Molchadz (Maytchet),
In Memory of the Jewish Community
(Molchad, Belarus)

53°19' / 25°42'

Translation of Sefer zikaron le-kehilat Meytshet

Edited by: Benzion H. Ayalon

Published in Tel Aviv, Meytshet Societies in Israel and Abroad, 1973


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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Myrna Brodsky Siegel

 

Permission given by Isaac Margolin,
son of Nahum Margolin, one of the original members of the editorial committee.

This is a translation from: Sefer zikaron le-kehilat Meytshet (Molchadz (Maytchet), In Memory of the Jewish Community),
ed. Benzion H. Ayalon. Tel Aviv, Meytshet Societies in Israel and Abroad, 1973

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Molczadz


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A Letter from the Web Site Coordinator
Letter from U.S. Army Chaplain Rabbi Oscar Lifshutz to his Mother in Chicago
Enhanced map from page 24 Martin Small A/K/A Mordechai Shmulevicz
 
Title Page  
Preface / Book Committee  
List of Pictures 9
 
CHAPTER ONE / OPENING
 
Introduction / Editor 15
Foreword / Book Committee 17
Foreword / Book Committee (Yiddish) 19
It Was Said With The Book / Nahum Margolin 21
Map of Molchadz 24
 
CHAPTER TWO / EARLY PERIOD
 
Map of the Region 26
A general historical-geographic and Jewish socio-cultural survey / Benzion H. Ayalon 27
 
I. EARLY PERIOD
 
   a. The name and its meaning;  
   b. References on the early period;  
   c. Settlement of Jews in Lithuania;  
   d. Multigovernment region;  
   e. Mass-slaugther of Jews by Chmelnitzky et al;  
   f. The region and its cultural influence;  
   g. Immediate surroundings and economic relations;  
   h. Maytchet in Memorial Books of the Region;  
   i. The Jewish town in the view of the newspapers;  
   j. Summary Table Part One.  
Memories from my birth town / Max Novomisky 49
My town Maytchet / Nahum Margolin 57
The dead Maytchet / Haya Lubchik 64
Jews in Great Svorotva / Y. Serebrovsky 67
Small Svorotva / Haya Lubchik 68
The village of Yatra / Esther Malishansky (Lozovsky) 70
The tragic end / Haya Lubchik 72
My Village and the Memories of my Birthplace / Sarah Biribis 75
Jewry, Virtuous and with Difficulties / Chaim Kravetz 78
 
CHAPTER THREE / TORAH AND CHASSIDISM
 
The Gaon Shlomo Polachek / Benzion H. Ayalon 85
   
The Rabbis of Maytchet and its Scholars A / Rabbi Aharon Surasky
 
   1. Rabbi R' Yosef Mordkovski, ztz”l - RY”M 92
   2. Rabbi R' Noah Mordkovski z”l 97
   3. HRH”H R' Yisrael Zalman Shelovski ztz”l 98
   4. Rabbi R' Shalom z”l - Head of the Rabbinical Court in Maytchet 105
   5. Rabbi R' Yaakov-Sender Grinberg z”l - The Last Rabbi of Maytchet 106
   6. Rebbe Nahum Shu”b z”l - from the Hasidim in Maytchet 108
   7. R' Yitzhak Gratzikovitz (G-d should revenge his blood) (Itshe Kozlovicher) 109
   8. The Rabbi, the Gaon Rebbe Meir Meirim z”l, Head of the Rabbinical Court in Maytchet 110
   
Rabbis and Scholars B / Moshe Zinovitz  
   
   1. Rabbi Meir-Meirim 113
   2. Rabbi Yehuda-Leib Hacohen 117
   3. Rabbi Shmuel 118
   4. Rabbi Zvi-Hirsh 119
   
Rabbi Isaac-Naftali Belsky / D. Shlomovitz 121
   
The Spiritual Center in Maytchet / Nahum Margolin  
   
   1. The Shul-Heif 122
   2. In the Congregation of Hasidim and Admorim 124
   3. Melamdim, religious and public figures 127
   
Rabbi Yisrael Elchanan the “Maytcheter” / Rabbi Joseph-Eliahu Pniel (Pekelni) 134
 
CHAPTER FOUR / EDUCATION, SOCIETY, ECONOMICS
 
Maytchet, general survey / Benzion H. Ayalon 137
 
II. BETWEEN TWO WORLD-WARS
 
   a. General Background;  
   b. In Retrospect;  
   c. Town Panorama;  
   d. Government and Administration;  
   e. Public and National Activities;  
   f. Educational Institutions;  
   g. Commerce and Business;  
   h. Agriculture;  
   i. Transportation;  
   j. Jews of Maytchet.  
The students – the golden youth / Nachum Naor (Orzechovsky) 151
Trade and Labor / Dov Shlomovitz 153
Youth in Maytchet / Haya Lubchik 156
Maytchet in the press / Moshe Zinovitz 159
The coming of Passover / Haya Lubchik 161
The Zionist Movement in Maytchet 163
Maytchet in pictures A 169
   A. “Hehalutz” in Maytchet 185
   B. The Story of the Travails of Hehalutz in Maytchet 187
   C. About Hehalutz and the Training Groups / Nahum Margolin 189
The Organization of Maytchet Natives in Israel and the World, and its Activities / N. M. 195
Maytcheter Jews in New York / from the press 201
Maytcheters in Argentina / Ben-Zion Sack 202
 
