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[Page 195]

Notes

A. The Demographic Development of the Jews of Roman and Surroundings

  1. Ion Bojoi–Ioniţă Ichim – Judeţul Neamţ, [The Neamtz County,] Academy Press, R. S. R., Bucureşti 1974, p. 97 Return
  2. Bishop Melchisedec–Útefanescu – Cronica Romanului şi a Episcopiei de Roman, [The Chronicle of Roman and the Roman Diocese] vol. I, Bucureşti, 1874 p. 37; Pompei Gh. Samaran – Medicina şi farmacia în trecutul românesc 1382–1775, [Medicine and Pharnacy in the Romanian past 1382–1775]vol. I, Călăraşi, p. 245 Return
  3. Domniţa Hordila – Populaţia Romanului în primele sale veacuri de existenţă [The population of Roman in the first centuries of its existence] in: Istoria oraşului Roman, [The History of the City of Roman] Roman, 1992, p. 58 Return
  4. Izvoare şi mărturii privind evreii din România (“I.M.E.R.”) [Sources and Testimonies regarding the Jews of Romania] II/1, Bucureşti, 1998, p. 217 Return
  5. “I.M.E.R.” I, Bucureşti, 1986, p. 111 Return
  6. Melchisedec cited work, p. 37; “I.M.E.R.” II/I, p. 16 Return
  7. Domniţa Hordila, cited article Return
  8. “I.M.E.R.” II/1, p. 158 Return
  9. Ibidem, p. 170 Return
  10. Ibidem, p. 17, 160 Return
  11. Idem, II/2, p. 58 Return
  12. S. Svemer – Falstendige chronologie fin der idişe gheşichte (Yiddish), Iaşi, part I, 1923, p. 103; Paul Cernodoveanu “Evreii în epoca fanariotă” [“The Jews in the Phanariot Era”] “Magazin istoric” [“History Magazine”], March, 1997 Return

[Page 196]

  1. M. Schwartzfeld – Vechimea evreilor în Moldova şi Valahia [“The antiquity of the Jews in Moldova and Valachia”] in “Analele Societăţii Iuliu Barasch” [“The Annals of the Iulius Barasch Society”], III/1889, p. 117 Return
  2. P. G. Dimitrev – Moldova în epoca feudalismului. Recensămintele Moldovei în anii 1772, 1773 şi 1774, [Moldova in the Feudal era. Moldova Censes in 1772, 1773, and 1774] vol VII, part II, Chişinău, 1975 Return
  3. P. Racanu “Lefile boierilor Moldovei în 1776” [“The Salaries of the Moldovan Boyars in 1776”], Iaşi, 1887 Return
  4. Dan Ripa–Buicliu – N. Capsali–Vasilescu “Un document cămătăresc” [“An usurious document”] in “An. Inst. Ist. Iaşi” [“Annals of the Jassy Historical Institute”], 1997 ; “I.M.E.R” II/2, p. 349 Return
  5. Melchisedec cited work, part II, Bucureşti, 1875, p. 155, 156 Return
  6. A. Axelrad “Popa şi ovreiul” [“The Priest and the Jew”] “Curierul israelit” [“Israelite Courier”]/5.X.1937; Dr. V. Gomoi – Repertor de medici, farmacişti, veterinari din ţinuturile româneşti înainte de 1870 [Index of physicians, pharmacists and veterinarians in the Romanian Counties before 1870], vol. I, indicates the exact year Return
  7. Epifanie Cozarascu – Asistenţa medico–sanitară. Începuturile [Medical and Sanitary Assistance. The Beginnings] in: Istoria oraşului Roman [The History of the City of Roman], Roman, 1992, p. 182–183 Return
  8. M. Schwartzfeld, cited work, p. 132 Return
  9. I.M.E.R. II/2, 1991, p. 435–6 Return
  10. Ibidem, p. 445–447 Return
  11. Ibidem, p. 452–453 Return
  12. N. Iorga – Istoria poporului românesc [The History of the Romanian People], vol. II, Bucureşti, 1927, p. 213 Return
  13. N. Iorga – Documente privitoare la familia Callimachi [Documents regarding the Callimachi family], vol. I, Bucureşti, 1902, p. 536; Bibliografia analitică a periodicelor româneşti [The Analitic Biography of the Romanian Periodicals], vol. II, Bucureşti, 1970, p. 168 Return

