Partial List of Children on the Train
|Jewish children leaving the Czech train
(train marked with the letters CSD)
Up until that day, the Repatriacni Tabor Dablice camp had received only a limited number of illegal Jewish refugees who crossed the Czech border on their on their way to Germany or Austria. Only Rabbi Herzog's persistent requests to the Czech government and UNRRA resulted in these children going to Deblice.
When possible, the Czech authorities facilitated the reunification of families. A few children were met by relatives who had been notified of the train's arrival. Originally the number of children leaving Poland was to have been 1,000. Then the number dropped to 750. Finally only 500 Jewish youths and 101 adults boarded the train. Only 488 children entered the Deblice camp.
The Vaad Hatzala's apparent inability to meet its monetary commitments for these Herzog children required the JDC to assume financial responsibility. The six weeks the children would stay in Deblice was a challenge to the children's supervisors and to the JDC. The children's boundless energy had to be channeled or chaos could easily ensue. This required both planning and money. The Czech camp was well prepared for the passengers of the Children Train because the JDC had stepped in to fill the void left by the Vaad Hazeleh's inability to fulfill their financial promises. The children needed shoes, clothing and some medical care. The JDC had to pick up the bill for all these expenses namely shoes and clothing.
A cable from Jacobson's Prague office to the JDC in New York complained that his office did not receive notice about the children transport. The Vaad Hatzala organization disappeared from the scene and left the Joint with expenses 
The counselors in the Deblice camp devised activities for the youngsters. Moshe Einhorn, Yeshua Spiner and Meir Weisblum were in charge of the Mizrahi/Hapoel Hamizrahi contingent while Rachel Sternbuch and rabbi Wasserman were in charge of the Agudah contingent.
Recha Rachel Rottenberg Sternbuch, was born in Poland in 1905. She was the daughter of Rabbi Markus Rottenberg, who was the chief rabbi of Antwerp from 1918 until he was deported to the camp of Vittel, and then to AuschwitzBirkenau where he was murdered. She is the sister of Rabbi Chaim Yaakov Rottenberg of Anvers and Paris, and is the aunt of Rabbi Mordechai Rottenberg of the Pavee synagogue in Paris. Recha Rottenberg married Isaac (Yitzchak) Sternbuch from Montreux, Switerland. Both represented the Vaad Hatzala in Switzerland. The country was neutral and enabled the Sternbuchs to maintain a vast corespondence with the occupied areas under German control. They also managed to help many Jews detained in Dachau concentration camp to be liberated by providing them with false papers that enabled them to enter Switzerland and live in the SaintGall (Recha Sternbach was the leader of the Vaad Hatzala in Poland and was very active in redeeming Jewish children from nonJewish homes as described in the children train).
|Rachela Sternbuch, Vaad Hatzala representative in Europe.|
Overall supervision of the children was done by a joint committee made up of representatives from UNRRA, the JDC's Czech office, Vaad Hatzala and the Prague Jewish community.  To keep these Herzog children busy in Prague, their supervisors first tried programs, lectures and visits to the Jewish sights in the city of Prague.
Rabbi Herzog, and his son Yaacov, left Prague on August 27, 1946, two days after the transport arrived in the city. They headed to Paris to urge the various organizations to speed up the preparations for receiving the children stuck in Prague.
As mentioned earlier, there were about 500 children and 101 escorts aboard the train. 488 children arrived at the camp in Prague. Some children joined families or relatives who waited for them. There is no complete list of all the children. Among the papers of the Zionist archives there is a partial list consisting only of Mizrahi and Hapoel Hamizrahi
|JDC official with children from Herzog Transport (Deblice Camp, 1946)|
Children, and it is uncertain if this list is complete. No list has been found listing the children belonging to the Agudah section of the transport.
The Zionist archives document, listing 234 children, is in Hebrew and has been transliterated here into Latin characters. The first column on the left is the last name, the second column is the first name of the child and the third column is the age of the child when the list was created. The list also contains the names of 45 adult escorts. No list has been found of the Agudah or Poalei Agudah children. There was also a group of about 34 children who were an independent group . Their names appear below. The names are Jewish sounding names and they entered the Deblice camp on August 25, 1946. It is assumed that the list of names was part of the Herzog train.
|Partial list of children train|
|Family name||First name||Date of
The list is only of the children of the Mizrahi group
|Rabbi Itzhak Eisik Halevi Herzog|
|Rabbi Zeev Gold|
|Rabbi Salomon Wohlgelernter, UNRRA Representative|
|Rachel Sternbuch, Vaad|
List of group of 34 children admitted to Deblica camp August 25, 1946.
