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Spital Square Poltava Synagogue

Spital Square, London E.1.

 

              

         
 

Page created: 17 December 2006
Latest revision or update: 15 January 2014

Congregation Data

Official Name:

Spital Square Poltava Synagogue

Address:

2a Heneage Street, London E1 (from about 1935).

Heanage Street, in London's East End, runs east approximately 500 feet from Brick Lane to Spelman Street (and at one stage extended some 150 feet beyond Spelman Street) It runs parallel to Chicksand Street (to the south) and the eastern section of Princelet Street - the part that had previously been known as Booth Street (to the north).

The synagogue was on the southern side of Heneage Street.

Former Address:

10 Spital Square, Bishopsgate, London E1 (until about 1935)

Spital Square, is about one-third of a mile to the west of Heaneage Street, still in London's East End, and runs west-east from Norton Folgate (the northern extension of Bishopsgate) to Lamb Street, although it previously also extended to the north of its present location.

Formation:

Apparently formed in the 1920's by the merger of:

Spital Square Synagogue
(formerly German Synagogue, New Broad Street or Old Broad Street)
of Spital Square, Bishopsgate,
London E1.

Broad Street (Old to the south, New to the north) extends for about one-quarter of a mile north from Threadneadle Street to Liverpool Street, in the City of London, running parallel to Bishopsgate (to the east).

Poltava Synagogue
50 Hanbury Street, London E1
(The Glory of Israel and Sons of Klatsk Synagogue was at this address from late 1920's.)

Hanbury Street to the east of Spital Square (it is an extension of Lamb Street) and to the north of Heneage Street, runs in an easterly direction from Commercial Street for one third of a mile, crossing over Brick Lane (and previously extended for a further 800 feet).

Founded in 1858, to include a benefit society, known as Hevra Bikur Cholim)

Founded by 1915

Current Status:

Closed after or about 1947 - (probably merged with Ezras Chaim Synagogue to form
Ezras Chaim, Ain Yacov and Poltava Synagogue).

Ritual:

Orthodox - Ashkenazi

Affiliation:

An affiliated synagogue of the Federation of Synagogues, as were the two separate synagogues prior to the merger.  The Spital Square Synagogue hosted the meeting of 16 October 1887, at which it was decided to form the Federation of Synagogues (initially known as the Federation of Minor Synagogues), and became one of the original federated synagogues on 6 November 1887. 

Membership Data:

Spital Square Synagogue

1870 - 300 members of the benefit society
(Social History of Jews in England, V. D. Lipman)

1896 - 120 members  (Jewish Year Book 1896)
1905 - 110 members  (Jewish Year Book 1906)
1915 - 113 members  (Jewish Year Book 1916)

Poltava Synagogue
1915 - 65 members  (Jewish Year Book 1916)

Local Authority Districts:

All the above addresses (apart from Broad Street, which is in the City of London) are in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, created on 1 April 1965, within the administrative area of Greater London, and were previously in the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney (established 1900) within the County of London (established 1889), both of which entities were abolished in 1965.

As regards civil parishes, Heneage Street was within the civil parish of Spitalfields, Hanbury Street ran through the civil parishes of Spitalfields and Mile End Old Town and Spital Square was within the historic Liberty of Norton Folgate, all of which were in the former County of Middlesex until 1889. From 1856 to 1900, each of these entities was a constituent of the Whitechapel District.

The civil parishes of Spitalfields and Mile End Old Town and Liberty of Norton Folgate,  were abolished in 1921, being absorbed into the civil parish of Whitechapel, which itself was abolished in 1927 to be absorbed into Stepney Borough parish (until that parish's abolition in 1965).

Registration Districts:

From 1 July 1837 - Whitechapel
From 1 January 1926 - Stepney
From 1 January 1983 - Tower Hamlets (which now holds the registers)

For Broad Street, the Registration District was, and is, the City of London.

 


David Shulman 2013

View of the former Synagogue in Heneage Street, taken December 2013

Other Congregation Information

  • Synagogue & Other Records:

    • Marriages - The following Marriage Registers are deposited with Tower Hamlets Register Office:

      • Poltava (German) Synagogue (ref: s53) - four Marriage Registers (first entry 22 December 1889; last entry 3 June 1949);

      • Poltava Synagogue, Hanbury Street (ref: s40) one Marriage Register (first entry 4 January 1923).

      The Board of Deputies may also hold copies of some or all of the above registers.

  • Bibliography:

  • Cemetery Information:


Street Directory of Synagogues in East End and City of London

Jewish Congregations of the London East End

Greater London home page

List of Federation of Synagogues Congregations


Explanation of Terms Used
 
 
 


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