[Page 197]

  1. Scarlat Callimachi – S. Cris. Cristian – Călători şi scriitori despre evreii din Principatele Româneşti [Travellers and Writers on the Jews in the Romanian Principalities], Iaşi, 1935, p. 104–105 (cites Dr. Joh. Ferdinand Neigebauer – Beschrebung der Moldau und Walachei [Account of Moldavia and Valachia (German)]– Leipzig, 1848), p. 362 Return
  2. Dezvoltarea economiei Moldovei [The Development of the Moldavian Economy], 1848–1864, Bucureşti, 1963, p. 362 Return
  3. N. SUȚU – Notaţii statistice [Statistical Notes] – Opere economice [Economical Works], Bucureşti, 1957, p. 146–7 Return
  4. Analele parlamentare ale României [Anals of Romanian Parliament], Vol. XII, part II, Bucureşti, 1902, p. 533 Return
  5. Dr. Elias Schwartzfeld – From the history of the Jews – Inpopulare–repopulare şi întemeierea târgurilor şi târguşoarelor din Moldova [Population–repopulation and the Establishment of the Towns and Townlets of Moldova], Bucureşti, 1914, p. 66; I. Kara în “R.C.M.”, 454/1980 Return
  6. Alex. Lahovary – Marele dicţionar geografic al României [The Great Geographic Dictionary of Romania], Bucureşti, 1898, vol. I–IV Return
  7. Iacov bar Aşer Psantir – Divrei haiamim learţot Rumenie [The History of the Romanian Countries (Hebrew)], Iaşi, 1871, vol. II, p. 26 Return
  8. I.S. Valentineanu “Ebrei în România” [“Jews in Romania”], Bucureşti, 1886 Return
  9. “Romanu”, Roman/27.VII.1886, 6.X.1886 Return
  10. “Revista israelită” [“Israelite Review”], year I n. 18, p. 563 Return
  11. “Romanu”, Roman/22.I.1888 Return
  12. Idem, 4.IX.188 Return
  13. “Revista israelită” [“Israelite Review”], year I n. 18, p. 563 Return
  14. “Anuarul naţional al României 1891–1892” [“National Year Book of Romania 1891–1892”], Bucureşti, 1892, p. 632 Return
  15. M. O. 7/11.IV.1895 Return
  16. Documente privind istoria economică a României. Oraşe şi târguri. Moldova [Documents regarding the History of the Romanian Economy. Cities and Towns. Moldova], series A, vol. II, Bucureşti, 1960; Secretariatul de Stat al Moldovei 1832–1862 [The State Secretariat of Moldova 1832–1862] (inventory) Return

[Page 198]

