The Book of the Jews from Suceava (Shotz)
and the Surrounding Communities
(Suceava, Romania)

47°38' / 26°15'

Translation of
Sefer Yehudei Suceava (Shotz) vekehilot hasviva

Edited and designed by Benzion Fuchs
and the Editorial Board

Published in Israel 2007

Our sincere appreciation to Benzion Fuchs and Simcha Weissbuch
for permission to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

(Note the Association of Former Residents of Suceava (Shotz) maintains a web site at:

This is a translation of: Sefer Yehudei Suceava (Shotz) vekehilot hasviva
(The Book of the Jews from Suceava (Shotz) and the Surrounding Communities),
Edited and designed by Benzion Fuchs and the Editorial Board,
Association of Former Residents of Suceava (Shotz) and Surroundings, Published: Israel 2007 (H, E)

This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
This material may not be copied, sold or bartered without JewishGen, Inc.'s permission. Rights may be reserved by the copyright holder.

JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
JewishGen is not responsible for inaccuracies or omissions in the original work and cannot rewrite or edit the text to correct inaccuracies and/or omissions.
Our mission is to produce a translation of the original work and we cannot verify the accuracy of statements or alter facts cited.




Edited and designed by:
Benzion Fuchs

and the Editorial Board:
Israel Huebner, Meir Kostiner, Yehuda Tennenhaus and Simcha Weissbuch

This Book was written to document and relate the story of
the Jews from Suceava/Suczawa (Shotz)
and surrounding communities:

Arbore, Balaceana, Bosanci, Burdujeni, Cacica, Comăneşti,
Costina, Dărmăneşti, Ilişeşti, Iţcani, Mărăţea, Mitoc, Pătrăuţi,
Solca, Todireşti, Zahareşti.

along their generations and their fate.

All rights reserved. Published by:
Association of Former Residents of Suceava (Shotz) and Surroundings
Non-profit Foundation No.:58-040-626-2 P.O. Box: 3742, Haifa, 31037 Israel

Directing committee: Menachem Fischler, Benzion Fuchs, Mordechai Gross,
Israel Huebner, Meir Kostiner, Yehuda Tennenhaus (Chairperson) and Simcha Weissbuch

Printed in Israel 2007 Production and Printing: Teper Publishers Ltd.