CHAPTER FIVE / PERSONALITIES, FAMILIES, FIGURES
 
My parents' house - The Orzechovsky family / Nahum Naor (Orzechovsky) 207
The Dvorzecky family / Dr. M. Dvorzecky 211
Reb Nathan the son of Reb Asher Orzechovsky of blessed memory / Yisrael Neiten 218
Sima Ben-Hur (Abramovsky) / Dr. Nahum Ben-Hur 221
Reb Moshe-Ahron Borecky and Family / Hana Mechtiger 224
Two letters from Feigl Borecky 227
My Parents - The Boretcky family / Sarah Biribis 230
My parents - Wolinsky family / Miriam Kleinshtub 232
Memories from Maytchet / Mordechai (Munia) Hassid 235
Gedalya and Nehama Yatvicky / Yitzchak Binyamin 236
Reb Joshua Aharon Lozovsky of blessed memory / Yosef Lozovski 238
Family Lubecky / David-Leib Lubecky 240
My Family - the Margolin Family / Chemda Lubrani 242
Reb Zvi-Hirsh Aharonovitz / Jacob Horvits 245
Reb David-Hershel Novomiski and his family / Sara Aharonovsky 248
Sheine-Rachel Simkof-Bader / Moshe Zinovits 250
The Polonsky-Edlin family / Tova Shomroni 252
My family in Maytchet/ Moshe Korn 255
The Family of Moshe Aharon Shevchik / Yehuda Ben-Moshe 258
My ties with Maytchet / Zeev Rimon 261
My Connection With Maytchet / Zelda Rozovski 264
My parents - Stolovitsky family / Benjamin Stolovitsky 266
Shlomo-Hirshl Shlomovits / Dov Shlomovits 268
Members of my family at Maytchet / Haya-Rivka Dissin 269
People and Personalities / Nahum Margolin

  Shlomo Shnitzki; Avraham Garbash and Leib Winograd;

  Leibel Gilerovits; Alter Abramovitz; Yisrael Elchanan Pikalni;

  Moshe Savitsky; Yisrael Belski; Yaakov Gilerovits; Naftali the Blacksmith;   Chana Shlomovitz

271
Maytchet in pictures B 275
Maytchet natives as soldiers in foreign armies 285
 
CHAPTER SIX / THE HOLOCAUST
 
Remember the Holocaust / Dr. M. Dvorzecky 288
The Soft Whisper of the Haboinik– The Hill of Blood (For the Memorial Day of the Maytchet Community) / Benzion H. Ayalon 289
Self-defence in Maytchet 291
My Travails in the Holocaust / Moshe Korn 293
A War of Life and Death (Memories of a Jewish Partisan) / Abrasha Hanelis 300
The rise and fall of Maytchet / Freidl Makarensky 303
The bravery of Zimel Stolovitsky / Abrasha Hanelis 307
Three Who Set Out on a Journey / Binyamin Stolovitsky 309
With the nomads staff / Reuben Rabinovits 312
My personal experiences / Tsira Rayak (Rabets) 314
Maytchet partisans / Moshe Rabets 320
Survivors' tales / Mina Levin (Gurski) 323
The raid...and the meeting / A. Ben-Shalom 325
Partisan fighters and avengers / Hanan Shmulovits 328
My memories from mournful Maytchet / Yaacov Lachovitsky 332
My Memories of Maytchet / L. Ozersky 335
Maytchet Natives in Lithuania During the Period of the Second World War / Nachum Ben-Arie 337
Maytchet Refugees from Maytchet in Vilna / Isaac Movshovits 343
Partisans and the Jews in the Forests of Maytchet / Dr. M. Dvorzetsky 346
Death Chronicles of Maytchet 364
These I Remember and I Moan… 367
Memorial for the People who are gone 369
     Memorial Candle for Yehoshua Shomroni z”l / Shmuel and Amir Shomroni 370
     Avraham Rimon of blessed memory / Aleksander Novitz 370
     Esther Biribis of blessed memory / Sara Boretsky Biribis 371
     Moshe Kleinshtov of blessed memory / Aleksander Novitz 372
     Untitled List of Names 373
Memorial Pages and Pictures 377 - 421
Yizkor – List of Holy Ones 422
Epilogue 427
Memorial Prayers for the Deceased and Communion 429
Index of Names 431 - 460


 

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