder brother, the sharp scholar our teacher Yitzhak Dov ABD Yazlowitz, as well as some collections written by his father, mentioned above. He wrote also the book Derech Hatov Vehayashar[The way of goodness and honesty] (Polnoy 5555, [1794/5]), Kutonot Or[coats of light] on the 613 commandments (Berditchev, 5576 [1815/6]) and the book Sod Yachin Uvoaz[The secret of Yachin and Boaz (the two columns in the Jerusalem Temple)] (Ostrov 5554 [1793/4]). He was one of the greatest scholars of the KloizSages, and one of the loyal followers of the BESHT, as he testifies in his book Sod Yachin Uvoaz: …The way I was taught Torah and Hassidism by my friend the rabbi and Hassid, an example for the entire generation, my teacher Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov zl and further from the day I met my teacher my friend the Rav and Hassid Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov, may his soul be bound in the bond of the living, I knew with certainty that he was a leader with wisdom and purity, a Hassid and a Tzaddik, who revealed secrets for me, and many wondrous things are being told about him. He wrote in the book Shemen TovPart 2, 106 that the BESHT zl said that there were three families who are pure generation after generation as He made the Covenant with Abraham and His pledge to Yitzhak and Yakov: 1. Margaliot, 2. Shapira, 3. Horowitz. He loved the author of Me'ir Netivimand the holy Rabbi Pinchas of Koretz and the holy Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Halevi Horowitz ABD Tchortkov, father of the scholars Pinchas Halevi Horowitz, author of Hafla'a Vehamikne, ABD Frankfurt am Main and the holy scholar R'Shmelke Halevi Horowitz, ABD Nikolsburg.
His sons were famous scholars the scholar Shaul ABD Lublin, the scholar Betzalel who took his father's place as ABD and head of the Yeshiva in Ostrov and the scholar Nachman, ABD Polnoy.
Rabbi Yechezkel Landa
The scholar our teacher Yechezkel Landa son of Yehuda Halevi, one of the greatest rabbis of his generation, was of a much honored family of special lineage,famous by the name of his book Noda Biyhuda. He was born on 18 Cheshvan 5474  in Apta [Opatov], to his father R'Yehuda son of Zvi Hirsch, one of the leaders of the town and member of the Council of the Four Lands. Until the age of 13 years he studied Torah with Rabbi Yitzhak Aizik Halevi of Ludmir. When he was 14 he went to the holy community of Brody to study with the Sages of the Kloiz, since it was known that this city was full of scholars and writers and that Torah spread from there to the entire Jewish people. He studied with a group of talented and God fearing young people real lions in the study of the Torah. When he was 18 he married Miss Liba, the daughter of Yakov of Dubno and went to live in the house of his fatherinlaw [as was the custom]. He persuaded his fatherinlaw to move to Brody and the latter was accepted as a member of the Sages of the Kloiz. In 5494 [1733/4] he was appointed dayan[religious judge] without compensation and gained fame. All the scholars of his time would ask his advice he possessed great knowledge, in the wisdom of the Torah, as well as in research and philosophy and reasoning. In addition to his wisdom and righteousness, he was kind hearted, charitable and always attentive to the needs of the community.
At the age of thirty he was appointed ABD of Yampol and served there about ten years, and in 5515 [1754/5] he was appointed ABD and head of the Yeshiva in the great city of Pragueafter Rabbi David Oppenheim. The rooms of the Yeshiva were too small to contain the many students from far and near who came to hear his teachings and they had to hold classes in the courtyard of the synagogue. Study never stopped in his house all his life, even on the Sabbath eve and on fasting days. Contrary to the custom of the heads of the Yeshiva, who began the semesters on the first day of the months Cheshvan and Iyar, he would open the study right after the Holidays of Sukkot and Pesach. Every day he would give a lesson on Talmud, and Fridays he would learn with his students the Weekly Portion with RASHI. He loved his students as a father loves his sons and was happy with every success in their study. Among his students were great scholars R'Avraham Danzig author of Chayey Adamand Chochmat Adam, R'David Deutch author of Ohel David and R'Eliezer Flekless author of the Responsa Teshuva Me'ahava. R'Yechezkel was courageous, stood with pride before kings, spoke wisely and the efforts he made for his people were never rejected. During the SevenYearWar, when the Austrian Empress Theresa fought against the king of Prussia Frederick II and the city of Prague was under siege, he did not listen to the advice of some of the elders of the community, who left Prague and asked him to join them; he remained in town and made every effort to help his people: he asked the rich to help the poor and forbade the merchants to raise prices. In 5505 [1744/5] the Jews of Prague had been expelled from the city, following a libel