The Czech government was putting extraordinary pressure on the JDC in Prague to move the Herzog children out of the country. But the JDC was faced with one delay after another. To further complicate matters, some of the children were supposed to go to France and others to Belgium. But there were no places for the children in France or Belgium. Meanwhile the children remained in Prague.
Rabbi Herzog and his son Yaacov headed to Paris to speed up the reception process for the children's transport in Prague. Rabbi Herzog met in Paris with the British foreign minister, Ernest Bevin, on August 30, 1946, and urged him to open the gates to Palestine for the survivors of the Shoah. He also met with Jewish Agency officials in Paris. The rabbi had working sessions with the JDC leaders in France and urged them to speed the process of preparing rooms for the children stuck in Prague. The rabbi also decided to leave to the JDC a batch of the French visas he had obtained for rabbis and rabbinical students still stranded in Poland who couldn't leave legally without the proper documents.
Rabbi Herzog also addressed several congregations in Paris to raise money. William Leibner and his father attended a meeting at a Belleville synagogue in Paris, France. Rabbi Herzog began to speak in French but soon realized that most of the audience did not understand French so he quickly switched to Yiddish and smiled when he saw the relieved look on the audience's faces, a look that, according to Leibner, turned to joy as the rabbi gave them hope that a better life was just around the bend. He urged the audience to keep their traditions and have faith. He prophesied that the gates to Palestine would soon be open and all Jews who wanted to live in their own land would soon be able to fulfill the dream.
The rabbi then left Paris and headed to London where he arrived exhausted. Doctors urged him to rest. As usual, he ignored the doctors and continued on his speaking tour, determined to raise money to bring more Jewish orphans out of the Christian homes and institutions in which they were living. He made an appearance before Britain's religious council and described his activities saving Jewish children in great detail. He also spoke to groups urging them to make a donation and help save Jewish children. Rabbi Herzog succeeded in raising a significant amount of money on this tour, enough to provide funding to the small network of rabbis he had organized across Europe so they could continue their work finding and redeeming Jewish children.
As part of his fundraising efforts the rabbi visited his old haunts in Ireland. He was received by his old friend, Eamon de Valera, who was now the prime minister of Ireland. He also made contact with members of parliament he knew and those he wanted to meet. The visit resulted in an unusual gift. The Irish government informed him they would donate tons of meat, slaughtered according to orthodox regulations, and send the meat to Europe for Jewish Holocaust survivors. Pleasantly surprised with the gift, Rabbi Herzog realized he was illprepared to become a shipper of food, and again turned to Dr. Joseph Schwartz, the JDC director in Europe. Schwartz agreed to handle the details of collecting, shipping and distributing the food. One major obstacle that soon arose was the lack of tin to package the meat. Several weeks passed before that issue was resolved. When it was, the JDC quickly collected the meat and distributed it to Jewish survivors, many of whom were suffering from malnutrition. Following Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, Rabbi Herzog left London on his way back to Jerusalem, with a stopover in Paris. He finally arrived back in Palestine, exhausted but exhilarated by his accomplishments.
Meanwhile, the plans to absorb the children in France were finished. All the papers and transport arrangements were completed. A Czech train awaited the passengers at the station. 488 children and 45 adult escorts boarded busses and were taken to the train station where they boarded a special train. Then the train started to roll to France.
The train rolled on, crossed the German border into France. At the Strasbourg railway station, a large crowd of Jewish youngsters awaited the Herzog train. All Mizrahi and Hapoel Hamizrahi children and their escorts left the train. They were received by the local Bnei Akiva or religious Zionist youth members. The group was then transported to the Strasbourg University dorms, where they were to stay until after the Jewish High Holidays. Then they would be placed in a spacious villa on Rue Selenic in Strasbourg.
The Agudah and Hapoel Agudah children and their escorts continued their journey to the city of AixlaCapelle, France, where they were lodged among several Jewish orphanages. Some of the children were later sent to Antwerp, Belgium.
Thus ended the children train operation of Rabbi Herzog.
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