Kowel; Testimony and Memorial Book
of Our Destroyed Community
(Kovelí, Ukraine)

51°13' / 24°43'

Translation of
Kowel; sefer edut ve-zikaron le-kehilatenu she-ala aleha ha-koret

Edited by: Eliezer Leoni-Zopperfin

Published in Tel Aviv 1957


 

 

Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Bruce Drake

 

Our sincere appreciation to the Israeli Organization of the Jews of Kovel and its Surroundings
for permission to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Kowel; sefer edut ve-zikaron le-kehilatenu she-ala aleha ha-koret
(Kowel; testimony and memorial book of our destroyed community), ed. Eliezer Leoni-Zopperfin, Tel Aviv 1957

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Kowel


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Translated by Amy Samin

The Holy and the Pure: God Will Avenge Their Blood Devorah GOLDHABER 3
The People of the Book Tzvi RESNICK 5
Testimony for the Generations Eliezer LEONI 7
 
The Early Days of the City - Its Character and Essence
 
A History of the Jews of Kovel Dr. Rephael MAHLER 13
In the Shadow of the City's Early Days Eliezer LEONI 30
The Character of Kovel Yaacov TEITELKAR 36
About Kovel and Its Jews L. HAZAN 40
The Inhabitants of Kovel Baruch BORK 43
 
Memories, Folklore and Way of Life
 
Sketches of Sights and Characters Yosef ARICHA 47
In the Cycles of the City Dr. Reuven BEN-SHEM 63
About Kovel, City of My Birth Rabbi Dr. Michael GREIBER 73
Kovel Moshe FISHMAN 85
From the Memories of a Hebrew Teacher in Kovel Yaacov KOBRINSKI 88
I Shall Remember Them Itzhak MARGALIT 92
In Memory of Our City, Kovel Hertzl GOLDBERG 95
From the Recent and Distant Past Moshe BATAR 96
The Kovel Forest Yaacov TEITELKAR 98
Kovel in the First World War Baruch BORK 102
Memories of the Bund in Our City Yehuda MILLER 109
Folklore 115
 
Education, Literature and Theater
 
From the Poorly Educated to the Hebrew Gymnasia Eliezer LEONI 127
Talmud Torah Yaacov TEITELKAR 160
Jewish Educational Institutions Dr. Mordechai LEIBERSON 165
Founding of the Primary Schools and the Hebrew Gymnasia A.M. WEISBROT 169
The Hertzliya School and the Cultural Gymnasia Tzvi TANNENBAUM 172
About the Kindergartens of Kovel Chaya HOTMAN (BECKER) 174
The Jewish Kindergarten of Kovel Chava SEHR-WERBA 176
The Jewish-Polish Gymnasia Dr. Yaacov HASIS 179
The Poet Kalman Liss L. ELITZAKI 184
Kalman Ben-Zion Liss Esther LISS-CHAIM 191
Kovl (Kovel) (poem) Kalman LISS 193
Yona Rosenfeld Yohanan TABERSKI 198
Yosef Avrekh Yaacov TEITELKAR 208
From the Writings of Yosef Avrekh 211
Kalman Guttenboim Yitzhak OGEN 213
Prominence Yosef AVREKH 216
In Memory of Yaacov Bork Yaacov KOBRINSKI 220
About the Kovel Voice and Its Editor S. BAMA 222
The Art of Theater in Our City Yaacov TEITELKAR 224
The Mission of the Habima Studio in Kovel and Its Goal S. KALONIMUS 234
 
Torah and Hasidism
 
Images of Torah Scholars Yehezkel GOLDBERG 239
The Center for Torah Study named for Shlomo Projenski z”l Rabbi Shmuel-Yosef WERBA 246
The Great Synagogue, its Cantor and Poets Yitzhak WALDMAN 249
The Elder of Neskhiz and His Descendants Eliezer LEONI 252
 
The Zionist Movement and Zionist Youth Movements
 
From the Dawn of the Zionist Movement in the City Eliezer LEONI 259
Zionist Activity Before the Balfour Declaration Avraham-Meir WEISBROT 267
The Poaley Zion Movement in Kovel Aharon WERBA 275
From the Dawn of the Halutz in Kovel Shlomo HERI, Moshe WEISBROT, Shamai FRANKPOVITCH 280
The Halutz in Kovel Aharon WERBA 282
The First Training Division in Kovel Yitzhak MARGALIT 286
About the Halutz During Its Low Point David PERLMUTTER 289
The Scouts Organization in Kovel Eliezer (Lucia) HODOROV 290
History of the Scouts Movement in Kovel Eliyahu MENDEL 294
Hashomer Hatzair Aharon LEVY, Mordechai BLORIE 298
Some Thoughts on the Hashomer Hatzair Club Mordechai MELAMED 307
From the Seniors Group to the Hashomer Hatzair Club David PERLMUTTER 311
Hahalutz Hatzair Areyeh RABENER 314
 