that they aided the Prussians in their war on Austria; this time Rabbi Yechezkel was cautious and issued a message to the Jews, stating that any Jew who will help the enemy will be declared traitor and will be excommunicated from the community. He also composed a special prayer for the welfare of the empire and royalty, to be recited in every synagogue at the morning and evening prayers. He ordered to print it in the German language and distributed thousands of copies. The Empress appreciated his activity, and when she visited Prague at the end of the war and the rabbi went to welcome her and praise her for her victory she thanked him, in front of all her ministers, for the loyalty to his country. In 5549 [1788/9], when the emperor Joseph II issued the decree ordering the Jews to recruit to the army, he encouraged the members of his community to obey the order. On 16 Iyar, he spoke to the first 25 soldiers in the presence of many of the residents of the city and army officers. He encouraged the soldiers and hoped that they will keep the Jewish mitzvoth [commandments] while in the army. R'Yechezkel died on 17 Iyar 5553 [19 April, 1793] in Prague. He asked not to be overly praised in the eulogies, and not to erect an expensive stone on his grave, only a simple stone costing no more than 18 Gulden and not to engrave on it honorary titles. So it was done, and they engraved on his tombstone only The famous rabbi our teacher Yechezkel Halevy. It was told that in his room he had a special cabinet that was always locked and he never let the key out of his hand. Even his family did not know what he kept in that cabinet. After he died they opened it and found the Sefer Hazoharand the writings of the ARI zl [the great Kabbalist Rabbi Yitzhak Luria] and some of his own notes and remarks on Kabbala. In several places in his book, he mentions Kabbala subjects.He introduced several regulations, among them regulations against exaggerated luxury, which provokes envy among the Goyim and causes the raise of taxes. He also reproved the members of his community, not to be like the goyim [gentiles] by going to the theater.
In the matter of the Kliva Divorce R'Yechezkel stood by the scholar R'Israel Lifschitz, who arranged the divorce, contrary to the opinion of the scholar R'Avraham Avish, the Rabbi of Frankfurt. As a result, the leaders of the Frankfurt Community decided, on 9 Cheshvan 5522 [6 November 1761] not to appoint as rabbi of their town neither R'Yechezkel nor any of his descendants, also not to allow them to preach in their synagogue, in case they visited their town. At the time of the great dispute between R'Yakov Emden and R'Yehonatan Eybeschutz, R'Yechezkel published, on 8 Iyar 5512 [22 April, 1752] a letter, asking the rabbis and sages of his generation, to calm down the quarrel. In his opinion, the amulets that R'Yonathan was suspected of using were fake amulets, and he complained that the religious court of justice listened to testimonies in his absence. For the sake of peace, he suggested to conceal the amulets. At the same time, he declared that the honor of R'Yonathan was restored and he can continue to teach Torah (this angered R'Yakov Emden). When he died, he was eulogized and praised (according to the book Tziyun Lenefesh Chaya) As one cannot deny the light of the sun at noontime so one cannot deny his greatness and his good qualities.
His sons that are known to us: 1. The scholar our teacher Rabbi Yakov'ka Landa of Brody; his commentaries were quoted in the first edition of Noda Biyhudaand given as an appendix to the second edition. In 5544 (1784) he wrote an approbation to the Pentateuch edition. He died on 13 Av [6 August July] 5583 (1823) in Brody. His son was Rabbi Yehuda Landa of Brody.2. The scholar our teacher Rabbi Shmuel Landa, who inherited the position of his father in Prague. Some of his Responsa are incorporated in Noda Biyhudaand his new interpretations in Ahavat Zion. He was one of the fighters against the new movements, which aimed to introduce changes in religion and education. 3. Rabbi Israel Landa of Brody, father of the famous scholar our teacher Rabbi Elazar Landa Brod, author of the famous book Yad Hamelech, new interpretations on the RAMBAM (Maimonides) (Lwow, 5582 [1821/2]). Brody elders would spoke about his righteousness, his wisdom and his holiness. The scholar MAHARSHAK zl related that several hours before his death he stood outside in front of his house, which was far from the house of R'Elazar, and yet he could hear him say in a very loud voice his confession [Viduy] and Ani Ma'amin. He died in 5591 [1830/1] in Brody. His grandson, the righteous scholar R'Israel Landa zl ABD Zlotchov, had been one of the respected and rich residents of Kiev, but had to flee the town at the time of the Beilis trial, because he was Zeitzov's [a witness in Beilis trial] brotherinlaw. In the introduction of his book Nefesh Chayaon the Tractate Beitzahe writes at length about the history of this precious family the Landa family and its pedigree.