Volume 1
Acknowledgments - Laudatio 15
Foreword - Editors and Guests 17
Suceava & Surroundings & their Jews 23
Introduction (Simcha Weissbuch) 23
History of the Bucovina Region 23
Jewish Life in Suceava (Simcha Weissbuch) 24
The beginning of Jewish settlement 24
Zionist, Cultural, and Sport Organizations (Simcha Weissbuch) 27
The Revisionist Movement & Beitar (Simcha Weissbuch after Dr. A. Weitmann) 29
The “Zionist Youth” Movement in Suceava (Yehuda Tennenhaus) 31
The Mizrahi and its movements in Mordechai (Shaul Weidberg, Mordechai Gross, Meir Kostiner) 37
Aliyah to Palestine before the War; (Simcha Weissbuch) 40
Jewish Sport Activity in Suceava (Simcha Weissbuch) 41
Jews and Various Parties in Suceava (Simcha Weissbuch) 41
The Communist Party 41
The Social-Democratic Party (Simcha Weissbuch) 42
The “League for the Protection of the Christian Nation” 42
The Jewish Party 43
Religious Life in Suceava (Simcha Weissbuch and Yehuda Tennenhaus) 43
Synagogues in Suceava 43
Organizing for Mutual Assistance 46
Famous Rabbis 47
Rabbi Ḥaim Hager OBM (Aryeh Ben Shlomo Kostiner) 47
Rabbi Moshe Ḥaim Lau of Piotrków, OBM (Meir Kostiner) 48
Rabbi Jacob (Yankele) Moscovicz, OBM (Mordechai Gross) 49
Rabbi Meshulam Roth, OBM (Mordechai Gross) 50
Rabbi Judah Meir Shapira, OBM (Mordechai Gross) 51
The Jews in Romania and Suceava Between the Two World Wars (Simcha Weissbuch) 52
The situation preceding WW II 54
The Surrounding communities 55
Burdujeni (Simcha Weissbuch) 55
Iţcani (Yosef Berntal, Simcha Weissbuch) 59
Hatna – Dărmăneşti 61
Bălăceana (Mordechai Haas,Meir Shafrir) 64
Comăneşti (Benzion Schaechter) 67
Professionals, vocations and businesses in Suceava and the surrounding area (Simcha Weissbuch) 70
Jewish professionals and business owners in Suceava & Surroundings 79
Businesses and workshops between the two world wars 81
Businesses and workshops in Iţcani 93
Businesses and workshops in Burdujeni 94
The Holocaust 96
The Summer 1940 Pogroms (Meir Kostiner) 96
Toward deportation 98
Deportation of Jews to Transnistria 99
The Deportation Process (Simcha Weissbuch) 99
Mogilev (Simcha Weissbuch) 102
Living conditions in the ghetto 103
Typhus epidemic 103
Transports to the camps 104
Forced labor 105
Self-organization 106
Welfare institutions 106
Religious and cultural life 107
Help and visits from outside 108
Phases of the liberation 109
Shargorod (Simcha Weissbuch) 110
The authorities and the regime 111
Living conditions in the ghetto 112
The epidemic 112
Internal organization 113
The orphanage as a cultural center 115
Help from outside 116
Forced labor 116
Traditional life 117
Self-defense 118
Phases of the liberation 119
Murafa (Meir Kostiner) 120
The deportees arrive in Murafa 121
The Convoy 121
The authorities and the regime 122
Forced labor 122
Living conditions 123
Living conditions 124
And a blood libel too 125
Judaism and culture 126
Manifestations of resistance and liberation 126
Djurin (Simcha Weissbuch) 127
The local Jews 127
Living conditions in the ghetto 127
Forced labor 128
The government and the regime 128
Self-organization 128
Religious and cultural life 130
Phases of the liberation 130
Cry and laugh, scream and sing (Three songs written/sung in the ghettos) 131
Songs for plays by Libi Schaerf 134
Life in Suceava after the Holocaust (Simcha Weissbuch) 136
General stories of people from Schotz and about them (Simcha Weissbuch) 139
A Schotz chess story (Simcha Weissbuch) 141
The Great Shabbat in Suceava (Yehuda Tennenhaus) 142
To Stalin's credit (Simcha Weissbuch) 143
Yizkor - remembering the dead 145
The list of Shoah victims 148
The Fallen Soldiers of Israel's Wars 214
References, Bibliography and Websites 225
List of association members XXIII
Foreword - Editors and Guests [E] XV
Acknowledgments - Laudatio [E] XIII
Volume 2
Personal Stories of the People of Suceava and Surrounding Area 247
Sara Openheimer's Story on the Kerzner Family 247
Dr. Menaḥem (Freddie) Eidinger's Story 249
Dr. Colette (Cetta) Itzik's Story 254
Jetti (Ruckenstein) Ellenbogen's Story 255
Freddy (Friedrich) Antschel's Story 258
Hedva (Braunstein) Antschel's Story 259
Ester (Huebner) Efler's Story 263
Frima (Mozzie) Acks (née Glueckman) 264
Mimi (née Liquornik) Artzi's Story 266
Raya Bogen's Story 274
Michael Blumenfeld's Story 277
Leah (Hurtig) Ben-Dror's Story 278
Yitzchak (Isiu) Bessler's Story 281
David & Renate Bacal's Story 283
Dr. Mario Avraham Becker's Story 284
Gertrude (Schlaefer) Ber's Story 286
Myra (Zeidler) Baron's Story 288
Rachel (Rela) (née Sternlieb) Brandes' Story 289
Yosef Berntal's Story 290
Naomi (née Pelz) Gottlieb's Story 293
Dr. Shmuel Golden's Story 293
Martin Gidron's Story 296
Ester Glueckman's Story 299
Morris Glueckman's Story 304
Mordechai Gross' Stories 308
Rachel (Berl) Gruenberg's Story 318
Bluma Dinur's Story 320
Dr. Zvi Hoch's Story 321
Dr. Zvi (Harry) Holzer's Story 321
Akhim Hopfmayer's Story 325
Alfred Horowitz' Story 342
Carol Hurtig's Story 344
Yisrael Huebner's Stories 350
Sarah Hirsch's Story 358
Gerda Heller's Story about her Husband Ze'ev (Willy) obm 360
The Late Ze'ev (Velvele) Heller's Story 360
Meir Heller's Story 364
Friedrich (Fritz) and Regina (née Weitman) Herrer 's Story 366
Litzy Tekuchiano-Weiner's Story 372
Sarah Vigder's Story 375
Yosef Vizhnitzer's Story 375
The Late Dr. Adolf Weizmann's Story 384
Simcha Weissbuch's Stories 389
Mordechai Wasserman' Story 406
Dr. Harriet (née Ita Schmelzer) Vernia's Story 411
Yaakov Sommer's Story 412
Chita (née Wagner) Singer's Story 413
Jenny (née Schapira) Tennenhaus' Story 413
Yehuda Tennenhaus' Stories 416
The Story of Sherri (née Schlaefer) Yalon's Story 425
Sarah Yaron's Story 427
Yehuda Kohn's Story 435
Shoshana (née Rosa Lester) Kohn's Story 437
Carmen (née Dickman) Kahana's Story 438
Reizi (Shoshana) Kahana's Story 444
Ruth (née Klein) Caspi's Story 445
The Late Yisrael Katz's Story 446
Yossele Carmin's Story 447
Dr. Rudi Lupovici's Story 450
Ilsa Leibowici's Story

