.
The Nesvizh Yizkor Book
(Nyasvizh, Belarus)

53°13' / 26°40'

Translation of
Sefer Nieswiez

Edited by: David Shtokfish, Nieswiez Societies in Israel and the Diaspora,

Published in Tel Aviv, 1976,(H,Y, 531 pages)



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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Stephen Stein

Michael Meshenberg (emeritus)

 

This is a translation from: Sefer Nieswiez (The book of Nieswiez),
Editors: David Shtokfish, Tel Aviv, Nieswiez Societies in Israel and the Diaspora, 1976 (H,Y, 531 pages).


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Hebrew

A.  From the Recent and Distant Past Binyamin Yoeli/Nesvizh
History of the city and Stories of the Jewish Community from the day it was founded until W.W. II (1939) 17
Dedication 17
1.  Nesvizh – Where the Princess of Radzivil resides 17
2.  The formation of the Jewish settlements; 19
3.  The public and economic live of the Jewish community in the 16th and 17th centuries; 20
4.  The Jews of Nesvizh in the 18th century; 21
5.  Nesvizh under Russian rule from 1793 after the second division of Poland; 24
6.  The Jews lives in Nesvizh in the last quarter of the 19th century and in the beginning of the 20th century; 27
7.  Between the two world wars: 1914-1939
  1.  In the war years 1914-1916; 40
  2.  The February revolution 1917 until the German occupation in 1918; 40
  3.  Under German occupation 1918; 42
  4.  During the Soviet rule 1919; 42
  5.  Under the Polish rule 1919-1920; 43
  6.  During the short Soviet rule 1920; 45
  7.  Under the Polish rule 1920-1939; 45
  8. The Zionist activity 49
  9.  Statistics of the Jews of Nesvizh in different periods. 52
Remarks and references; list of abbreviations and acronyms; bibliography; list of key names. 52
Name Index–History of Nesvizh 57
 
B.  Way of life, Memories, and the Public life
M. Ben Artzi (Shteinhouse) R.I.P./To my town with pity 59
Shalom Cholevsky/The Kuzymir Synagogue 62
Ruvin Alpert R.I.P./Nesvizh our city 63
Gershon Gefen (Paianis)/Dashuk Synagogue 65
Noach Shkaler/In the streets of my town 68
Yael Coral (Eisenshdat)/The Nesvizh market 72
Yaakov David Butzin/Schools organizations and yeshivas 73
A. Guterman/The pedagogical friend and the presidency of the "culture" chapter 76
Gershon Bergson/"culture" school 79
Yaakov Krunitz/our street Michaeli Shuk 81
Gavriel Katz R.I.P./My town and my family 82
Moshe Eisenfeld/My city of youth 83
Chayim Friedshtein R.I.P./City in Israel (songs) 84
Mordechai Zeev Raisin/A Jewish city 85
Kalman Yitzchaki (Iskov)/Synagogues in Nesvizh 88
Dr. Moshe - El Azar Eisenshdat / going on the road 90
Shlomo Damesic/The chamber of my father and my teacher Gershon Zeev Damesic R.I.P 91
Shlomo Damesic/Even there the son rose 95
A. Guterman/My visit with Prince Albert Radjiville 99
Binyamin Yoeli (Yovalyosky)/Tzeira Zion/Poaleh Zion 101
Shlomo Damesic / Poalah Zion in Nesvizh 103
Avraham Barzin/"Fryheight" movement 104
Avraham Niv (Kachanovsky)/"Hashomer "Hatzzayir" 105
Shalom Tzur (Volochoyansky)/ "Hashomer Hatzayir" struggle on its existence 110
Shevach Eden Eisenbud)/"Gordonia" 114
Ishai Mazin/About "Gordonia" 117
 
