The Christians, who totaled around 5-6,000 people, lived in the suburbs of town, on the southern and eastern ends. They were divided into a number of communities: some were Katzaps, who lived on their own street called Katsap Street; nearby were the Gypsies, who lived on their own street, and on the eastern end of town lived a group of people called Moldovians who spoke Ukrainian.
On Patchatov Street
One of the few remaining photos of the streets of the town before the War.
From right: the house of Liventshuk;
left: house of Kolker.
Girls: right, Bettika, daughter of Devorah Speier, died in the Holocaust. The other girl is the granddaughter of Simcha Graber, who is also no longer alive.
Jewish Community Leaders
Jewish community leaders according to their position and time of service.
Satsky [probably an abbreviation from Russian]
The last Jewish community council
Lipa Felberg, Chairman
Among the community leaders (beginning in 1923), the following died in the Holocaust: Avraham Saltsman, Mottel Blomelstein, Yosef Speier, Itsik-Hersh Tchak, Avraham Axelrod, Zeide Zingman; Meir Horowitz (father of the author of this article) died in Yedinitz before the war. Lipa Felberg and Yeshayahu Lamatshinsky died in South America; Yaakov Greenberg died in Israel.
World War I, Revolution and Pogroms
August 1914. We moved to the new house we built near the church building in the center of town (in Torhovitsa). That same day we finished moving all of our possessions to the new house, and heard people talk about draft call-up notices that had appeared on the streets. In the evening, Alik the Cryer and a drummer announced that all citizens of a certain age group had to appear the next day at the draft registration offices. We, the children, ran after Alik and his drum even without knowing what the news was about. This "children's game" and the drum beats informed the town that World War I had begun. I was 7 years old.
Standing : Avraham Weissman (died in Israel), Mina Dobrov (Tel Aviv), Shimshon Bronstein (died in Israel), Aryeh Bard (died in Israel);
Seated : Hillel Dobrov (died in Israel), Manya and Shalom Kaspi (Herzliya), Bat-sheva Kliger (died in Brichan), Moshe Steinbrotz (died in the USSR).
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