Rabbi David Tevil
The scholar Kabbalist our teacher David Tevil,born in Brody, was one of the greatest Sages of the Kloiz. He was known as a great genius, most brilliant in Talmudic debate. At first he served as ABD in Kharkov and later was accepted as ABD and Head of Yeshiva in Lissa. He studied with all great scholars of his time, as the author of Noda Biyhuda, the author of Beit Meirand the author of Or Israel. He wrote the book Michtav LeDavid. His signature is on the ratification of the Kliva Divorce, with the signatures of R'Chaim Tzanser and others. On 13 Sivan 5505 [13 June 1745] he wrote approbation to the book Arugat Habosemby R'Moshe of Ostraha [Ostrov]. He wrote approbation to the book Divrei Shalom Ve'emetby R'Naftali Hirtz Wiesel as well, but
after he understood the intentions of the author and the devastating results of the new changes in education, he went openly against them. In his sermon on Shabat before Passover [Shabat Hagadol] 5542  he severely criticized the supporters modifications. Following his sermon, Wiesel wrote his booklet Rechovot. He died on 16 Tevet 5552 [11 January, 1792] in Lissa and the scholar R'Eliezer Flekeles eulogized him; the eulogy appears in his book Olat Chodesh.
Rabbi Noach Avraham Halevi Heller The holy scholar our teacher Noach Avraham Halevi Hellerson of the holy scholar Moshe AharonABD Sniatyn, son of the scholar our teacher R'MeirABD Bradshyn, son of the scholar R'AvrahamHead of the Yeshiva in the community of Skalia (near Stryj), son of the holy scholar, Head of the Dispora Jews YomTov Lipman Heller. He authored great books: a. on the Talmud, b. Reponsa, c. New interpretations, legends and morals. He intended to print them, but on Sunday 13 Tamuz 5519 [8 July 1759]robbers attacked the town Bolochov, robbed and killed several Jews and burned the town etc. etc., and he was miraculously saved since he hid under the bed. All his books burned down, so he wrote a new book on the Torah Zerizuta DeAvraham(Lwow 5660 ). He was one of the great Sages of the Kloiz, from the den of lions and he revealed his secrets to his loyal student the holy Man of God Rabbi Shmuel of Ostrov.R'Noach Avraham was the student of the maggid of Miedzyrzec. At the death of the scholar Moshe Shoham son of R'Dan, he was appointed ABD of the community of Dalina. He died on 18 Elul 5546 [11 September 1786] in Bradschein and was buried there. His sons:
Rabbi Meshulam Igra
The scholar Kabbalist R'Meshulam Igra lived several years in Brody and studied in the Great Kloiz. The Sages of the Kloizmuch appreciated his greatness and wrote about him all the sages of the generation are not comparable to him. R'Meshulam was born in 5510 [1749/50] in Butchatch, the son of the great rabbi our teacher Shimshon. He was raised and educated by his grandfather, the scholar Kabbalist Efraim Fishel, ABD Kolomea, son of the scholar Meshulam, son of the scholar Yeshayahu, judge and head of the Yeshiva in Lwow, son of the scholar Kabbalist Aharon Meshulam of Lowicz, grandson of the scholar author of Meginei Shlomoand the scholar our teacher Meshulam son of Avraham Salzburg ABD Lwow, who died there on 2 Iyar 5405 [18 April 1645] and was laid there to eternal rest. The scholar Rabbi Meshulam Igra was very talented he was like a cemented cistern that never loses a drop [from Pirkei Avot Ethics of the Fathers].
It was said about him that it was his custom to study Talmud without the commentaries of RASHI and Tosfot, and explain the passage according to his own reasoning. Later he would read RASHI, and seeing that his interpretation and the Tossfotinterpretation were different from his own, he would try to explain why RASHI did not explain as he did, and why the Tosfot differs from RASHI. From all these deliberations he wrote his great book Igra Rama.The BESHT, when he once saw him on his father's shoulders, took him in his arms and said to all present in the room: You see, this child's fresh soul emanates directly from Heaven, and it was never in this world in a former incarnation.When he was ten years old, he spoke in the great synagogue in Brody, in front of scholars and sages, in the presence of ABD Brody the famous scholar R'Yitzhak Halevi IshHorowitz, also known as R'Itzik'l Hamburger. The child argued with him publicly about a certain issue and won.When he was 13 he married the daughter of the respected rich man, our teacher R'Shmuel Bik of Brody and continued his perpetual study of the Torah at the Kloiz. Several years later, his wife asked for a divorce, based on the argument Can one live with a Torah Scroll? He accepted, and confessed that he was punished because he did not marry the daughter of one of the great rabbis of the generation. Then he married Miss Rivka Ester, the daughter of the aforementioned scholar R'Itzik'l. When he was seventeen he was appointed ABD of Tisminetz, one of the outstanding and important communities in the world of study. He had many students, who later became famous scholars: the scholar our teacher Rabbi Yakov of Lissa, author of Chavat Da'atand Netivot Hamishpat, the scholar Kabbalist our teacher Mordechai Banet ABD Nikolsburg, the son of his brotherinlaw the scholar Kabbalist Arie Leibush Halevi Ish Horowitz ABD Stanislav, the scholar Arie Leib author of Ketzot Hachoshen, the scholar Kabbalist Naftali Hirtz Hakohen of Tisminetz, who was called R'Hertzele Katchiger (his responsum was printed in the Responsa book of Rabbi Meshulam Igra, Choshen Mishpat 24), the scholar Kabbalist Nathan Neta ABD Podhajce, the son of his brotherinlaw the holy scholar our teacher Rabbi Naftali Zvi Horowitz, ABD of the community Rufshitz, the scholar Kabbalist Baruch Frenkel ABD Leipnik, author of the book Baruch Ta'am, the scholar Kabbalist Moshe Mintz ABD of Old Buda, author of the book MAHARAM Mintz, the scholar Kabbalist Shlomo, one of the great sages of Tisminetz, who was appointed in 5554 [1793/4] ABD of Pressburg, died on the second day of Hol Hamoed[intermediate days] of the Holiday of Sukkot 5563  in Pressburg and was laid there to eternal rest.
