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Translation of Jarczow chapter from
Pinkas Hakehillot Polin
Published by Yad Vashem
Published in Jerusalem
Morris Gradel z"l
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This is a translation from:
Jewish Communities, Poland,
Volume VII, page 267, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem
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(District - Tomaszow Lubelski; Province - Lublin)
Jarczow (J) is first mentioned in the second half of the 18th century as a townlet owned by Polish noblemen. In 1841 a fire broke out there and many of the inhabitants were rendered homeless.
There is no information available on the origins of Jewish settlement in J. In 1863 the town had a population of 231, of whom 203 were Jews. It possessed at the time a synagogue built of wood. A native of J was R. Josele, mentioned in the chapter The Wedding in Ostila, from a story by Y.L. Peretz.
Most of the Jews earned a living from petty trading or crafts. In the inter-war years they numbered 250 souls.
At the end of September 1939 (on the eve of the Day of Atonement) J was occupied by the Germans, who at once attacked the Jews and rounded them up for slave labour. On May 22nd, 1942, the Jews of J were deported to the extermination camp at Belzec.
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