C.  The War, Holocaust, and Heroism
Rachel Ostrinsky/The first day of war 121
Shalom Cholavsky/
During theSoviet rule September 1939; expectations;sequences; against Kitrug; the youngsters underground; refugees
121
Yitzchak Alperovich/The Soviet rule in Nesvizh in the years 1939-1941 125
Ishai Mazin/The Holocaust echoes (songs) 127
Gavriel Katz R.I.P./Nesvizh that was and does not exist anymore 128
Yoseph Damesek/Memories from the war days 129
Shulamit Gordon-Damesek/
In the shadow of death: The escape; the joyful meetings; we are making aliyah
129
Shalom Holavsky/ 
The bitter ending of the Nesvizh community: The school; the weapon;  the demolition of getto Horodzai; the revolt; the forest; wandering; searches for weapons; the Kapulska Brigade; in action; connections; Stulpatzy  the battles of Staritzey and Lavi; Bauriliky actions; the Jews of Severshna;  the ambush in Zouostrovitch; the hunt; indication of splitting; not on the gun by itself; Rujani; informingthe population; again Pulsia; from the family store; Sabitzeh; within theliberation; across from my home
133
("Hatzofeh")/drops of consolatoryin the cup of sorrows 163
Yitzchak Alferovitch/Berl Alferovitch R.I.P 164
Gershon Gefen/In Gershon Farfel's Home 165
Avraham Barazin/Curtain of bloodshed went down on the Nesvizh community 166
Shalom Chulavsky/why did werebel. 167
 
D.  People
Shlomo Maimon/From his autobiography 171
Our house in Burnadinska Street/Gershon Gefen (Paiyanas):  Rabbi Moshe Paiyanas and his life history; Ferralle the treasurer; Yitzchak Moltzadsky;  My mother Elizabeta Avramovana 174
Nesvizh Rabbis and other famous Nesvizh natives/Moshe Tzinovitch 190
From our people/ShalomHalovsky 198
They were three/Gershon Gefen(Peiyanas) 206
The last Generation/Binyamin Yoeli (Yovalyosky) 211
The Jews of "holidays" and high holidays/Gershon Gefen (Peiyanas) 213
Binyamin Eisenbod/ShevachEden 218
Cantors- Synagogue Leaders-Public Emissaries and others who like to chant and pray/Gershon Gefen (Peiyanas) 221
The Rabbi and the Judge/or the hen without Gall/Binyamin Yoeli (Yovalyosky) 229
Rabbi Darkuzimar/Yoseph Moshe and Yisrael Burgansky 229
Rabbi Dov Bar Halpern R.I.P./YaakovDavid Butzin 231
The history of an ancient Jewish family/Naftali Herzog 231
My family/Nisan Torov 234
From our people/Tzvi Kaplan 235
The Judge Rabbi Yitzchak Davidovsky/Gershon Gefen (Peiyanas) 236
People/Shlomo Damesek 240
Elishevah Eshkol; my friend Ben Artzi/Levy Ben Amitai 247
Ben Artzi in his youth/Binyamin Yoeli 247
Avinovitzky Fivish: A person in his body/Uri Kaysari 248
The string that is twisted three times will not tear soon/A. Guterman 249
Rabbi Avraham Puchovsky/A. Guterman 252
Simcha Chayim Vilkomitz/Tidhar 254
Moshe the Butcher - protector of the weak/Kalman Iskov Yischaky 254
The characteristics of Yerachmiel Shkalar/Feivel Millstein 254
Two people/Yehuda Arieh Lavine 255
This is how a human lives and dies/P. Hielprin 255
Rabbi Nachum Tzechanuvich's family/Yehuda Alperovich 256
Naftali Hayutin and Rabbi Shlomo Lavine/Yaakov David Butzin 257
My friend Nachmiel Vinkler/A. Guterman 257
The teacher Shaul Friedstein/A. Guterman 258
 