Institutions, Movements and Organizations
 
Municipal Institutions A.M. WEISBROT 325
On the Taz Institution in Kovel Sonia MARGALIT 326
The Orphanage Yaacov TEITELKAR 333
The ORT School Baruch BORK 342
Medical Institutions and the Physicians of Kovel Dr. Mordechai LEIBERSON 344
The Founding of Bikur Cholim and the New Hospital Eliezer LEONI 347
The Lives of Kovel's Laborers Mordechai HINIZON 349
The Clubhouse Named for Y.L. Peretz A. DOARI (POTCHTER) 350
The League of Righteousness Yaacov TEITELKAR 352
Institutions, Groups and Gathering Places Meir ROSENBLATT 355
The Orphanage from Within M. ELITZKI 360
The Founding of the ORT School and Its Development Avraham GALAZ 363
The Satlyar Association Hertz LEVIN 365
The Home for the Aged in Kovel Meir ROSENBLATT 368
 
On the Eve of the Holocaust
 
A Sketch of the City of Kovel Yehoshua (Shaike) GOLDSTEIN 373
The Last Meeting Baruch AVIVI 374
Kovel: My Home Meir BEN-MICHAEL 375
My Trip to Kovel in the Year 1939 Dr. Y. GLICKSMAN 381
Anusim” on the Eve of the Holocaust Yaacov KOBRINSKI 383
Jewish Life in Kovel Under The Soviet Rule Yehoshua FRANKFORT 384
Under Soviet Rule: In Captivity and Return to Kovel Monia GALPERIN 391
The Refugees' Kitchen Zalman PORAN (PROSSMAN) 396
Kindergartens in Kovel Under Soviet Rule Freida ROSENBLATT-BUCHWALD 397
The Crumbling of the Economic and Cultural Systems Leuba GALMAN-GOLDBERG 401
 
The Destruction of Kovel
 
A Cry for Mourning Rabbi Yehuda bar KALONIMUS 407
Oy for the Beauty That Has Rotted in the Land Eliezer LEONI-TSUPERFIN 408
Thus the City was Destroyed Ben-Zion SHER 411
The Entrance of the Germans into the City Dora ROPA-GOODIS 442
As an Aryan in the Kovel Ghetto Ephraim FISHMAN 446
In the Jaws of Death Asher PERES 450
I Lived With Mentey Aharon WEINER 453
The Gleanings of Genocide Sima PANTORIN-REICHSTOL 459
Thanks to a Righteous Woman in Sodom Sarah BROWNSTEIN-GEVERTZMAN 462
In the Maw of the Lion Rivkah STERN-GOLDSTEIN 464
My Escape from the Ghetto Lola FREIDMAN-INGBER 469
I Struggled with Death Sima PANTORIN-REICHSTOL 472
How Was I Saved from Extermination? Miriam GOLDSTEIN 478
 
Kovel in Its Destruction
 
Glorified and Sanctified Yaacov TEITELKAR 483
The Bells Rang Pinchas DRORI 484
Writing on the Wall Shlomo PERLMUTTER 485
Notes in Hebrew by Our Loved Ones 487
Notes in Yiddish by Our Loved Ones 488
Notes in Polish by Our Loved Ones 493
“Remember What Amalek Did to Thee” Pinchas PANTORIN 499
What I Saw and Heard During the City's Liberation Dr. Yaacov HASIS 502
From the Scene of Destruction Dr. Mordechai LEIBERSON 507
On the Rubble Moshe GOODIS 511
In Memory of the Beitar Club in Kovel Yerahemiel WIRNIK 514
Deep Pits, Red Clay S. HALKIN 519
 
Fallen in the Line of Duty
 
Devorah Baran, God Will Avenge Her Blood 521
Leoba Lederhandler, God Will Avenge Her Blood 522
Leah Fish, God Will Avenge Her Blood 523
Sheindel Shwartz, God Will Avenge Her Blood 524
Yehiel Sheinboim, God Will Avenge His Blood 526
 
From the Activities of the Kovel Expatriots Organization in Israel Tzvi RESNICK 528
Dr. Avraham Gorali z”l Editorial Staff 533
 
Necrology


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