Przemysl Memorial Book
(Poland)

49°47' / 22°47'

Translation from Sefer Przemysl

Edited by: Dr. Arie Menczer

Editorial Board:
Joseph Altbauer, Eliyahu Bloch, Matatyahu Gans, Leopold Goetz, Hanoch Hand,
Arie Menczer, Dov Nitzani (Knopf), Hanan Trau, Mordechai Schattner.

Published in Israel by Irgun Yotzei Przemysl, 1964


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  Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Lukasz Biedka

 


This is a translation of Sefer Przemysl (Przemysl memorial book), Editors: A. Menczer, Tel Aviv,
Former Residents of Przemysl in Israel, 1964 (H,Y, 552 pages).

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: http://yizkor.nypl.org/index.php?id= 2529


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Translated by Alan Hirshfeld

Section Text Author Page
  Foreword (The People of the Book )   XV
  Przemysl - Our Beloved Town Dr. Y. Mann 1
 
PART I  JEWS OF PRZEMYSL FROM BEGINNING TO PARTITION OF POLAND
 
1 From the History of Przemysl Jewry Prof. M. Schor 7
2 Life of Przemysl Jews in the past (summary of historical literature) D. Nitzani 15
  a) Before Polish hegemony    
  b) Period of Polish independence    
  c) On the writers of Przemysl    
3 First Jewish Craftsmen in Przemysl Dr. E. Bloch 40
4 Ancient synagogue of Przemysl and its place in architectural history Dr. N. Schneid 45
5 Sources:   52
  Q and A of R. Yehuda b. Meir Hacohen of Mintz    
  Book of penitential prayers in Przemysl    
  4 inscriptions on monuments    
  Papal (?) edict of 1753    
  The secret Tzadik – R. Yitzchak Eizik Schochet    
6 Rabbis of Przemysl 1535-1893 Ch. Trau & D.N. 56
 
PART II   PRZEMYSL JEWS DURING AUSTRIAN RULE (1772- 1918)
 
1 From 1772-1867 Y. Altbauer & L. Goetz 69
2 In the city and community D. N. 74
3 Political movements in the Jewish street D. N. 90
  History of Zionist movements in Przemysl before W.W. I    
  Jehudia, Some Memories Tz. Amit 100
  About Haivria Y. Altbauer 103
  Poale Zion in Przemysl – Until the Outbreak of the Second World War E. Bloch 106
  Dr. Herman Lieberman E. Bloch 112
  History of the Jewish Assimilationist Movement in Przemysl D. N. 119
4 Religious life D. N. 122
  Rabbi Gedalia (Gedalche) Schmelkes Ch. Trau and D. Nitzani 135
  Religions functionaries of the community during the last half century of Austrian rule D. N. 140
  Well Known Admorim Connected to Przemysl D. N. 141
  Personalities from the Large Kloiz in Przemysl Y. Adif 144
5 Jewish education Y. Adif 146
  The Tikvat Yisrael School D. N. 149
  Religious studies E. Bloch 150
  Study of Hebrew language in Przemysl D. N. 154
6 Avraham the Son of Yitzchak Sonne H. C. 157
  Avraham the Son of Yitzchak Sonne Leah Goldberg 160
7 Writers and Intellectuals   164
  R. Mordechai Yona Rosenfeld A. Kahana 164
  Shimon Menachem Lazar Y. A. 166
  Images of Intellectuals in Przemysl   168
  Birech (Berechiyahu) Schafir - Humorous poet D. N. 170
8 During the Time of the First World War (1914-1918)    
  Przemysl During the Time of the Siege During the First World War Y. Altbauer 172
  Beseiged Przemysl Y. Michelsburg 177
  Yom Kippur in the fortress Dr. V.A. Fordes 178
 
PART III    PRZEMYSL JEWS (1918-1939)
 
1 Przemysl passes under Polish rule Y. Altbauer 185
2 Dr. M. Rosenfeld M. Henish 191
3 November 1918 Z. Luft 193
4 The nation, city and community Y. A. 199
  The rabbinical court D. N. 205
5 The Jewish population – constituents and economy Y. A. 207
6 Institutions of education and culture Y. A. 214
7 Jewish health institutions Y. A. 231
8 Jewish welfare institutions in Przemysl Y. A. 239
9 Jewish sports in Przemysl Y. A. 243
10 Zionist movement in Przemysl (1918-1939) Y. A. 246
  Zionist Labor movement in Przemysl K. Y. Golan 252
  Revsionist movement “HaTzohar” in Przemysl Dr. Y. Schechter 258
  Mizrachi in Przemysl A. Ben Pazi 261
  Zionist youth movements in Przemysl Y. A. 264
  The renewed “Agudath Herzl” Y. A. 264
  Hashomer Hatzair Y. A. 268
  “Gordonia” D. Sim 275
  “Hanoar Hatzioni” (Zionist youth) Y. A. 280
  Hebrew youth group “Akiva” Y. A. 282
  The scouts S. Antmann 285
11 Other Jewish parties    
  “Agudas Yisroel” R. A. Weinberger 286
  The ZPS (later “Bund”) Y.A. 288
  Jewish participation in PPS and Communist Party Y. A. 290
12 Jewish newspapers Y. A. 291
13 Hechalutz and first Jewish chalutzim S. Antmann 293
  Shimshon Goldstein D. N. 297
  Dr. Zvi Luft M. Gans 301
  Episodes from the Third Aliya S. Goldstein 304
 