E. In memory of those we lost
In memory of Yehoshua Pochovsky/Zeev Gach-Oman 259
Rabbi Shmuel Yoseph Botzin R.I.P./Y. Volak 259
Yoseph Berzin R.I.P./Avraham Lisod 260
Four people/Yehuda Alperovich 262
In memory of Gershon Lemesh/Yehuda Alperovich 262
Pesach Kovel R.I.P./Burna Kachanovsky (Avraham Niv) 262
You have been like a father to us/Gershon Gefen 263
Akiva Barzilai and his life story/Shmuel Eisenshtadt 264
Batiyah Volach/Hedvah Lachovitzky 266
Itzik/"B'Machaneh Gadnah" 266
CaptainYitzchak Katz R.I.P./Gershon Gefen 267
Mr. Gershon Farfel/Shalom Cholavsky 268
Rabbi Chayim Eliahu Friedshtein/Avraham Niv Kachanovski 268
Rafi (Refael) Kachanovski/Avraham Niv Kachanovski 269
Yoseph Chachanovich 269
Arieh Shamushkovitz 270
Pesach Maazin 270
Chayim Mah'z 270
Friedel Rosovski 271
Yoseph Ben Baruch Shamushkovitz 271
Eliahu Ben Getzel Farfel 271
Pesach Kovel 271
Gensiya Malavsky 271
Aka Vusiluvsky-Melyer 272
Pesiya Friedshtein 273
Avraham Tzudik 273
Breyna Goldin 273
Ruvin Alpert 273
Gavriel Abniali (Ashtein) 273
Yoseph Lifshitz 274
Yoseph Shamushkovich 274
Aaron Ruzofski/A. Barzin 274
Gavriel Katz 274
Zalman Shifres/Binyamin Yoeli 274
 
Yiddish 277
 
1. From the Near and Distant Past
History of the city and of the Jewish community, of its interference – until the outbreak of the Second World War/Binyamin Yoeli 279
  The seat of Radziwill rulers 279
  How the Jewish settlement formed 280
  The social and economic life of the Jewish community in the 16th and 176th century 281
  Jews in Nesvizh in the 18th century 282
  Nesvizh under the Russian power – from the year 1793, after the second partition of Poland 283
  Jewish life in Nesvizh in the last quarter of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century 285
  In the years 1914 – 1916 289
  From the Februuary Revolution in 1917 until the German occupation 1918 290
  Under the Soviet rulers – 1919 291
  Under Polish Rule (1919–1920) 292
  Under the brief Soviet rule (1920) 293
  Independent Poland (1920–1939) 293
On The Threshold of This Century / Noach Mishkovsky 298
  Establishment of the second Jewish school in Russia 298
  My socialist society work in Nesvizh 302
In the years 1905–1906 / Shimon Damesek 304
The Diligent Ones – a description of the Nesvizher yeshiva in the year 1872 305
Documents Tell the Story 307
  Hebrew kindergarten in the name of C. N. Bialik in Nesvizh 307
  Regional Conference of the Tarbut teachers in Nesvizh 307
  Handwritten letter 307
  Cash collection for the exiled Of Germany 307
  A letter from Rabbi Yoel Rozovsky 307
  Printed Certificate 308
  Other handwritten material 309
 
2. Styles, Memories, Social Life
Jewish society life in the 30s / Yitzchak Alperovich 313
Institutions of learning, philanthropies in cultural institutions / Shlomo Farfel 319
A Full Blooded Jewish Life / Yitzchak Shachor (Itshe Charny) 324
Pictures and memories of Nesvizh / Moshe Aizenbud 327
The gardener cooperative / Zev (Velvel) Breslov 337
The Children's organization “Skif”/ M Aizenbud 338
Of the Nesvizher Jewish manner / Moshe Blachinsky 340
Memories of the old life / Binyamin Yoeli 343
This all belongs to the past / Rachel Yasinafsky 347
Inside Nesvizh 348
Memories of a Bundishn father / Shimon Netzov 351
In the First World War and Later / Yehudah Leker 352
In Those Days / Shlomo Damesek 353
The Shtetl Snov / Chaim Yelin 357
 