  1. Dr. G.Z. Petrescu – “Medicina publică în Moldova acum 100 de ani” [“Public Medicine in Moldova 100 years ago” in “Revista ştiinţelor medicale” [“Medical Sciences Review”], 1/1931 Return
  2. Arh. F.C.E.R., Mape Kaufman I; “Analele parlamentare ale României“ [Annals of the Romanian Parliament], vol. XII, part II, Bucureşti, 1902, p.472 Return
  3. Theodor Codrescu “Uricariul” [“The Bailiff”]II, Iaşi, 1892; Marius Mircu Croitorul din Back [The Tailor from Back], Edit. Cartea Românească, Buc., 1979, p. 60 Return
  4. “Romanu”, Roman/28.VIII.1883, 19.X:1883, 39.X.1883, 20.VIII.1884 Return
  5. Idem, 15.VIII.1884 Return
  6. Acad. N. Cajal – Dr. Harz Kuller (coordinators) – Dr. Liviu Rotman – Evreii şi începuturile industriei româneşti. [The Jews and the Beginnings of the Romanian Industry] (“Contribuţia evreiilor din România la cultură şi civilizaţie” [“The Contribution of the Jews of Romania to Culture and Civilization”], Bucureşti, 1996). Return
  7. “Romanu”, Roman/10.VI.1883 Return
  8. N. Iorga – Istoria românilor prin calatori [The History of Romania (as related) by Travellers], Vol. II, Bucureşti, 1925, p. 264 Return
  9. Ferdinand Johann Neugebauer – “Mănăstirile Moldovei din Carpaţi” [“Moldova's Carpathians Monasteries”] “Propăşire” [“Prosperity”], year I, n. 5/1844
  10. “Romanu”, Roman/24.I.1885 Return
  11. I.B. Brociner – Chestiunea evreilor pamânteni [The Question of Native Jews], Iaşi, 1901, p. 64–65 Return
  12. Leonida Colescu – Recensământul general al populaţiei României [The General Census of the Population in Romania], Bucureşti, 1905, p. XLV, XLVII, 74, 79 Return
  13. Statutele Comunităţii Israelite din Roman [The Statutes of the Israelite Community of Roman], Roman, 1905 Return
  14. Emil D.B. Vasiliu – Situaţia demografică a României [The Demographic Situation of Romania], Edit. Cartea Românească [Publishing], Cluj, 1912 Return

[Page 199]

  1. Problema evreiască în stenogramele Consiliului de Miniştri [The Jewish Problem in the Council of Ministers Reports], Buc. 1996, p. 72, 81, 93, 99 Return
  2. Dezvoltarea economică a Moldovei… [The Economic Development of Moldova…] p. 46 Return
  3. Radu Rosetti – Pentru ce s–au răsculat ţăranii [What did the Peasants Revolt for], Edit. Eminescu, Bucureşti, 1987, p. 324 Return
  4. Gh. Matei Răsunetul internaţional al răscoalei ţăranilor din 1907 [The International Echo of the 1907 Peasants Revolt], Bucureşti, 1957, p. 170, 172, 173 Return
  5. “Diplomaţi italieni despre 1907” [“Italian Diplomats on 1907”] in “Magazin istoric” [“History Magazine”]/Oct. 1997 Return
  6. “Egalitatea“ [“The Equality“]/6.III.1907, 30.III.1907 Return
  7. “Cronica israelită“ [“The Israelite Chronicle”], VII, n. 10/10.III.1907 Return
  8. Marea răscoală a ţăranilor din 1907 [The Great Peasants' Revolt of 1907], Editura Academiei [Academy Press], 1987, p. 74 Return
  9. Octav Gavrilescu “1907 pe teritoriul fostului judeţ Roman” [“1907 within the Territory of the former Roman County”] in Istoria oraşului Roman [The History of the City of Roman], Roman, 1992, p. 240 Return
  10. M. Schweug – Eroismul ostăşesc al evreilor în actualul război mondial [The Military Heroism of the Jews in the Current World War], Bucureşti, 1915
  11. Dr. W. Filderman – Adevărul asupra problemei evreieşti din România în lumina textelor religioase şi statisticei [The Truth about the Jewish Problem in Romania in the Light of the Religious Texts and the Statistics], Bucureşti, 1925, p. LXXXII. Jews of Roman that also died in the war: Solomon G.I., in the battle of Dealul Porcului, born in Gădinţi – Roman (“Revista cultului mozaic” [“The Mosaic Cult Review”], 675/15.IX.1988) = R.C.M.; Poplingher Haim, Iţic a.k.a. Isac Zilberman in the battle of Călugăreni, Leizer Strul (Strule) corporal, 4th Sanitary Company; wounded were Iancu Leiba (54th Infantry Regiment) and Mendel Smil David (Reg. 14 inf.), while Idel Moisa of the 54th Infantry Regiment was decorated with the “Crucea comemorativă” [“Commemorative Cross”] with the Mărăşeşti strap (State Archives Neamtz, Roman Jewish Community Collection, dos. 46/1946, 64/1944) Return

[Page 200]