PART IV   PERSONALITIES AND INDIVIDUALS
 
  Rabbi Professor Dr. Moshe Schorr D. N. 311
  Dr. Leib Landau Dr. B. Weintraub 315
  Memories of Leib Landau M. Melman 317
  The last days of Leib Landau Y. Avrahami 320
  Rabbi Dr. Josef Mieses D. N. 322
  Matityahu Mieses Dr. A. Menczer 324
  Professor Dr. Jakob Mann (Mannen) D. N. 328
  Dr. Izaak [Yitzchak] Mann Professor Josef Klausner 331
  Avraham Kahana (“Avrech”) M. N. 333
  Rabbi Dr. Shmuel [Samuel] Hirschfeld   335
  Rabbi Itzhak [Isak] Jacob Thumim D. N. 337
  Dr. Maurycy Richter Y. A. 339
  Dr. Tzvi-Henryk Reichmann Y. A. 339
  Dr. Efraim Schutzmann Y. A. 340
  Abraham Chaim Klagsbald Y. A. 341
  Words of eulogy that were not spoken A. Cohen 342
  Lipa Geller Y. A. 342
  Dr. Aleksander Steinhardt Dr. Binyamin Weintraub 343
  Wilhelm Haspel Y. A. 344
  Engineer Tzvi (Herman) Mendel Jawetz Y. A. 345
  Chaim Elias Yosef the son of Eliezer 345
  Mordechai Hacke Y. A. 346
  Josef [Jozef] Rinde Y. A. 346
  Abraham Schachter Y. A. 347
  Meir Honigwachs Y. A. 347
  The Mieses Family Y. A. 348
  The Axer Family Y. A. 348
  Dr. Josef Axer   348
  Dr. Dawid Sack Y. A. 349
  Dr. Nisan [Nissen] Stein-Goldstein Y. A. 349
  Victor Emanuel Pordes D. N. 350
  Reb Shmuel Babad Y. A. 351
  Reb Shmuel [Samuel] the son of Reb Dawid Knoller D. N. 351
  Mordechai Gottfried R. A. Meir 352
  The Magid Rabbi Pinchas Shlomo [Salomon] Schussheim [Schusheim] M. Henish 353
  Professor Dr. Manes Kartagener D. N. 354
  Professor Dr. Maximilian [Maksymilian] Rose Y. A. 355
  Professor Dr. Henryk Meisel Y. A. 355
  Professor Ludwig Bruno Sohn Y. A. 356
  Dr. Helene Rosenbach-Deutsch Y. A. 356
 
APPENDIX
 
  Organization of Przemysl emigrants in Israel Y. A. 359
  Przemysl Landsmanschaften in New York   361
  Fallen in the establishment of State of Israel   364
 
PART V      DESTRUCTION AND THE HOLOCAUST
 
1 From outbreak of WW II until the liberation Dr. M. Schattner 371
2 Reminiscences (Memoirs) Dr. L. Frim 394
  Przemysl today Dr. M. Schattner 404
 
YIDDISH SECTION 405
 
  Introduction   409
  The city on the River San Dr. Y. Zinneman 413
  History of the Jews of Przemysl D. N. 416
  Anti-Jewish edicts of Bishop of Przemysl in 1743   421
  Austrian period (1772-1914) D. N. 422
  History of the Jews of Przemysl (1914-1939) Y. Altbauer 428
  Synagogues, Bes medrash, Kloizer and Minyanim in Przemysl D. N. 433
  Rabbi Gedalia Schmelkes  C. Trau & D. Nitzani 439
  Jewish labor movement in Przemysl Y. Lobstein 442
  Dr. Leib Landau   451
  Edward Leib Landau – a great man in Israel A. Marovsky 451
  Memories of Leib Landau Ida Kaminska 456
  Dr. Herman Lieberman Dr. E. Bloch 458
  Michael Ostereicher D. N. 464
  Dr. Ludwig Grossfeld D. N. 465
  Przemysl Maskilim: Mordechai Yonah Rosenfeld A. Kahana 467
  Birech Shapir – the Jewish troubador of Przemysl A. Kahana 469
  Rachel Korn A. B. 471
  On the ruins Rachel H. Korn 472
  Yaakov Zinneman D. N. 474
  The brothers Schwebel Chanoch Hand 475
  Types from the Jewish street E. Bloch 478
  The tzadik of Volinitz Dr. H. Bergman 490
  The hidden tzadik R. Eizik Schochet   492
  Organization of Przemysl in Israel Y. A 494
  Przemysl landsmanschaften in New York   497
  The destruction of Przemysl Dr. M. Schattner 501
  My experiences in the occupation Dr. Leon Frim 527
  Index of names (Hebrew)   537
  Index of names (Yiddish)   547
 
  Notes from the original Project Coordinator    
  Photo Surname Index    
  Przemysl Slicha    

 


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