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Page created: 21 August 2005
Latest revision or update: 30 March 2013

Birmingham & District Jewish Community

City of Birmingham
and the Boroughs of Solihull and Walsall

Birmingham, in the English Midlands, is the second largest city in England, with a population of approximately one million.  In the vicinity of Birmingham are a number of towns whose Jewish communities have looked to the Birmingham community for support or shares facilities, including Walsall immediately to Birmingham's northwest and Solihull immediately to Birmingham's southeast.  

Until 1974, Birmingham, Solihull and Walsall were county boroughs, the first two in the county of Warwickshire and Walsall in the county of Staffordshire. Each then became metropolitan boroughs within the newly created metropolitan county of West Midlands (the areas of Solihull and Walsall being increased at the time by the incorporation of adjoining areas).  These metropolitan boroughs became unitary authorities in 1986, when West Midlands lost its administrative county status, becoming purely a ceremonial and geographical county.  Solihull had been an urban district until 1964, when it received county borough status.

Birmingham Jewish Community


Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with Birmingham include:

Burials (including images of grave stones)

Brandwood End Cemetery (Jewish Section) 1918 - 2005 (620 records)*;
Old Witton Cemetery 1875 - 1977 (1,767 records)*;
Witton Cemetery 1938 - 2006 (3,295 records)*;
WWII Civilian Casualties (12 records).
*Note: Database only includes details of legible stones and a number of section and row numbers may not be correct. Several of the Witton Cemetery images have the reflection of the photographer and will be replaced in due course.

1851 Anglo Jewry Database

Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Birmingham during the 1770s (4 records); 1780s (7 records); 1790s (18 records); 1800s (30 records); 1810s (34 records); 1820s (75 records), 1830s (187 records), 1840s (403 records), 1850s (910 records), 1860s (262 records), 1870s (264 records), 1880s (212 records), 1890s (52 records), 1900s (36 records) and 1910s (11 records).
 

The Jewish Congregations

The following congregations are, or were, considered to be part of the Birmingham & District Community

The following are former or alternative names of the above congregations:


Articles on the Birmingham Jewish Community

Birmingham  from "Provincial Jewry in Victorian Britain"  - Papers for a conference at University College, London, convened by the Jewish Historical Society of Great Britain, prepared by Aubrey Newman - 6th July 1975.  Reproduced here with his kind consent.

A Portrait of Birmingham Jewry 1851- Birmingham Jewish Local History Study Group

The Rise of Provincial Jewry - Birmingham by Cecil Roth, 1950. Available on JCR-UK as part of the Susser Archive.

Jewish Encyclopedia article on Birmingham by Joseph Jacobs and Leopold J.Greenberg, c-1906.

Birmingham Jewish Communities - History and Reality (at http://www.brijnet.org/birmingham/history.html) by Arthur Chesses.

On-line article,  Jews of Medieval Warwick from the Victoria County History of Warwickshire, volume 8 (1969), pp. 486-7.


Other Birmingham Jewish Institutions

King David School, founded 1865 - www.kingdavid.bham.sch.uk


Jewish Population Data

1730
1851
1895
1909
1934
1946
1955
1965
1990
2004

-   
752   
3,000 to 4,000   
5,000   
6,000   
6,000* 
6,300   
6,300   
3,500   
6,300   

First Jewish settlement (possibly earlier) 
(Professor Aubrey Newman)
(The Jewish Year Book 1896)
(The Jewish Year Book 1910)
(The Jewish Year Book 1935)
(The Jewish Year Book 1947)
(The Jewish Year Book 1956)
(The Jewish Year Book 1966)
(The Jewish Year Book 1991)
(The Jewish Year Book 2005)

*Same source also gives 49 for Walsall in 1947
 


Other Birmingham Jewish Information

Jewish Property and Heritage & Places of Local Interest

Bibliography and other sources

Birmingham Cemetery Information (IAJGS Cemetery Project)

Warwick Medieval Jewish Community

 

Jewish Congregations in West Midlands

Jewish Communities of England home page

Explanations of Terms Used
 

 

 

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