  1. “Curierul israelit” [“The Israelite Courier”]/18.VII.1934 Return
  2. “Egalitatea”[“The Equality”]/12.II.1926 Return
  3. Idem, of 29.XII.1906;– I. Brand – Roman (wines), A. Schorr, N. Sanilovici – Roman (spirits) also won bronze medals with honors (“Egalitatea” [“The Equality”]/19.I.1907) Return
  4. M.O. 213/12.IX.1936 şi M.O. 243/19.X.1936 Return
  5. “Gazeta evreiască” [“The Jewish Gazette”]/18.VI.1943 and “Curierul israelit” [“The Israelite Courier”]/13.III.1932 Return
  6. Istoria oraşului Roman [The History of the City of Roman], Roman, p. 266,268 Return
  7. Arhivele Statului fil. Neamţ, Com. Evr. Roman [The State Archives, Neamtz branch, Jewish Community Roman] Register 1/1020, dos. 103/1945, dos. 31/1947 Return
  8. Idem, dos. 9/1940, dos. 47/1942–1943 Return
  9. Matatias Carp/Cartea neagră – Fapte şi documente – Suferinţele evreilor din România – 1940–1944 [The Black Book – Facts and Documents – The Suffering of the Jews in Romania – 1940–1944], Bucureşti 1946, vol. I, p. 156 Return
  10. Arh. Stat. Neamţ, Com. Evr. Roman, [The State Archives, Neamtz branch, Jewish Community Roman] dos. 30/1941 Return
  11. S.C. Cristian – Patru ani de urgie [Four Years of Wrath], Bucureşti, no year, p. 127 Return
  12. Arh. Stat. Neamţ, Com. Evr. Roman, [The State Archives, Neamtz branch, Jewish Community Roman] dos. 25, 27, 28, 29/1941 Return
  13. Idem, dos. 64/1943 Return
  14. Idem, dos. 38/1943 Return
  15. Idem, dos. 37/1943 Return
  16. Idem, dos. 40/1942–1943 Return
  17. Idem, dos. 49/1943 Return
  18. Idem, dos. 38/1943 Return
  19. Idem, dos. 68/1943 Return
  20. S.C. Cristian, cited work, p. 81 Return
  21. Arh. Stat Neamţ, Comunitatea Evreilor Roman, [The State Archives, Neamtz branch, Jewish Community Roman] dos. 79/1944 Return

[Page 201]

  1. Idem, dos. 80/1944 Return
  2. Idem, dos. 81/1944 Return
  3. Idem, dos. 82/1944 Return
  4. S. Cris. Cristian, cited work, p. 80 Return
  5. Perioda unei mari restrişti [The Period of a Great Tribulation], Bucureşti, 1997, Hasefer Publishing, part I, p. 453 Return
  6. Legislaţia antievreiască [The Anti–Jewish Legislation] , Bucureşti, 1993, Hasefer Publishing, p. 441, 446, 475, 480 Return
  7. Perioda unei mari restrişti [The Period of a Great Tribulation] , part II, p. 115 Return
  8. Ibidem, p. 290 Return
  9. Matatias Carp, cited work, vol III, p. 42 Return
  10. Arh. Stat. Neamţ Comunitatea evr., Roman [The State Archives, Neamtz branch, Jewish Community Roman], dos. 92/1944 Return
  11. Ibidem Return
  12. Idem, dos. 86/1944 Return
  13. Arh. Stat. Neamţ, Serv. Sanitar Roman [The State Archives, Neamtz branch, Sanitary Service Roman], dos. 4/1942, p. 46 Return
  14. Idem, Com. Evr. Roman [Jewish Community Roman], dos. 92/1944 Return
  15. Idem, dos. 64/1944 Return
  16. Legislaţia antievreiască [The Anti–Jewish Legislation] – photo Return
  17. Arh. Stat. Neamţ, Com. Evr. Roman [The State Archives, Neamtz branch, Jewish Community Roman], dos.99/1944 Return
  18. Idem Return
  19. Arh. Stat. Neamţ, Serviciul sanitar Roman [The State Archives, Neamtz branch, Sanitary Service Roman], dos.2 4/1941 Return

 

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