The Jews of Kishinev

(Chişinău, Moldova)

Translation of
Yehudei Kishinev

Published by the Yizkor Books in Print Project
part of Yizkor Books Project of JewishGen, Inc.

Original Yizkor Book by Yitzchak Koren in Hebrew - 264 pages
Printed in Tel Aviv, Avoka Publishing, 5710 (1950)
Translation Project Coordinator: Yefim Kogan
Translated from the Hebrew by Sheli Fain
Cover Design: Nina Schwartz, Impulse Graphics, LLC.
Hard Cover, 11” by 8.5”,
266 pages with all original illustrations and photographs.

Click here to see the index containing the family names in this book. If you already have purchased the book, please print out and insert into the back of the book.



In the 19th century, Kishinev was the economic and cultural capital of Russian Bessarabia By mid-century, Jews made up almost half the population, the community supporting a synagogue, a Jewish hospital, and numerous schools. The Haskelah, Hasidic, Zionist, and revolutionary movements contributed to its lively intellectual ferment.

In April 1903 and October 1905, two anti-Jewish riots took place that would forever link Kishinev with the word “pogrom.” The first was preceded by a series of vicious newspaper articles accusing Jews of a lengthy series of crimes. A violent mob attacked the community, killing 49 people, maiming 586, and destroying 1,350 Jewish houses and 588 shops. In the second pogrom, 19 Jews were murdered and 56 wounded.

The pogroms focused worldwide attention on the persecution of Jews in Russia, and started a major wave of emigration.

Following the German-Romanian occupation of Bessarabia in July 1941, thousands of Jews were killed in mass shootings, deportations, ghettos and concentration camps. The Jewish community of Kishinev was nearly annihilated.

Jewish religious and cultural life has slowly begun to rebuild in modern Chisinau. But in 1950, the writers of this book had no way of knowing it would. In these pages, they tried to recreate the Jewish community they had known.


Located at: 47°00' N, 28°51' E

Alternate names for the town are: Chişinău [Rom], Kishinev [Rus], Keshenev [Yid], Kischinew [Ger], Kyshyniv [Ukr], Kiszyniów [Pol], Kišinìv [Cz], Kişinev [Turk], Keshinov, Khisinau, Kishinëv, Kishinef, Kiscineà


Nearby Jewish Communities:

    Petrovca 11 miles E
    Străşeni 14 miles NW
    Răzeni 16 miles S

    Corjova 16 miles ENE
    Hînceşti 18 miles SW
    Ivancea 20 miles N
    Drăguşenii Noi 20 miles W
    Criuleni 21 miles NE
    Maşcăuţi 21 miles NNE
    Lăpuşna 22 miles WSW
    Grigoriopol 24 miles ENE
    Dubăsari 24 miles NE
    Secăreni 24 miles W
    Orhei 27 miles N
    Puţintei 28 miles NNW
    Cărpineni 29 miles SW
    Dişcova 29 miles NNW
    Seliştea Nouă 30 miles WNW


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