Rabbi Moshe Mintz
The scholar Kabbalist R'Moshe Mintz, dayanand moreh tzedek[religious judge and posek] in Brody, was born in Podolia.He was an inlaw of the great scholar the KHATAM Sofer and is mentioned in his Responsa Even Ha'ezer 122. He studied with the scholar author of the book Hemdat Shlomo. The scholar author of Noda Biyhudamentioned him in his Responsa. Noda Biyhudawrote about him, that he was the exemplary scholar of the entire generation, and according to his recommendation he was appointed in 5550 [1789/90] ABD of Budapest (Old Oboda), after the position of rabbi in that city was not filled for the duration of nine years, from the day of the death of the scholar Kabbalist Nathan Ginsburg, who was so great in Torah and in wisdom that the members of the community could not find a suitable replacement, until they found R'Moshe Mintz. He was respected by all people in town and vicinity, and rabbis from far and near turned to him with questions. As ordained rabbi in the community of
Brody, he arranged in 5540 [1779/80] the get [divorce] for the community leader R'Elyakim Getzl of Lebertov.For 41 years he served as ABD in Old Oboda, Budapest and died there in 5591 [1830/1]. He was buried in the old cemetery there, and his gravestone, as well as the gravestone of the rabbi who preceded him, are standing there to this day. Some of his Responsa are printed, titled Responsa of MAHARAM Mintz.
Rabbi Meir Kristianpoller
He was one of the greatest scholars of his generation, ABD and Head of the Yeshiva in Brody, at the time of the scholar author of the book Beit Efraim. Of the many responsa and interpretations in all subjects of the Torah that he has written, only one book was printed, titled Yad Meir, about some of the subjects of the Talmud. In the Responsa Noda BiyhudaRabbi Meir was praised, while he was still ABD in Kristianpol (this was the origin of his name Kristianpoller). He was the son of the scholar Kabbalist Zvi Hirsch, ABD Bylkamin, who also left many manuscripts, but only one book was printed, Meorot Zvi, on the Talmud. The scholar Kabbalist R'Meir was one of the best students of the holy scholar our teacher R'Shmelke Horowitz ABD Nikolsburg. Rabbi Meir died 15 Nissan 5575 [25 April, 1815]. It was told that Rabbi Meir married his second wife and she bore him every year a son, but, God help us, no one survived. Once, after she had a son again, the Brody Hassidim gave her the advice, that if she wants her son to survive and live a long life, she should invite the holy R'Moshe Leib of Sassov to the Brit [circumcision ceremony]. When her husband R'Meir returned from the synagogue she said that she wished to invite Rabbi Moshe Leib to the Brit, but he refused. She swore that she will not allow the baby to be circumcised unless R'Moshe Leib will be present, and he did not have a choice but to invite R'Moshe Leib. Before the Morning Prayer he went to the river, as was his custom, to perform the ritual immersion [tevila]. It was winter and very cold. After immersion he washed his hands and went to the synagogue, where no stove was burning, and prayed, with only his lips moving, as was his custom. When he reached the passage Vayevarech David, the people in the synagogue saw drops of sweat bubbling on his shoes. The newborn boy survived and lived a long life; he was the scholar Kabbalist Yechiel Michel Kristianpoller, who became ABD Brody and vicinity.
Rabbi Moshe of Ostraha
Rabbi Chaim Tzanser
R' Naftali son of R'Levi
Rabbi Yechezkel Landa
Rabbi David Tevil
Rabbi Noach Avraham Halevi Heller
Rabbi Meshulam Igra
Rabbi Moshe Mintz
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