Translation of
Sefer Sikaron le-Kehilat Turka
al Nehar Stryj ve-ha-Seviva

Memorial Book of the Community
of Turka on the Stryj and Vicinity

(Turka, Ukraine)

Published by the Yizkor Books in Print Project
part of Yizkor Books Project of JewishGen, Inc.
Translation Project Coordinator: Mary Violette Seeman
Translator: Jerrold Landau

Original Yizkor Book:
Edited by: Yitzhak Siegelman and Association of Former Residents of Turka (Stryj) in Israel
Published in Israel, 1966, (Hebrew and Yiddish)

Details:

Memorial Book of the Community of Turka on the Stryj and Vicinity (Turka, Ukraine)

Translation of Sefer Sikaron le-Kehilat Turka al Nehar Stryj ve-ha-Seviva
Hard Cover, 11” by 8.5”, 452 pages.

Turka is a Ukrainian town situated on the left bank of the river Stryi. Jews first came to Turka in the 1800s. The first synagogue, Jewish cemetery and the Jewish old age home were built in 1730.

In 1903, Turka began to flourish when a railway line connected the city with Lwow and with Budapest, and the Austrian government authorized the founding of an official Jewish community. Business expanded, especially the lumber business. Jews owned the sawmills, had licenses to sell liquor. Others worked at various trades - tailoring, shoemaking, barbering, clock making, and lock smithing. Many of the physicians and lawyers in Turka were Jews. Yiddish theatre came to Turka and interest was sparked in cultural events, sports events, and political events. Some Jews were Zionists, some were Hassids, some were socialists, and some were assimilationists. After the Great War, Galicia reverted to Poland, the city had been plundered by the Russian army; many Jews had left, and all Jewish property had been destroyed. There were Ukrainian revolts and Jewish pogroms. Nevertheless, after the War, there were approximately 6,000 inhabitants in Turka, 41% of whom were Jewish. Another 7,000 Jews lived in the surrounding villages. The Jewish population managed to rebuild. Just prior to World War II, 10,000 people lived in Turka; half were Jewish. The catastrophe began when the Germans turned against the Soviet Union in June 1941 and Turka was captured by the Wehrmacht. The Jews of Turka were massacred, or starved to death, or sent to the Sambir ghetto and, hence, to the crematoria. There are no Jews left in Turka today.

This book serves as a memorial to the Jewish community of Turka.

Turka, Ukraine is located at: 49°09' North Latitude and 23°02' East Longitude

Alternate names for the town are: Turka [Polish, Ukrainian], Turka al nehar Stry [Hebrew], Turka nad Stryjem

Nearby Jewish Communities:

    Melnychne 2 miles S
    Nyzhnya Yablun'ka 4 miles SW
    Borynya 6 miles SSW
    Sokoliki, Poland 8 miles WSW
    Yabluniv 8 miles SSE
    Sianky 11 miles SSW
    Dzźwiniacz Górny, Poland 11 miles W
    Tarnawa Nizna, Poland 11 miles W
    Limna 11 miles NW
    Strelki 13 miles N
    Bitlya 13 miles SSW
    Uzhok 14 miles SSW
    Dovhe 14 miles E
    Volosyanka 15 miles SW
    Skhidnitsya 15 miles ENE
    Podbuzh 16 miles NE
    Lutowiska, Poland 17 miles WNW
    Tykhyy 18 miles SSW
    Smozhe 19 miles SSE
    Stavnoye 19 miles WSW
    Boryslav 20 miles ENE
    Staryy Sambor 20 miles N
    Bukovets 20 miles SSW
    Lyuta 21 miles SW
    Orov 23 miles E
    Truskavets 23 miles ENE
    Stara Sil' 23 miles N
    Skole 23 miles ESE
    Verkhneye Sinevidnoye 25 miles E
    Drohobych 25 miles ENE
    Stebnik 26 miles ENE
    Sambir 26 miles NNE
    Skelevka 27 miles N
    Nyzhni Vorota 27 miles S
    Sil' 27 miles WSW
    Krosźcienko, Poland 27 miles NW
    Lavochnoye 28 miles SSE
    Khyriv 28 miles NNW
    Verkhni Vorota 28 miles S
    Chornoholova 28 miles SW
    Ustrzyki Dolne, Poland 28 miles NW
    Uličské Krivé, Slovakia 29 miles WSW
    Ulič, Slovakia 30 miles WSW
    Husne Wyzne 7 miles SSW
    Husne Nizne 7 miles SSW

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