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Page created: 21 August 2005
Latest revision or update: 3 August 2016

Cardiff Jewish Community

The City of Cardiff

Cardiff (in Welsh - Caerdydd), a unitary authority, is the largest city and capital of Wales, with a population of about 300,000.  From 1974 to 1996, it formed the district of Cardiff in the county of South Glamorgan and, prior thereto, it was a county borough in the old county of Glamorganshire.  It lies on the northern coast of the Bristol Channel at the mouth of the river Taff.

Cardiff Jewish Community

The first Jews appeared to have settled in Cardiff by the close of the eighteenth century. However, an organized community, with synagogue and Jewish burial grounds, was not fully established until the 1840s (Rise of Provincial Jewry, C. Roth)

Jewish Congregations

The following are the Jewish congregations that exist or existed in Cardiff:

*   Denotes active congregation

The following are former or alternative names of the above congregations:

Beth Hamedrash - this term can also refer to the Talmud Torah Congregation (1901 to 1904)
Bute Street Synagogue - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation
Cardiff New Synagogue - see Cardiff Reform Synagogue
Cathedral Road Synagogue - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation and Cardiff United Synagogue
Clare Road Congregation - see Cardiff New Hebrew Congregation or Beth Hemedresh
Cyncoed Gardens Synagogue - see Cardiff United Synagogue
East Terrace Synagogue - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation
Edwards Place Synagogue - see Cardiff New Hebrew Congregation
"Englisher Shul" - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation
"Furriners Shul" - see Cardiff New Hebrew Congregation
Merches Place Synagogue - see Cardiff New Hebrew Congregation
Moira Terrace Synagogue - see Cardiff Reform Synagogue
Old Hebrew Congregation - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation
Penylan Synagogue - see Cardiff United Synagogue
Roath Park Synagogue - see Marlborough Road Synagogue
Windsor Place Synagogue - see Cardiff New Hebrew Congregation and Cardiff United Synagogue
Penylan Synagogue - see Cardiff United Synagogue
Trinity Street Synagogue - see Cardiff Hebrew Congregation
 

 


Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with Cardiff include:

Burials

Cardiff Old Jewish Cemetery, JewishGen Online Worldwide Burial Register (1,371 records, searching under Wales).

1851 Anglo Jewry Database

Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Cardiff during the 1810s (1 record); 1820s (6 records), 1830s (10 records), 1840s (26 records), 1850s (55 records), 1860s (40 records), 1870s (23 records), 1880s (16 records), 1890s (10 records) and 1900s (1 record).
 

 

On-line Articles and Other Material
relating to the Cardiff Jewish Community

on JCR-UK

on third parties' websites

  • Cardiff Jewish Community records and papers, a PDF file listing the documents and records deposited with the Glamorgan Records Office relating to the Cardiff Jewish Community 1845-1991 (Reference Code GB 0214 DJR  - The National Archives).

 

Other Cardiff Jewish Institutions & Organisations

Educational & Theological

  • Jewish Girls School (founded by 1900)

Other Institutions & Organisations

Formed by 1900*

  • Hebrew Board of Guardians (from 1900 until 1904)

  • Hebrew Ladies Benevolent Society (founded 1894) for relief of resident poor.

Formed Later

  • Board of Shechita (see Into the Vortex, G. Alderman)

  • Hillel House

  • Jewish Club and Institute

  • Jewish Naturalisation and Political Association - (from 1905, see Into the Vortex, G. Alderman)

* As listed in the Jewish Year Books 1896 & 1900.

 

Cardiff Jewish Cemeteries Information

Cardiff has the following Jewish Cemeteries:

  • Old Jewish Cemetery, Highfield Road, Roath Park, Cardiff CF14. This is the original Orthodox Jewish cemetery, reputedly presented to the Community by the Marquis of Bute in about 1841. First burials 1845. JOWBR includes 1,372 searchable record in respect of this cemetery.

  • New Jewish Cemetery, Greenfarm Road, Ely, Cardiff. The Orthodox Jewish cemetery currently in use.

  • Reform Jewish Cemetery, Cowbridge Road Entrance, Ely Cemetery, Cardiff. This is the cemetery of the Cardiff Reform Synagogue

(For additional information, see IAJGS International Jewish Cemeteries Project - Cardiff)

 

Cardiff Jewish Population Data

1787

    First Jewish settlement

1840

    Founding of present community

1858

about 150

estimate (Into the Vortex, G. Alderman)

1900

about 1,500

estimate (Into the Vortex, G. Alderman)

1934

2,225

(The Jewish Year Book 1935)

1946

2,500

(The Jewish Year Book 1947)

1968

3,500

(Encyclopeadia Judaica, 1971 edition)

1990

1,400

(The Jewish Year Book 1991)

2004

941

(The Jewish Year Book 2005)


Jewish Communities in Wales home page

Jewish Congregations in the former county of Glamorganshire

Jewish Congregations in Wales, according to current unitary authorities

 

 

 

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