3. In Wartime, In The Ghetto, In TheForest
September 17 1939 / Moshe Blachinsky 361
Under Soviet Rule in the Years 1939–1941 / Moshe Aizenbud 362
On the Threshold of Destruction / Y. Alperovitz 370
The Testimony of the Holy / Moshe Lachavitzky 372
Memories of the Ghetto and the Forest / David Farfel 389
Bondage, resistance, death / Yishai Mazin 412
A Glorious Chapter of Jewish Resistance / Yitzchak Alperovich 427
Falsehood and Truth About Jews and Jewish Resistance in Nesvizh / Mordechai W. Bernstein z”l 430
In the Ghetto and With Partisans in the Volozhiner Forests / Moshe Damesek 433
My Experience During the Hitlerist Occupation / Yehudis Mirsky–Damesek 440
Jews Made A Resistance / Laizer Katzovich 444
Story of a Fighting Prisoner and Partisans / Dov Berezin 445
 
4. Figures
The Gaon of Nesvizh 451
The Copper Engraver Hershka Labovich of Nesvizh (1700–1770) 453
Hersh Labovich 456
Our Father SM'R 456
Falk Halperin 459
Nachum Lipovski (1874–24th ??? 1928) 460
Yosef Becker 461
Zaidy Falk 461
Rabbi Meirke 463
The Frog 467
Moshe Eliezer Aizenshtat 468
Lazer Fogelman 469
Eliyahu–Yisrael Radonsky 470
Akiva Baksht 470
Binyamin Grubart 470
Michoel Charny z”l 470
Jews from My Home Town 471
From Our Way (Rav Moshe Tsitsis; the Letter–Writer; Yasche the Doctor King; King Ramaz the Nihilist; the Single–Daughter Genius) 473
My Family 475
Abba the Chasid and Other Nesvizher Jews 476
Yankel the Blacksmith 479
Shlomo Lansky (1914–1942) 480
Motte Ber Zatorensky 480
The Two Spirits (Basha and Perla) 481
The Unknown Singer (Syomka Farfel) 484
Kashmirantses 485
Conspirators 488
Shalom Shapiro z”l 490
Rav Aharon Levin the Shoichet z”l 490
The Death of my Father 491
My Sessions With Yoel Razowitzky 492
Name and Address 492
The Names and Nicknames as I Remember Them 493
Nicknames and the Family Names 494
 
5. Index / Eternal Pages
Necrology 501
Memorial Scroll 506
 
6. Sons of Nesvizh in Israel and the Diaspora
From Irgun Veterans from Nesvizh in Israel / Avraham Berezin 509
About the Activity of the Nesvizher Landsmanshaft in Israel / Avraham Berezin 510
A Little Story of the Nesvizher Compatriots in America / Velvel Belmont 511
 
7. Reserve
On Wings of Memories / Nachum Krasnoslisky 519
“Nesvizh Group” in Rechnovot / Tzipporah Bat–Ami 521
Sayings of the People of Nesvizh 522
Memorial Plates – Remembrance of the Shoah and Warning to the Future Children of our Nation / B. Yoeli 522
To Their Memory  
  Rav Yosef–Ber Soloveichik 523
  Beile–Henya Angilovitz 523
  Pesach Berezin z”l 523
 
Fallen Soldiers, Children of Those from Nesvizh – To Their Memory
  Dani (Daniel) Berkovitz 524
  Yoav Yakir 525
  Mordechai (Moti) Madin (Medvitzky) 525
About the Old Nesvizh / Shalom Balavsky 527
Shlomo Maimon – the Greatest Jewish Philosopher 529
The Ninth Account – The Bloody Day For The Nesvizher Jews / Moshe Lachovitzky 530
 
Name Index–Hebrew and Yiddish Sections
Subject Index


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