Page created: 21 August 2005
Latest revision or update: 25 February 2016

Birmingham & District Jewish Community

City of Birmingham
and the Boroughs of Solihull and Walsall

Birmingham, in the English Midlands, is the second largest city in England, with a population of approximately one million.  In the vicinity of Birmingham are a number of towns whose Jewish communities have looked to the Birmingham community for support or shares facilities, including Walsall immediately to Birmingham's northwest and Solihull immediately to Birmingham's southeast.  

Until 1974, Birmingham, Solihull and Walsall were county boroughs, the first two in the county of Warwickshire and Walsall in the county of Staffordshire. Each then became metropolitan boroughs within the newly created metropolitan county of West Midlands (the areas of Solihull and Walsall being increased at the time by the incorporation of adjoining areas).  These metropolitan boroughs became unitary authorities in 1986, when West Midlands lost its administrative county status, becoming purely a ceremonial and geographical county.  Solihull had been an urban district until 1964, when it received county borough status.

The Birmingham Jewish Community

Birmingham did not develop as a major centre until relatively modern time and, accordingly, there was no medieval Jewish community in Birmingham. There was, however, a medieval Jewish community in Warwick, (34 miles away) and in Coventry (23 miles away). The modern Jewish community dates from the eighteen century, the earliest records of a synagogue and a Jewish burial ground being about 1730.

Jewish Congregations

The following are the Jewish congregations that exist or existed in Birmingham:

The following are former or alternative names of the above congregations:


Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with Birmingham include:

Burials (including images of grave stones)

Brandwood End Cemetery (Jewish Section) 1918 - 2005 (620 records)*;
Old Witton Cemetery 1875 - 1977 (1,767 records)*;
Witton Cemetery 1938 - 2006 (3,295 records)*;
WWII Civilian Casualties (12 records).
*Note: Database only includes details of legible stones and a number of section and row numbers may not be correct. Several of the Witton Cemetery images have the reflection of the photographer and will be replaced in due course.

1851 Anglo Jewry Database

Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Birmingham during the 1770s (4 records); 1780s (7 records); 1790s (18 records); 1800s (30 records); 1810s (34 records); 1820s (75 records), 1830s (187 records), 1840s (403 records), 1850s (910 records), 1860s (262 records), 1870s (264 records), 1880s (212 records), 1890s (52 records), 1900s (36 records) and 1910s (11 records).


On-line Articles and Other Material
relating to the Birmingham Jewish Community


on third parties' websites


Other Birmingham Jewish Institutions

Other Jewish institutions that existed in the Community include the following:


Birmingham Jewish Population Data


 First Jewish settlement (possibly earlier)



(Paper by Birmingham Jewish Local History Study Group)


3,000 to 4,000   

(The Jewish Year Book 1896)



(The Jewish Year Book 1901)



(The Jewish Year Book 1910)



(The Jewish Year Book 1935)



(The Jewish Year Book 1947)



(The Jewish Year Book 1956)



(The Jewish Year Book 1966)



(The Jewish Year Book 1991)



(The Jewish Year Book 2005)

*Same source also gives 49 for Walsall in 1947


Birmingham Cemetery Information (IAJGS Cemetery Project)


Jewish Congregations in West Midlands

Jewish Communities of England home page



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