Yosef Leinburd's Story 452
Paul Leinburd's Story 454
Shmuel (Sasha) Lechner's Story 470
Mina Moses' Story 471
Norman Manea's Stories 474
Moshe (Niederhoffer) Nadir's Story 486
Ada and Ḥ (Zuniu) (Neuberger) Noi's Stories 490
Solomon Sulchiner's Story 492
Yaakov Smotrici's Story 494
The Story of Natanel (Wax) Amit 496
The story of Rachel (Shela) Etzion (née Schweizer) 500
Shlomo Fuchs's Story 502
Benzion Fuchs's Story 504
Zvi Fuhrer's Story 522
Ḥaim Fischler's Story 523
Menaḥem (Manio) Fischler's Stories 525
Dr. Avraham (Abe Bartfeld) Peled's Story 536
Ruth and Meir (Fallenbaum) Palmon's Story 537
Nelly (Aspler) Fallenbaum's Story 538
Tzviya (Herme) Pelz-Fuhrer's Story 539
Frederica Pasternak's Story 542
Martha (née Matti Marilos) Freund 543
Martin Zwilling's Story 547
Carol Zwilling's Story 548
Aryeh (Ben Baruch) Kostiner's Story 549
Yehuda Leib (Aryeh) Kostiner's Story 553
Meir Kostiner's Story 555
Shoshana (Radia Altman) Caesari's Story 561
David Klinger-Smotrici's Story 562
Ḥayya Croitoru's Story 565
Sarah Krell's Story 565
Santa Krams's Story 567
Poldi Kern's Story 569
Anna Koerner's Story 570
Dr. Sasha Koerner's Story 571
Idit (Edith Feller) Reuveni's Story; Die Kleine Feller 572
Briti (Lebzelter-Schneider) Rubin's Story 576
Martin Rosner's Story 577
Jerry (Yosef) Ruhm's Story 580
Karl (Bibi) Ruhm's Story 582
The Late Adv. Dr. Rivka Ruckenstein-Zinowitz's Story 584
Marietta (Coca Freier) Reisman's Story 592
Ilsa Reif-Weininger's Story 595
Henry Shauer's Story 596
Schaumann Family's Stories 598
The Rabbi Yitzchak Halevi Schwarz Tribe's Story: Der Poilesher (The Pollack) 606
Simcha Stettner's Story 612
Frizi Sternberg's Story 617
Miriam (Miki) (née Rudich) Shimron's Story 619
Bella Schiff's Story 619
Zalman Schaechter's Stories 620
Shmuel Schaechter's Story when Elected “Distinguished of the City” 625
Freddy (Roth) Shani's Story 625
Gisela (Lupovici) Schapira's Story 640
About those who were with us and are no longer 643
About the late Shmuel Oberweger 643
About the late Zvi Orni 644
About Yitzchak (Iso Fallenbaum) Ilan 649
About the late Erich Heitel 651
About the late Moshe Mordechai Herling 652
About the Late Marcel Wagner 653
About the Late Emanuel (Manio) Michalovici 654
About Professor Emanuel Merdinger obm 655
About Avigdor Nussbrauch obm 656
About the Late Yaakov (Janio) Fuhrer 658
About the late Kehat Flick 659
About the Late Yaakov (Jacqui) and Erika Strominger 661
About the Late Dr. Sylvia Sternlieb, Shlomo 661
About the Late Yosef Schaechter 663
About the late Professor Libby Schaerf 665
Index of names, locations and pictures 669


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